Roman Psyche Balsamarium

2nd century AD. A bronze balsamarium of Psyche standing with right hand extended at waist height, left hand raised, two small wings to the shoulders; a loosely draped peplos to the hips and left shoulder; the hair neatly dressed in melon coiffure, with diadem and brow band; the eyes with white stone inserts; the top of the head a hinged lid with vent above, second vent in the palm of the right hand

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Western Greek (Southern Italy or Sicily) c. 330-300 BC.

Detail: Gold diadem with elaborate filigree decoration and a small head of a woman in low relief.

The thickness of the sheet gold and the sturdiness of the object, together with traces of apparently ancient repairs to a break in the strap at the left corner of the pediment, indicate that this diadem was actually worn.

British Museum.

A diadem from 4th century BC discovered in one of the Macedonian royal tombs in Vergina Greece, owned by one of the wives of Philip of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great.

Ένα διάδημα από τον 4ο αιώνα π.Χ. ανακαλύφθηκε σε έναν από τους βασιλικούς Μακεδονικούς τάφους της Βεργίνας στην Ελλάδα. Ανήκαν σε μία από τις συζύγους του Φιλίππου, πατέρα του Μεγάλου Αλεξάνδρου.


The Kargaly Diadem

A Gold Diadem with Turquoise, Carnelian and Coral, 2nd century BC - 1st century AD, Almaty, Kazakhstan

The Kargaly Diadem was buried in a pit on the southern edge of the steppe in the northern foothills of the Tianshan mountains some 2000 years ago. This was a period when the Han Empire of China was seeking to increase its hold over the western borderlands and it is in that context, and the fluctuating rivalries of local tribes, that the Kargaly diadem is to be understood. Chinese iconography figures prominently on the diadem which may have been a diplomatic gift from the Han imperial court. However, technological details suggest that it was produced within the western borderlands beyond China.


Greek Gold Diadem, c. Early 4th Century BC

Composed of a slender rectangular band ornamented with applied double and triple rosettes decorated with beaded filigree, smaller rosettes above and below, and alternating with double lotuses with small rosettes between them, the terminals each in the shape of a palmette with filigree quatrefoils with double spiral stems.


Diadem Snake - Spalerosophis diadema 

The Diadem Snake, Spalerosophis diadema (Colubridae) is named for its distinctive head markings, consisting of a dark band, which runs across the head between the eyes, behind which several irregular, dark spots may be present.

Like some other Colubrid snakes, this species also produces chemical secretions from an oral gland, which are highly toxic to small mammals, but pose no danger to human.

This species has a large distribution, occurring throughout northern Africa from Mauritania to Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula, and southwest and central Asia, as far as Kazakhstan, Pakistan and India.

Reference: [1]

Photo credit: ©Solovyeva Evgeniya | Locality: not indicated (2011) | [Top] - [Bottom]