carabanchel prison

On This Day: August 17
  • 1549: The Prayer Book Rebellion: At the Battle of Sampford Courtenay a royal army crushes the last of the Western Rising. Over a thousand are killed.
  • 1861: Coal miners in New South Wales in Australia refuse a 20% wage cut and walk out. They are locked out until October.
  • 1862: The Dakota War begins in Minnesota as Lakota warriors attack settlements along the Minnesota River.
  • 1868: Libertarian socialist Edward Abramowski born in Stefanin, Ukraine. He was a psychologist, ethician, and supporter of cooperativesis considered to be a spiritual father of Anarchism in Poland.
  • 1883: Militant individualist anarchist Jeanne Morand born in France. She was a member of the Bonnot Gang.
  • 1885: Anarcho-syndicalist Clara Meijer-Wichmann born in Hamburg, Germany. She was a feminist atheist lawyer and writer.
  • 1887: Marcus Garvey born in Saint Ann’s Bay, Jamaica. He was a political leader and influential figure in Black Nationalist movement.
  • 1895: Anarchist Nicholas Lazarevitch born in Liege, Belgium. He co-wrote The Platform.
  • 1909: Indian revolutionary Madan Lal Dhingra is executed for his assassination of Sir Curzon Wyllie in London.
  • 1913: Maynard Shipley debates with the renowned anarchist Emma Goldman, in Everett, Washington.
  • 1936: Floyd “Red Crow” Westerman was born in Lake Traverse Indian Reservation, South Dakota. He was a widely know Sioux musician, political activist for Native American rights, and actor.
  • 1939: Anarchist Toma Toma Ŝik born in Hungary. He was a Hungarian-Israeli peace activist, libertarian socialist, vegan, and a pioneer of the Israeli-Palestinian search for peace and a survivor of the Holocaust.
  • 1944: Spanish militant CNT member Francisco Ponzán Vidal dies in Buzet-sur-Tarn, France.
  • 1945: Communist Party MP Phil Piratin makes his first speech in UK Houses of Parliament.
  • 1946: Almost all of the members of the Regional Committee of Catalonia along with other CNT activists are arrested: a total of 39 comrades ended up in jail.
  • 1963: Francisco Franco wrongly executes the anarchists Francisco Granados and Joaquín Delgado in the Carabanchel prison, for crimes they did not commit.
  • 1970: Angela Davis appears on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted list after a firearm purchased in her name is linked to a murder plot involving a judge.
  • 1973: Pride Week 1973, a national LGBT rights event, takes place simultaneously in several Canadian cities.
  • 2000: The North American Anarchist Conference ends in Los Angeles. A transcontinental gathering of anarchists in the days before the 2000 Democratic National Convention