captivity improvements


War! The Republic is crumbling under attacks by the ruthless Sith Lord, Count Dooku. There are heroes on both sides. Evil is everywhere. In a stunning move, the fiendish droid leader, General Grievous, has swept into the Republic capital and kidnapped Chancellor Palpatine, leader of the Galactic Senate. As the Separatist Droid Army attempts to flee the besieged capital with their valuable hostage, two Jedi Knights lead a desperate mission to rescue the captive Chancellor….

myirrelephantlife  asked:

What, if any, animals do you think cannot be ethically kept in captivity? I know you're very pro-zoo, but do you think that there's a point where the cost-benefit of keeping a wild animal in captivity is no longer fair to the animal? (I love my local zoo but I'm also pretty heavily involved in wildlife rehabilitation, where euthanasia is very much present for unreleasable animals due to lack of available placements or unsuitability for captivity/education.)

I don’t honestly have a good answer for you, because I don’t feel like I know enough to make those calls. So anything in the rest of this answer is super, super subjective and I request people take it with the appropriate amount of salt grains. 

I know larger whales are one of the big hot-button topics, and they’re one taxa that I’m iffier on - but that’s really because I don’t have any personal experience with them in the wild or in captivity and I haven’t been able to get a good feel for things from reading journal articles. I don’t know either way and haven’t had enough experience to feel like I even have a chance of comprehending the nuance involved in that discussion. (This is a goal, someday, but it’s also why I currently don’t really talk about Seaworld / killer whales in captive situations. I’ll report on things I can research, like population statistics between wild and captive groups, or things that are fairly standard in animal care like enrichment protocols and necropsy procedures, but as far as ethics go I really don’t have enough whale-specific knowledge to be willing to say anything publicly).

Personally, I really dislike the larger sharks in captivity. Great Whites obviously don’t do well because of lack of space and too much stress, and thank god nobody has tried to put a basking shark in a tank yet. I ragequit the Georgia Aquarium after about 45 minutes because watching them tube-feed filter-feeding animals (after one’s probable cause of death was internal lacerations from the feeding tube) was just too much for me. Maybe I’d be more okay with that if we could actually allow them to engage in their natural feeding behaviors through a different tank design? I don’t know. That’s a line - animals not being able to engage in such a basic behavior as eating - that really bothers me. (I don’t know if there are studies out there about if tube-feeding impacts welfare. I haven’t looked. It makes me too mad). 

Both of those are sets of aquatic animals, which is an interesting thing to note, and I wonder if in an ideal world those would change if physical limitations on tank sizes did. Elephant welfare has absolutely improved since facilities have started building multiple-acre areas for them - maybe if we could take something the size of a football stadium and turn it into a tank for a great white their captive welfare would improve. I definitely find that I’m less iffy about the welfare of land animal taxa because we’ve seen such improvement when they’re given a ton of space and because the entire field is shifting in that direction. 

More to your second question, I think the cost/benefit really comes down to the animal, specifically with wild-caught or rescued animals. Animals raised in captive situations tend to do pretty well, but I’ve definitely heard of cases where unreleasable animals were unable to adapt to the stress of a captive situation and that’s where I feel like it becomes an issue of quality of life in captivity. 

/end for disorganized, unsourced thoughts.

The lacing of Laurent’s brocade outer garment began at his nape, and ran in a single line all the way down his back. It was ridiculous to fear this.

-Prince’s Gambit, Ch. 2.

wing!au Damen in armor, because it had to be done. 

loosely based on the golden eagle, stereotypical though it is (it works real well). I imagine he’d have huuuuge obnoxiously puffy wings that are groomed only by virtue of others reminding him to do so.

enjoy! be careful of opening high-res, as it is a large image.

anonymous asked:

Could you show me the scientific articles that show orcas are in bad conditions in captive habitats please? ;) thanks doll.

Keiko, Shamu and friends: Educating visitors to marine parks and aquaria?

On the behaviour and welfare of killer whales in captivity

Reported causes of death of captive killer whales

Orca captivity and vulnerability to mosquito transmitted viruses

Killer controversy: why orcas should no longer be kept in captivity

The case against marine mammals in captivity

Effects of psycho-physiological stress on captive dolphins

Evaluating and minimising social stress in the care of captive bottlenose dolphins

Review of stress in marine mammals

K, Patterson, N, Rose, and E. Parsons. Annual survivorship rates of captive killer whales: No improvement in 20 years. Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals. (Can’t find this one online) :(

To name but a few. All scientific papers are peer reviewed and published in reputable journals and reports have been fully referenced.

anytime darling :) xx


Even during the worst episodes of Sleepy Hollow, even when the writing was abysmal, the storylines ridiculous and the direction clearly heading straight to the hell the Witnesses were trying to prevent from being raised on Earth, Nicole Beharie was the episode’s saving grace.

Any scene she was in, she captivated, elevated and improved the moment. Thank you Miss Beharie for making even the darkest moments full of light. 

It always makes me chuckle and face palm simultaneously when people ignorantly piss themselves over cetaceans in captivity, yet completely ignore all other animals in captivity. Not surprisingly, most of the time these people have zero experience working with animals in any form (let alone exotic animals in zoological institution), yet they are self proclaimed internet experts about these animals. 

Orcas, Dolphins, and Belugas, compared to many, many other species, do EXTRAORDINARILY well in a captive environment. 

I have never ONCE heard people talk about Tinian Monarch’s, Pangolin’s, Sumatran Rhino’s, or countless, countless others and how the have absolutely HORRIBLE survival/breeding rates in captivity (granted they have improved slightly over the years for the most part, but its a slow process)

People only care about these cetaceans because they are large, charismatic, easy to influence the public with and many people seem to form some sort of “spiritual bond/obsession” with them.

I could ramble on further, however sufficient to say a large part of the move to end cetacean captivity is simply ignorant and personal morals that are blind to what truly goes on in appropriately run and accredited 21 century zoological facilities, and to other animals that should be receiving far more attention than the 3 big cetacean species currently held in captivity.

llimus  asked:

As someone who wants to entertain the idea of -potentially- having a pet ball python in the far future (no sooner than 6-10 years maybe), I'm curious: is it better to have a taller enclosure with more things to climb, or a wider enclosure with more room to burrow/hide? Or is the best experience for one of these snakes something between the two? Thank you ahead of time!

In the words of one of my favorite internet memes…

So here’s the thing. Ball pythons are mostly terrestrial, but what we mean when we say terrestrial isn’t too closely related to the way we treat captive snakes. We tend to think “terrestrial” means “prefers flat ground always and forever.” But sometimes we forget that things like tree stumps and rocks and low branches exist in nature! So a “terrestrial” snake really will climb in the wild, and I think it’s important for them to have some opportunities to do so in captivity! It helps improve their muscle tone and provides mental stimulus. And you can do some cool climbing stuff in a narrower tank, too! For instance, Harker’s in a 55 gallon, which is actually narrower than a 40 gallon breeder. But I’ve got a ledge in there and a huge chunk of tree and some neat texture stuff and live plants and I regularly see him using this stuff. The best thing you can do is give him a choice- by providing substrate to dig in and things to climb on, he can choose his elevation and hang out where he feels the most comfortable!