Nostrils can close. Function: to keep blowing sand out.
Two rows of long eyelashes. Function: protect against blowing sand and the sun.
Fat stored in hump(s). Function: Help it to survive long periods without food and water
Thick fur and underwool. Function: provide warmth during cold desert nights and insulation against daytime heat
Thick leathery patches on knees. Function: protect it from getting burn when it kneels on the hot desert sand
Long strong legs. Function: help carry heavy loads over long distances and keep its body further away from the hot sand
Broad, flat, leathery pads at the bottom of their hooves. Function: pads spread out when the camel places its feet on the ground thus creating a “snowshoe effect” and preventing the camel from sinking into the sand
Oxydactylus literally meaning sharp finger in greek. is an extinct genus of camels that lived in North America during the Oligocene to the Middle Miocene (30-13 mya). like extant camels they had long necks but oxydatyluses differ in that their necks were very long more like a Giraffe, also unlike modern camels they had hooves instead of toes.