camelops

Mammoths in Corvallis, Oregon

Mammoths in Corvallis, Oregon

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Unless you live under a rock, or are lucky enough to avoid all media, you probably knoqw there is some good and interesting news from Oregon this week. Loren Davis, an associate professor of anthropology at OSU, was called to the site to examine the find, the university said in a press release. “There are quite a few bones, and dozens of pieces,” said Davis. “Some of the bones are not in very…

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Adaptations
  • Nostrils can close. Function: to keep blowing sand out.
  • Two rows of long eyelashes. Function: protect against blowing sand and the sun.
  • Fat stored in hump(s). Function: Help it to survive long periods without food and water
  • Thick fur and underwool. Function: provide warmth during cold desert nights and insulation against daytime heat 
  • Thick leathery patches on knees. Function: protect it from getting burn when it kneels on the hot desert sand
  • Long strong legs. Function: help carry heavy loads over long distances and keep its body further away from the hot sand
  • Broad, flat, leathery pads at the bottom of their hooves. Function: pads spread out when the camel places its feet on the ground thus creating a “snowshoe effect” and preventing the camel from sinking into the sand
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Genus Oxydactylus

Species (O.lacota/longipes/longirostris/wyomingensis)

Oxydactylus literally meaning sharp finger in greek. is an extinct genus of camels that lived in North America during the Oligocene to the Middle Miocene (30-13 mya). like extant camels they had long necks but oxydatyluses differ in that their necks were very long more like a Giraffe, also unlike modern camels they had hooves instead of toes.

Phylogeny

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Artiodactyla-Camelidae-Camelini-Oxydactylus