The Roman Road in Cilicia is the remains of an ancient road located near the city of Tarsus in Southern Turkey. It is believed to be part of the major road which connected the regions of Cilicia and Cappadocia in antiquity. The road is believed to have begun in the city of Tyanna (present-day Bahçeli) in southern Cappadocia and ended in Tarsus, the capital city of Cilicia. The total distance of the ancient road is unknown. However, the modern highway distance between Tarsus and Tyanna is approximately 148 kilometers (92 miles). Only about 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) of the road have been unearthed.
Near the southern end of the road there is a stone gate (pictured above) which is believed to have served as a border checkpoint. The gate was originally built during the reign of Caracalla in the 3rd century CE but was demolished and replaced with the present gate sometime in the medieval era.
The current remains were constructed by the Romans in the 1st century CE, but it is known that a road connecting Cilicia and Capadoccia has existed since the Bronze Age. Some scholars believe that a passage has existed as early as the Neolithic era due to reports of Neolithic petroglyphs near the location of the road. Today, the Roman road is a popular spot for local pastoralists.
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“This photo was made during a hot air balloon flight over a part of the historical region of Cappadocia, in December 2008. This is Uçhisar - a little village situated at the highest point in Cappadocia, on the Nevsehir-Goreme road, just 4 km from Goreme. It is famous for the huge rock formation once used as a fortification - a so-called “kale” (castle).” Photograph by Andrei Iliescu