captive born

people have talked about the concept of home and coming back for rebelcaptain before but I want to do a roundup so:

  • jyn’s one of those people who has never known a home be cause she’s never been in one spot for long. she was born in captivity, then spent some years on courscant as an imperial child, then spent the rest of her childhood on lah’mu, spent time doing god knows what with saw and his rebels, then being on her own for so many years, lanet hopping… she never had a place to call home. the concept is lost on her
  • not to mention all the people who’ve abandonded her. lyra, who left to go save galen, then died. galen, taken by the imperials. (They both tried to convince jyn before leaving - everything i do i do for you - that they weren’t abandoning her, but she’s not wrong to think of it that way). saw, literally abandoning her at 16 because the last name -erso- is a liability. sixteen. being on her own for so many years, being unable to trust anyone, because most criminals are traitors, not friends. who can she trust after being abandoned so many times? she cant even trust people with her own name. 
  • it’s pretty important that cassian is basically (one of? idk if someone else uses it before him) the first person call jyn by her real name since probably she was left by saw.
  • trust goes both ways
  • cassian comes back #1: cassian is a practical dude. he won’t ever risk the mission to save one person - the rebellion is greater than any one person. it’s why he shoots tivik. he’s a liability. jyn reeling in shock as jedha crumbles around her - she’s a liability. but he gets her out of there. he goes back for her. (now, I know that she’s literally the only person who has seen the message. cassian couldve gotten the datachip though. but this is the first time, and it’s a big step) also cassian’s panic as he wonders what saw did to jyn before he realizes she’s in shock T_T
  • do i even need to expand on the fact cassian didn’t shoot galen??? like??? cassian andor, of all people, disobeying a direct order?? the one who kills mercilessly for the rebellion, not doing his job??? man
  • cassian comes back #2: now this is where jyn is really, truly, expendable. galen is dead, the mission is technically complete (though not how it was planned), and time is running short. he doesn’t really need to go back for jyn, esp now that they know what the message was (the rebels would take cassian’s word for it). she’s in shock again. but no, he comes back for her
  • the argument skjfsdslkjfss I could go on about that for days. I don’t think Cassian usually yells at people, and at the end he realizes “I don’t have to” but in between? that’s genuine concern. he -wants- jyn to realize her mistake. he’d rather convince her than let her be. that’s important.
  • [some giant gap here where jyn gets it together]
  • welcome home. WELCOME HOME. WELCOME HOME!!! okay I’m done. 
  • no i’m not. jyn’s not used to people sticking around. they usually abandon her. she thought cassian would turn her in. no, he brings her support. jyn’s scarif mission would have failed if it wasn’t for cassian gathering the other rebels.
  • home is a person, not a place.
  • after that it’s basically smooth sailing (kind of ironic) 
  • cassian comes back #3:  comes back FROM THE DEAD more like (tho tbh i didnt actually think he was dead but apparently we were supposed to so uh). guardian angel. the third time he comes to save her, and it’s funny because this time by saving her he also saves the mission.

@forthedingoes @wolfdogeducation i thought you guys might enjoy these!

this is my dad, he’s fire and rescue on Hamilton Island (the whitsundays) and because of the cyclone, he got to go and pick up the two dingoes from the wildlife park and take them to a keeper’s house! he’s gonna find out their names for me tomorrow.

they’re apparently super friendly and outgoing since they see people all day every day and were born in captivity! but most dingoes, even in captivity, aren’t like this. if you see one, leave it be, even at a zoo. most are not this outgoing. needless to say, though, my dad was very excited to get to spend time with Australia’s most taxonomically debated species.

more doodles for the fantasy au, in short (bc i now have an actual goal for the ppl):

After getting tangled up in a civil war that ends up in Tobio’s freedom he decides to finally set out and search for his own birth-family, as he has been born captive and never met his parents. Oikawa who is by much his elder and was in the same castle and country as Tobio at the time, agrees on letting him follow him back into their home-country, which results into Oikawa becoming (unwillingly) Tobio’s teacher and guardian.

Oikawa is on search for a doctor/medic who can properly adjust his make-shift prosthetic and is also looking himself for his family he got seperated from during a war much earlier.

The doctor Oikawa has in mind might have some information about the where-abouts of Tobio’s family, but it proves trickier to actually get to them. 

ppl here get very old. So all the 3rd years are all around 500ish. 2nd years half that age and 1st years teen babies in their 50s-100s. Idk why. I just wanted to. 

Sad news out of probably my favorite place in Ohio. Colo was the longest lived captive born gorilla as well as the oldest known gorilla in the world captive or wild. Her life started in a concrete enclosure with a jungle gym and ended with an expansive indoor and outdoor environment as the Columbus zoo became a leader in primate care that others would follow. Whether or not you like zoos it’s hard to deny the work they have done learning about animals, their needs and contributing to conservation and awareness.


Move over Puppy Bowl… Wolf Bowl is here!

There’s been a lot of controversy leading up to Super Bowl XLIX, but this exclusive video reveals the real culprit behind Deflate Gate!

Atka is a captive-born Arctic wolf at the Wolf Conservation Center (WCC), a 501c3 non-profit organization, in South Salem, NY. When Atka isn’t busy deflating footballs, he serves as an ambassador wolf at the WCC to help teach the public about wolves and their vital role in the environment.

Peek a boo! A panda cub learns to eat bamboo at the Wolong China Conservation & Research Center for the Giant Panda. Chinese scientists and their international counterparts have cracked the puzzle of successfully breeding pandas in captivity and now they are sending these captive born pandas back into the wild. In a region where bad environmental news is common, the Giant Panda might prove to be the exception and a testament to the perseverance and efforts of Chinese scientists and conservationists. By breeding and releasing pandas, augmenting existing populations, and protecting habitat, China may be on its way to successfully saving its most famous ambassador and in the process put the wild back into an icon.

© Ami Vitale.

The World’s Most “Successful” Captive Breeding Program

Seaworld prides itself in being the leader of killer whale breeding in the world, and the birth of Amaya (pictured) marks the first fourth generation captive born orca. sounds like a success, right? Let’s look at what Seaworld probably won’t tell you.

The average age a whale at Seaworld gives birth to her first calf is 10.4. 

Of twelve first time mothers, three neglected their calves instantly, or shortly after birth. In the wild, females don’t normally reproduce until 14 or 15, though they have given birth younger. The youngest Seaworld orca to give birth was Kalina, who had her son Keet at age 7.

3 killer whales born into Seaworld’s collection are inbred.

Nalani was the first inbred orca, being a result of mother/son mating. Adan and Victoria at Loro Parque were a result of uncle/niece breeding, and Victoria died at 10 months old due to intestinal problems. The Seaworld gene pool is extremely small, and this is probably why artificial insemination is becoming more popular.

Though 33 calves were born alive at Seaworld in the past 30 years, only 21 are alive today. 

Most did survive infancy and then died as they matured. The oldest one of these orcas was only 25. 

3 young females at Seaworld died while pregnant.

Kona 2 died while pregnant at age 12, Kenau died at age age 16 while 12 months pregnant, and Haida 2 died while 5 months pregnant.

3 Additional Orcas have Died From Birth Complications at Young Ages

Samoa was the first in 1992, dying while giving birth to a stillborn calf that had already started to decompose in her uterus at age 12. Gudrun died shortly after giving birth to a stillborn calf in 1996 at 20 years old. Her daughter, Taima suffered a similar fate, dying while giving birth to what would have been her fourth calf (though fifth pregnancy) in 2010, also at age 20.

The average calving interval (including stillbirths but excluding miscarriages) for Seaworld orcas is 2.8 years.

In the wild orcas normally wait 4 or 5 years between calves, unless their calves die young. The only Seaworld mother to get that average is Kasatka who has had an average of 5.5 years between calves.

Tilikum is related to 15 captive born killer whales at Seaworld parks, out of 23 living out of the parks. That’s 65% of Seaworld’s captive born killer whales.

The gene pool is small, as I have mentioned time and time again.

Of the 23 captive born killer whales currently in Seaworld’s collection, 12 are hybrids.

These animals are useless for conservation purposes as there is no way that they, or their offspring could ever be released. Factors such as outbreeding depression can also effect the health of these animals. 12 Seaworld captive born killer whales have died prematurely, 7 of these animals were hybrids.

There have been 6 stillbirths at Seaworld Parks and 5 known miscarriages.

There are plenty more rumoured miscarriages. 

Photo belongs to Seaworld.

#deancainweek day 6: dark au

Dean goes to see a freak show in town and is captivated by The First Born. When he holds the blade that the ringleader calls The First Blade, he becomes black eyed and dangerous. Dean finds himself transfixed and stays long after the show ends. 

Crowley sees Dean take an interest in Cain and offers Dean a job - work on the freak show and he can ask all the questions he wants. 

Dean agrees to work for Crowley, but he has no idea what a mistake that truly is. 

Recently Spotted 103-Year-Old Orca Is Bad News For SeaWorld

SeaWorld could be in trouble because of “Granny,” the world’s oldest known living orca. The 103-year-old whale (also known as J2) was recently spotted off Canada’s western coast with her pod – her children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. But while the Granny sighting is thrilling for us, it’s problematic for SeaWorld.

First of all, SeaWorld has claimed that “no one knows for sure how long killer whales live,” when simple figures or even living and thriving examples – like Granny – can give us a pretty good idea. The Whale and Dolphin Conservation project estimates that whales born in captivity only live to 4.5 years old, on average; many of SeaWorld’s orcas die before they reach their 20s. Perhaps because of their reduced lifespans, the whales are forced to breed continuously and at perilously young ages, which could also diminish their overall health.

Another key aspect of an orca’s life – which is missing in captivity – is the ability to swim up to 100 miles per day. When Granny was spotted earlier this week, she had just finished an 800-mile trek from northern California along with her pod. According to animal welfare advocates, long-distance swimming is integral to orcas’ psychological health and well-being; SeaWorld, however, has gone on record claiming that orcas do not need to swim hundreds of miles regularly, ostensibly to defend the parks’ cruel practice of keeping massive, powerful orcas confined to cramped tanks.

Since Granny was first spotted (as early as the 1930s), she’s believed to have mothered two calves, who in turn have had calves of their own. (One of her grandchildren, Canuck, reportedly died at the age of 4 after being captured and held at SeaWorld). As her pod has grown, Granny has kept up with them – without being separated through human intervention – and traveled astonishing distances with her pod annually. Orcas at SeaWorld are routinely separated from their pods, which has been known to cause huge mental and emotional strain and can prevent calves from developing normally.

Granny doesn’t simply represent an impressive feat of nature; she embodies what’s wrong with SeaWorld by being a living example of what’s right in the wild. While it’s true that most wild orcas don’t live as long as Granny has, their lifespans are still dramatically longer than those of SeaWorld’s whales (the NOAA estimates that wild female orcas, like Granny, live an average of 50 to 60 years). Their lives are also filled with much more swimming, exploration, variety and bonding with family – in other words, their lives are likely filled with much more joy.

Corky 2 with her first calf. Corky was captured off the coast of British Columbia in 1969. She was purchased by a California park, Marineland of the Pacific. In 1977 Corky the first calf to be conceived and born in captivity. Trainers had no idea of Corky’s pregnancy, so the birth came as a surprise. The male calf made no attempt to nurse, and Corky was unable to nurse as the pool was too small and round to properly perform nursing maneuvers. After 18 days, the calf died of pneumonia. Corky went through a total of 8 pregnancies in the span of 12 years. Because orcas have 18 month gestation periods, this means Corky was basically kept continuously pregnant for 12 years. After her final pregnancy, which ended in a miscarriage, Corky stopped ovulating at 22, an abnormally young age for orcas who normally reproduce into their 40s. Corky was quite a maternal whale and is credited as being a good mother, but of her four live calves, the oldest lived for only 47 days. In 1987, Corky was moved to Seaworld San Diego where she still lived today. Calves that had been separated from their mothers due to death and aggression have been introduced to Corky due to her maternal and gentle nature, and she has acted as an “adoptive mother” to these few. She is still used as the introductory whale to orcas who are transferred to the park. After 45 years, Corky has been captive longer than any other orca in the world, and is the second oldest orca currently kept in captivity at 48 years old. In the wild, female orcas normally do live to be about 40-50 (though they can live to be 100!), so Corky is one of the few captive whales to reach the average age of wild killer whales.

Referenced from:

I squished Corky’s body a little :U

Back to the Blue - Captive Dolphins return to the wild

Tom and Misha, two bottlenose dolphins, were originally captured from the wild off the coast of Turkey and were subsequently used to perform and provide ‘swim-with’ opportunities for tourists in captive facilities.  Following a campaign in 2010, spearheaded by the Born Free Foundation and a local network of concerned individuals known as the Dolphin Angels, Tom and Misha were rescued and re-homed to a specially constructed sea-pen, in partnership with  Turkish NGO, S.A.D., where they underwent an extensive programme of rehabilitation prior to their release on 9th May 2012.

The Back to the Blue project not only aimed to rescue these two individuals from an appalling situation but also to highlight the plight of captive dolphins and the repercussions of the increasing impact of ‘swim-with’ opportunities on the animals concerned.

Tom and Misha were caught from the wild and expert analysis suggested they retained some of the survival skills that they had developed in their wild environment.  Captivity had, however, undoubtedly not only eroded their fitness but also replaced their reliance on their wild behaviors with dependence on their trainers.