A gordita in Mexican cuisine is a double sided tortilla made with masa and stuffed with cheese, meat, or other fillings. It is similar to a pasty and to the Colombian/Venezuelan arepa. Gordita means “chubby” in Spanish. There are two main variations of this dish, one which is typically fried in a deep wok-shaped comal, consumed mostly on center and south Mexico, and another one baked on a regular comal, prepared as a thick tortilla.
A gordita is typically prepared as a thick tortilla. The dough is most commonly made of nixtamalized corn flour, as also used for tortillas, but can also be of wheat flour, particularly in northern Mexico close to the U.S border. An old variant of corn gorditas uses masa quebrada (broken dough) where the corn meal is coarsely ground, leaving bits of broken grain. Gorditas de migas is a version in which fried pork is mixed with the dough.
After cooking, the gordita is allowed to stand to drain excess grease. Then a slit is cut into one side and the gordita is stuffed with additional ingredients. These are usually guisados (meat stew) and salsa. Variations of the gordita include fillings of pork or chicken stew, shredded beef, chicharron, nopalitos, carne al pastor, beans, cheese, rajas (sautéed strips of chile), potatoes with chorizo sausage or picadillo. Gorditas are often eaten as a midday meal and accompanied by several types of salsas.
The most common and representative variation of this dish is the “gordita de chicharrón”, filled with chicharron (a spiced stew of pork rind) which is widely consumed throughout Mexico.