Carrier Shell (Xenophora)
Also called the ‘Shell Collector Shell’.

Both their common name and their Latin name give away their uniqueness. Xenophoridae in Latin translates to foreign carrying.

A carrier shell will cement stones, other shells, sponges, and other debris to its shell. The individual pieces of foreign matter become larger as the snail grows and is often cemented to outer shell at regular intervals.


India’s aircraft carriers, INS Vikramditya and INS Viraat  participating in the International Fleet Review (IFR) 2016.

This is the last offical occasion where these two will be seen together, INS Viraat, formerly HMS Hermes, is to be decommissioned by the middle of 2016 after having served the Indian navy for almost 29 years.