but look at those graphics

You know those cutesy embroidery-looking graphics with, like, a butterfly saying “Be a bitch” or “Never Apologize” in cursive letters? (and the butterflies and flowers with faces and pastel colors are supposed to show that these are messages for women, only somehow that isn’t sexist)? They show up a lot on certain pop feminist blogs and they’ve always bugged me.

Anyway, I kind of want to do a series of opposite graphics. Like, a really metal looking t-rex saying in spiky, blood-dripping letters “Be polite to all you interact with” or a flaming shark saying “err on the side of apologizing if you think you may have hurt someone.” Fuck the “cutesy aggression” aesthetic. I want snarling, badass, compassionate etiquette.

2

“Fleur Delacour, whose whole narrative is wrapped up in her physical beauty until the point where she stands up and says hey, it’s not. Fleur Delacour, the Beauxbaxton’s champion, Fleur Delacour who stands with the Order, Fleur Delacour who loves and fights with fierce devotion […] How is this someone to hate?” (x

anonymous asked:

do you happen to have that gutloading info/illustration, with the empty taco shell analogy? I cant for the life of me find it or remember who i saw it from...

It’s wasn’t me! I don’t find that graphic to be particularly accurate, though doing a search I couldn’t find it again. 

Feeder insects are indeed deficient in some nutrients. However, they are more like full tacos missing only one or two ingredients, and just feeding healthy fruits and veggies to them will not help with those deficiencies.

Insects have nutritional content without being gutloaded. They are adequate for most minerals other than calcium, and they contain fat and protein. 

Here is some nutritional content of common feeder insects, without gutloading.

Not all feeder insects are fed at all before feeding – for example, it’s best to keep BSFL cool and unfed before feeding them to your pet. They have a very good calcium:phosphorus ration and don’t even need to be dusted, though they are deficient in some vitamins. (As with most larva, smaller BSFL are lower in fat than larger ones, so the smallest that will be accepted by the reptile should be fed.)

The main issue is that most commonly fed insects have a poor calcium to phosphorus ratio, and lack vitamins. You typically want your pet’s food to have a 2:1 Ca:P ratio. 

Here is information on various insects’ Ca:P ratios.

Now, this can be fixed in a variety of ways. One is to dust the insects with proper calcium and vitamin supplements. 

The other is to use a gutload that actually works – and there aren’t many of these. The only one I can recommend is T-Rex Calcium Plus Food for Crickets. From that first link, “It should be noted however that many commercially available gut-loading diets failed to increase the calcium content of crickets presumably due to improper formulation.” Most tested gutloads simply didn’t correct the Ca:P ratio or help with the lack of vitamins. One thing that seems to be a problem is most gutloads use too large a calcium particle and the insects literally eat around it. (It is cheaper than using the extremely finely ground calcium. This is also why it’s hard to make your own gutload; it’s not easy to find calcium ground fine enough and readily ingested.)

Note that gutloading is very different from simply feeding your insects a nutritious diet. The term has been diluted to mean maintenance feeding, but this is inaccurate and not helpful in the discussion of feeder insect nutrition. Formal gutloading must be done within 24 - 48 hours of the insect being fed and no longer (and nutritional levels decline after 24 hours), and is a very specific high-calcium and vitamin diet. Simply feeding the insects nutritious food like veggies will not correct the Ca:P ratio! Feeding an insect colony gutload constantly will likely result in die-off so they can’t be fed indefinitely. 

Maintenance diets are important to create a healthy, nutritious feeder overall – obviously a starved feeder will be less nutritious than a healthy one. Ideally they should eat a moisture-rich, vitamin-rich, varied diet for the feeder’s own health. 

I recommend using this guide to choosing vegetables (focusing on the “green” rated veggies whenever possible) for your feeders’ maintenance diet, and feeding a nutritious grain-based staple with less than 20% protein as well, such as DE-free poultry mash (Purina Layena Sunfresh Crumbles or  Albers’ All Purpose Poultry Feed are the two I know of), Total Cereal, or Natural Bearded Dragon Food Adult Formula. Just keep in mind, this diet is not a gutload.

Here is a really good study which covers why gutloading is difficult and sometimes unreliable (rates of ingestion at different instars [ages], optimal ways to offer the food, etc.).

I don’t believe these articles are available for free online (however, you can purchase and download them if not) but I highly recommend these studies evaluating different commercial gutloads available:

Finke MD. 2003. “Gut loading to enhance the nutrient content of insects as food for reptiles: A mathematical approach.” Zoo Biology 22: 147-162.

Finke, Mark D., S. Dunham, and Christabel A. Kwabi. 2005.  "Evaluation of four dry commercial gut loading products for improving the calcium content of crickets, Acheta domesticus.“ J Herp Med Surg 15.1: 7-12.

Finke, M. D., S. U. Dunham, and J. S. Cole. 2004. “Evaluation of various calcium-fortified high moisture commercial products for improving the calcium content of crickets, Acheta domesticus.” J Herp Med Surg 14.2: 17-20.

These studies are why I only recommend the T-Rex. Some commercial gutloads such as Mazuri Hi Calcium Gut Load rate higher than a maintenance diet, but I don’t know if they properly correct the Ca:P. Other gutloads have come out since the study was conducted, but because we don’t have any scientific analysis of them I can not recommend them.

In addition, feeding insects with plant-based vitamin A gutload may not translate to the reptile being able to use that vitamin A, particularly in strict insectivores. There have been many cases of reptiles like chameleons suffering from vitamin A deficiency despite eating gutloaded or dusted insects. Make sure that for strict insectivores/carnivores the vitamin A in the supplement is retinol (animal source), not carotenoids (plant source).

Alternatively, one can dust insects and feed a nutritious maintenance diet. My reptile vet is anti-dusting (he only recommends T-Rex gutload and no other options) but this is definitely not a universal view from reptile vets. Many will recommend dusting. My vet’s concern is hypercalcaemia from the fact that dusting supplements are not measured or exact, or vitamin D overdose (the latter is definitely a problem with certain dust brands; here is a clip from an article on vitamin D overdose from Douglas R. Mader, DVM). 

The two dusting regimens I personally recommend are:

Dusting with Repashy Calcium Plus with every insect feeding.

or

A schedule of rotation for different feedings through the week, using a calcium with D3, a vitamin supplement, and possibly a plain calcium. 

I waited until several breeders and other keepers had good success with the Repashy Calcium Plus before switching to it, since it seemed like an all-in-one wouldn’t be adequate or might result in excesses of some nutrients and lack of others. But it’s well accepted and seems to work! If anyone has encountered problems with this supplement I would like to hear it, though.

Not all dusts are created equal, just like gutloads. For plain calcium you have many options, such as human grade calcium powder. For calcium with D3, I have had good success with ZooMed Repti Calcium with D3. I also like ZooMed Reptivite for a vitamin supplement. 

Avoid these supplements:  Fluker’s Calcium with vitamin D3 (too much D3),  Rep-Cal Calcium with vitamin D3 (too much D3),  Exo Terra Multi Vitamin (beta carotene instead of pre-formed vitamin A, no B12).

Note that dusts must be used immediately before feeding the insects, as many insects will quickly groom them off.

The amount you use is far lower than you’d think! Read the instructions and be sure you’re *lightly* dusting with the vitamins and calcium with D3 on only the number of insects recommended for your pet’s weight.

I personally do not suggest using T-Rex (gutloading) and dusting, as the risk of hypercalcaemia and vitamin overdose increases. Both are adequate on their own for most animals, though laying females may benefit from additional plain calcium. It can also be dangerous to use both a supplement with D3 and UVB lighting, which is why there are different “indoor” and “outdoor” supplements available from many companies. Not all UVB lamps are created equal so this may depend on your setup. Always be sure your animal can choose between basking under the UVB and finding a shady place.

I know this isn’t the short and sweet infographic that you were looking for, but I find those graphics misleading and lacking very important information. Reptile nutrition, gutloading, and supplements is not a simple topic!

This is just my interpretation of the scientific data available; I hope the links and resources provided will help others come to their own conclusions. 

That said, now I really want tacos.

vorebj0rn  asked:

How did you learn so much about all of this stuff? Did you research things yourself or take a class or something? I ask because I'm a baby comrade and would like to learn more about the intricacies of communism in case my capitalist friends try to debate me

It was a process of exploring the topics online and in books, alongside having long conversations with Leftist Daily Reminder’s other admin, Greg. I know there’s still much for me to learn, so even though I appreciate all the asks like this, I feel a bit under-prepared to tackle all the questions people have. Debating capitalism-apologists is tough because they have the status quo on their side, a huge ideological apparatus that constantly feeds us misinformation in the service of the powerful. I made a post a little while back about the main topics that leftists ought to know about when they debate capitalism-apologists, as a good way to counter all the claims they have about capitalism being “natural” and “just voluntary exchange” and whatever else.

This was the graphic for it.

I highly recommend looking into those topics. The ask tag is full of talking points you can use. 

Any further questions, feel free to ask!

-Daividh

thoughts

- boobs and “fuck” because showtime
- Edgy Cooper makes me so upset to watch but obviously that’s intentional so kudos lynch i guess
- if shelly and james hook up i stg
- it was a sweet sendoff for log lady :(
- andy and lucy are ADORABLE, and i love that hawk was promoted. but is truman coming back or…?
- i was pleased to have at least some grasp of the plot - not nearly enough, but with lynch it’s different
- okay so if your single job is to fucking watch a box, im pretty sure its a bad idea to a) invite a hot fellow heterosexual white lady into your office, b) engage in a wholesome closed-eye make out session, and c) BANG AT AN ANGLE WHERE YOU CAN’T WATCH THE FUCKING BOX. HE COULD HAVE MULTITASKED AND PAID ATTENTION TO BOTH BEFORE THE GODDAMN SILENCE FROM DOCTOR WHO POPPED OUT AND TURNED THE SHOW INTO AMERICAN HORROR STORY SEASON 7
- Laura and Leland were great.
- JERRY HORNE!!!!!! He looked like he went through a midlife crisis and began growing weed in the mountains right next to his own private petting zoo. like that whole look was fucking iconic - his mother’s beanie, the santa beard, the khaki shorts OVER pants…. thank god for jerry horne
- okay here’s the thing shaggy from scooby doo should not have been in this, because when that dude got arrested all i could think or say was “ruh-ro”
- i liked phyllis though, she was like catherine martell-level badass. too bad dumb Edgy Cooper had to take her out
- i really liked the lady from ruby’s apartment complex with the dog. 10/10
- Edgy Cooper’s Edge Squad looks like the scooby doo kids if they did hard meth instead of pot
- i hate that this reboot keeps reminding of me of scooby doo
- idk man some of those graphics looked straight outta spy kids
- SPEAKING OF WHICH, what the FUCK was going on with that TREE THING????????????????????????? I COULDN’T STOP LAUGHING???
- at one point hawk was so close to saying “dale cooper? i haven’t heard that name in years”
- im liking constance, i hope she comes back
- the police dept in south dakota had a single mountain on their patch, which makes me wonder if it’s like the doppelgänger of twin peaks? like one peak? idk the episodes gave us a lot of screentime there - we saw a murder, a school day, an investigation, law enforcement, cooper’s doppelgänger, wacky townies, and containment, which is clearly a theme in this new series. let the theories begin
- it didn’t have the twin peaks heart to it that i adore. idk it wasn’t nearly as enjoyable as even my first time watching the original series - it was just frustrating. the quote “something wonderful and strange” kind of applies here: with the original series, i immediately could tell that it was something BOTH wonderful and strange. with this, so far, it’s just… strange.
- let’s talk about product placement. Edgy Cooper’s ownership of a Surface Pro raises so many questions: does he prefer tablet mode or laptop mode? did he lose his stylus pen? did he literally go through the process of walking into a microsoft store, asking to purchase a surface pro, specifying that “no, [he] wants the BLACK keyboard, not the pink,” paying with Real Cooper’s credit card, and also picking up a copy of How to Understand Modern Technology for Dummies because he’s possessed by an ancient lodge spirit that speaks in a series of animalistic screams and laughter?
- honestly im just happy they mentioned garland briggs, it gives me hope. threw me a bone
- Real Cooper better get the fuck out of The Void real quick so i can hear more musings on tibet and idealistic quirky comments about philosophy and coffee
- all in all, stressful but i mean worth it i guess
- lynch continues to treat women like objects 60% of the time
- im excited, yet nervous, to watch more. i love this show, past and future (sigh), so much!!