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MBTI and Cognitive Function Brief Explanation

Before we get started let me give a brief explanation for those who don’t know about MBTI and cognitive function

MBTI stands for Myers Briggs Type Indicator. MBTI is usually use for determining someone’s personality. MBTI may be true and may be not. Some people say that MBTI is useless, but I am interested in MBTI and I type people for fun. There are 8 acronyms that are used to type someone’s MBTI type:

How we gather energy

Extrovert (E): Talkative, outgoing, enjoy being in the center of attention, love fast-paced environment

Introvert (I): Reserved, private, prefer slow-paced environment, think things through, love to observe something than being in the center of attention

How we gather information

Sensing (S): Focus on how reality things are, love details, love ideas with practical application, describe something in specific and literal way

iNtuition (N): Imagine the possibilities of how things could be, see bigger   picture, relates everything, describe something in figurative way, love ideas and concepts

How we make decision

Thinking (T): Make decision in impersonal way, find flaws in everything

Feeling (F): Make decision based on personal values and how it affects people, warm, empathetic

How we approach life

Judging (J): organized, love rules, prefer detailed step-by-step instructions, plans everything

Perceiving (P): prefer to leave options open, flexible, spontaneous

There are 16 types of MBTI that are divided into 4 temperaments:

  • Rationals (NT): INTP (Architect), INTJ (Mastermind), ENTP (inventor),  ENTJ (Fieldmarshal)
  • Idealists (NF): INFP (Healer), INFJ (Counselor), ENFP (Champion), ENFJ (teacher)
  • Guardians (SJ): ISTJ (Inspector), ISFJ (Protector), ESTJ (Supervisor), ESFJ (Provider)
  • Artisans (SP): ISTP (Crafter), ISFP (Composer), ESTP (Promoter), ESFP (Performer)

Cognitive function is the basic of MBTI and is related to MBTI. If you want to type someone accurately it’s better to use cognitive function than using MBTI stereotypes. There are 8 cognitive functions in total and there are 4 functions that we most likely use. Those 8 functions are:

Introverted thinking (Ti): Wants to understand everything, think subjectively, so if there’s a fact, Ti will find why it’s true, if they don’t know why it’s true, they’ll find that fact as illogical or unuseful

Extroverted thinking (Te):  Receives facts as what they are without thinking why it’s true. Te is a very organized person

Extroverted sensing (Se): Lives in the moment, seeks thrill

Introverted sensing (Si): Compares present experience with past experience (ex (difference between Si and Se): when Si holds a pencil, Si will remember all things he/she do with that pencil, while Se just think that the pencil is in their hand), always do things the same way, love routines

Introverted intuition (Ni): Psychic, has one goal towards future, makes lots ideas become one conclusion, has inner visions

Extroverted intuition (Ne): Develops one idea to many possibilities by connecting other things. I’ll give an example to differ Ni and Ne: When Ne and Ni go to a theme park, Ne will think that there might be someone that has died there, while Ni knows things that will happen while they go there

Extroverted feeling (Fe): Feels what others feel, makes decisions based on what the group wants

Introverted feeling (Fi): Feel what they feel themselves. Tell something that is true, hold something that is important to them. Ex (difference between Fi and Fe): If someone wears something ugly, Fi will say that something that he/she wears is ugly, while Fe will say that they look good with that and they’ll give an advice for them in order to make them look better. Another example: when Fe and Fi go to a theme park, Fe will follow what their friends want to ride while Fi will decide what they want to ride and will not ride something that they don’t like although their friends ask them to ride with them

There are 4 functions that we use:

Dominant: A function that we always use in everyday life

Auxiliary: A function that we use to pair our dominant function

Tertiary: A function that sometimes pairs with our dominant function when we are in the ‘loop’ (when our personality is unhealthy) we usually use our tertiary function with our dominant function in making decisions in our daily life. It’s like the second thought if you wanna use your auxiliary function. Ex: ISTP dominant function is Ti, aux function is Se, and tert function is Ni. When they wanna do something dangerous they’ll think through and analyze the consequences and the possible outcomes (Ti-Ni) ISTP also have future goals in their life, just they do think their goals too detailed like INTJ and INFJ. They may still think about the consequences if they wanna follow their goals

Inferior: A function that you are unlikely to use and you hate to use it, you’ll get tired if you use your inferior function everyday. You still use your inferior function for some things and you use some of the description of your inferior function. Ex: ISTP inferior function is Fe. Although they’re dom Ti, they don’t like to see torture and they’ll think what someone thinks about them, but still they don’t really care about people around them and ISTPs are secretly sensitive, just they don’t wanna show it and they cover it deep down with heir Ti. ISTPs are also usually confused with what they feel. So, inferior function is also a function that you use secretly and you don’t wanna show it and of course you quite hate to use it because it’s hard to use it. You will use your inferior when you get depressed

Cognitive function and MBTI (in order from dominant to inferior)

  • INTP: Ti-Ne-Si-Fe
  • INTJ: Ni-Te-Fi-Se
  • ENTP: Ne-Ti-Fe-Si
  • ENTJ: Te-Ni-Se-Fi
  • INFP: Fi-Ne-Si-Te
  • INFJ: Ni-Fe-Ti-Se
  • ENFP: Ne-Fi-Te-Si
  • ENFJ: Fe-Ni-Se-Ti
  • ISTJ: Si-Te-Fi-Ni
  • ISFJ: Si-Fe-Ti-Ne
  • ESTJ: Te-Si-Ne-Fi
  • ESFJ: Fe-Si-Ne-Ti
  • ISTP: Ti-Se-Ni-Fe
  • ISFP: Fi-Se-Ni-Te
  • ESTP: Se-Ti-Fe-Ni
  • ESFP: Se-Fi-Te-Ni

Now you’ve understand about MBTI and cognitive function, so now let’s get started

12 Common Symbols in Dreams and What They Mean

“The dream is a little hidden door in the innermost and most secret recesses of the soul, opening into that cosmic night which was psyche long before there was any ego- consciousness, and which will remain psyche no matter how far our ego-consciousness extends.” ~ Carl Jung

Dreams give us an opportunity to look into our subconscious mind and may allow for a deeper understanding of personal psychological transformation during waking life. Much of the scientific study about the interpretation of the messages that we are given in our dreams has been based on the work of Carl Jung, a well-respected psychologist and psychiatrist, who believed that dreams are filled with symbols that stem from the unconscious.

Interpreting your own dreams can give you an interesting glimpse into the totality of the psyche. If you’re ready for a peek, keep a journal next to your bed and write down what you remember about your dreams as soon as you wake up (because most often you will forget your dream within a few minutes of being awake). To improve your ability to remember your dreams, each night set an intention that you will remember your dreams. Also, it may help to stay free of drugs and alcohol and to limit what you eat 2 or 3 hours before your bedtime.

Keep reading

Cognitive Function definitions

Perception Functions:

Originally posted by mirayama

Extroverted Sensing / Se: The awareness and external observation of space and the environment. A person or an object can only be influenced in actual reality (an external perception of tangible surrounding). The goal of using force and willpower to affect people/objects in the surrounding space. Ideas are only useful if they will impact the external environment with force.

Introverted Sensing / Si: Maintaining a relaxed and stable inner state, through collecting and gathering sensory experience. Comparing past experience of sensation to the current moment. Physical external sensations that affect the internal state of an individual through a sense of comfort or routine.

Extroverted Intuition / Ne: Seeing the potential energy of a situation, and the potential of a person by identifying their strengths and attributes, thinking of various possibilities during discussion, juxtaposing the seemingly unrelated; the recombination of ideas and concepts, innovative ideas and techniques as an alternative solution, and seeing an opportunity. The connecting of concepts and ideas and perceiving objective possibility.

Introverted Intuition / Ni: Where an event has come from and where it is going - cause and effect. Having an awareness of time and understanding the processes between external events. The focus of where events come from also leads to learning from mistakes through memory to apply to the present moment. Can sometimes have the ability to predict the consequences and outcome of a situation. This anticipation of events is disconnected from the present moment and results in an apparent inactivity. Perceived the underlying meaning of symbolism and abstract concepts, which appear detached from the physical realm.

Judgement Functions:

Originally posted by imperfect--impostors

Extroverted Thinking / Te: Directly accesses people and events from a logical perspective. Aims to be productive and strives for efficiency and usefulness. Makes rational decisions. Direction of the most logical course of action, wants to achieve a logical result through action and production.

Introverted Thinking / Ti: Has an analytical state of mind. Recognizes nonsensical flaws or mistakes from a whole logical system. Validates correctness and consistency based on internal constructs of logic. The analysis of logical processes and clarification rather than gaining a productive result.  

Extroverted Feeling / Fe: Gaining an sense of external emotions and the emotional atmosphere, expressing feelings and experiences outwardly and openly, using words and gestures to impact the emotional space.Feeling values are developed from the environment, can recognize shared values and may adhere to them to reach a goal.

Introverted Feeling / Fi: Can sometimes appear analytical, personal values and sentiments, the focus on feelings of the individual and this reaction to a situation, which also involves an emotional sensitivity, prefers not to express emotion outwardly and directly. how a situation adheres or conflicts with their own values, feeling values is deprived internally.

The dream is the small hidden door in the deepest and most intimate sanctum of the soul, which opens to that primeval cosmic night that was soul long before there was conscious ego and will be soul far beyond what a conscious ego could ever reach.
—  Carl Jung, The Meaning of Psychology for Modern Man