“Administration Building, California Polytechnic State University”
This image took a year in the making and remaking. It was a task finding the correct cloud and the exposure time for that cloud. My learning curve also expanded during that time. I believe for a better image. The Building image is a 7 exposure HDR while the Cloud is a 9 minute, 3 second exposure. Therefore it is a long exposure image as well as a montage.
1. Small satellites is the umbrella term for describing any satellite that is the size of an economy-sized washing machine all the way down to a CubeSat, which you can hold in your hand.
2. CubeSats come in multiple sizes defined by the U, which stands for unit. Making it the Unit unit. 1U CubeSats are cubes 4 inches (10 cm) on a side, weighing as little as 4 pounds. A 3U CubeSat is three 1Us hooked together, resembling a flying loaf of bread. A 6U CubeSat is two 3Us joined at the hip, like a flying cereal box. These are the three most common configurations.
Photo courtesy of the
University of Michigan
3. CubeSats were developed by researchers at
Polytechnic State University and Stanford University who wanted a standardized format to make launching them into space easier and to be small enough for students to get involved in designing, building and launching a satellite.
4. Small satellites often hitch a ride to space with another mission. If there’s room on the rocket of a larger mission, they’re in. CubeSats in particular deploy from a p-pod – poly-picosatellite orbital deployer – tucked on the underside of the upper stage of the rocket near the engine bell.
5. Small sats test technology at lower costs. Their small size and the relatively short amount of time it takes to design and build a small satellite means that if we want to test a new sensor component or a new way of making an observation from space, we can do so without being in the hole if it doesn’t work out. There’s no environment on Earth than can adequately recreate space, so sometimes the only way to know if new ideas work is to send them up and see.
6. Small sats force us to think of new ways to approach old problems. With a satellite the size of a loaf of bread, a cereal box, or a microwave oven, we don’t have a lot of room for the science instrument or power to run it. That means thinking outside the box. In addition to new and creative designs that include tape measures, customized camera lenses, and other off-the-shelf parts, we have to think of new ways of gathering all the data we need. One thing we’re trying out is flying small sat constellations – a bunch of the same kind of satellite flying in formation. Individually, each small sat sees a small slice of Earth below. Put them together and we start to see the big picture.
7. Small sats won’t replace big satellites. Size does matter when it comes to power, data storage, and how precise your satellite instrument is. Small satellites come with trade-offs that often mean coarser image resolution and shorter life-spans than their bigger sister satellites. However, small sat data can complement data collected by big satellites by covering more ground, by passing over more frequently, by flying in more dangerous orbits that big satellites avoid, and by continuing data records if there’s a malfunction or a wait between major satellite missions. Together they give us a more complete view of our changing planet.
Today is College Signing Day and we’re working with the White House to celebrate all graduating seniors and inspire more young people to Reach Higher and enroll in higher education.
Additionally, choosing a degree within a STEM (Science, Math, Engineering and Technology) field enables the United States to remain the global economic and technological leader. We feel that it’s our duty to help inspire the next generation of scientists, technologists, engineers and astronauts.
It’s important that each and every student feels empowered and equipped with the knowledge to solve tough problems, evaluate evidence and analyze information. These are all skills students can learn through studying a subjects in STEM.
College is one of the stepping stones to many careers, including becoming an astronaut! Here are a few of our astronauts on their college graduation day, along with their astronaut portrait.
Undergraduate: University of California, Berkeley Graduate: University of Houston Astronaut Class: 1996
Whether you want to be an astronaut, an engineer or the administrator of NASA, a college education opens a universe of possibilities:
Administrator Charles Bolden
Here, Administrator Bolden wears the jersey of Keenan Reynolds, a scholar athlete who graduates from the Naval Academy this year. His jersey is on its way to the college football hall of fame. Bolden holds a drawing of himself as a midshipman in the Navy.
Deputy Administrator Dava Newman
Deputy Administrator Dava Newman sports her college shirt, along with Lisa Guerra, Technical Assistant to the Associate Administrator. Both women studied aerospace engineering at Notre Dame.
Corinne Yu attended California State Polytechnic University, studying electrical engineering before she became a video game programmer. She programmed King’s Quest for the Apple II system while also developing her own 3D engine products that she sold to various companies – one o fwhich was used in Spec Ops. She’s worked on games such as Anachronox, Quake 2, and QuickDraw 3D. She was also responsible for modifications to the Epic Unreal Engine 3 which made games like the Borderlands series possible. In 2008, she joined 343 Industries to work on the Halo franchise, programming lighting, facial animation, and new technology for Halo 4. She has also done programming for Rockwell International California’s space shuttle program and has worked in nuclear physics research.
What are some good colleges or universities (in the US) that you would recommend to check out for someone who is interested in architecture but is not looking to go to a specialized school specifically for design or architecture?
02 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
03 Rice University
04 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
05 Syracuse University
06 University of Texas at Austin
07 Rhode Island School of Design
08 Southern California Institute of Architecture
09 Pratt Institute
10 University of Southern California
Of those ten only RISDI, SCI-Arc and Pratt only focus on design/architecture, the rest are full fledged universities with various majors and schools. But, you will find that architecture schools, even within a full size college, tend to be a world apart from the rest of the schools.
For the anon asking about schools, I go to Rice and I love it! Besides architecture I’ve taken classes on linguistics, psychology, Spanish, English, ancient civilizations, etc. You should definitely consider it if you’re looking for a school where you can study architecture but still pursue a wide variety of other interests.