burial cave

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Palace of Tobiah  (Qasr al-Abd)

Iraq al-amir, Jordan

200 BCE


Although little is known for definite about the history of Qasr al-Abd it is widely believed to have been built by a Tobiad notable, Hyrcanus of Jerusalem, head of the powerful Jewish Tobiad family and governor of Ammon. Credence for this theory is gained from the fact that the Hebrew name ‘Tuvya’ or 'Toviyya’ (Tobias) is engraved (טוביה but in a more Aramaic script) above the adjacent burial caves of Iraq al-Amir, which share their name with the nearby village.

The heavily decorated two-storey stone structure (measuring about 40 metres by 20 metres, and 13 metres high) is a rare example of Hellenistic architecture in Jordan. In the 1st century AD, Flavius Josephus described it as, “A strong fortress, which was constructed entirely of white marble up to the very roof and had beasts of gigantic size carved on it; and he enclosed it with a wide and deep moat”. The castle is built from some of the largest single blocks of any building in the Middle East, with the largest block measuring seven by three metres. However, these blocks were at most only 40 centimetres wide (making the building relatively vulnerable to the earthquake which destroyed it). 

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Ballymeanoch Standing Stones and Cist Cairn, Kilmartin Glen, Argyll, Scotland, 15.4.17. These two sets of standing stones can be seen from a distance due to their height and location. Some of the stones feature marking such as cup art and line markings and the second and the last image show the relative location of a small cist cairn. Nearby can be seen the remains of a henge and a Bronze Age linear cemetery.

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📍Mt. Ulap Itogon, Benguet

Entry point: Brgy. Ampucao, Itogon
Exit point: Brgy. Sta. Fe, Itogon
LLA: 16.2904 N, 120.6312 E, 1846 MASL (Mt. Ulap)
Specs: Difficulty 3/9
Days required / Hours to summit: 1 day / 4-5 hours
Features: Grassland and pine ridges, scenic views of the Cordilleras, burial caves

Mt Ulap Eco Trail is now a popular side trip destination from Baguio City. It is known for its amazing rock formation called Gungal Rock. It also has three peaks namely Ambanao Paway, Gungal and Mt. Ulap.

This mountain is perfect for beginners having 3/9 difficulty. You can just hike it within a day. From the start to the end of the hike, whenever you look there is a stunning view. I must say that this is an experience of a lifetime and everyone must include it in their bucket list.

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Tombs of the Sanhedrin 

Sanhedria, Jerusalem, Israel

1st century CE

Tombs of the Sanhedrin (Hebrew: קברי הסנהדרין‎‎, Kivrei HaSanhedrin), also called Tombs of the Judges, is an underground complex of 63 rock-cut tombs. The tombs are noted for their elaborate design and symmetry. They have been a site for Jewish pilgrimage since the medieval period.

The tombs were constructed on the site of an ancient quarry, with a forecourt at one end and the burial caves excavated out of the other end. The forecourt has benches hewn out of the rock for the benefit of visitors. The forecourt opens onto a small courtyard, walled on three sides. An elaborately carved Grecian pediment above the large, square entrance is decorated with plant motifs, including acanthus leaves entwined with pomegranates and figs, representative of Judeo-Hellenistic burial art of the 1st century. The inner entrance to the tombs is topped by a small pediment and was originally sealed by a stone door.

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Moel Goedog East Ring Cairn, Harlech, North Wales, 1.10.17. This cairn sits higher up the hillside than its westly counterpart and is less visible since its position is on a small plateau.

anonymous asked:

Do you know how i can get in touch with the trolls?

Post your opinion online and wait! :D

Trolls:

You can find trolls living in most rocky areas, under hills, burial mounds, and in caves and mountains where they build their stone halls. They have many intricate cities underground where they work, ruled over by a king and queen. 

Offerings to them can be crystals, gold and silver jewellery, beautiful rocks, natural pebble sculptures, and stone spirals. You’ll want to look for them at night, as like dwarfs, they are adverse to the light of the sun. They can help you stay grounded, and give you strength to stand up against bullies.

I warn you to be careful though, as there are bands of trolls who hate humans and even dislike other fae, often preying on travellers by tossing large rocks.

Bring some protection with you, such as a charm or string of bells to shake if you come across any danger with bad tempered trolls.

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North East Passage Grave of the Balnuaran of Clava or ‘Clava Cairns’, Inverness, 26.7.16. This structure stood at over three and a half metres in height and is composed of various materials. The passage of this cairn was so low that people would have to crawl in order to access the central chamber. The central space was likely lined with quartz along the back wall so that at the shortest day of the year, sunlight would have reflected on these surfaces and illuminated the chamber space. This grave is one of a large number of cairns that composed a large scale prehistoric cemetery. Of interest is the single decorated piece that forms one of the foundation stones of the cairn. There is much speculation as to whether the ‘cup and ring’ markings on this single stone represent constellations and stellar alignments.

“Skulls and bones on display in the Fontanelle cemetery in Naples, southern Italy, on November 2, 2015. The cemetery is the epicenter of what is known as ‘The Neapolitan Cult of the Dead,’ or ‘The Neapolitan Skull Cult.’ It is a vast underground ossuary located in a cave in the tuff hillside at the heart of the Sanita quarter, once used to bury the corpses of people for whom there was no room in the public graves at the churches within the city.”

More: Scenes from Underground

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The Calderstones, Calderstones Park, Liverpool, 30.5.16. The stones would have originally formed a dolmen or burial mound and it is thought that the site would have approximated that of Bryn Celli Ddu on Anglesey, North Wales. As late as 1825, the stones were in their original site with the remenants of the mound. However, since then they have been displaced several times. At one point they sat at the entrance to the park. The stones are beautifully marked with prehistoric rock art although they have been defaced with subsequent graffiti. At present they are inaccessible to the general public inside a locked glass vestibule. 

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Pre-colonial Gold Earrings

Imagine an abundance of gold, where everyone from the noble upper class to the warriors to the common people to the slaves all were covered in gold ornaments. Being passed down from generation to generation or being buried with your gold possessions to take with you to the afterlife. This was the life of our ancestors prior to the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th century. All genders, all classes, wore gold, from gold necklaces, earrings, bracelets, armlets, to even extending that love for gold to making a threaded belt and hilts of swords and daggers made of gold.

When the first Spaniards arrived on the islands of what is now known as the Philippines, from Magellan to Legazpi, they all recorded the gold jewelry that was numerous among the people they saw. They were shocked on the amount of gold they saw on a people who for the Spaniards dressed almost to naked, with the men who wore g-strings known as bahag and other various local terms, and their form of clothing was through their tattoos and gold ornaments. To the Spaniards they saw gold as a symbol of wealth, however the people they saw wore it as a part of their everyday clothing attire regardless of class and gender. One of the records that most illustrate this abundance and distribution of gold are the illustrations of pre-colonial Pilipin@s in the Boxer Codex manuscript which is the only known manuscript from the Philippines to use gold leaf.

Both men and women wore earrings and earplugs. They had their ears pierced, men with one or two holes per lobe, while women with three to four. Panika was the general term for rings and plugs worn in the lower hole (panikaan). They were also the term used for the finger-thick gold rings which were split on top to be fastened to the earlobe “like a letter O, in which Francisco Alcina mentioned "without being able to see the opening once they were inserted.” It was made by hammering a thin sheet of gold over a wax-resin mould, and it must be at least 18 karats to be soft enough to work. Some of these rings were hollow and others a solid gold heavy enough to pull the earlobe down until the ring actually touched the shoulder. In the Initao Burial Cave in Lekak, Cotabato, among the ceramic heads found was one that had holes through elongated earlobes for the rings.

The large gold plugs worn were known as pamarang or barat. Dalin-dalin were simple loops and palbad were the rosettes worn by women in the uppermost hole, dinalopang if it was shaped like a yellow dalopang blossom. Kayong-kayong was any pendant dangling from an earring and sang was a single ring worn in one ear only.

In Samar and Leyte were ear ornaments called uod, or caterpillar shaped ornaments, that were slit in the back so that they wrapped around the extended earlobe. This ear ornament can be seen on female figures carved on stone reliefs in Indian temples of the same period. The form is not seen in other parts of Southeast Asia, suggesting that there was a direct and intimate connection between Indian and Samarnon artisans.

The holes were made with a copper needle. The first piercings were made soon after birth while the next ones were made before the childs second year. A thick cotton thread was looped through the hole to keep it from closing. After the wound was healed the thread was then replaced with a series of gradually thicker bamboo or hardwood splints until the hole was large enough to fit the circumference of the little finger. It was then over time extended to the desired size by inserting leaves tightly rolled up to exert steady, gentle, pressure outwards. 

If by any chance the distended lobes tore, the ends would be trimmed and the raw edges would be sutured together to heal the hole again. This procedure was know as kulot or sisip and it was more frequently asked by women as when women fought against one another they would go for each others ears first. 

They even had terms for those without pierced ears, bingbing, and those whose ear lobes were naturally to short for a successful piercing and distending known as bitbit.