Early on the morning of 10th May 1940, as part of Case Yellow, three German Panzer divisions crossed the border into neutral Luxembourg. They were faced by roadblocks manned by Corps des Gendarmes et Volontaires which was just ~680 men strong. Lightly armed volunteers and police were no match for the invading forces. While small arms fire was exchanged the roadblocks and tank traps laid by Luxembourg were quickly bypassed and the capital was quickly surrounded and occupied before noon. Token resistance was all that could be mounted without assistance from the guarantor countries of Luxembourg’s neutrality. The Panzer divisions continued on into France.
Seven members of the
Corps des Gendarmes et Volontaires were wounded with 75 more captured. German casualties are unknown. Luxembourg’s Ducal family and government fled, first to France and then to Canada via Britain. The country was occupied by German forces until September 1944.
Image: German troops cautiously enter the frontier town of
Echternach early on the morning of the 10th May (source)
The language of cycling is vibrant, sophisticated, often impenetrable and extrememly French. Find yourself confused, nodding along when a rouleur relates how le biscuit was effrité (crumbled)? How today they’re feeling Angers (past caring)? Fear no more, for Boulting’s Vélosaurus will illuminate, enlighten and, frankly mislead.
ITV Tour de France commentator and cycling writer Ned Boulting provides the ultimate lexicon of nonsense terminology surrounding the esteemed Tour de France. It’s the ideal companion to all things peloton for linguistically-challenged fans of non-automotive two-wheeled sport.
We commissioned Jennifer Wick to illustrate the cover and also worked with Robbie Porter for each chapter opening. The boards of the book feature an inverted version of the cover design.
Félix Ziem was a French painter trained in the style of the Barbizon School. A frequent exhibitor at the Paris Salon, Ziem travelled extensively throughout Europe and became extremely wealthy for his marine paintings, especially of Venice.