flashback to 2-3 years ago when both Yuuri and Phichit had yet to even get to the GPF and they’re having a couple (the ten-ish couple) of drinks slurring their words like-

“Yuuuuri, you’re soooo great lis’en one day you wee be up in the top breakin’ wo’d records my friend”

“yah and I also bee mar-ring Victo’ Nikiforo’ by the same time”

-and they both burst into laughing

Crystals of 2-iodobenzoic acid that crystallized out from the reaction mixture.

2-iodobenzoic acid is a quite easy to prepare chemical, made from anthranilic acid by the Sandmeyer reaction. It starts with the diazotization of anthranilic acid followed by a diazo replacement. First anthranilic acid is treated with nitrous acid in order to convert the amino group into the diazo group. The diazo group is ejected, yielding a carbocation which is then attacked by highly nucleophilic I− anion.

From o-iodobenzoic acid several chemicals could be made, on of these and probably one of the most famous is the IBX and the Dess-Martin Periodane. 

Dess–Martin periodinane (DMP) is a chemical reagent used to oxidize primary alcohols to aldehydes and secondary alcohols to ketones. Compared to other reagents, it has several advantages that include milder conditions (room temperature, neutral pH), shorter reaction times, higher yields, simplified workups, high chemoselectivity, tolerance of sensitive functional groups, and a long shelf life. It is named after the American chemists Daniel Benjamin Dess and James Cullen Martin who developed the reagent in 1983.

It’s produced with a two step reaction, involving the oxidation of the iodine atom of the corresponding benzoic acid with Oxone or potassium-bromate and sulfuric acid, than treating the resulting IBX (2-iodoxybenzoic acid) with acetic anhydride. The only bad point in the synthesis, that the IBX and the DMP could explode if not treated properly. 

anonymous asked:

any adam/gansey headcanons??


  • They have long debates about the most nonsensical things like
  • “Strawberries are so much tougher than blueberries honestly Richard”
  • “Oh really? Than why are blueberries such a fantastic source of anti-oxidants? Hm?”
  • “That has nothing to do with the toughness of a berry and it is so like you to drag anti-oxidants into this”
  • Adam teaching Gansey about cars like
  • “What’s that?”-toddler with a license
  • “The engine”
  • “What’s that”
  • “The washer fluid”
  • “Why is it blue?”
  • It took 3 solid afternoons but eventually Gansey gets the basics
  • They have random Indiana Jones marathons
  • Gansey “””forgets”””” his lunch at St.Agnes all the time
  • Gansey made Adam a duct tape wallet that he uses to this day
  • Adam is physically unable to do a somersault and Gansey spends hours trying to teach him
  • “You just bend over like this”
  • “WHAT IS HAPPENING”-ronan after spotting gansey bending his boyfriend over
  • Gansey puts those light reflecting things on the back of Adam’s bike (see Mom Friend)
  • When he goes away to university Gansey gets atleast 3 emails a day
  • From: Henrietta Home Boy
  • Body: And I thought Chainsaw was bad
  • Gansey doesn’t delete any of them
  • They had a corn on the cob eating competition (at the fair) and Gansey won and Adam is both ashamed at his lack of hick and worried by how fast Gansey ate 20 cobs of corn
  • They were picking corn out of their teeth for days
  • Gansey totally has all of Adam’s academic awards on the fridge in Monmouth
  • They have spontaneous accent swaps
  • Adam’s Gansey accent is quite good
  • But Gansey’s Adam accent sounds terrible and blue is offended but Adam laughs every time
  • They play a game where they have those kiddie fridge magnets that are shaped like letters and they leave each other Shakespeare lines on the fridge
  • “excellent! I love long life better than figs”-gansey
  • “what u egg”-adam

Send me ships or characters for headcanons

The arguement for Dean/Cas

So Dean Winchester is bisexual, and this right here sums it up really well.

Now that you’ve accepted Dean’s fluid sexuality, time to make my case about Destiel.

  • First off, Profound Bond.

  • “I killed two angels this week, some of my brothers. I’m hunted, I’ve rebelled,and I did it, all of it, for you.”

  • ‘One of the oldest romantic tropes in the book, is watching the object of your affection sleep. Which Castiel has done multiple times, one time even asking what Dean had been dreaming about…

Dean has done it in return; even in the middle of an apocalypse he didn’t fail to point out that Cas was adorable when he was sleeping, even when Cas sleeping was actually a sign that something was not right in the world

  • Another popular romantic trope where one pines as they’re watching the other without them knowing

  • The exact same trope that was used for Sam/Jess that was used for Destiel, them hallucinating the beloved one they’d lost

  • Another romantic trope: touching the face of the one you love

  • The crypt scene. The ‘I need you’ that the writers had planned to be an ‘I love you’, even confirmed by Jensen Ackles.-Jensen said that it wasn’t Dean’s style to just come out and say it, so he changed the line. It was the I need you I love you  that broke the mind control

  • Remember the other ‘I need you’ in Purgatory. This ‘I need you’ was not based on Dean needing Cas to get out of Purgatory. Cas was a complication when it came to leaving that place, not an asset. Yet Dean needed him, and refused to go on with out him. 

    Dean even altered his own memories because he couldn’t stand the thought of Cas not wanting to stay with him.’

  • Dean checking on Cas before Sam.

Dean also forgave Cas for hurting Sam (When he broke his wall). Name one other person, let alone a supernatural being, that has ever had that privilege.

  • Dean keeping the trenchcoat. Dean doesn’t, in general, keep soggy goo-ridden momentos of his dead friends. Reminiscent military widows, and the folding of the flag in honor of their service.

  • Everyone else ships it

We’ve already established Dean as representative of humanity…

-pregnant pause-

  • Those flirty moments:

Sam’s face totally says he’s your angel, you deal with it.

  • With all the eye sex:

  • And the personal space issues (I’ll only briefly touch on those, there’s a lovely post about it here)

  • What heterosexual ‘best friends only’ bromates not only knows the other’s porn preference, but buys it as an apology?

  • Or this moment, when Dean describes how good sex feels, and how bad it has started to feel always leaving after.

Originally, this episode was set to air directly after the episode with Cas as a gas station clerk. In that episode, Cas presumably spends the night in Dean’s hotel room (because he doesn’t go back to the store where he had been sleeping until morning) and then they reluctantly part ways again in the morning.

It’s not that far of a stretch to say he was thinking about Cas having to leave again.

  • Remember Anna?

She was originally slated to be the ‘angel on Dean’s shoulder’, with her prepped to be Dean’s romantic endgame. Well, everyone liked Cas better, so they switched their roles…

  • How about Dean leaving a greenhorn hunter to deal with monster-infested Chicago, because Cas called?

  • How all the supernatural creatures know that the way to get to Cas is to get Dean.

  • Cas chosing Dean over duty, family, and literally a whole host of people depending on him (when Dean was being accused of murder)

  • Cas longingly telling Sam he misses Dean…while lounging in bed naked.

  • Speaking of lounging in bed, this is Dean’s bedroom before Cas was human

And after Cas was supposed to be living with them at the bunker.

‘Look how he’s set up on the bed. That pillow is normally in the center. But now? Off to one side, as if there should be another pillow beside him. As if there should be someone sharing his bed (and his life) with him. Someone who is absent. Someone’s whose absence is very much felt right now. I could be reading WAY too much into this but…knowing this show this was very VERY deliberate.’

‘I was just thinking that, actually.  And from a film perspective, that’s actually a very odd position to be in, not even taking into account the fact that the pillow is usually center.  Usually when someone is lying on a bed like this, they’re positioned in the center because otherwise the shot is off balance.  Whereas this shot is almost purposefully off-balance, in a way that’s very attention grabbing.  I mean, that’s only a full sized bed, not even a queen, so that’s not actually a natural place to lie down- he looks almost like he’s about to fall off the bed, given the lighting and the dark color of his clothes.  So this show has been deliberately set up to draw attention to the fact that there’s nobody lying next to him, that there’s no pillow for anyone else- yet the space is there, the blanket and the nightstand, perfect for someone who is already sharing his life.’

When the pros were tweeted, asking if that was done on purpose

  • The ingredients for the spell to close Heaven-a cupid’s bow, a Nephilim, and an angel’s grace. Now a cupid’s bow is self-explanatory. A Nephilim is the result of love between an angel and a human. Metatron’s a writer. There’s no way he didn’t chose Castiel’s grace specifically to fit the story. With two other ingredients pertaining to love, what could possibly be the reason he chose Cas? Even if you say it’s his love for humanity…well, we’ve already established that might as well be Dean’s middle name.

  • Speaking of the 'L’ word, the beginning song of season 9 was “Who do you love?” with many various cuts directly from Dean to Cas in the montage. ‘Songs, as you know, are chosen for a reason on Supernatural, and this one framed the season for us: the question is asked explicitly, right from the start: who do you love? The song seems like an odd choice for the season opener of the show – unless, of course, love (in all its forms) is to be a major theme of the season. Shippers noticed right away that the editors of this musical video tribute to seasons past (and particularly the events of season eight) gave us one possible answer: Castiel, his entrances timed perfectly with the question at hand, every time. Who do you love, and how?’
  • Cas also always immediately recognizes when there’s something wrong with Dean. With the mark of Cain

  • And in 2014, when he automatically knows he’s Past Dean

Speaking of 2014, there’s a few more saucily suggestive gems

And there’s the fact that he goes in to die, as a distraction, because Dean says so.

  • Charlie describing Cas is suspect. She only knows what Cas looks like through the Carver Edlund books, and Dean’s description. She’s a lesbian. Why would she get that he’s ‘dreamy’ from a book description? Sounds like Dean was waxing a little poetic there…

You know, as he does. Because Dean describing other people is bare facts: height, weight, etc. Describing Cas

  • Or how Dean went from


Unabashedley piecemealed from other people’s posts in places, here
’s credit for as much of it as I can X, X, X

Welcome to the 2017 DMMD Big Bang!

Hi there! After an overwhelmingly positive response, I’ve made this blog and will be running the 2017 DMMD Big Bang with another lovely mod! 

What is a Big Bang?
Well, it’s an event for writers and artists to work together to create awesome stuff for a fandom. Writers write something and artists draw something off of the fic.

Writers sign ups are closed

Artists sign ups are closed

Rules of the Bang are here

Deadlines for the Bang are here

Ask any questions here

And meet the mods here

I’ll be tagging everyone who’s shown interest under the cut here.

See you soon! ~<3 Mod Gamma

Keep reading

MINKin Park is okay, but I prefer the Backstreet Noiz.

Inspired by this amazing post by bromatical-murder.

What am I doing with my life?

“Well, I believe what you are doing is making Boy Bands and Boy’s Love collide,Creator-sama-chan-san! And that is a wonderful thing.”

Y-yeah.. you are right, follower-chan, t-thank you.

PS: Yes, the “Backstreet Noiz” font IS edited from the DRAMAtical Murder logo font… I have too much free time.

Oscillating chemiluminescent reaction using a  luminol-H2O2-KSCN-CuSO4-NaOH system. 

Long ago, according to the second law of thermodynamics, chemical reactions could only go one way, from starting material A to product B, since in every natural thermodynamic process the sum of the entropies of all participating bodies is increased. The except is the oscillating reactions, a classical example of non-equilibrium thermodynamics.

In 1951 Boris Pavlovic Belousov noted, while investigating the citric acid circle, that in a mix of potassium bromate, cerium(IV) sulfate, malonic acid, and citric acid in dilute sulfuric acid, the ratio of concentration of the cerium(IV) and cerium(III) ions oscillated, causing the colour of the solution to oscillate between a yellow solution and a colorless solution. Belousov made two attempts to publish his finding, but was rejected on the grounds that he could not explain his results (because of the second law of thermodynamics) to the satisfaction of the editors of the journals to which he submitted his results.

During the last 60 years, several oscillating chemical reactions have been described, some of them uses luminol as a chemiluminescent indicator as seen on the above gif. Chemiluminescent reactions are also among the most fascinating demonstrations. Many of these demonstrations can be found in the Journal of Chemical Education.

(1-4) Artificial coloring agents blue 1, blue 2, yellow 5, and yellow 6

These are found in an array of processed food items including cake and cake mixes, candy, macaroni and cheese, medicines, sport drinks, soda, pet food, and cheese, artificial dyes are used to make foods to seem more visually appealing to consumers. Don’t be fooled, however. “Today most artificial colors are made from coal tar, which is also used to seal-coat products to preserve and protect the shine of industrial floors… It also appears in head lice shampoos to kill off the small bugs.” How yummy.

(5) Olestra/Olean

This chemical additive is found in fat-free potato chips, “this fat substitute appears to cause a dramatic depletion of fat-soluble vitamins and carotenoids, robbing us of the vital micro-nutrients.” For this reason, many countries, including the U.K. and Canada, have banned it. It has been dubbed one of “The Worst 50 Inventions” by TIME.

(6 & 7) BHA and BHT

These chemicals are found in cereal, nut mixes/trail mixes, gum, butter, meat, dehydrated potatoes, and beer. California is the only state that recognizes the U.S. National Institute of Health’s report that BHA is may be a human carcinogen, a cancer-causing agent.

(8) Azodicarbonamide

This chemical additive is found in breads, frozen dinners, boxed pasta mixes, and packaged baked goods. While most countries wait a week for flour to naturally whiten, American food companies prefer to use this chemical to bleach the flour ASAP. This chemical has been linked to asthma and is primarily used in foamed plastics, like yoga mats and sneaker soles.

(9) Arsenic

Yep, Arsenic. It is added to chicken feed to promote growth, improve efficiency in feeding the birds, and boost pigmentation, which gives them the appearance of being more healthy and fresher. The chemical ends up in the final product, the conveniently packaged poultry found in a grocery store near you. The EU has outlawed the use of arsenic since 1999. Though the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classifies inorganic arsenic as a “human carcinogen,” it is still allowed to be used in chicken feed.

(10 & 11) Synthetic hormones rBGH and rBST

These synthetic hormones are found in milk and dairy products because they are injected in cows to boost milk production by about 10 percent. As with arsenic, these hormones end up in the final product and eventually in the consumer. The milk is supercharged with IGF-1 (insulin growth factor -1), which has been linked to breast, colon, and prostate cancers. (Read more about these hormones here.)

(12) Potassium bromate (aka brominated flour)

This chemical additive is found in rolls, wraps, flatbread, bread crumbs, and bagel chips. It helps strengthen dough which reduces the amount of time needed for baking, lowering overall costs. It has been associated with kidney and nervous system disorders as well as gastrointestinal discomfort. Strangely, “while the FDA has not banned the use of bromated flour, they do urge bakers to voluntarily leave it out.” Furthermore, bromine is a poisonous chemical that is considered both corrosive and toxic and has been linked to major organ system damage, birth defects, growth problems, schizophrenia, and hearing loss, which explains why it’s been nixed in more than 100 countries.

(13) Brominated vegetable oil (aka BVO)

This chemical additive is found in sports drinks and citrus-flavored sodas since it prevents the flavoring from separating and floating to the surface of these beverages. “Because it competes with iodine for receptor sites in the body, elevated levels of the stuff may lead to thyroid issues, such as hypothyroidism, autoimmune disease, and cancer.”

External image

10 American Foods that are Banned in Other Countries

Americans are slowly waking up to the sad fact that much of the food sold in the US is far inferior to the same foods sold in other nations. In fact, many of the foods you eat are BANNED in other countries.

Here, I’ll review 10 American foods that are banned elsewhere.

Seeing how the overall health of Americans is so much lower than other industrialized countries, you can’t help but wonder whether toxic foods such as these might play a role in our skyrocketing disease rates.

#1: Milk and Dairy Products Laced with rBGH

Recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH) is the largest selling dairy animal drug in America. RBGH is a synthetic version of natural bovine somatotropin (BST), a hormone produced in cows’ pituitary glands. Monsanto developed the recombinant version from genetically engineered E. coli bacteria and markets it under the brand name “Posilac.”

It’s injected into cows to increase milk production, but it is banned in at least 30 other nations because of its dangers to human health, which include an increased risk for colorectal, prostate, and breast cancer by promoting conversion of normal tissue cells into cancerous ones. Non-organic dairy farms frequently have rBGH-injected cows that suffer at least 16 different adverse health conditions, including very high rates of mastitis that contaminate milk with pus and antibiotics.

Where it’s banned: Australia, New Zealand, Israel, EU and Canada

“According to the American Cancer Society, the increased use of antibiotics to treat this type of rBGH-induced inflammation ‘does promote the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, but the extent to which these are transmitted to humans is unclear,’” the featured article states.

Many have tried to inform the public of the risks of using this hormone in dairy cows, but their attempts have been met with overwhelming opposition by the powerful dairy and pharmaceutical industries, and their government liaisons. In 1997, two Fox-affiliate investigative journalists, Jane Akre and Steve Wilson, attempted to air a program exposing the truth about the dangers of rBGH. Lawyers for Monsanto, a major advertiser with the Florida network, sent letters promising “dire consequences” if the story aired.

Despite decades of evidence about the dangers of rBGH, the FDA still maintains it’s safe for human consumption and ignores scientific evidence to the contrary. In 1999, the United Nations Safety Agency ruled unanimously not to endorse or set safety standards for rBGH milk, which has effectively resulted in an international ban on US milk.4 The Cancer Prevention Coalition, trying for years to get the use of rBGH by the dairy industry banned, resubmitted a petition to FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg, MD, in January 2010.5 Although the FDA stubbornly sticks to its position that milk from rBGH-treated cows is no different than milk from untreated cows, this is just plain false and is not supported by science. The only way to avoid rBGH is to look for products labeled as “rBGH-free” or “No rBGH.”

#2: Genetically Engineered Papaya

Most Hawaiian papaya is now genetically engineered to be resistant to ringspot virus. Mounting research now shows that animals fed genetically engineered foods, such as corn and soy, suffer a wide range of maladies, including intestinal damage, multiple-organ damage, massive tumors, birth defects, premature death, and near complete sterility by the third generation of offspring. Unfortunately, the gigantic human lab experiment is only about 10 years old, so we are likely decades away from tabulating the human casualties.

Where it’s banned: The European Union

Unfortunately, it’s clear that the US government is not in a position to make reasonable and responsible decisions related to genetically engineered foods at this point, when you consider the fact that the Obama administration has placed former Monsanto attorney and Vice President, Michael Taylor, in charge of US food safety, and serious conflicts of interest even reign supreme within the US Supreme Court! That’s right. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas is also a former Monsanto attorney, but refuses to acknowledge any conflict of interest.

#3: Ractopamine-Tainted Meat

The beta agonist drug ractopamine (a repartitioning agent that increases protein synthesis) was recruited for livestock use when researchers found that the drug, used in asthma, made mice more muscular. This reduces the overall fat content of the meat. Ractopamine is currently used in about 45 percent of US pigs, 30 percent of ration-fed cattle, and an unknown percentage of turkeys are pumped full of this drug in the days leading up to slaughter. Up to 20 percent of ractopamine remains in the meat you buy from the supermarket, according to veterinarian Michael W. Fox.

Where it’s banned: 160 countries across Europe, Russia, mainland China and Republic of China (Taiwan)

Since 1998, more than 1,700 people have been “poisoned” from eating pigs fed the drug, and ractopamine is banned from use in food animals in no less than 160 different countries due to its harmful health effects! Effective February 11, 2013, Russia issued a ban on US meat imports, slated to last until the US agrees to certify that the meat is ractopamine-free. At present, the US does not even test for the presence of this drug in meats sold. In animals, ractopamine is linked to reductions in reproductive function, increase of mastitis in dairy herds, and increased death and disability. It’s also known to affect the human cardiovascular system, and is thought to be responsible for hyperactivity, and may cause chromosomal abnormalities and behavioral changes.

Read about the benefits of grass-fed beef compared to standard feed lot beef.

#4: Flame Retardant Drinks

If you live in the US and drink Mountain Dew and some other citrus-flavored sodas and sports drinks, then you are also getting a dose of a synthetic chemical called brominated vegetable oil (BVO), which was originally patented by chemical companies as a flame retardant.

BVO has been shown to bioaccumulate in human tissue and breast milk, and animal studies have found it causes reproductive and behavioral problems in large doses. Bromine is a central nervous system depressant, and a common endocrine disruptor. It’s part of the halide family, a group of elements that includes fluorine, chlorine and iodine. When ingested, bromine competes for the same receptors that are used to capture iodine. This can lead to iodine deficiency, which can have a very detrimental impact on your health. Bromine toxicity can manifest as skin rashes, acne, loss of appetite, fatigue, and cardiac arrhythmias.

Where it’s banned: Europe and Japan

According to the featured article:

“The FDA has flip-flopped on BVO’s safety originally classifying it as ‘generally recognized as safe’ but reversing that call now defining it as an ‘interim food additive’ a category reserved for possibly questionable substances used in food.”

#5: Processed Foods Containing Artificial Food Colors and Dyes

More than 3,000 food additives — preservatives, flavorings, colors and other ingredients — are added to US foods, including infant foods and foods targeted to young children. Meanwhile, many of these are banned in other countries, based on research showing toxicity and hazardous health effects, especially with respect to adverse effects on children’s behavior. For example, as reported in the featured article:

“Boxed Mac & Cheese, cheddar flavored crackers, Jell-O and many kids’ cereals contain red 40, yellow 5, yellow 6 and/or blue 2, the most popularly-used dyes in the United States. Research has shown this rainbow of additives can cause behavioral problems as well as cancer, birth defects and other health problems in laboratory animals. Red 40 and yellow 6 are also suspected of causing an allergy-like hypersensitivity reaction in children. The Center for Science in the Public Interest reports that some dyes are also “contaminated with known carcinogens.”

Where it’s banned: Norway and Austria. In 2009, the British government advised companies to stop using food dyes by the end of that year. The European Union also requires a warning notice on most foods containing dyes.

In countries where these food colors and dyes are banned, food companies like Kraft employ natural colorants instead, such as paprika extract, beetroot, and annatto. The food blogger and activist Vani Hari, better known as “Food Babe,” recently launched a petition2 asking Kraft to remove artificial dyes from American Mac & Cheese to protect American children from the well-known dangers of these dyes.

#6: Arsenic-Laced Chicken

Arsenic-based drugs are approved for use in animal feed in the US because they make animals grow quicker and make the meat appear pinker (i.e. “fresher”). The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has stated these products are safe because they contain organic arsenic, which is less toxic than the other inorganic form, which is a known carcinogen.

Where it’s banned: The European Union

The problem is, scientific reports surfaced stating that the organic arsenic could transform into inorganic arsenic, which has been found in elevated levels in supermarket chickens. The inorganic arsenic also contaminates manure where it can eventually migrate into drinking water and may also be causing heightened arsenic levels in US rice.

In 2011, Pfizer announced it would voluntarily stop marketing its arsenic-based feed additive Roxarsone, but there are still several others on the market. Several environmental groups have filed a lawsuit against the FDA calling for their removal from the market. In the European Union, meanwhile, arsenic-based compounds have never been approved as safe for animal feed.

#7: Bread with Potassium Bromate

You might not be aware of this, but nearly every time you eat bread in a restaurant or consume a hamburger or hotdog bun you are consuming bromide, as it is commonly used in flours. The use of potassium bromate as an additive to commercial breads and baked goods has been a huge contributor to bromide overload in Western cultures.

Where it’s banned: Canada, China and the EU

Bromated flour is “enriched” with potassium bromate. Commercial baking companies claim it makes the dough more elastic and better able to stand up to bread hooks. However, Pepperidge Farm and other successful companies manage to use only unbromated flour without any of these so-called “structural problems.” Studies have linked potassium bromate to kidney and nervous system damage, thyroid problems, gastrointestinal discomfort, and cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies potassium bromate as a possible carcinogen.

#8: Olestra/Olean

Olestra, aka Olean, created by Procter & Gamble, is a calorie- and cholesterol-free fat substitute used in fat-free snacks like chips and French fries. Three years ago, Time Magazine3 named it one of the worst 50 inventions ever, but that hasn’t stopped food companies from using it to satisfy people’s mistaken belief that a fat-free snack is a healthier snack. According to the featured article:

“Not only did a 2011 study from Purdue University conclude rats fed potato chips made with Olean gained weight, there have been several reports of adverse intestinal reactions to the fake fat including diarrhea, cramps and leaky bowels. And because it interferes with the absorption of fat soluble vitamins such as A, D, E and K, the FDA requires these vitamins be added to any product made with Olean or olestra.”

Where it’s banned: The UK and Canada

#9: Preservatives BHA and BHT

BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) are commonly used preservatives that can be found in breakfast cereal, nut mixes, chewing gum, butter spread, meat, dehydrated potatoes, and beer, just to name a few. BHA is known to cause cancer in rats, and may be a cancer-causing agent in humans as well. In fact, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services, National Toxicology Program’s 2011 Report on Carcinogens, BHA “is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.” It may also trigger allergic reactions and hyperactivity, while BHT can cause organ system toxicity.

Where it’s banned: The UK doesn’t allow BHA in infant foods. BHA and BHT are also banned in parts of the European Union and Japan.

#10: Farm-Raised Salmon

If you want to maximize health benefits from fish, you want to steer clear of farmed fish, particularly farmed salmon fed dangerous chemicals. Wild salmon gets its bright pinkish-red color from natural carotenoids in their diet. Farmed salmon, on the other hand, are raised on a wholly unnatural diet of grains (including genetically engineered varieties), plus a concoction of antibiotics and other drugs and chemicals not shown to be safe for humans.

This diet leaves the fish with unappetizing grayish flesh so to compensate, they’re fed synthetic astaxanthin made from petrochemicals, which has not been approved for human consumption and has well known toxicities. According to the featured article, some studies suggest it can potentially damage your eyesight. More details are available in yesterday’s article.

Where it’s banned: Australia and New Zealand

How can you tell whether a salmon is wild or farm-raised? The flesh of wild sockeye salmon is bright red, courtesy of its natural astaxanthin content. It’s also very lean, so the fat marks, those white stripes you see in the meat, are very thin. If the fish is pale pink with wide fat marks, the salmon is farmed.

Avoid Atlantic salmon, as typically salmon labeled “Atlantic Salmon” currently comes from fish farms. The two designations you want to look for are: “Alaskan salmon,” and “sockeye salmon,” as Alaskan sockeye is not allowed to be farmed. Please realize that the vast majority of all salmon sold in restaurants is farm raised.

So canned salmon labeled “Alaskan Salmon” is a good bet, and if you find sockeye salmon, it’s bound to be wild. Again, you can tell sockeye salmon from other salmon by its color; its flesh is bright red opposed to pink, courtesy of its superior astaxanthin content. Sockeye salmon actually has one of the highest concentrations of astaxanthin of any food.


Photo by @GerdLudwig. The surface of the large open-air Ivanhoe Reservoir in Los Angeles is completely covered with over three million black plastic balls, which help deflect UV rays. In 2007, high levels of bromate - a carcinogen formed when bromide and chlorine react with sunlight - were found in its water which prompted officials to look for affordable ways of shading the reservoir. A biologist suggested so-called “bird-balls”, commonly used by airports to prevent birds from congregating in wet areas alongside runways. The balls, which cost 40 cents each, are made of polyethylene, with carbon coating.
The city recently continued with the program, covering the LA Reservoir as well.
@thephotosociety @natgeocreative @theimagereview #Ivanhoe #reservoir #LosAngeles #California #preservation #chemicals #boat #carcinogen #environment #bromate by natgeo