campaign reports

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Live Updates: Trump Rants On Twitter After Reports Reveal Campaign Aides Were In Touch With Russian Intelligence
Connections between President Trump's administration and campaign aides with Russians are roiling the nation. Catch the latest here.
By BuzzFeed News

Here’s the latest on the Trump administration and Russia:

  • The United States is facing political chaos as more and more reports emerge tying President Donald Trump’s aides to Russia. An FBI investigation is underway, members of Congress are calling for reviews, and the public, reporters, and intelligence community are looking for clarity amid many seeming contradictions.
  • Members of President Trump’s campaign had repeated contact with Russian intelligence officials, according to phone records and call intercepts first reported by The New York Times on Tuesday evening.
  • The calls were intercepted around the time that the intelligence community found evidence that the Russians had tried to interfere with the presidential election to get Trump elected by hacking into the Democratic National Committee’s computers and releasing emails.
  • This come a day after Gen. Mike Flynn resigned as President Trump’s national security adviser after it was revealed he communicated with a Russian official about sanctions before Trump took office — which could have been illegal — then misled Vice President Mike Pence about it.
  • Trump has been aware of the situation with Flynn since Jan. 26, White House Spokesman Sean Spicer said, adding that the White House was “reviewing and evaluating” the issue “on a daily basis for a few weeks.” But, on Feb. 4, Trump indicated he wasn’t aware of the scandal surrounding Flynn.
  • At noon Wednesday Trump is scheduled to have a press conference with Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu.

Trump went on a Twitter rant this morning after it was revealed his campaign was in contact with Russian intelligence. He started by calling out the “fake news media.”

Then moved on to “Hillary Clinton’s losing campaign.”

After that, Trump tweeted that the intelligence community was illegally filtering information to “failing” news outlets — “Just like Russia.”

Then he reminded everyone that Russia took Crimea during the Obama administration.

Distancing himself from the “scandal,” he said the real issue is the “un-American” handing out of classified information.

Jeff Sessions reportedly talked about matters related to the Trump campaign with Russian ambassador

  • U.S. intelligence officials intercepted phone conversations between Russian ambassador Sergey Kislyak and his bosses in Moscow that blow holes in Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ strong denials that he and Kislyak had any conversations regarding President Donald Trump’s campaign, the Washington Post reported Friday evening.
  • Kislyak told his bosses that he discussed campaign issues when he met with Sessions, including Trump’s feelings on policies important to Moscow, according to the Post.
  • That belies Sessions’ denials in March — when he recused himself from the Russia investigation — that he “never had meetings with Russian operatives or Russian intermediaries about the Trump campaign.”
  • A U.S. official told the Post that Sessions provided “misleading” statements “contradicted by other evidence.” Read more. (7/21/17, 9:30 PM)
Social Justice Warriors do not view all humans as equal

Using a “privilege” hierarchy, SJW’s calculate the worth of a human being based on perceived injustices or wrongs that group has suffered since the time of ancestral man, using selective and narrow interpretations of history. SJW’s elevate groups that they believe have received the least amount of “privilege” in the past, and then use internet activism in the form of mobs and community purges to target those who are determined to have greater amounts of privilege. The idea of privilege is so essential to SJW ideology that a common debate tactic they use is to say “check your privilege,” which roughly translates to, “you must immediately halt or change your speech because your ancestors may or may not have done bad things to others centuries ago.”

For example, if a notable white American male makes a joke about a lesbian black woman who practices Islam, SJW’s will coordinate using a combination of blogs, Youtube, and social networking to dox him (publish his personal information, including where he works). They will then pressure the man’s company by flooding it with calls and messages with the goal to remove his source of income while engaging in a mass reporting campaign to get his online accounts suspended.

Their ultimate goal is to silence all speech that they don’t like and which they find offensive while also punishing the speech offender by removing his source of income. As they grow in power, the acceptable range of speech that would trigger a SJW witch hunt is becoming more narrow, and those who are high up on the privilege hierarchy (white men) have to speak through a careful filter if they don’t want to be subject to an SJW attack.

SJW’s make a big show of wanting “equality,” but as the Animal Farm quote goes: “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” They absolutely do not believe that a man deserves the same treatment that should be given to a woman of his same race. When they say “equality,” what they really mean is to apply special benefits to protected groups in order to create equality based on their subjective perception and feeling. They even go so far as to claim that women and non-whites can not possibly be racist against white men, they are “correcting historical wrongs and injustices,” not being a racist individual.

If you want to do a simple test that hurts an SJW’s argument that she is about equality, ask her the following: “Do you believe a black woman is equal to a white woman?” They will squirm mightily and may look to the left and right at their SJW friends to know what they think first before giving you a muddled answer that is inconsistent with their other stated beliefs.

Russians said they had potentially “derogatory” information on Donald Trump

  • Russian officials said they had possibly “derogatory” information about Trump and his close aides which could be used to influence Trump, according to conversations United States intelligence officials intercepted during the 2016 presidential campaign, CNN reported Tuesday morning.
  • According to CNN’s report, the information was “financial in nature” and the Russians believed it gave them “the ability to influence the administration.”
  • CNN’s sources privy to the intercepted conversations said that the Russian claims of “derogatory” information “could have been exaggerated or even made up,” possibly one of the Russian attempts to spread fake news during the campaign. Read more (5/30/17 8:40 AM)
Some History, and How Things Work

Early this morning we were contacted because someone claims their Fan-Fic was used–without their permission–in a YouTube video.  This is an unfortunately common issue.  

We reviewed the channel, and an Incident number has been assigned and it is in our Queue. Sadly, there is little more that we can do at this time:  the creator of the Fan-Fic is already aware of the problem and appears to have reported it.  If we knew of other creators whose content was used without permission on that channel, we would contact them.  If they issued strikes against the channel, that would hasten the process.  However, we do not–at this time–have anyone else to contact.

This situation offers an excellent opportunity to discuss the Do’s and Don’ts of this blog and of protecting Creator’s Rights in general.

First, a little history about how this project came to be.

@art-defense​ was created at the end of the  Miraculous Blackout.  (Important:  @art-defense​ is not affiliated with, nor was it sanctioned by, the Miraculous Blackout team.  We are totally separate. We don’t even know if they are aware of us yet.)  The Miraculous Blackout was a two-week “strike” by many fan-work creators and their supporters during which they posted no content.  For more details, check out that blog.  

As the Blackout ended, @talvin-muircastle​ wrote a post  in which he expressed his feelings on theft of art and promised to continue to support artists as he had done before.  After his post received reactions far beyond his expectations, he created this side-blog as a place to fulfill that promise and allow others to volunteer their time as well.

So What Exactly Do We Do Here?

When we become aware of an account that may be infringing upon the legal rights of fan-creators, we add it to the Queue for review.  As time permits (all volunteers, here!), the account’s contents are reviewed.  If there is any uncertainty, we contact the artists privately and ask, “Was this used with your permission?”  

Once we feel we can reasonably assume that infringement of rights may have  happened, we turn the Incident into an Incident Report.  These are the posts on this blog that usually start with “You have been tagged in this post because….”  Each creator–where we can identify them–is tagged, and then a list of URLs is given to pages that appear to include their work.  

We go back and re-review old Incidents and issue updates when appropriate, such as when new content is added or a significant amount of content is removed.  

That’s it.  That’s what we do.  The rest is up to the rights-holders, the owners of the content.  The artists own their own creations–that is at the very heart of why this blog exists–and only they can decide if they wish to act upon the information we give them.

What Do We Not Do Here?

We do not contact alleged infringers ourselves.  

We do not condone “get everyone you know to report this” campaigns.   That is morally and legally defined as harassment.  

We do not outright accuse anyone of theft.  Only the owner of the content can do that.

We do not get in the middle of disputes regarding who actually owns a particular piece of content.  If the actual ownership is disputed, that is a legal matter.

While we respect the rights of Corporate rights-holders, we do not work to defend those rights.  A company such as Marvel Comics, or ZagToon, or Paramount, already has employees and contractors to defend their rights–they do not need volunteers.  Too, the relationship between Corporate creators and Fan creators is a complex one.  Some, such as Zag, appear to actively encourage fan-artists: the official Miraculous Ladybug account here on Tumblr regularly reblogs and applauds fan-made artwork.  Some companies have taken strong legal action against fan-creators:  look up “Axanar” for an example.  

That is not our fight.  We stay out of those.  Our mission is to help the “little person”, the solo fan-artist or writer who has no one else to speak up for them. 

Why Is Asking Everyone To Report A Video A Bad Idea?

The situation that inspired this post involves fan-fiction that was allegedly taken and used as the script for a YouTube video.  

YouTube has a procedure in place to remove videos that infringe on someone’s intellectual property rights.  By law, they are required to.  Everyone involved has to follow the law.

Now, the law does not care how many friends you have.  It does not care which side has the more popular argument.  The law–when it works as it should–only cares about what is true, what is just, and what is legal.

YouTube doesn’t care how many friends you have either.  They care about the law, because if they follow the law, they don’t have to worry about getting in trouble alongside one of their users.  

We use the terms “creator”, “rights-holder”, and “owner” fairly interchangeably around here.  To be honest, that’s actually playing a little fast and loose with the terms.  We aren’t lawyers, and we aren’t dealing with things on the level of a lawyer.  Lawyers will use those terms far more carefully and precisely.  

At the level of fan-art, we can usually (not always!) use “creator” and “owner” and mean the same thing with each.  “Rights-holder” gets more complicated:  if you draw a picture of Batman, you own that picture of Batman, but that’s it: it does not mean you own Batman!  DC Comics owns Batman, and even though you own that picture of Batman, DC can cause trouble for you if you use that picture in certain ways, because DC has certain rights over all pictures of Batman.  We aren’t going to follow this part any further:  you’d be better off asking an attorney.    Still, you do have some rights over that picture of Batman.  Even DC Comics cannot use that picture without your permission.  

That’s the important thing: you, the creator of the picture, have rights.

That means that only you, or someone who is a properly authorized agent (think “Power-of-Attorney” here), can report it as stolen.  

Your friend cannot.  We cannot.  A thousand people who were recruited online most certainly cannot.  

That can actually make things worse!

How Can It Make Things Worse?

Let’s take this off the Internet for a few minutes and talk about Garden Gnomes. Specifically your Garden Gnomes.

You have some very nice Garden Gnomes on your front lawn.  You made them.  They are pretty popular among your friends and neighbors.

Somebody down on Main Street, who gets a lot more traffic by their house, saw your Garden Gnomes and decided they really liked them, too.  So they stole one of them!  Put it in their own yard!

And now they are telling people they made it, and that they have never heard of you!

Well, you have proof that you made them.  You have pictures of that gnome in your garden next to other gnomes of the same style that you have made. You even signed the gnome.  

Option A:  Contact the police.  Fill out a report of stolen property.  Wait for the legal system to work.  Maybe, if you think the legal system is going to need to be pushed a little, get a lawyer.   Also, tell all your friends what happened, and tell them to make sure everyone knows that that is your Gnome, don’t believe this other person.  

So far, you are in pretty safe territory.  That last bit might get a little out of control, but if everyone behaves, you’re OK.

Option B: You are not satisfied with Option A. You ask all your friends to fill out police reports as well.  (But the police already have a report, and it’s not your friends’ property!)  Ask all your friends to call and email that person on Main Street and tell them what a horrible person they are for taking your Gnome.  Somebody goes and spray-paints “THIEF!” on the side of their house.  Somebody steals their Yard Flamingo, because after all it’s only fair.   They start getting death-threats….

The Law does not just protect your rights as the owner of that Garden Gnome.  The Law protects everyone’s rights equally, at least in theory.  As it happens, that Gnome-stealer up on Main Street has rights, too!  They have a right to due process, to a fair trial, and they have a right to protection from harassment.  

In fact, taking a Garden Gnome may not be viewed by the law as being as serious as telling someone to go kill themselves for stealing a Garden Gnome.  

So Option B: everybody gets hauled in front of the Judge.  The police, having had to deal with two hundred reports of the theft of one Garden Gnome, plus vandalism, Grand Theft Flamingo, harassment, incitement to harassment, possibly inciting a riot, threats of bodily harm, and who knows what-all else…

Well, the police are not sympathetic witnesses.

The Judge is not going to say that our friend up on Main Street was in the right by taking the Gnome to begin with.  That’s the Law.  But they are going to rightly point out that all this other stuff violated the rights of the accused, and so now you are in trouble too,  and so are any of your friends they can identify and lay hands on who did something to violate the rights of the accused.  The Judge thought they were going to deal with a simple case of theft, and now they are in a Very. Bad. Mood.  Judges have all kinds of nasty–and perfectly legal!–ways of dealing with people who get on their nerves.

Option B was not a very good idea at all.

Bringing it back to the Internet:  unless you have gone straight for the Lawyer option (and the Lawyer is going to tell you “Let me handle it!”), you are dealing with YouTube Customer Service.

YouTube Customer Service is not a Judge.  They are not a Lawyer.  They are probably like anyone in any Customer Service job anywhere:  trying to do the best they can on a low wage while keeping the Supervisors happy.  YouTube is spending money on this problem, and they want the fastest resolution possible with the best possible outcome for YouTube.  

If they are dealing with Option A, even if it is twenty different rights-holders properly using Option A, they are more likely to give the rights-holders a positive outcome.  In fact, if you can find 19 other people that have had their content stolen, that channel is probably going to be shut down, and if they monetized, the money won’t be paid.

This is why we have this blog.  We notify the creators so they can exercise their rights.

If that YouTube Customer Service employee is dealing with Option B, they are going to see clear cases of harassment, threats, reports-not-by-the-rights-holders, and other violations of the YouTube Terms of Service, and they are going to act on those–that’s what they are paid to do.  They might catch the valid and legitimate complaint by the actual rights-holder in all that, or they might not.  It’s a gamble.  

And thus we come around to a restatement of the Mission Statement of Art-Defense:

“The Art-Defense Tumblr Blog will be the home of a small group of volunteers dedicated to notifying artists in the Miraculous Ladybug fandom (and possibly other fandoms) of accounts on this and other platforms that appear to have stolen, reposted, misattributed, and/or monetized artwork.  It will not confront reposters directly, nor will it engage in or condone any form of harassment or bullying. [Emphasis added.]  Above all, it will practice and encourage respect of Artists’ rights over their own creations, and defer to the Artists’ wishes regarding those creations.”

That’s what we do here.  

4

Day 6 - The Bonestorm

Dawn’s weak light did not reach the weary warband that slowly stirred awake in the land leached of life, they had trouble remembering the smells and sounds of a waking dawn surrounded by leaf and blossom instead of endless burial grounds and breath choking arid sands.

With wooden limbs creaking and burial dust cascading off her, Lyliath was beginning to feel dead herself, and perhaps in Shyish they all already were, but even so she still heard the faint whisper of her people’s song on the wind and rose to hunt down the spined colossus that plagued her home.

Threading through the innumerable burial grounds to Shadespire’s last vestigial citadels, the warband finally saw the endless wastes that stretched on to infinity. Although the trapped shadeglass spirits whispered east Lyliath did not know if her already wilting brothers and sisters could survive the journey and the horizon looked to be confirming her fear, a great wall of dust miles high spread out before the city to the north, like ruptured veins of a fresh corpse, violet lightning shot through the billowing clouds looking ready to snuff out the last of it’s light.

At the edge of the city lay its last graveyard, a raised monument to its past glory and a gate sealing in the worst of the Encroaching Dune’s dangers. A tremor of heavy footfalls shook the gravedust slightly and an odd whirring sound floated on the air,  Lyliath watched the Kurnoth Huntmaster let loose his owl Sprite into the sky to spy out among the surrounding mausoleums.

Before long a resounding crack of gunfire and an outraged hoot echoed and the Seedkin then knew they were near the ill tempered stout bearded ones they came across once. Within a dozen paces the high walls receded and the warband caught sight of the two incoming throngs of warriors.

Lifted high on turbulent winds rose the bone strewn reliquary to Sigmar with the ever present armored sons beneath it. Beyond them whirred a contraption of Duardin design, the short burly warriors marching, some gripping iron rifles the rest, unforgivable axes, a few grumbling with battle lust and foolishly near naked.

Though the Duardin and Stormcast were ages long allies, the greed of Shadespire, the saturation of death, had made them all mad and like Lyliath they rushed to the altar, her warriors attempting to decipher a means to open the city gates, the needs of the others unclear to her.

Quickly Lyliath ordered her Hunters forwards, and the nimble Skinks to flank and begin picking off the golden warriors while the rest of her seedkin made for the courtyard. The storm began to encroach and overwhelm the three warbands and the courtyards enclosing walls offered sanctuary. She prayed to her distant Mistress and land.

The sound of Duardin gunfire, the hollow whistling blow darts and the strum of the man-length bow sounded and the Golden warriors fell, the winged Prosecuter crashing into a heap of tombstones, his body broken by gunfire and oakenstone. The smoking aircraft soon joining him, it’s crash through earth and debris shaking the graveyard and toppling precariously perched stone statues. Before long all three warbands ascended to the courtyard’s gates, fleeing the approaching storm. Foremost among these, riding through the crossfire the Vanguard Pallador charged into the open space.

“For the might of Sigmar!” he hollered, challenging all before him, his Sigmarite javelin shining and ready to pierce both Duardin and Sylvaneth.

“A might Grungi forged for em! Ye ungrateful gits!” roared back the Warden King, a frothing mug of ale raised higher than his axe. Within moments the charging Duardin flanked the mounted warrior while the long strides of the Sylvaneth encircled the other side. Both rider and beast struck out at their assailants, claw, beak and javelin laying low Duardin and Sylvan alike.

In an attempt to cut off the rider’s support, the scythe wielding Kurnoth Hunter stood defiant before the wall of approaching Sigmarites, curiously a new member strode alongside the Lord Relictor, an Aelf, brandishing a glaive and bedecked in the scalemail of the hallowed Pheonix Temples. Silently the fine featured new comer met the long swipes of the Hunter’s crescent arced blade and they traded blows that would have fell an Ogor, the Anoited seemingly not where the scythe slashed, while the rest of his allies began to encircle the raging Treekin.

Duardin still marched up to the courtyard, firing off shots and insults, and among all of this three of the four Skinks fell to the crossfire, the remaining lizardman, Tikstii Leafstep held his pipe close and ran under and across the brawling maelstrom, hoping to get clear and investigate his mistress’s needs with the altar.

On the chaotic fight raged, the Pallador falling beneath the onslaught of axe and oakenblade, the Kurnoth Hunter collapsing under hammer and glaive, brothers and sisters fell to Duardin and stormcast alike and Lyliath looked on in horror. Desperation and rage fluttered to life within her and she unleashed once again the Spites that called her body their home, among the clash of battle she roared deeper than any mortal, when the winged little beasts escaped her open mouth she abruptly began to cough and retch, the spites falling out of her stillborn and lifeless. She looked up in pain, wiping their broken forms from her mouth and saw the Anoited Aelf gazing at her, a look of arrogant superiority plastered onto his fine featured face.

With the throng of Duardin now all within the courtyard, it was looking grim. Near exhausted Lyliath stumbled away from the melee, leaving her Tree Revenant and the last remaining Hunter to end their foes and made her way to the altar. With one hand out on the cool stone she gathered herself for one last stand, grasping her scythe she began to sing a dirge of harvest, only to be interrupted by the fleeing blue form of a skittish Skink, as anger flared at his cowardice, three bolts of lightning arced from the Stormcast archers and struck her hard. Falling to one knee she held onto the stone, her lifesap leaking from the lightning sheard barkflesh, and sung the last of her song with every fading breath.

With closing eyes all she witnessed was of the encroaching arcane storm surrounding them all and the great bow wielding Kurnoth Hunter outnumbered and broken, slaying Duardin and Stormcast alike fighting to the last of his breath, just as she took hers.

10

If you see the problem here, please REPORT and BLOCK trusufan.

This blog (who wrote the last couple paragraphs in the picture above) has been taking art without permission, and editing them so that the dark-skinned characters are now white. Most of the artists have expressed displeasure and disgust at the edits, which trusufan claims are ‘improvements’ upon the original art.

Thank you for reading.  -gem-power

Original art by (in order):

1) streetviolet

2) reaperist

3) pasteldall

4) a-daydreaming-fool-for-you

5) pearlgxm

Woody Allen and Kate Winslet’s ‘Wonder Wheel’ to Close New York Film Festival

Will Kate Winslet join the likes of Diane Keaton, Dianne Wiest, and Cate Blanchett by winning an Oscar for a performance in a Woody Allen movie? It’s too early to tell, but that’s certainly Amazon Studios’ agenda with Allen’s new film, “Wonder Wheel.” The movie will close the New York Film Festival ahead of its December release, setting it up for a high profile awards campaign. The Hollywood Reporter was the first to report the news.

READ MORE: Woody Allen Sets Awards Season Return With ‘Wonder Wheel’ December Release

“Wonder Wheel” stars Winlset opposite Justin Timberlake, Juno Temple and Jim Belushi. Amazon has not released an official synopsis, but the movie is set around Cony Island in the 1950s. Allen’s last Amazon Studios release was “Cafe Society,” which opened the Cannes Film Festival in 2016.

Amazon won two Oscars last year for “Manchester By the Sea,” and they’re clearly hoping for more attention this year with titles like Todd Haynes’ “Wonderstruck” and Richard Linklater’s “Last Flag Flying,” which will be opening the New York Film Festival.

The 55th New York Film Festival takes place September 28-October 15.

Stay on top of the latest breaking film and TV news! Sign up for our Email Newsletters here.

Related stories Woody Allen’s Jazz Concert Gets Disrupted By Sexual Abuse Activists – WatchWoody Allen Sets Awards Season Return With ‘Wonder Wheel’ December ReleaseRichard Linklater’s 'The Last Detail’ Sequel 'Last Flag Flying’ to Open New York Film Festival
4

“The televised murder trial of 31 year old Theodore Bundy started late this morning, Bundy had refused to show up on time, protesting conditions at the Dade County Jail. Earlier, Judge Edward Cowart learned that Bundy had broken a light bulb in his cell and stuffed paper in the lock. The angry judge held him in contempt of court.

Bundy’s jail cell behavior was in marked contrast to his calm courtroom demeanor. He is acting as his own lawyer in this trial, having once studied law in the University of Utah, he has also served as a social worker and political campaign chairman.”

-News Reporter During The Trial

Russian envoy overheard saying he discussed campaign with Sessions -WashPost

WASHINGTON, July 21 (Reuters) - Russia’s ambassador to Washington was overheard by U.S. spy agencies telling his bosses he had discussed campaign-related matters, including issues important to Moscow, with Jeff Sessions during the 2016 presidential race, the Washington Post reported on Friday, citing current and former U.S. officials.

Ambassador Sergei Kislyak’s accounts of two conversations with Sessions, then a U.S. senator and key foreign policy adviser to Republican candidate Donald Trump, were intercepted by U.S. intelligence agencies, the officials told the Post.

Sessions at first failed to disclose his contacts with Kislyak and then said the meetings were not about the Trump campaign. (Reporting by Eric Walsh; Editing by Sandra Maler)

New concept:

When promo is about MUSIC then fans are hyped and people are willing to buy songs, everyone is happy and excited, an engaged fandom who can attract new fans.

FASCINATING, INNIT??

4

Clinton campaign calls for Electoral College briefing on Russia’s reported meddling

  • Clinton’s campaign joined a group of members of the Electoral College in calling for electors to receive an intelligence briefing on Russia’s reported meddling in the U.S. election
  • This comes after bombshell reports saying Russia’s cyberattacks on the Clinton campaign were in an effort to help elect Trump.
  • The call came from Clinton campaign chairman John Podesta, who said  Russian interference “did not receive the attention it deserved by the media” during the campaign.
  • A bipartisan group of members of Congress have come forward to call for a full investigation as well. Read more
nothing good comes from kissing cousins you guys

The Randy Roosevelts

Ah, the Roosevelts. They’re like a less hot, slightly less fucked up version of the Kennedys, which really speaks to exactly how fucked up the Kennedys were (and probably are). Theodore Roosevelt, God of Teddy Bears, has kind of become this emblem of manliness, what with the fact that Cracked writes about five articles on him a day and also there was this one time where he punched a bear while riding a moose or something. I don’t know. His descendant, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, has become known for that scene in Pearl Harbor where he magically stops needing a wheelchair because he’s Angelina Jolie’s dad or something. (I don’t know.) And Eleanor—oh, Eleanor. Wasn’t she, like, our first gay first lady or something?

I’m going to focus a little more on the latter two in this entry, and let me tell you. A) Eleanor’s sexuality is definitely not something you should bring up with your conservative great-grandma and B) for our often-infantalized “first??? disabled president”, FDR got a lot of ass. Like, a lot a lot.

“Hey Eleanor–”  "Shut the fuck up.“

Keep reading

Reference: At What Age Did Aisha (ra) Marry the Prophet (saw)?

This is a long post for your reference.


When covering the life of Prophet Muhammad, one of the most debatable topics is that of the age of his wife Aisha when the two married. Her alleged very young age has been used in smear campaigns against the Prophet.

Reports that Aisha bint Abi Bakr was 6 or 7 years old when she became engaged and 10 when she married [1] have been the most basic factor in the formation of the view regarding her age of marriage. Also, it should not be forgotten that factors such as similar practices being quite widespread at the time and the physical development of children becoming complete at an earlier age at that time also contributed to the dispersion of this view. For this reason, this subject was not made a current issue for discussion until very recently.

Orientalists who do not consider the conditions of the time period in which an action occurred and who examine Islam from “outside” have made this a current issue. The Muslim world’s reaction to this different stance has been mixed. While some have insisted that Aisha’s above-mentioned age at marriage is correct [2], others are of the opinion that Aisha was older [3]. In this situation, where it is not always possible to maintain a balanced view, various approaches have developed as an answer to Orientalists’ claims, including those that choose to deny the reports or ignore the existence of other alternatives as a response to this view.

First of all, we should know that everyone is a child of the time they live in and therefore must be evaluated according to the cultural context of the relevant time. There are certain values that form a society’s customs and when a society is evaluated, these values have to be taken into consideration. Otherwise, were we to attempt to evaluate historical events within today’s conditions, we should remember that we are fated to make mistakes.

It is known that during the time of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, young girls were married at an early age [4] and that age difference was not important in marriage [5]. Especially in regard to young girls, it should not be forgotten that there was social pressure for this, that they matured earlier due to climatic and geographical conditions and that they were seen as goods that needed to grow in their husband’s house. Moreover, this is not a matter just related to girls; boys were also married at ages 8, 9 and 10 and they became the head of a family at an age that is perceived as very young today [6]. Perhaps it is this culture that lies at the basis of this issue’s not having been questioned until recent times. Otherwise, it was impossible for a mentality that wanted to brew a storm in regards to the Prophet’s marriage with Zaynab bint Jahsh and that slandered Aisha after her return from the Muraysi expedition to not criticize such an issue at that time.

In the verses of the Qur’an that came at the same time, the age for marriage was mentioned and it was emphasized that children should be married when they come of age [7]. So, opposing a divine suggestion cannot be considered. Using the mentality of Umar, if intervention had been a matter of consideration here, the Prophet would surely have been warned in a coming revelation and a step would have been taken to resolve the issue. At any rate, the Prophet’s wedding to Aisha took place in accordance with direction from divine will [8].

Now, if you like, putting the extremes behind us and using moderate criteria, let’s examine sources related to Aisha’s age at marriage once again.

1. While listing names of Muslims during the first days of Islam, Aisha’s name, together with her older sister Asma, are listed immediately after the names of the Sabiqun al-Awwalun (the first ones) like Uthman ibn Affan, Zubayr ibn Awwam, Abdurrahman ibn Awf, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas, Talha ibn Ubaydullah, Abu Ubayda ibn Jarrah, Arqam ibn Abi al-Arqam and Uthman ibn Maz’un. Being the 18th person to accept Islam, Aisha’s name precedes the names of Umayr ibn Abi Waqqas, Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, Salit ibn Amr, Ja’far ibn Abi Talib, Abdullah ibn Jahsh, Abu Hudayfa, Suhayb ibn Sinan, Ammar ibn Yasir, Umar ibn Khattab, Hamza ibn Abdilmuttalib, Habbab ibn Aratt, Said ibn Zayd and Fatima bint Khattab [9]. This means she was living then and was mature enough to make such a choice and exercise her will. In addition, the information in reports that “she was a small girl then” shows that her name was mentioned in a conscious way [10].

This date refers to the early days of Islam. For it is known that Aisha’s sister Asma, who was born in 595, was 15 when she became a Muslim [11]. This indicates the year 610, when the Prophet started to receive the revelation and this then shows that Aisha was at least 5, 6 or 7 that day and that she was at least 17 or 18 when she married the Prophet in Medina.

2. In regard to days in Mecca, Aisha said, “I was a girl playing games when the verse, ‘Indeed, the Last Hour is their appointed time [for their complete recompense], and the Last Hour will be more grievous and more bitter’ [12] was revealed to God’s Messenger [13].” This information opens other doors for us regarding her age.

The verse under consideration is the 46th verse of Surah Qamar, the 54th chapter of the Qur’an, which explains the miracle of the split moon [the splitting of the moon is one of the miracles performed by the Prophet Muhammad]. Revealed as a whole, this surah came while the Prophet was in Ibn Arqam’s home in the fourth (614) [14] or eighth (618) or ninth (619) [15] year of his mission, according to differing reports. Looking especially at necessity, some scholars focused on the date being 614; when this date is taken, Aisha either had not been born or had just been born. While when this date is taken it appears that she must have been born at least eight or nine years earlier, the situation does not change much when 618 or 619 are taken. In that situation she would have only been 4 or 5 years old, neither an age at which she would be in a position to understand this event and relate it years later. According to the second possibility, she was probably born when Muhammad’s prophethood had just begun [16].

Another matter worth mentioning here is that while describing that day, Aisha stated, “I was a girl playing games.” The word she used to describe herself, jariya, is used to describe the passage into puberty. Ibn Yara, an Arab poet, describes this passage as follows: “When a girl becomes 8 years old, she is not a ‘jariya.’ She is a bridal candidate that I can marry to Utba or Muawiya.” Some scholars say that it is used for girls who are older than 11.
If we look at the issue taking 614 as the year that Surah Qamar was revealed, Aisha would have been born at least eight years before the prophetic mission, or in 606. If we accept 618, then the year of birth would have been 610; this event alone makes it impossible for her to have been 9 when she married.

When this information is combined with her name being on the list of the first Muslims, we get the result that Aisha’s date of birth was probably 606. Consequently, she would have been at least 17 when she married.

3. Of course, Aisha’s memories of Mecca are not limited to this. In addition to this, the following memories confirm this matter:

a) Her saying that she had seen two people begging who had remained from the Year of the Elephant (the year in which Yemeni King Abraha sent an army of elephants to Mecca in order to destroy the Ka‘ba; the elephants were pelted with pebbles dropped on them by birds), which occurred 40 years before the prophetic mission and is accepted as a milestone for determining history, and her handing down this information with her sister Asma only [17].

b) Her describing in detail that during difficult times in Mecca, God’s Messenger had come to their house morning and evening and that her father, Abu Bakr, who could not endure this hardship, attempted to migrate to Abyssinia [18].

c) Her stating that first it was mandatory to offer two cycles of obligatory prayer and that later it was changed to four cycles for residents, but that during military campaigns two cycles were performed [19].

d) In reports about the early days, there being statements like, “We heard that Isaf and Naila had committed a crime at the Ka‘ba and for this reason God turned them into stone as a man and woman from the Jurhum tribe [20].”

4. Being betrothed before the engagement: Another factor that supports the above view is that at the time when the Prophet’s marriage was a topic of discussion, Aisha was engaged to Mut’im ibn Adiyy’s son Jubayr. The suggestion for the Prophet to marry Aisha came from Hawla bint Hakim, the wife of Uthman ibn Maz’un, someone not from the family. Both situations show that she had come to the age of marriage and was known as a young marriageable girl.

As is known, this betrothal was broken by the Ibn Adiyy family due to the possible religious conversion of their son to Islam, and it was only after this that Aisha’s engagement to Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, took place [21]. Consequently, the marriage agreement was either made before the prophetic mission or when the call to Islam was being made openly (three years after the Prophet began receiving revelation). If it was made before the mission, together with the idea that Aisha was 9 years old when she married being shaken from its foundation, it implies that Aisha was born even earlier than has been thought. For this reason, some say that she was a 13- or 14-year-old girl then [22].

It should not be overlooked that this decision was made during the period when the call to Islam had begun to be made openly. In regard to time, this means 613-614. If it is assumed that Aisha was born four years after the mission, it has to be accepted that she had not yet been born, so it is not possible to talk about a marriage agreement under these circumstances. In this case, it has to be accepted that she was at least 7 or 8 when her engagement was broken, so the year was probably 605 [23].

Here, another possibility can be mentioned; namely, an agreement of arranged future marriage similar to “cradle tallying,” an agreement between parents in the early years after the birth of a baby. However, there are no details in the texts under consideration to confirm this.

5. The age difference of Aisha’s siblings should be taken into account. As is known, Abu Bakr had six children. Asma and Abdullah were born from Qutayla bint Umays, Aisha and Abdurrahman from Umm Ruman, Muhammad from Asma bint Umays and Umm Kulthum from Habiba bint Harija. Asma and Abdullah have the same mother as do Aisha and Abdurrahman. The age difference between children from the same mother can enlighten our subject matter.

a) Abu Bakr’s first daughter, Asma, was born in 595, 27 years before the Hijra, Prophet Muhammad’s emigration to Medina [24]. At the time of the Hijra, she was married to Zubayr ibn Awwam and was six-months pregnant [25]. Her son Abdullah was born three months later in Quba while she was migrating to Medina. She died in the 73rd year of the Hijra at the age of 100; her teeth had not even fallen out.

Here there is another critical piece of information. The age difference between Aisha and her sister Asma was 10 years [26]. According to this, Aisha’s year of birth was 605 (595+10=605) and her age at the time of the Hijra was 17 (27–10=17). Since her marriage took place six, seven or eight months after the Hijra, or just after Badr [27], this means Aisha was 17-18 years old at that time.

b) The age difference between Aisha and her brother Abdurrahman is also striking. Abdurrahman became Muslim after the Treaty of Hudaibiya was signed, six years after the Hijra. He was careful not to encounter his father at the Battle of Badr, in the second year after the Hijra, and that day Abdurrahman was 20 years old [28]. In other words, he must have been born in 604. Taking into consideration the conditions of that time, the probability is low that the sister of a child born in 604 would be born 10 years later in 614. Put another way, at a time when the age difference between brothers and sisters is one or two years, a large difference such as 10 years between Aisha and her brother is highly unlikely.

6. Reports regarding Aisha’s death are also of a nature to illuminate this issue. The year in which she died is listed as the 55th, 56th, 57th, 58th or 59th year after the Hijra [29] and her age at that time as 65, 66, 67 or 74 [30]. Just as there is no agreement regarding her date of birth, there is no agreement regarding her date of death.

Reports to the effect that she died in the 58th year after the Hijra and that she was 74 when she died give the impression that they are sounder than others because they give detailed information such as the day she died as being Wednesday, that it corresponded to the 17th day of Ramadan, that upon her request she was buried at night after the Witr prayer in the Jannah al-Baqi graveyard, that again upon her last request the funeral prayer was lead by Abu Hurayrah and that she was lowered into the grave by persons like her sister Asma’s two sons, Abdullah and Urwa, her brother Muhammad’s two sons, Qasim and Abdullah, and her brother Abdurrahman’s son Abdullah [31]. Therefore, when calculations are made according to this date, we see she lived 48 years after the Prophet’s death (48+10=58+13=71+3=74). This means she was born three years before his prophethood and, in view of this information, she was 17 when she married (74–48=26–9=17).

In support of the above, her being on the battle front at Uhud, in the third year after the Hijra, when even boys were turned away; her depth in scholarly matters and the mature attitude and statements she put forth in regard to the matter of slander; the age difference between her and the Prophet’s daughter Fatima; her knowledge and awareness of the Hijra and later developments; after arriving in Medina, her marriage being consummated at her father’s suggestion and after the mahr had been paid [32]; the position of the Prophet as a guide in the society; the sensitivity of the Prophet and fatherly compassion; the differences in reports regarding the date of marriage and their having no finality [33]; Aisha’s using the doubtful expression “six or seven” when referring to her age; dates of birth and death not being as clearly determined in that society as they are today-all this strengthens the probability that she was born before the commencement of Islam, was engaged at 14 or 15 years of age and was married to the Prophet at the age of 17 or 18.

In this situation, it is up to us to attribute the meaning “I appeared to be” to the report “I was 6 or 7 when I was engaged and 9 when I married” and reconcile the two [34]. The fact that Aisha was physically thin strengthens this interpretation. She was affected by physical events faster and had a smaller body than her peers. Events like her becoming ill during the migration to Medina [35], her mother’s showing her special attention and trying to make her well [36], her losing her necklace after the Muraysi expedition and the enclosed litter being put on the camel thinking that she was in it [37] all show this.

In short, regardless of whether Aisha’s age at marriage was 9 or 17 or 18, there is nothing strange about it. It is necessary to evaluate every society according to its own rules. When we look at examples, it was quite a widespread custom to marry both boys and girls at a young age. However, when we look at information passed down to us, it should not be forgotten that this information to the effect that Aisha, may God be pleased with her, was born in 605, engaged at the age of 14 or 15 and married at the age of 17 or 18 is too strong to be ignored.

Notes:

1. Bukhari, Manaqib al-Ansar, 20, 44; Muslim, Niqah, 71; Fadail al-Sahaba, 74; Abu Dawud, Adab, 55; Ibn Maja, Niqah, 13; Nasai, Niqah, 78; Darimi, Niqah, 56.
2. Azimli, Mehmet, “Hz. Âise’nin Evlilik Yas? Tartismalarinda Savunmaci Tarihciligin Ç?kmaz?,” Islâmî Arastirmalar, Vol. 16, Issue 1, 2003.
3. See Doðrul, Ömer Riza. Asr-? Saâdet, Istanbul: Eser Kitabevi, 1974, 2/141; Nadwi, Sayyid Sulayman. Hazreti Aise, (trns. by Ahmet Karatas), Istanbul: Timas Yay?nlar?, 2004, p. 21; Savas, R?za. “Hz. Âise’nin Evlenme Yasi ile ilgili Farkl? Bir Yaklasim,” D. E. Ü. ilâhiyât Fak. Derg. Issue 4, Izmir, 1995, pp. 139-144; Yüce, Abdülhakim, Efendimiz’in Bir Günü, Istanbul: Is?k Yayinlari, pp. 82-83, 2007.
4. Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Prophet, married Hala bint Uhayb, who was young then. Since he married off his son Abdullah to Amina at an early age at around the same time of his own marriage with Hala, the Prophet was almost of the same age with his uncle Hamza.
5. In order to have family relationship with the Prophet and thus further his close relation with God’s Messenger, Umar ibn Khattab married Ali’s daughter Umm Qulthum, and this marriage was not found strange at that time at all.
6. Amr ibn As, for instance, was 12 years older than his son Abdullah. This means that he was around 10 when he got married. For further information see Ibn al-Athir, Usud al-Gaba, 3/240.
7. Nisa 4:6.
8. Bukhari, Ta’bir, 21, Manakib al-Ansar, 44, Niqah, 9; Muslim, Fadail al-Sahaba, 79; Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, 6/41, 128.
9. Ibn Hisham, Sira, 1/271; Ibn Ishaq, Sira, Konya, 1981, 124.
10. Ibn Hisham, Sira, 1/271; Ibn Hisham, Sira, 124.
11. Nawawi, Tahzib al-Asma, 2/597; Hakim, Mustadrak, 3/635.
12. Qamar 54:46.
13. Bukhari, Fadail al-Qur’an, 6; Tafsir al-Sura, (54) 6; Ayni, Badruddin Abu Muhammad Mahmud ibn Ahmad, Umdat al-Qari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari, Dar alIhya al-Turas al-Arabi, 20/21; Asqalani, Fath al-Bari, 11/291.
14. Suyuti, Itqan, Beirut, 1987, 1/29, 50; Doðrul, Asr-i Saadet, 2/148.
15. The month difference stems from the lunar calendar.
16. Taking this information into account, some people calculate Aisha’s age at marriage as least 14 or 22, up to 28. We have not focused on these as they are not supported by the sources.
17. Ibn Hisham, Sira, 1/176; Haysami, Majma al-Zawaid, 3/285; Ibn Kathir, Tafsir, 4/553; Bidaya, 2/214; Qurtubi, Tafsir, 20/195.
18. Bukhari, Salat, 70, Kafala, 5, Manaqib al-Ansar, 45, Adab, 64; Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, 6/198.
19. Muslim, 3/463; Mu’jam al-Kabir, 2/285, 286; Mu’jam al-Awsat, 12/145; Ibn Hisham, Sira, 1/243.
20. Ibn Hisham, Sira, 1/83.
21. Bukhari, Niqah, 11; Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, 6/210; Haysami, Majma al-Zawaid, 9/225; Bayhaqi, Sunan, 7/129; Tabari, Tarih, 3/161-163.
22. Savas, Riza, D. E. Ü. ilahiyat Fak. Dergisi, Issue 4, izmir, pp. 139-144, 1995.
23. Berki, Ali Hikmet, Osman Eskioðlu, Hatemü’l-Enbiya Hz. Muhammed ve Hayati, 210.
24. Nawawi, Tahzib al-Asma, 2/597.
25. Nawawi, Tahzib al-Asma, 2/597.
26. Bayhaqi, Sunan, 6/204; Ibn Manda, Ma’rifat al-Sahaba, Köprülü Kütüphanesi, No: 242, p. 195; Ibn Asakir, Tarih al-Damascus, Tarajim al-Nisa, Damascus, pp. 9, 10, 28, 1982; Mas’udi, Muruj al-Zahab, 2, 39; Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat al-Kubra, Beirut, 8/59, 1968.
27. Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat, 8/58; Ibn Abdilbarr, Istiab, 4/1881; Nadwi, Sirat al-Sayyidati Aisha Umm al-Mu’minin, Edition critique by Muhammad Rahmatullah Hafiz al-Nadwi, Dar al-Kalam, Damascus, 40, 49, 2003.
28. Ibn Athir, Usud al-Gaba, 3/467.
29. Ibn Abdilbarr, Istiab, 2/108; Tahzib al-Kamal, 16/560.
30. Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat, 8/75; Nadwi, Sirat al-Sayyidat Aisha, 202.
31. Ibn Abdilbarr, Istiab, 2/108; Doðrul, Asr-i Saadet, 2/142.
32. Tabarani, Kabir, 23/25; Ibn Abdilbarr, Istiab, 4/1937; Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat, 8/63.
33. For such differences in narrations as “one and a half or two years before the Hijra,” “when she was 6 or 7 years old,” “when Khadija passed away or three years after Khadija passed away,” “seven or eight months after the Emigration or the first year of the Hijra,” “Right after the Battle of Badr,” see Bukhari, Manakib al-Ansar, 20, 44; 36.
34. There are even those who react to this information as the mistake of the narrator, claiming that it should be, “I was 6 or 7 when the first revelation came.”
35. Bukhari, Manakib al-Ansar, 43, 44; Muslim, Niqah, 69; Ibn Maja, Niqah, 13.
36. Bukhari, Manakib al-Ansar, 44; Muslim, Niqah, 69; Abu Dawud, Adab, 55; Ibn Maja, Niqah, 13; Darimi, Niqah, 56; Tabarani, Kabir, 23/25; Ibn Abdilbarr, Istiab, 4/1938; Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat, 8/63; Ibn Ishaq, Sira, Konya, 239, 1981.
37. Bukhari, Shahada, 15; Magazi, 34; Tafsîr, (24) 6; Muslim, Tawba, 56; Tirmidhi, Tafsir, (63) 4; Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat, 2/65; Ibn Hisham, Sira, 3/310.

Trump Jr. reportedly knew Russia wanted to meddle when he met with a Russian lawyer during the campaign

(Donald Trump Jr.Getty Images/Joe Corrigan)

In preparing to meet with a Kremlin-linked attorney during the 2016 US presidential campaign, Donald Trump Jr. was reportedly told in an email that damaging information he was expecting to receive about Hillary Clinton was part of a Russian effort to help his father’s campaign.

A report from The New York Times on Monday night cited three people who had knowledge of the email, which the paper said was sent by Rob Goldstone, a music publicist who represents the son of a wealthy Azerbaijani-Russian developer and is friendly with the Trump family.

The Times’ sources said Goldstone’s message indicated Russia was the source of the damaging information.

Alan Futerfas, Trump’s attorney, said the new report was “much ado about nothing.”

“During this busy period, Robert Goldstone contacted Don Jr. in an email and suggested that people had information concerning alleged wrongdoing by Democratic Party front-runner, Hillary Clinton, in her dealings with Russia,” Futerfas said in a statement. “Don Jr.’s takeaway from this communication was that someone had information potentially helpful to the campaign and it was coming from someone he knew. Don Jr. had no knowledge as to what specific information, if any, would be discussed.”

The Times reported over the weekend that Trump met with the lawyer, Natalia Veselnitskaya, last year, weeks after his father had won enough delegates to secure the Republican presidential nomination. Trump was joined at the meeting by Jared Kushner, his brother-in-law, and by Paul Manafort, the campaign manager at the time. Veselnitskaya has strong ties to the Kremlin. She was married to a former deputy transportation minister of the Moscow region, and her clients have included Russian state-owned businesses.

If the information in The Times’ latest report is true, it “indicates that the Trump campaign certainly knew that the Russian government was working to help elect Donald Trump,” said Jens David Ohlin, an associate dean at Cornell Law School who is an expert on criminal law.

In Ohlin’s view, the development meant Trump and his associates could no longer credibly deny that Russia meddled in the election.

“They knew it and hoped to benefit from it,” Ohlin said. “And they did.”

Susan Hennessey, a contributor to the website Lawfare who previously served as general counsel at the National Security Agency, said on Twitter that the latest reports on Trump’s meeting with Veselnitskaya constituted a smoking gun.

The meeting occurred before a series of hacked Democratic National Committee emails were released as part of Russia’s efforts to interfere in the election.

But, according to a series of New York Times reports, Trump still accepted the meeting with the intention of accruing damaging information against the Clinton campaign.

Claire Finkelstein, the faculty director of the Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law at the University of Pennsylvania, said the emerging picture made out “a very strong case of collusion, both in a legal and a moral sense.”

Trump’s statements about the nature of the meeting have changed as new reports have emerged.

In a statement issued to The Times on Saturday, Trump said it was a “short introductory” meeting that focused on an adoption program that Russian President Vladimir Putin had cut off as a retaliatory measure against the Magnitsky Act, which blacklisted Russians suspected of human-rights abuses. He did not mention Clinton.

Trump released a second statement, however, after The Times reported that he had met with Veselnitskaya with the goal of obtaining damaging information on Clinton.

“After pleasantries were exchanged, the woman stated that she had information that individuals connected to Russia were funding the Democratic National Committee and supporting Ms. Clinton,” the statement said.

“Her statements were vague, ambiguous, and made no sense. No details or supporting information was provided or even offered. It quickly became clear that she had no meaningful information.”

Trump said she steered the conversation to the adoption program and the Magnitsky Act.

“It became clear to me that this was the true agenda all along and that the claims of potentially helpful information were a pretext for the meeting,” he said. It’s unclear whether Veselnitskaya actually provided damaging information about Clinton.

Russia-related investigations have been ongoing in both houses of Congress and at the FBI, where special counsel Robert Mueller has been overseeing the expansive inquiry into Russia’s interference in the election and possible collusion with the Trump campaign.

NOW WATCH: Listen to the leaked audio of Australia’s prime minister mocking Trump



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Today, Sunday, April 3rd, 2016, 1,000′s of protesters staged the “Occupy CNN” rally,  outside of the CNN headquarters in Hollywood, California. In an attempt to shed light on the company’s media black out.  The protesters, and the numerous amounts of viewers who could not be present at the rally, believe that CNN’s reporting of the 2016 Presidential Election has been biased, and furthermore; unethical. 

According to OpenSecrets.org, a website that reports campaign finances, Presidential candidate,Hillary Clinton, has received a total of $603,170 from Time Warner. The Time Warner, also known as the multimedia and entertainment conglomerate that broadcasts CNN.  Mysteriously enough, throughout the past months of election reporting on the network, there has been a lot of Hillary Clinton, and very little of her competitor; Senator Bernie Sanders.  

In fact, it doesn’t seem as if it is in CNN’s interest to report the Senator’s progress at all.  Up until his three consecutive victories in Hawaii, Alaska, and Washington state, CNN’s blatant refusal to report on the Senator has been clear. When he had his victory speech for the Michigan primaries, CNN didn’t take the time to air it, instead they continued too talk about Donald Trump. His other speeches and rallies have also not been aired by the network, some of them reaching numbers in the 10,000′s. Last week when the Sanders campaign reached it’s goal of over 43 million dollars in small donations, there was also no reporting from the network.  

CNN has not been reporting the 2016 Presidential Election as they should be. It is clear that the money they’ve invested in the Clinton campaign, has drastically effected their reporting. Yet, CNN isn’t the only media outlet that has failed to properly report the Sanders campaign. This biased can be found in many media corporations, and not only when it pertains to the election. If the media is supposed to represent our best interest in informing us, then why are they allowing outside influences persuade them? It seems as if they only care about one thing; money. We cannot allow the media to corrupt us into believing their ulterior motives. We must remain informed, fact check, and remember that there are many sides to any story. Especially when a network blatantly tries to present only one. 

  

LoKG&M attempts to ship

I originally wrote a long-ass, rambling preface about how I don’t really feel like a “shipper,” and let’s talk about the metacontextual implications of “shipping culture” and what does that mean? And how do we navigate the awkward space of reading/viewing comprehension vs. interest?

Shut up, Kylie, no one cares.

You know what I’ve never done? Shipped for the hell of it. I’ve never taken two characters and been like, “huh, cool dynamic, now I want you to date.” Maybe it’s because I don’t particularly prioritize romantic relationships over others (actually…given my fascination with complicated familial dynamics, I think it’s fair to say I don’t prioritize them at all).

So I’m going to challenge myself to do this, because I truly want to understand the appeal, and maybe after this I’ll get it? Probably not, but what’s the worst that can happen? So hold onto your butts as I present you with four totally thought-out options!

1. Asami x Opal (Asopal)

^Relationship aesthetic: green-eyed women from power families who do not take shit from men

You know I have to be coming from a place of love when I’m breaking up my only two “ships” in the damn franchise. But I’m sorry Bolin and Korra…you guys will have to wallow over noodles together because MAKE WAY FOR THE PRISSY, BEAUTIFUL, ELEGANT, RICH GIRL POWER COUPLE.

Seriously, both these two grew up having shitloads of money, and not seeming to understand the importance of it. Watch Opal accidentally insult the poor when she talks about never having eaten a bad meal! Watch Asami uncomfortably throw money at her love interests! Watch them argue over which last name to make a reservation in, because they’re unsure which the restaurant would care about more!

But before you go thinking that they’re on a one-way magnet train to classistville, we need to consider the personalities at play. Sure, they may have both may feel more comfortable living in mansions, but there’s actually a lot to recommend an Asami/Opal romance too.

They’re both of an incredibly strong moral fiber, and unwavering in their commitments to justice. They both have experience with familial betrayals (Hiroshi and Baatar Jr.). They both deal with guilt. There’s that common ground to start with between them. They’re also both introverts, happy to withdraw into a book (or shop project), allowing the other her respective space to breathe.

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