camel horse

Archaeology sheds light on Mongolia’s uncertain nomadic future

Around the world, traditional subsistence practices provide a resilient source of ecological knowledge that improves humanity’s ability to respond to environmental crises. In Central Asia, a herding lifestyle practiced for millennia is increasingly threatened by the speed and magnitude of climate change.

Although the global mean temperature is predicted to rise by 2C over the coming century, this trend will likely be more severe in high altitude and high latitude environments. In the subarctic steppes of Mongolia, nearly one-third of the population makes their living through migratory herding of livestock – sheep, goat, horse, cattle, camel, and yak. For these herders, the effects of climate change have been immediate and dramatic. Mongolia has experienced summer droughts, extreme winter weather, pasture degradation, a shrinking water supply, and desertification, leading to seasonal herd die-offs. These processes have a cascading effect, reinforcing other issues caused by human activity and globalisation. Read more.

There was a column of dust in the distance. Something was approaching fast.
“One moment,” said General Ashal.
He came back from his saddle with an ornate metal tube, covered in the curly Klatchian script. He squinted into one end and pointed the other at the cloud.
“Mounted men,” he said. “Camels and horses.”
“That’s a Make-Things-Bigger device, isn’t it?” said Lord Rust. “My word, you are up to date. They were only invented last year.”
“I didn’t buy this, my lord. I inherited it from my grandfather.” 

– on technology | Terry Pratchett, Jingo

When you dig deeper into North American Paleontology post dinosaurs it gets all sorts of cool to see that there were giant sloths, saber cats, dire wolves, armored tanks, huge ass bears but where it gets really interesting are with three species. The Horse, the Camel and the Pronghorn Antelope. The Horse and the Camel both originated in America then migrated through Beringia (Bering Straight) to Europe and Asia. The exchange was not just one way either Bears came over from Asia and so did Mammoths and many other animals. But the Horse and Camel are the two that died out due to the climate becoming hotter and dryer and possibly Human influence. However in Asia both of them survived and actually thrived there they ran wild until you had Humans tame both of them and use them as work animals. 

But the Pronghorn Antelope is the prime example of a completely different world. 

They’re smaller than deer, have incredible eyesight which is much better than deer or elk and are built for speed. They’ve been clocked at 55 miles per hour which is far faster than they need to be for any predators currently existing in North America. The reason they’re so fast and have such great eyesight is because they had predators during the last ice age and before that are extinct but they had to outrun. They retained this speed even though it’s been thousands of years since they last needed it and thousands of generations. They also tend to congregate in herds of 5-50 individuals and are amazingly agile at full run. They prefer open plains and deserts to woodland and high mountains. 


Cadborosaurus Willsi or “Caddy” is a species of cryptids thought to live in the Northern Pacific Ocean as they are often sighted in both Cadboro Bay, British Columbia and Puget Sound, Washington. Eye witnesses and legend describe this cryptid as a large, serpentine creature with a head resembling that of a camel or horse, with small front flippers to propel them.  Caddy has been a part of legends of the Chinook tribe of the Pacific Northwest, these creatures were called Hiachuckaluck. 

In October of 1933, F.W. Kemp and his family witnessed a creature the size of a whale breach the surface of the water only 100 feet from shore. This is the first reported sighting of Caddy. In 1934, two fishermen saw two monsters, one was reported to be 60ft long and the other about 30 ft long.

Pictured above is the Naden Harbor carcass, it was pulled out of the water in the summer of 1937. It was discovered in the stomach of a sperm whale, it was 10-12 ft long. It was tentatively identified as a fetal baleen whale. About a year earlier, the Effingham Carcass washed ashore on Vancouver Island. It measured at more than 40 ft long. As with many unidentifiable carcasses it was attributed to a basking shark. This is improbable because the average basking shark grows to be just over 30 ft long with 100-115 vertebrae, this creature had approximately 145-150.

Some cryptozoologists believe Caddy are Zeuglodons, a  species of early whales that closely resemble the description.

Thanks @cryptid-wendigo for the suggestion!<3

A man and his camel wait to take part in a camel-decoration competition at the Nagaur Cattle Fair in Nagaur, in the desert state of Rajasthan, India, on Thursday. The fair is where animals like camels, cows, horses, and bulls are brought to be sold or traded.

Himanshu Sharma/Reuters

1. Yes Neck Monsters

The models think they’re about to start their photoshoot when Tyra walks into the room. The models applaud wildly like they’ve never seen Tyra before, let alone five minutes prior when Tyra departed by saying something not-too-cryptic about how they never know when they’ll see her next. Not only is she back, she comes bearing important news. It turns out that when she’s not busy advocating for men’s rights, Tyra is also championing different kinds of necks.

If you believe her, everyone is calling everyone a No Neck Monster these days. First of all, there’s no way Tyra would actually be mad at people using one of the stupid phrases she invented - between “smize” and “tooch,” she lives for that shit. Second of all, no one is actually using that phrase. Hell, Tyra even forgot that she had coined that phrase last year and instead called a no-neck monster a “#WillieHunch” as I pointed out in this blog. If this blog in anyway contributed to Tyra remembering this temporarily lost ANTM term, then I apologize.  

Out of nowhere, Tyra starts making bird noises and the models laugh super hard because Tyra’s jokes are the best! Do more of your bird impressions, Tyra! You should be a comedian! Tyra says that she’ll be using animals as examples to illustrate certain neck positions in modeling. Off-screen, Ramon is presumably faking a hand cramp so he won’t have to waste his time signing this nonsense to Nyle.

The first No Neck Monster is a turtle. Whatever, these models wish they were as cute as turtles. Next, Tyra shit talks iguanas since they can’t separate their necks from their shoulders. Yeah, what’s up with THAT, iguanas? And then there are gorillas. Don’t even get Tyra started on gorillas. Under no circumstance should you look like a gorilla in a photo… unless Tyra dresses you like a gorilla for a photo, in which case, you betta werk!

Suddenly, Tyra flips the script to say that some No Neck Monsters are good.  #NotAllNoNeckMonsters !

Maybe she shouldn’t refer to them as monsters, then? (Speaking of monsters, that GIF tho…)

Tyra’s first positive example is a horse. Horses have manes that cover their neck, but you still know their necks are there. She gets Courtney to practically strangle herself with her own ponytail while applauding her effort.

When she’s finished, the adorably impressionable Courtney does a celebratory dance, saying she didn’t know how to do that pose before today. Uh, yeah, no one knew (or cared to know) how to do that pose before today. If you wrap yourself in a noose made of your own hair on set, the photographer is probably going to ask you to go home.

Tyra’s next good No Neck Monster is the owl. You can turn your head over your shoulder and still give the illusion of neck, see?

So much for being wise owls, though. These kids just look stupid.

Tyra may be knowledgable about necks, but she still manages to leave out a few key examples of cool animal necks. Like where’s the flamingo?

There’s no way Delanie would have gone home if she made her neck curved in two places to form an S. That’s just the kind of atypical beauty Tyra loves.

And how about the llama? That’s where you hide your neck under a neckbeardweave. It’s very high fashion.

The ostrich is good, too. That’s when a model has her head so far up Tyra Banks’s ass, but you can still see her neck. Gotta see the neck!

And finally, the camel. That’s when you elongate your neck to distract from the hump on your back. Come on, Tyra, you’ve done every other kind of sob story, what’s it going to take to get a person with a hunchback on Cycle 23? #NotTooTall #NotTooShort #NotTooHunchyDoo

There is one last animal with a good neck that Tyra name checks, but has the decency to not call it a monster: the giraffe. The giraffe is not just about having a long neck, it’s also about eating leaves.

At this point, I figured even Tyra was having a laugh with it, but no, she seems to honestly think it helps their modeling since she “feeds” Justin a leaf during his shoot:


That’s why I kind of like Hadassah. She has an alternately sour and disinterested face throughout the whole animal neck teach as if she can’t be bothered with a scenario this ridiculous… and that’s coming from someone who competes in beauty pageants! When Stefano asks if she’s going to try to be a horse, owl, or giraffe in her photo shoot, Hadassah acts like she can’t be bothered to use any of those poses. Stefano reminds her that Tyra obviously wants to see the animal necks after specifically teaching them, and Hadassah says:

This is such a great quote, especially coming from a woman who hates that people assume she’s dumb. Why should she have to use her brain anyway?

Stefano concludes that Hadassah’s “an idiot,” and while he’s not wrong, is she really any more of an idiot than someone who thinks she can pick up modeling tips at a zoo? I can’t imagine any of us are feeling all that smart after watching Tyra’s lesson on necks.

5 Funniest Moments of ANTM Cycle 22 Ep. 3

The Dragon and The Princess

The sun, known as the mighty and powerful Ra, shined brightly with its intense rays that compared to the eternal flames of the underworld. Anyone who was a native of the desert sands knew that to travel during the day was considered to be very dangerous and quite foolish. And yet it did not stop a group of individuals that were heading towards the exotic kingdom known as Egypt. For it was their purpose that drove them to make thw long journey across the endless desert sands.

Although the group was made up of ten men riding upon their camels and horses, they were not necessarily alone. A wooden cart that served as a large traveling cage was being pulled by two of them, and inside the cage were individuals like themselves. The only difference was these people did not come of their own free will, but instead were kidnapped from their homes along the great Nile River. Thus was the group’s true purpose had shown. They were slave traders looking to earn some money.

As they made it to the kingdom did the group head straight for the marketing area. There they found a riggity, wooden stage set up in a very spacious area, where many had gathered for the annual Slave auction. When coming to a halt near a wooden stage the cage was open, and one by one did the people inside it step out of it.

“Form a line!” Spoke the leader of the group in a harsh tone. “Women in front, Men behind them, NOW.” Without so much as missing a beat did the captured slaves did as they were told. For anyone who watched it was not hard to see that many displayed much fear of their capturers, or ‘Masters’ hurting them.



“Apart from the excitement of the sea itself, there are many other attractions at SeaView. Horse and camel rides are a famous form of entertainment for all ages. Quad bike rides were recently introduced at the beach; they are the new excitement to the area.

I had a camel ride on the beach with some friends for just 60 rupees. It is quite enthralling. If you sit in the front, like I did, the camel’s standing up for the ride and sitting back down at the end of it to unload you is the scariest!”

(via tahir_chakera)

A Dire Wolf For Fossil Friday!

One of the most iconic fossil canines of all time has got to be the dire wolf. Known to science long before the similarly named animal characters in the Game of Thrones, today the best record of dire wolf populations comes from the tar pits of Los Angeles, California. 

This is a dire wolf skull excavated from the La Brea tar pits, one of several tar pit predator specimens in our fossil collection (the majority of Ice Age fossils from the tar pits is curated in California). The dire wolf was about the same size as modern grey wolves, but the former had a more robust skeleton. These top dogs represent the pinnacle of pursuit predators in the evolutionary history of dogs, having leg joints specialized for long-distance running, with a range of motion restricted to a single plane for increased efficiency. They lived in North America at the same time as large hoofed mammals such as camels, horses, bison, and gigantic ground sloths (a skeleton of which is visible in the background), none of which were easy prey. Evidence of the intensity of predation, or perhaps competition with other dire wolves, can be gleaned from healed injuries such the blow to the top of the braincase that this animal survived prior to being laid to rest in its asphaltic grave. 

New research heavily based on the Museum’s fossil dog collection—the largest of its kind in the world—shows how dogs evolved in response to a cooling, drying climate in North America over the last 40 million years. Learn more about this new research. 

Image: AMNH/J.Tseng, posted on Instagram as part of the #TsengTakeover

so, there I was, planning a beefcake yoga pose for @the-last-hair-bender‘s calendar (I found a pose, there may be watercolours, because, muscles!) but I got sidetracked by horses, than I wondered about what trail riding tack looked like, then suddenly, it’s 1:30 am and I’ve drawn @deadcatwithaflamethrower Ashleshā Fives, Rex and Obi on horses. I’m questioning my life choices - horses are the most awkward thing ever. Pretty, but,ugh. so hard to draw.

It’s still a wip, because what is with western style saddles? and also I need to dig out more colour pencils. All I wanted to do was draw smut, brain, why do you do this?

Camels caused several problems on set. Peter O'Toole was not used to riding camels and found the saddle to be uncomfortable. While in Amman during a break in filming, he bought a piece of foam rubber at a market and added it to his saddle. Many of the extras copied the idea and sheets of the foam can be seen on many of the horse and camel saddles. The Bedouins nicknamed O'Toole “‘Ab al-'Isfanjah” (أب الإسفنجة), meaning “Father of the Sponge”. (x)

Lawrence of Arabia (1962)