california assembly

Meet Yvonne Braithwaite Burke

Yvonne Watson Braithwaite was one of the first African American women admitted to the University of Southern California School of Law.  After graduating from law school, she went into private practice.

Ms. Braithwaite was the first African-American women to be elected to the California State Assembly.  She served in the Assembly from 1967 - 1973.  In 1973, she was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where she served from 1973 - 1979.


     In 2015, I was privileged to be included in a team of individuals to restore and assemble a Ranger Spacecraft for the California Science Center in Los Angeles. This is our story.

Reading Right Now: “Unfold a map of North America,“ Keith Heyer Meldahl writes, "and the first thing to grab your eye is the bold shift between the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.” In this absorbing book, Meldahl takes readers on a 1000-mile-long field trip back through more than 100 million years of deep time to explore America’s most spectacular and scientifically intriguing landscapes. He places us on the outcrops, rock hammer in hand, to examine the evidence for how these rough-hewn lands came to be. We see California and its gold assembled from pieces of old ocean floor and the relentless movements of the Earth’s tectonic plates. We witness the birth of the Rockies. And we investigate the violent earthquakes that continue to shape the region today. Into the West’s geologic story, Meldahl also weaves its human history. As we follow the adventures of John C. Frémont, Mark Twain, the Donner party, and other historic characters, we learn how geologic forces have shaped human experience in the past and how they direct the fate of the West today.                    
"Stealthing" Should Be Classified As Rape And These Lawmakers Want Congress To Talk About It
Arguing that "stealthing" is rape and sexual assault, two US representatives just sent a letter to a congressional committee asking for a hearing to discuss legal actions for victims.
By Brianna Sacks

Democratic Reps. Ro Khanna, from California, and Carolyn Maloney, from New York, sent a letter Wednesday to the House Judiciary Committee asking its members to address the issue.

Stealthing garnered national attention in April after Yale Law School graduate Alexandra Brodsky published an article on how online groups are perpetuating and encouraging the practice. Since then, it has become a difficult and divisive part of the legal discourse on how to classify acts that don’t fit the textbook definitions of rape and sexual assault.

“Consent is not up for discussion, it is a requirement for the entirety of any sexual interaction. Stealthing violates an agreement between partners and is a dangerous form of sexual assault,” said Khanna. “The implications of the practice of nonconsensual condom removal are far-reaching with respect to the ongoing national conversation on the definition of consensual sex.”

The “disgraceful practice” can lead to unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections, and can wreak psychological harm on victims, Khanna and Maloney wrote.

Mary Jacobs, who lives in Columbia, Mississippi, and asked her name be changed for this article, said that her partner stealthed her in August 2016. She now has a five-month-old baby boy.

“I feel so lost, violated, and disgusted because of what the baby’s dad did to me. He did it without my permission, I didn’t know until after we had sex that he committed the act of stealthing,” she told BuzzFeed News in an email. “I haven’t told anyone about this and don’t know how to move forward or go on.”

Their letter comes about six months after two lawmakers in Wisconsin and California introduced bills to change the definition of consent and rape to include tampering with a sexually protective device without telling the other person. California State Assembly member Cristina Garcia shelved her bill at the end of August because it lacked enough votes to advance, but she promised to “pursue it next year.”

“This has happened to me,” Garcia said. “People are having a hard time with this idea because they’re like, ‘The sex is consensual.’ It’s about power and you think you have ownership of someone’s body and you don’t.”

“I am horrified that we even need to be having this conversation, that a sexual partner would violate their partner’s trust and consent like this. Stealthing is sexual assault,” said Rep. Maloney. “We need a hearing so that Congress can hear from the experts about how to best address this issue as we continue to amend our country’s and universities’ responses to sexual assault and rape.”


Leading U.S. solar scientists today highlighted research activities that will take place across the country during next month’s rare solar eclipse, advancing our knowledge of the Sun’s complex and mysterious magnetic field and its effect on Earth’s atmosphere.

Experts at the National Science Foundation (NSF), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) provided details at this morning’s press conference about the array of technologies and methodologies that will be used to obtain unprecedented views of the Sun on Aug. 21. The experiments, led by specialized researchers, will also draw on observations by amateur skywatchers and students to fill in the picture.

“This total solar eclipse across the United States is a fundamentally unique opportunity in modern times, enabling the entire country to be engaged with modern technology and social media,” said Carrie Black, an associate program director at NSF who oversees solar research. “Images and data from potentially as many as millions of people will be collected and analyzed by scientists for years to come.”

“This is a generational event,” agreed Madhulika Guhathakurta, NASA lead scientist for the 2017 eclipse. “This is going to be the most documented, the most appreciated eclipse ever.”

The scientific experiments will take place along the path of totality, a 70-mile wide ribbon stretching from Oregon to South Carolina where the Moon will completely cover the visible disk of the Sun. Depending on the location, viewers will get to experience the total eclipse for as long as 2 minutes and 40 seconds. It will take about an hour and a half for the eclipse to travel across the sky from the Pacific Coast to the Atlantic.

NASA and other organizations are reminding viewers to take eye safety precautions because it is not safe to look at the Sun during an eclipse except during the brief total phase, when the Moon completely blocks the Sun’s everyday bright face, which will happen only if you are within the path of totality.

For scientists, the celestial event is a rare opportunity to test new instruments and to observe the elusive outer atmosphere of the Sun, or solar corona, which is usually obscured by the bright surface of the Sun. Many scientific questions focus on the corona, including why it is far hotter than the surface and what role it plays in spewing large streams of charged particles, known as coronal mass ejections, that can buffet Earth’s atmosphere and disrupt GPS systems and other sensitive technologies.

Black noted that the Moon will align exactly with the Sun’s surface, which will enable observations of the entire corona, including very low regions that are rarely detectable. Obtaining observations from the ground is particularly important, she explained, because far more data can be transmitted than would be possible from space-based instruments.

“The Moon is about as perfect an occulter as one can get,” she said. “And what makes this an even more valuable opportunity is that everyone has access to it.”

In addition to training ground-based instruments on the Sun, scientists will also deploy aircraft to follow the eclipse, thereby increasing the amount of time they can take observations.

An NCAR research team, for example, will use the NSF/NCAR Gulfstream-V research aircraft to take infrared measurements for about four minutes, helping scientists better understand the solar corona’s magnetism and thermal structure. Scientists with the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder will use visible and infrared telescopes on NASA’s twin WB-57 airplanes in a tag-team approach, enabling them to get a unique look at both the solar corona and Mercury for about eight minutes. The goal is to better understand how energy moves through the corona as well as learning more about the composition and properties of Mercury’s surface.

Scientists will also study Earth’s outer atmosphere during the eclipse. The ionosphere is a remote region of the atmosphere containing particles that are charged by solar radiation. Disturbances in the ionosphere can affect low-frequency radio waves. By blocking energy from the Sun, the eclipse provides scientists with an opportunity to study the ionosphere’s response to a sudden drop in solar radiation.

For example, a Boston University research team will use off-the-shelf cell phone technology to construct a single-frequency GPS array of sensors to study the ionospheric effects of the eclipse. This project could lay the foundation for using consumer smartphones to help monitor the outer atmosphere for disturbances, or space weather events, caused by solar storms. Another experiment, run by researchers at the University of Virginia and George Mason University, will use transmitters broadcasting at low frequencies to probe the response of regions of the ionosphere, while a Virginia Tech team will use a network of radio receives and transmitters across the country to observe the ionosphere’s response during the eclipse.

Citizen scientists also are expected to play a major role in taking valuable observations during the eclipse.

“This is a social phenomenon, and we have a significant opportunity to promote this and do all the science that we can,” Guhathakurta said.

The Citizen Continental-America Telescopic Eclipse (CATE) Experiment by the National Solar Observatory and the University of Arizona, for example, will rely on volunteers from universities, high schools, informal education groups, and national labs for an eclipse “relay race.” Participants spaced along the path of totality will use identical telescopes and digital camera systems to capture high-quality images that will result in a dataset capturing the entire, 93-minute eclipse across the country. And a project led by the University of California, Berkeley, will assemble a large number of solar images, obtained by students and amateur observers along the eclipse path to create educational materials as part of the Eclipse Megamovie project.

“As these projects show, the eclipse will place the Sun firmly in the forefront of the national eye,” said Scott McIntosh, director of NCAR’s High Altitude Observatory. “This is a unique opportunity to communicate the fact that our star is complex, beautiful, and mysterious. At the same time, it is more critical than ever to study it, as solar activity can pose significant threats to our technologically driven society.”


Webb Telescope Passes Important Optical Test on This Week @NASA – May 5, 2017

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has successfully passed the center of curvature test at Goddard Space Flight Center, in Greenbelt, Md. This important optical measurement of Webb’s fully assembled primary mirror was the final test held at Goddard before the telescope is shipped off for end-to-end cryogenic testing at Johnson Space Center in Houston. When that’s complete, the world’s most advanced observatory goes to Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems in Redondo Beach, California, for final assembly and testing. Webb is targeted for launch in 2018 on a mission to help unravel some of the greatest mysteries of the universe.

framby  asked:

Allydia, whichever prompt you like most!

Whichever prompt, you say ^^

all-girl motorcycle club I say !




Kira pulls the helmet from her head and looks around the garage where they are supposed to have their meeting.

But for now, all she can see is Cora and Malia fixing up a beaten bike, the cousins sitting on each side of the engine and for a second, she makes herself as discrete as possible, observing the way the two girls’ fingers nibbly find their way through the cogs and pistons, throwing away the rusted ones and replacing them with new ones, both in sync and slightly bobbing their heads in time with the music playing around.

“Are the bosses in?” she finally asks to pull herself from the hypnosis of watching the Hales at work, and Cora points a grease-covered thumb in the direction of the back, but Malia snickers, her hair shaking with her laughter.

“I wouldn’t disturb them if I were you,” she says, winking at Kira who tries to will her face to resist the blush–not to avail though–and Cora snorts.

“Unless you’re wishing for a free show that is.”

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March 16, 2013 – The Finale

I can’t believe it. It’s been two years since the final episode of Green Lantern: The Animated Series aired. GLTAS, the cast & crew, and the Fanterns have been an incredibly special experience, and I hope they continue to be so. The tags have slowed down and the fandom is quieter, but I see no less love and passion expressed in each post and fan work than I ever did. Thank you for being fans, and for continuing to be fans.

Above, you see photos from several of the Burbank meet-ups to watch DC Nation together, including the overwhelming crowd that came in (from across the country in some cases) for the final episode. Thank you for organizing that themaskedman and dcnationfans (turn out for the final two weeks was so large that we didn’t advertise the March 16th meet up). Thank you to the cast and crew members who took time out of their personal lives to come out and meet the fans.

Videos from the Annie Awards after the pilot aired: [Giancarlo Volpe | Jim Krieg]
Videos from the Burbank finale: [1 | 2 | 3 | 4]

Since the actual anniversary fell on a Monday, when I contacted the head of dcnationfans he and I decided the Sunday before was a great chance to invite the local fans for a 2 year reunion. Yesterday, several of us met at Moore’s Deli in Burbank and spent 4 hours eating, chatting, drawing, and generally just celebrating the show, the fandom, and the friendships born from GLTAS. The show ended, but we got a wonderful story and a wonderful fandom that will keep going.

Wherever you are, whether you align with the Green, Red, Orange, Yellow, Blue, Indigo, or Violet corps… Fanterns Assemble.

California becomes 5th state to legalize assisted suicide

Los Angeles Times: California Gov. Jerry Brown has signed the controversial “right-to-die” bill allowing physicians to prescribe lethal doses of drugs to terminally ill patients who want to end their lives. California is the fifth state to legalize assisted suicide.

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Photo: After a right-to die measure was approved by the California Assembly on Sept. 9., Debbie Ziegler holds a photo of her daughter, Brittany Maynard, a 29-year-old California woman with brain cancer who moved to Oregon to legally end her life. (Rich Pedroncelli / Associated Press)


Historic moment in the California Assembly!

Today SB210 has passed in the California Assembly. This bill will ensure that all Deaf and Hard of Hearing children are kindergarten-ready. Watch as for the first time in California history Assemblymember Gallagher explains the bill directly on the floor in American Sign Language.

Senate Bill 210 by Senator Galgiani Special Education.

Mr. Gallagher you may present.

ASM. Gallagher: Ms. Speaker, members, I present to you today in sign language, ASL, in support of SB 210. A bill that will help Deaf children to have success and opportunity. I’m a little rusty in my ASL so bear with me a little bit. This bill will help establish language benchmarks for Deaf kids from birth through 5 years old. This is important for me because I have 2 Deaf brothers, and I think it’s important to all of us because we want to ensure opportunity for all kids. Thank you and I ask for your support for SB 210. Thank you.


(GIGGLES) Seeing no debate. The Clerk will open the roll. All those in favor. All members vote who desire to vote. The clerk will close the roll and tally the votes. Aye’s 75 No’s 0. Measure passes.

California assembly passes bill to ban ‘Redskins’ as high school team name

California could be the first US state to bar high schools from using the racially charged term “Redskins” for athletic teams. An assembly bill passed on Monday would require public schools in the state to phase out their use of the term by 2017.Just four high schools in California, where the country’s largest Native American population resides, continue to use the name Redskins.