calligraphic style

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Chinese Coins from the Scholar’s Study

Free display Chinese Coins from the Scholar’s Study is now open in Gallery 7. Learn how coin collecting developed in China during the Song dynasty (960–1279) when the imperial court had a great enthusiasm for the past and antiquities.

Coins were considered the height of scholarly antiques as they were direct witnesses to history and their appreciation required a certain cultural knowledge, including the study of their ancient inscriptions. The inscriptions follow the evolution of the different Chinese calligraphic styles and were traced by famous calligraphers - and occasionally even the emperor himself.

This brass coin-shaped amulet from the Qing dynasty (ad 1644–1911) would have been used as a gift for a young scholar preparing to take the imperial examinations. The iconography on Chinese amulets is often symbolic, and this one is a rebus. A bat (fu), a deer (lu), a peach (shou) and a spider (xi) are all homonymous to “Fu lu shou xi” 福祿壽喜; “(May you have) good fortune, an official’s career, longevity and happiness”. 

Coin collections could include early coins in the shape of spades or knives, coins transformed into charms and amulets, as well as foreign coins from Japan, Korea and Vietnam.

anonymous asked:

I asked you about recommended fonts for bujo headers/text a while ago and totally forgot to follow up--I meant like font-fonts (like computer fonts) and not just calligraphy/handwriting styles, unless you have some tips/pointers for developing your own calligraphic styles!

OH great!! yeah i have some recs! i’m not sure where all i’ve gotten these from, as i’ve built my font collection over a long period of time, but let me give you some of my faves:

  • bombshell pro (classic, very popular winding script) 
  • movusbrushpen (bulky brush-written script)
  • yeseva one (a good thicker serif font with some personality)
  • chiko cookies (blocky sans serif font, a classy sort of funk to it)
  • hurgey (very curly, but not overtly so! another script)
  • laser metal (another script, little messier, brush-sort of writing)
  • olesia (a standard cursive font with a slight lean + some good character – limited special characters tho :<)
  • sail (really nice, neat, brush-type cursive font)

if you want more recs, let me know!! 

anonymous asked:

Do you have any tips/information about Arabic calligraphy? Thanks! :)

Hi anon! I’m sorry for the delay in response. I hope this will be helpful.

I’m going to give you a quick introduction about the Arabic Calligraphy in general, then I will also talk briefly about the difference between the 6 styles and show you some examples of each one of them.

I will also provide some references to study them and some tips on how to pick the correct book to study more if you’re interested to learn more about them.

General note about Arabic Calligraphy الخط العربي [audio]

The word خط  has so many meanings, which is why I was having some difficulties translating it.

I used several words to refer to it; it can mean handwriting, calligraphy in general or it can be used to refer to a certain type of Arabic calligraphic cursive style, but all these words are translated to the wordخط in Arabic.

But here, I won’t be talking about hand writings for individuals, I will talk about the Arabic Calligraphy and its various cursive styles, which is an art and it follows strict and specific rules. The person who masters the different Arabic Calligraphic Cursive styles is called a calligrapher خَطّاط.

There are 6 main calligraphy cursive styles from which other cursive styles were derived. Some of these Arabic Calligraphy Cursive styles have variations too, and some of the new Calligraphy Cursive Styles are a mix of two styles or more. These styles are used as a type of art even nowadays, and we can see them present in Islamic Architecture.

These styles need a specific type of pencil and ink to write them, but some people use specific markers as well, although the traditional pencils and ink are preferable.

The six main Calligraphic Cursive styles (الخطوط العربية) are: Kufi, Naskh, Diwani, Farisi, Thuluth and Ruqa’aa.

  • [audio]الخط الكوفي Kūfi Calligraphic cursive style

It’s the oldest Arabic calligraphic cursive styles. Its name is derived from the city of “Kūfa” in Iraq, which is the region in which it originated. It dates back to the 2nd Century of the Hijri calendar (corresponds to the 12th century AD in the Gregorian calendar).

It’s one of the most beautiful styles; however it needs a lot of writing space, and it has so many angles and straight lines which means that the artist would need to rely on a ruler and certain measurements.

It was widely used in Egypt, in the era of Fatimid Caliphate.

Examples:

Some variations of this font:

  • Naskh Calligraphic cursive style خط النسخ [audio]

The word Naskh means “to copy”, and as the name suggests, it was used widely in copying books and manuscripts because it was simple to write and it was easy to read. It appeared during the Abbasid Caliphate Dynasty.

This script can also be found on the internet, in newspapers, and in books.

Even nowadays, it is still the most widely used font, and it’s what I suggest that beginners in calligraphy start with.

Examples:

Ruqa’aa Calligraphic cursive style خط الرقعة [audio]

One of the easiest styles to write, and it doesn’t have too many rules which is why it is widely used as the style for handwriting by students in schools for examples and in and handwritten correspondence in many Arabic Speaking countries (especially in the Levaint and Egypt). It is used sometimes in printed documents.

As mentioned before, Ruqa’a style is considerably easy and fast to write, and most of it is written on the line. It doesn’t need a lot of writing space. The reason why it is called “Ruqa’a”is because it was written in small  (رقاع ), which means rags and small pieces of paper, and the name Ruqa’a is derived from the word رُقاع.  

It is the only cursive style that has remained the same and wasn’t used by the calligraphers to derive new writing style from it.

Examples:

Notice how the words are flowing, the letters are written in a way to make the writing very quick and easy, compare the letter س  in Ruqa’aa calligraphy cursive style and the Naskh for example. Try to take a look at the letter ث  too, and the dots in general.

  • Thuluth Calligraphic cursive style خط الثلث [audio]

Thuluth is one of the most difficult calligraphic cursive styles to master, and it takes a lot of time to write, and the calligrapher needs to be extremely accurate to make sure they don’t make any mistakes because it follows a lot of strict rules.  Because of its difficulty, a calligrapher does not quality as one unless he has mastered it, and it needs years and years of studying and practice to be able to master it.

Thuluth has some variations, and it is used in Islamic Architecture, like in mosques for example and in the beginnings of Mus-hafs (a copy of the Quraan). It is also used as newspaper headers and in some books or in praying rooms.

The meaning of the word Thuluth is “a third” and it was named like that because the edge of the pencil that is used for Thuluth is cut into one third (1/3) of the radius of the pencil.

Example:

  • Diwani Calligraphic cursive style الخط الديواني [audio]

The word Diwan means council, and this cursive style was named that way because it was vastly used by the writers of Offiicial Government Diwans in the Ottoman Empire.

It’s a very beautiful cursive style, and it’s pretty flexible. The words are written on the same line.The sentences written in Diwani style were very jammed and have little space between them, this complication was intended because it does not allow anyone to alter the official documents by adding a single letter. Credit goes to the calligrapher Mustafa Ghazlan for making this cursive style easier to read and leaving more space between the words and sentences.

Example:

  • Farisi Calligraphic cursive style الخط الفارسي [audio]

The word Farisi means Persian, which is the region in which this cursive style has originated in the 7thHirji Century (13th A.D.). This is the normal writing style in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.It’s one of the most beautiful cursive styles and it’s very simple and easy to read. The rules of writings it is very flexible which allows the calligraphers to be creative when they write in it. It was many variations to it as well.

Example :

  • How to choose a good book to help you learn Arabic Calligraphy?

In my opinion, the best calligraphy books are the ones that have explanation to each individual letter to show you how each one is written in that specific cursive style, and that has space for you to practice writing it.

Take this page as an example:

I was able to get you some references to learn :

General references : [book 1], [book 2]

Naskh (excellent book) : [book]

For more practicing material, please check the book سلسلة العلا لتحسين الخط العربي by the calligraphy artist Dr. Ramadan Abdul Hadi [images of the book], it has books about Naskh and Ruqa’a.

Ruqa’a (excellent books) : [book], [book 2]

Kufi : [book]

Diwani : [book]

Farisi : [book]

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I’m sorry this turned out to be long, but Arabic Calligraphy is an Art and a very wide topic and I thought that it won’t be fair to speak briefly about it. I hope this was helpful, and if you have any questions let me know.

Sources :

http://mawdoo3.com/أنواع_الخطوط_العربية

http://mawdoo3.com/أنواع_الخطوط

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o9veh0Vxp1o

http://genisoftindex.blogspot.com/2014/04/blog-post_23.html

http://www.damasgate.com/vb/t205701/

http://www.3refe.com/vb/archive/index.php/t-102588.html

https://www.raadyousif.com/2014/01/learn-arabic-calligraphy.html

For more e-books:

http://themar.ahlamontada.net/t9446-topic

Notes:

1-      A lot of the examples of the Calligraphy writings styles in the Arabic Calligraphy books used here are taken from the Holly Quran, so I ask you to please be respectful to these verses and not throw them away or do anything disrespectful. There are specific ways to dispose of these types of documents in a respectful way and I will be happy to elaborate and share this information with anyone who needs it.

2-      I will update with more books to learn Calligraphy as soon as I find them.

3-      I paraphrased, translated and edited the information and didn’t copy-paste anything I have also added some information I know previously. Please credit me if you want to share this.

Base of an ewer with Zodiac medallions first half of 13th century Iran Brass; engraved, inlaid with silver and copper. The full zodiacal cycle is depicted in the twelve medallions on the facets of this vessel. It also has three inscriptional bands, each in a different calligraphic style, that express traditional blessings to the owner. Here, Gemini (al-jawza, “the twins”) appears as a single body with two heads, an unusual variation on its typical depiction as twin brothers.

ponderosapine  asked:

Regarding your last muse meme: ✍🏼

My muse’s writing style heavily depends on the situation, and more precisely on whether she works as a wish granter or an administrator.

As a wish granter, her job is mostly related to dealing with people, rather than bureaucracy, which allows her to spend the extra time and effort to record her  thoughts or any other message she needs to write down in a clean and somewhat calligraphic style that’s worthy of a goddess. After all, some of those texts ends up being left behind as souvenirs for her human clients, which Peorth also decorates with some floral patterns for an additional touch that matches her personality. As such, she tries to leave a part of herself behind, rather than simply leave once the “job is done” so to speak.

However, as an administrator, she rarely writes down handwritten reports, although when that’s deemed necessary, it’s always in a clean and practical manner. Calligraphy is mostly discouraged for the sake of readability, as her superiors typically have to deal with hundreds of reports at a time, and it’s annoying to spend too much time on each of them. Especially if it’s just for the sake of figuring out what’s written there. For the exact same reason, sloppy writing is highly discouraged as well, and not to mention a sign of poor etiquette.

As for my muse’s smile… I think that a demonstration is much better than any explanation:

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The Japanese branch of the Squid Research Lab recently informed us that a Squid Fashion Contest was held in Famitsu Magazine. The winning outfit, a sushi chef outfit, is available in the Booyah Base as part of the new update!

This was the illustration of the sushi chef outfit for the Squid Fashion Contest. It’s an image overflowing with Japanese aesthetics and sensibility as seen in the calligraphic brush style. The headband gives the look a festive appearance, and the whole thing comes together so well.

Today, I fucked up... by translating a lesbian’s tattoo

Several years ago, my wife and I were visiting a friend and her girlfriend for the weekend. On Saturday night they threw a party with all of their friends, most of whom were also lesbian couples. I saw that one girl had Chinese characters tattooed on her forearms, so I asked to see them, as I had recently been living in China. She was like, “Oh, they’re actually Japanese characters. This one (万) means ‘man,’ and this one (女) means 'woman.’ Basically, I’m trying to describe how all of us exist on a gender continuum between the two and integrate parts of both into our identities to different degrees.”

I responded, “Actually, Japanese characters (kanji) and Chinese characters (hanzi) are really the same thing. And I don’t think that one (万) means 'man.’ It actually means 'ten thousand.’ The correct character for man is 男. 万 and 男 aren’t that far off, but the calligraphic style on it would make it hard to replace…”

I look up and this poor girl is literally in tears. The entire party had come to a standstill as I pompously embarrassed this kid in front of all her friends. She had had the tattoo done two or three years earlier and no one had ever caught it.

I had to add, “On the bright side, Chinese doesn’t really have a plural, so 万女 is a perfectly grammatical way of saying 'ten thousand women.’ Make it a life goal!”

Crickets…

Check out more TIFUs: Internet`s best fuck ups are here.

princeloki  asked:

hey sry if youve gotten this question before its just that youre the only hebrew calligrapher i know on tumblr. do you have any specific pen recommendations for an amateur / casual artist looking to render hebrew script? or would any chisel tip marker do it with the right technique?

Thanks for the question @princeloki! For starters, any flat or chisel tip will work (i.e. not the flexible pointed nib for writing copperplate), although I would recommend a parallel pen or regular dip pen over markers…

The biggest advice I have is to copy a calligraphic ‘hand’ (style of lettering, like a font) rather than the letters from a printed or digital Hebrew text. When I see people use a calligraphy pen to copy the equivalent of Hebrew Helvetica, or just their own messy handwriting, I cringe. I would say that the main ways that calligraphy differs from handwriting are: always keep the pen at the same angle throughout the writing (e.g. 45 degrees, 60 degrees, 30 degrees), which ensures that the thicks and thins are all in the same place; always pull the pen, not push it, which keeps you from wrecking your pens and ensures that the strokes flow smoothly; and keep the base, middle, and top lines for all the letters consistent (i.e. their bottoms all sit on the same line and their tops/middles are all at the same height). If you remember those three rules, your lettering should be off to a good start!

Your best bet is to look at a lettering guide for a Hebrew calligraphic hand and copy the strokes and angles as best as you can. Here’s an example of a guide to a standard medieval Sephardic hand, from my teacher Jen Taylor Friedman:

Some other examples of Hebrew hands are here from Gina Jonas, here from Michel D’Anastasio, and here from Avraham Borshevsky. Of course your best bet would be to check out the books and other resources that I recommended in this post.

My Hebrew calligraphy tag should have plenty of examples, from my own work and others, to get you started. Let me know if I can help in any other way, and I look forward to seeing what you come up with!