caria

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Top 10 Favorite Historical Female Figures in History: (Requested by Anonymous & Not in Order).

1. Artemisia I of Caria: She was the ruler of Helicarnassus and Cos, and was a commander of 5 ships during a naval battle (Battle of Salamis) in 480 B.C during the 2nd Persian Invasion of Greece. She was famous enough to warrant the Greeks ordering her capture which did not occur.

2. Philippa of Hainault: She was the Queen of England as consort to Edward III. She was a wise and competent Queen, serving as regent on behalf of her husband during his war campaigns. She also famously pleaded for mercy in 1347 for the lives of the Burghers of Calais and was successful.

3. Margaret I of Denmark: She ruled as regent on behalf of her son Denmark, and then later Norway and Sweden. Margaret was a successful ruler and was in power even after her son came of age. Her political maneuverings and warfare lead to the Kalmar Union in 1397 which bound the three countries together until the early 16th century.

4. Margaret of Anjou: She was the Queen of England as consort to Henry VI. With the decline of her husband, her power increase and when he was deposed she fought on behalf of him and her son, Edward of Westminster, successfully re-installing them in 1470 though they were deposed the following year. Margaret was a ruthless yet formidable foe even though in the end, she suffered defeat.

5. Isabella I of Castile: She was the Queen Regnant of Castile and Leon and consort in Aragon as the wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon. She was a successfully ruler, establishing a joint rule with her husband in which she shares the accomplishments which included the end of the Reconquista when Granada fell in 1492, and sending Christopher Columbus to the New World.

6. Caterina Sforza: A ruthless and powerful Italian Noblewoman and through marriage the Countess of Forli and the Lady of Imola. She also served as regent on behalf of her son. A passionate war woman, she even once attacked a fortress, while she was heavily pregnant. She is infamous for her defiance against Cesare Borgia at the Siege of Forli.

7. Katherine of Aragon: The Queen of England as the consort and 1st wife of Henry VIII of England. She served as regent in England in 1513 and was the first female ambassador in Europe. When her husband proceeded with trying to obtain and annulment, Katherine defied him every step of the way until the very end of her life.

8. Mary I of England: She was the only child of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon that survived into adulthood. During her parents troubles, she sided with her mother, refusing to give up until after her mother’s death in 1536. She was the first Queen Regnant in England, and she was able to hold her position until her death. She is most widely known for restoring the Catholic Church during her reign.

9. Anna Nzinga: Anna Nzinga also known by her full name of Ana de Sousa Nzingha Mbande, was Queen of Ndongo and Matamba. Her reign was long, and during it she engaged in conflict with the Portuguese. She is known for her political acumen, and military prowess, dying at the age of 80 in 1663.

10. Catherine the Great: The 18th century Empress of Russia, who continued the modernization of Russia. She came to power after a coup in which her husband was deposed. Under her reign, the border of Russia expanded, arts, education, and literature was supported, and her reign was known as the Golden Age of Russia. 

Note: I made this post on my old account, so this is a repost, but I have changed the gifs.

Elagabalus: The Transgender Roman Emperor

Reign: 8 June 218 – 11 March 222

Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus was 14 years old when he became Roman Emperor. He is known to history as Elagabalus because he was from birth the high priest of the androgynous sun deity Elagabal. Elagabalus is recorded as having been one of the most infamous and degenerate figures in Roman history.

Elagabalus married and divorced five women but his most stable relationship seems to have been his chariot driver, a blond slave from Caria name Hierocles, whom he referred to as his husband. He married a man name Zoticus, an athlete from Smyrna, in a pubic ceremony at Rome.

When he was married to Hierocles, Elagabalus would dress like a woman and allow himself to be caught in the act of adultery by his husband, who would then beat him as husbands were then allowed to beat their wives.

Elagabalus would paint his eyes, epilate his hair and wear wigs before prostituting himself in taverns, brothels, and even in the imperial palace: 

“Finally, he set aside a room in the palace and there committed his indecencies, always standing nude at the door of the room, as the harlots do, and shaking the curtain which hung from gold rings, while in a soft and melting voice he solicited the passers-by. There were, of course, men who had been specially instructed to play their part. For, as in other matters, so in this business, too, he had numerous agents who sought out those who could best please him by the size of their penis. He would collect money from his patrons and give himself airs over his gains; he would also dispute with his associates in this shameful occupation, claiming that he had more lovers than they and took in more money.”

He was described as having been “delighted to be called the mistress, the wife, the queen of Hierocles” and was reported to have offered vast sums of money to any physician who could equip him with female genitalia.

One of his palace orgies was the scene of an inadvertent massacre when so many flower petals were showered upon the banquet guests that dozens of people suffocated to death as they reclined on their couches.

He was known to harness teams of naked women to his chariot and whip them as they pulled him around the palace grounds.

On his head, he wore a crown in the shape of a tiara, glittering with gold and precious stones.

He preferred to spend his days in the company of the palace women, singing, dancing and weaving.

The soldiers were revolted at the sight of him. With his face made up more elaborately than a modest woman, he was effeminately dressed up in golden necklaces and soft clothes, dancing for everyone to see.

At the age of 18, in March 222 AD, Rome’s soldiers finally rebelled against their Emperor. After slaughtering his minions and tearing out their vital organs, they then fell upon Elagabalus as he hid cowering in a latrine. After killing him, they dragged his body through the streets by a hook and attempted to stuff it into a sewer. When it proved too big, they threw him into the River Tiber.

Aphrodisias, Turkey

Aphrodisias was a small ancient Greek city in Caria (western Turkey) named after the goddess of love. She had a unique cult image here and was known as Aphrodite of Aphrodisias. According to the Byzantine encyclopedic compilation called the Suda, before being known as Aphrodisias, the city had held three previous names: Lelegon Polis (City of the Leleges), Megale Polis (Great City) and Ninoe.

The city was built near a marble quarry that was extensively exploited in the Hellenistic and Roman periods, and sculpture in marble from Aphrodisias became famous in the Roman world. Many examples of statuary have been unearthed in Aphrodisias, and some representations of the Aphrodite of Aphrodisias also survive from other parts of the Roman world, as far afield as Pax Julia in Lusitania (modern Portugal and part of Spain).

Aphrodisias is in an earthquake zone and has suffered a great deal of damage at various times, especially in the severe tremors of the 4th and 7th centuries. An added complication was that one of the 4th century earthquakes altered the water table, making parts of the town prone to flooding. Aphrodisias never fully recovered from the 7th century earthquake, and fell into disrepair.

The site of Aphrodisias is located near the modern village of Geyre, Turkey.

More about Aphrodisias…

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Inktober Week in review:

15. Artemisia I of Caria

16. AEthelflaed

17. Lady K'abel (she doesn’t have a wikipedia page! She needs one, tumblr.)

18. Elizabeth I

19. Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi

I included Wikipedia links on the names not because Wikipedia is always the best source, but because it’s a great place to start finding out about historical figures (the citations are a great way to find good source material). Also, if anyone who reads them his more accurate info they can edit the page.

Rare Greek Tetradrachm from Rhodes (Islands off Caria), c. 380 BC

Among the finest of all Rhodian tetradrachms, this is a masterpiece that is also in near mint condition.

The obverse shows the facing head of Helios, his attenuated hair radiating from the head. The reverse shows the inscription POΔION over a budding rose, undulating tendrils emerging from its base, all within an incuse square.

anonymous asked:

Are there any reasons to pray or not to pray to Hades? Thank you! Xoxo

Because Hades is associated with death and necromancy in antiquity, and because there were few temples dedicated to him, there are some Hellenic polytheists who believe it is best to never, or only rarely, worship him. Some prefer never to even speak his name, and use a title like God of Wealth, an epithet (Receiver of the Dead, or Host of Many), or collectively refer to the Daimones Katakhthonioi (Underworld Gods). Those are the only reasons I can think of not to speak of or to pray to him.

Not all polytheists share this reluctance. We know that, as the husband of Persephone, he was honored as a loyal and generous spouse on the pinaxes found at Locri in Calabria, Italy, and on the the votive relief of Lysimachides discovered inside the Ploutonion at Eleusis. The inhabitants of Aidone in Sicily obviously did not fear to speak his name (“Aidone” is the same word as “Hades”), and Hades was included in the cult activity to Demeter and Persphone in nearby Morgantina. In Caria, Hades and Persephone were revered as gods of healing. The Romans worshiped Hades as Dis Pater, the “wealthy father”, and once a year celebrated a festival in his honor, along with Proserpina (the Roman name for Persephone), which included three days of sacrifices and games.

Pinax of Persephone and Hades from Locri

The main reason to pray to Hades is simply because he is one of the Theoi and deserves worship.  

One could ask his help in finding or being a good husband, for help in being a good public official, help in the acquisition or management of wealth, to ask him to show kindness and mercy to someone who has died, or as a prelude before speaking to someone who has died. There are people who practice necromancy who honor him as their patron. In short, if you feel there is a reason to worship Hades, you should do so! 

May your path be blessed!

EDIT: see also this post

I Am Angry

FEMINISM SHOULD NOT BE ABOUT EQUALITY!
RADICAL FEMINISM IS NOT ABOUT EQUALITY!
RADICAL FEMINISM IS ABOUT THE FEMALE LIBERATION FROM MEN/MALES/AMABS WHATEVER YOU CALL THEM!
PREGNANCY DOES NOT EQUAL EJACULATION!
FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION DOES NOT EQUAL MALE CIRCUMCISION!
FUCK LIBERAL FEMINISM!
FUCK TRANS ACTIVISM!
FUCK CONSERVATISM!
FUCK MEN’S RIGHTS ACTIVISM!
FUCK ABRAHAMITIC RELIGIONS!
FUCK FASCISM!
FUCK THE SEX INDUSTRY!
FUCK THE PATRIARCHY!
FUCK YOUR REGRESSIVE BELIEFS!
FUCK GENDER(ISM)!
ALL BELIEFS I HAVE STATED ABOVE ARE ANTI-WOMEN!

OPEN YOUR FUCKING EYES, THE WORLD IS B U I L T ON HATING WOMEN! NOTHING WOMEN HAVE EVER DONE EQUALS THE AMOUNT OF PAIN, WAR, AND BLOODSHED MEN HAVE CAUSED!
STOP SAYING HUMANS ARE BAD WHEN MEN DID 99.9999% OF EVERY BAD THING THAT HAS EVER HAPPENED!

HOW COME I DON’T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT THE GREAT WOMEN OF HISTORY? WHY IS IT ALL ABOUT MEN?

WHY DON’T I HEAR ANYTHING ABOUT JEANNE D'ARC? YURI KOCHIYAMA? QUEEN LILIUOKALANI? MAD ANNE BAILEY? ONORATA RODIANI? GRAINNE O'MALLEY? WOMAN CHIEF? ARTEMISIA OF CARIA? GALLUS MAG? NUSAYBAH BINT KA'AB? LOZEN? PETRA HERRERA?
WHY DIDN’T THEY TEACH ME THAT FARMING WAS INVENTED BY WOMEN?
WHY DIDN’T I KNOW THE FIRST UNIVERSITY EVER WAS OPENED BY A WOMAN?

WHY CAN’T WE LET THESE WOMEN BE THE WOMEN OUR DAUGHTERS CAN LOOK UP TO?

WHY ARE WOMEN PORTRAYED AS WEAK, FEMININE CREATURES THAT MUST BE HELPED?

WHY DO MEN HATE FEMINISM SO MUCH?
WHY DO MEN HATE WOMEN SO MUCH?
WHY DO MEN ACT AS IF FEMALE OPPRESSION NEVER HAPPENED?
WHY DO WESTERN MEN ACT AS IF THEY’RE BETTER THAN OTHER MEN, BUT RAPE WOMEN WHEN THEY’RE SENT TO IRAQ TO FIGHT FOR THE WAR?

WHY IS NOBODY ANGRY?
WHY IS IT LIKE I’M SCREAMING IN THE VOID?
WHY DOES EVERYTHING I SAY MEAN LITERALLY NOTHING TO ANY MAN IN THE WORLD?

WHY DO MEN HATE WOMEN SO MUCH?
WHY DO MEN HATE WOMEN SO MUCH?

WHY DO MEN HATE WOMEN SO MUCH?

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female awesome meme: [2/5] warrior characters→ Artemisia I

Artemisia I was the queen of the Anatolian region of Caria. She is most famous for her role in the naval Battle of Salamis in 480 BCE in which she fought for the Persians and distinguished herself both for her conduct in battle and for the advice she gave the Persian king Xerxes prior to the onset of the engagement. Her name is derived from the Greek goddess Artemis, who presided over the wild and was the patron deity of hunters. Every ancient account of Artemisia depicts her as a brave and clever woman.

The introduction of Ke'i Nahoa
  • Ke'i, nervously: I was sent by Effluvia Marsh to work with you guys?
  • Me: Oh, great! Are you any good in a fight?
  • Ke'i: N-no...
  • Me: Oh boy. Whatever. My name is Caria, and that guy in sunglasses is Corncop, and no matter what he tells you, he is not actually affiliated with any police department or law enforcement anywhere-
  • Corncop: Hey! Not true!
  • Me, ignoring him: And the other guy is Perkins Loan, who... I don't actually remember what he does. Something.
  • Perkins: *laughs* Yeah, I do something all right.
  • Ke'i: Right... okay...
  • Me: Can I buy you a drink?
  • Ke'i: Yes, please.

George Frederic Watts (1817-1904)
“Endymion” (1872)
Oil on canvas
Symbolism
Currently in a private collection

In Greek mythology, Endymion was variously a handsome Aeolian shepherd, a hunter, or a king who was said to rule and live at Olympia in Elis, and he was also venerated and said to reside on Mount Latmus in Caria, on the west coast of Asia Minor.

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The Felsouls duo really reminded me of goofy villains from really old anime during the imp chase but I decided not to say anything but it only got worse when they show up in your base so here we are.

breaking myself into doing things again because I was asked to do a thing w/ a friend and I’m really excited but also really rusty

ᕕ( ᐛ )ᕗ

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EVA GREEN as ARTEMISIA OF CARIA

Queen Artemisia of Caria allied herself with King Xerxes of Persia during the Greco-Persian War. As the only female naval commander, she was often looked down upon. However, Artemisia is remembered for cunningness and her thirst for victory. This is noted in the fact that once when she was pursued by an Athenian trireme, she purposely slammed into an Persian ship to make herself seem like a Greek ally. Xerxes, watching from above, sees this as Artemisia defeating an Athenian ship. The entire crew aboard the ally ship drowns except Artemisia and Xerxes never learns otherwise.