camelops

Adaptations
  • Nostrils can close. Function: to keep blowing sand out.
  • Two rows of long eyelashes. Function: protect against blowing sand and the sun.
  • Fat stored in hump(s). Function: Help it to survive long periods without food and water
  • Thick fur and underwool. Function: provide warmth during cold desert nights and insulation against daytime heat 
  • Thick leathery patches on knees. Function: protect it from getting burn when it kneels on the hot desert sand
  • Long strong legs. Function: help carry heavy loads over long distances and keep its body further away from the hot sand
  • Broad, flat, leathery pads at the bottom of their hooves. Function: pads spread out when the camel places its feet on the ground thus creating a “snowshoe effect” and preventing the camel from sinking into the sand
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Genus Oxydactylus

Species (O.lacota/longipes/longirostris/wyomingensis)

Oxydactylus literally meaning sharp finger in greek. is an extinct genus of camels that lived in North America during the Oligocene to the Middle Miocene (30-13 mya). like extant camels they had long necks but oxydatyluses differ in that their necks were very long more like a Giraffe, also unlike modern camels they had hooves instead of toes.

Phylogeny

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Artiodactyla-Camelidae-Camelini-Oxydactylus