hope this isn't a dumb question, but why do we call Deutsch German? Kinda implies it's the "main" language of the Germanic family doesn't it?
Huh, I’d never really thought about that before. That’s a great question. :) Sorry for the late response! I actually didn’t know the answer, so I asked on Quora. “German” was the name for the German language (in English) before linguists came up with the concept of “Germanic languages”, so the question is actually why the “Germanic languages” were named after German.
Part of the reason is that languages are often named for their most prominent member, and in the 19th century, German had an equal claim to that status as English. However, the most important part of the answer has little to do with the languages themselves – basically, most of the pioneers of historical linguistics were German.
If you look at the Wikipedia article on Indo-European languages, three of the four writers of the founding texts in mentions wrote in German – Bopp, Brugmann and Schleicher, with only Saussure writing in French. They were continuing a rich German tradition of linguistics that had defined many of the language changes from Low to High German, and as the field expanded wider, this traditional convention continued. In fact, in German, the Indo-European languages are called the Indo-Germanic languages, reflecting the family’s northwesternmost and southeasternmost branches.
The Germanic languages did most likely come out of what is now Germany, and if you count the extinct Gothic languages Germany could be seen as being in the centre of the Germanic world; moreover, of the modern Germanic languages, German arguably retains the most features of proto-Germanic, such as noun cases. However, my view is that it’s not the linguistic fundamentals but rather the academic history of the field that determined the name.
And an elaboration on when “Germanic languages” was first used:
I can’t tell for certain, but it seems to be gaining currency in the early 19th century. Franz Bopp wrote his famous treatise on Sanskrit “In comparison with that of Greek, Latin, Persian and the Germanic languages” in 1816, and Rasmus Rask published his work on the origin of the Norse languages in 1818, where he links ‘Norse’ and ‘Germanic’, suggesting that Germanic was used to include the languages of Europe (including English, which he places in the Gothic family) but not necessarily those of Scandinavia. I don’t know who first said it though.
Colorful Glitches and Abstract Tones: The Video Art of @zoomzipremix
To see (and hear) more of John’s video art, check out @zoomzipremix on Instagram. For more music stories, head to @music.
This past February, motion graphics artist John Brugmann (@zoomzipremix) gave himself a challenge: create a month’s worth of video art paired with original music.
“In my day-to-day, I am doing motion graphics and it is fairly tame; it’s a lot of golf-based stuff,” says John. “I had done some visual effects work in the past, and I missed doing that.”
The end results are far different from his 9-to-5 portfolio: a colorful collection of dreamy/creepy clips backed by ambient electronic tones that John had hibernating on his hard drive. “I thought, I have been making all these tracks, some of them are garbage, but there are 15 seconds in these that are pretty good,” he says. “I took the challenge by putting them out there.” For the visuals, he would take specific shots, then experiment by adding glitches and other slow motion effects.
Adding the music to his video art is fitting, as John’s musical roots began in the digital world. When he was younger, he would go over to his friend’s house and use an old Macintosh sound recorder program to layer and loop his voice. That early, do-it-yourself training would come in handy years later when he took a college course in video editing. While creative classes can be hit or miss, John lucked out. His teacher wasn’t interested in textbook discussions. She wanted the students to learn by making their own.
“The teacher was very cool about it,” he says. “’You have got to make these art videos, you’ve got to do it all yourself, you’ve got to find music, but no using Van Halen – nothing commercially available. It has to be something on the up and up.’”
At that point, John, who hails from Orange County, California, had been spending time making music on the computer that he had never played to anybody. So why not put it to good use?
“That’s when the whole video art thing started,” he says. “This was right in that time of your life where your creativity is just at a 10. You’re there to soak everything up, and the world is full of possibilities. So I could make all these fun little art videos. Looking back on them, I don’t know if they are the best.”
Though those videos might not be at a level that John aims for now, the 15-second clips he’s currently posting have gotten a tremendous response, leading him to collaborate with other artists. For a recent project, he contacted a group of photographers to animate and score their photos. And that’s just the start.
“Now I am totally inspired to just try and be as ambitious as possible,” he says. “I still want to keep putting up little art videos, but I want to be able to do something big. I don’t know what that is yet, but I am completely and utterly inspired to just shoot for the moon”
Bruxelles - Ixelles - Eglise des Pères Barnabites. Avenue Brugmann et rue Darwin.
La photo est une vue d'Ixelles prise depuis Forest.
L’église du couvent des Pères Barnabites a été construite en 1905 par l’architecte Léopold Pepermans.
L'ordre des Barnabites (curieux nom, n'est-ce pas?) a été appelé ainsi, parce qu'à la base, le centre de leurs activités se tenait dans le cloître de l'église Saint-Barnabé de Milan (Chiesa di San Barnaba).