Bright Spiral Galaxy M81 : One of the brightest galaxies in planet Earths sky is similar in size to our Milky Way Galaxy: big, beautiful M81. This grand spiral galaxy can be found toward the northern constellation of the Great Bear . This superbly detailed view reveals M81s bright yellow nucleus, blue spiral arms, and sweeping cosmic dust lanes with a scale comparable to the Milky Way. Hinting at a disorderly past, a remarkable dust lane actually runs straight through the disk, to the left of the galactic center, contrary to M81s other prominent spiral features. The errant dust lane may be the lingering result of a close encounter between M81 and its smaller companion galaxy, M82. Scrutiny of variable stars in M81 has yielded one of the best determined distances for an external galaxy 11.8 million light-years. via NASA
It’s been a while since I was an astronomy TA, so I’ve devoted a lot of time to getting familiar with the cosmos during this first month or so of practicing cosmic witchcraft. These are a few of the most important things I’ve done to grow my craft:
Stargaze. Looking at pictures of the galaxy and solar system is nice, but there’s nothing like using your own eyes to gaze into the night sky.
You can see quite a bit with a good pair of binoculars and you can find some small telescopes for less than $100, although you don’t really need any magnification to enjoy the beauty of the night sky.
Maybe there’s an observatory in your area! Find anywhere you might get a little closer to the sky, even if it’s just an open field out of town away from light pollution.
For city witches, the roofs of parking garages can be great spots to look at the planets and brightest constellations.
Celebrate stellar events.Meteor showers, eclipses, equinoxes, solstices, there are plenty of stellar events every year and many of them already correspond with traditional pagan/Wiccan holidays! Celebrate by stargazing, watching a sci-fi movie, or performing a magickal ritual.
Get in tune with the moon, sun, and the planets. What phase is the moon in today? When will Jupiter set? When will Saturn rise? Astrologers utilize the motions of the planets to show us how they affect our day to day life - and even if you don’t ascribe to astrology, knowing where the planets and stellar bodies will be throughout the day will help you plan your practice and get in tune with the universe.
Astronomy. Our eyes are the only tools we have to connect with the cosmos using our own five senses (actually, there are some beautiful recordings of what space sounds like), so learning more about the universe can help us connect with the sky can help deepen our relationship with it. Try to learn something new about the cosmos every day. The more you understand the universe, the more equipped you’ll be to handle its power and energy.
Astrology. If you’re interested, see what astrology charts have to say about your personality and abilities. Not everyone believes in astrology, which is totally valid, but I think it’s interesting to know where the planets/sun/moon were on the day you were born. Take everything you read with a grain of salt and find out what the relationships between the planets mean for yourself. Maybe you’ll find a certain planet/constellation does have an effect on you or your life, it’s just not the one your horoscope says.
Astro-magic. There are a few books about astro-magic and plenty of mythology to study. You might find something another witch has to say resonates with you, or perhaps you’ll be inspired to follow your own path. Experiment! Try using certain herbs and oils for different spells. Did they work? Do you think something else would work better?
Get in tune with the ocean. The sun and the moon have a powerful effect on Earth’s tides. How might these influences affect your use of liquids in your practice?
Develop a personal relationship with the stars. The stars looked different on the day everyone was born, and the sky looks different in every city in the world. Research is important, but this is your relationship with the sky. I think the most beautiful thing about cosmic witchcraft is that even though every witch’s practice may look different, we’re all looking at the same sky.
In Mesopotamian mythology, Inanna is the goddess of love, sex appeal, and battle. She is also patron of what we today call Venus, the brightest planet in the sky. She was also the patron of Uruk, one of the earliest and most enduring cities. Inanna was in many ways the most influential Mesopotamian deity. In fact, she is the reason for the seasons, the ebb and flow of the rain which kept the Mesopotamians alive year after year.
The story goes thus: Inanna, ever ambitious, wishes to visit her sister Ereshkigal in the underworld and take her place as queen of the dead. Inanna leaves behind her beloved Dumuzi, shepherd god, husband, and her “honey man.”
Enjolras is Sol, the Sun, trapping the planets in his gravity; the body that provides them both daylight and warmth. But it’s dangerous–a star determines the fates of its planets, and a light that burns so fiercely can’t burn forever.
Grantaire is Mercury, the smallest planet and nearest to the Sun, named for the god of messengers. When facing Sol, the planet warms, reaching over 400 degrees Celsius. When turned away, the already-barren surface becomes cold and dark; dropping below -170.
Though it is so close to us on Earth, much about it remains a mystery.
Jehan is Venus, the hottest planet, named for the goddess of love and beauty. It is unique in its movements, rotating in the opposite direction of the other planets. The brightest object in our sky apart from the Sun, poets and songwriters alike, for centuries, have been calling Venus the ‘morning star’ and ‘evening star’.
Feuilly is Earth, the ideal planet, and our home. Earth is favoured by Sol, being the only planet in the narrow range of distances from the star that allows life to exist. It’s not the biggest planet, nor the warmest, nor the one with the largest moon, but its averageness itself made it perfect.
Bahorel is Mars, named for the god of war for of its reddish glow. Though on first glance Mars seems unforgiving and cold, with a closer look, it was found to be the most conductive to life. The names of the rovers landed on it seem to reflect the essence of the planet itself–’Spirit’ and ‘Opportunity’.
Courfeyrac is Jupiter, the largest planet, nearly a star in its own right for the number of moons it has trapped in its orbit due to its immense gravity. It was named for the god of thunder, fittingly so–the storm in the massive red spot on its surface has been raging for centuries.
Combeferre is Saturn, often considered the solar system’s ‘jewel’ for the rings that made it a source of scientific fascination since its discovery. The strength of its gravitational influence is bested only by that of Jupiter and the Sun. It was (most aptly) named for the god of agriculture and liberation.
Bossuet is Uranus, named for the god of the sky, and the planet that expanded the celestial horizons of humankind–the first to have been discovered with a telescope, while the previous five were known since antiquity (though first mistaken for a comet). The planet orbits perpendicular to the rest, most likely due to a collision with a planet that knocked it on its side.
Joly is Neptune, named for the god of the sea for its vivid blue colour. It is often mentioned in the same vein as Uranus due to their shared characteristics (similarities in size, colour, composition) and is like the former in that it was discovered. Its discovery was special–a collaborative effort in which the planet was mathematically predicted before it was seen.
Marius is Pluto, a dwarf planet named for the god of the underworld, whose true planetary status is still debated by many. In any case, it orbits Sol like all the rest, though on a different plane. Pluto has a moon, Charon, who we may see as Cosette–the two objects are tidally locked, the same face permanently turned toward each other.
I can’t say for sure, but I think the two brightest “stars” are the planets Venus and Uranus. The Brighter one is likely Venus. They both look much bigger and brighter than usual because of moisture in the air creating a lensing effect. I also did some light painting to show the steam coming off the lake. I took this shot just before setting up the Northern Lights timelapse (see previous photos) you can see a little bit of the Aurora on the right near the horizon.
Bright Spiral Galaxy M81 : One of the brightest galaxies in planet Earths sky is similar in size to our Milky Way Galaxy: big, beautiful M81. The grand spiral galaxy can be found toward the northern constellation of the Great Bear . This superbly detailed image reveals M81s bright yellow nucleus, blue spiral arms, tell tale pinkish star forming regions, and sweeping cosmic dust lanes with a scale comparable to the Milky Way. Hinting at a disorderly past, a remarkable dust lane actually runs straight through the disk, to the left of the galactic center, contrary to M81s other prominent spiral features. The errant dust lane may be the lingering result of a close encounter between between M81 and its smaller companion galaxy, M82. Scrutiny of variable stars in M81 has yielded one of the best determined distances for an external galaxy 11.8 million light-years. M81s dwarf companion galaxy Holmberg IX can be seen just above the large spiral. via NASA
Jehan is Venus, the hottest planet, named for the goddess of love and beauty. It is unique in its movements, rotating in the opposite direction of the other planets. The brightest object in our sky apart from the Sun, poets and songwriters alike, for centuries, have been calling Venus the ‘morning star’ and ‘evening star’. - @grantairelibere
2. Saturn is not the only planet with rings, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune and the Earth have them too.
4. The Earth's rings are made of cosmic waste.
5. Nitrogen is a part of the composition of the stars, and of our dna.
6. Most of the stars we admire at night are actually dead.
7.The space probe Voyager 1 was send into space in 1977 with a special message for our neighbors of outer space. It was a disc that features pictures, sounds of the earth such as whale, a baby crying and greetings in 55 languages.
8. Venus is the brightest planet of our system, she is often mixed up with a star.
9. It's pretty easy to observe some planets such as mars, venus, jupiter, Saturn at night. It only require a clear night some patience + an app such as skywiew (free on appstore !) can be useful too.
10. If we were on the center of a black hole time would speed up so fast we would live the end of the universe.
11. Shooting stars don't exists, they are actually meteors showers.
12. Jupiter has 67 moons, Saturn 62, Uranus 27, Neptune 14, Mars 2 and the Earth 1.
13. Kepler 22 is an exoplanet also called super-earth that could (potentially) be habitable
14. It rains diamonds on Jupiter + Uranus
15. The moon moves 4cm further each year.
16. There used to be water on Mars, because her and the Earth had a similar beginning.
17. There's trace of organic life on Titan (one of saturn's moon).
18. Voyager 1 (launched in 1977) is closed to leave our solar system.
19. There's a vast ocean underneath the ice of Europa (one of Jupiter's moon).
20. Pluto was discovered in 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh, in 2015 the probe new horizon approached pluto with the ashes of Tombaugh inside.
21. Pluto is smaller than the earth's moon.
22. Saturn could float into water.
23. Our cosmic adress is :
planet earth, the earth-moon system, the solar system, the milky way galaxy, the local group, the virgo supercluster.
Lord Guilliman, a thought has occurred to me today. Doesn’t the process that creates Space Marines accrue a deadly cost on humanity? For many a chapter, aspirants are composed of the best and brightest that a planet or system may offer, with the process leaving them incapable of adding to the human gene-pool, leaving weaker humans in both mind, body, and will to fill the gaps.You more than anyone have seen how this has effected the Imperium.
Comparatively, both factions of the Senoritas are still able to bear young, ensuring a next generation for the Imperium, and able to find dutiful service outside of the battlefield, whereas any innovations an Astartes creates will largely be used for the benefit of the chapter, ( if they are not outright slain for heresy).
I may be wrong in this assessment, but I find it conflicting that the Emperor, who wanted to uplift humanity, utilizes procedures in making his elite troops, that robs humanity of great potential.
“You are aware that there are literally trillions upon trillions of humans per system?”
“Taking ten to twenty children every few generations is but a drop in the ocean that is the Imperium. The species survived the Dark Age of Technology, the Heresy and the War of the Beast, if you think a few marines will doom us, then you fail to see the size of humanity’s domain.”
The Easterbunny Comes to NGC 4725 : At first called Easterbunny by its discovery team, officially named Makemake is the second brightest dwarf planet of the Kuiper belt. The icy world appears twice in this astronomical image, based on data taken on June 29 and 30 of the bright spiral galaxy NGC 4725. Makemake is marked by short red lines, its position shifting across a homemade telescopes field-of-view over two nights along a distant orbit. On those dates nearly coincident with the line-of-sight to the spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, Makemake was about 52.5 astronomical units or 7.3 light-hours away. NGC 4725 is over 100,000 light-years across and 41 million light-years distant. Makemake is now known to have at least one moon. NGC 4725 is a famous one-armed spiral galaxy. via NASA
Happy birthday to the most beautiful and brightest boy on this planet!!! You are my weakness but also my strength. You are my first and also my last. Whenever I feel sad you brighten my day. You are my major source of happiness and honestly I am not who I am now without you, so thank you for coming to my life and teaching me so many new things.
Because of you, I know there’s no success without hardwork. Because of you, I know it’s not the end of the world if you failed; and if you fall, you should learn to stand up by yourself. You are the strongest man I’ve ever known regardless of your softness and cuteness. For that, I love you more and more everyday. To me, you are not only an idol, a friend, but also a mentor, a brother, a person who I can count on. I count on you to prove that efforts will bring success. I count on you to prove that there is a second chance. I count on you to prove that good people deserve good things, and there’s fairness in this world. You teach me that there’s nothing I can’t do if I want it bad enough. You teach me to get my shit together and deal with my responsibilities. You also teach me what professionalism is. You inspired me to be a person like you ♡
Baekhyun, you are officially 25 years old today (26 in korean age), such a young age but you have already had a successful career. Remember that time when you chose success over happiness? Baekhyun, I hope you know that you can have both, you don’t have to sacrifice one to get the other. Since I can’t personally take care of you, I hope someone will do that for me. I’d be thankful and grateful. I hope you will be as rich as you want, because that’s your main goal now. I hope you can sing forever and be a legendary singer of all time in Korea. Finally, I hope all of your dreams will come true, and you are always happy and healthy.
Similar in structure and size to Earth, Venus’ thick, toxic atmosphere traps heat in a runaway greenhouse effect. A permanent layer of clouds traps heat, creating surface temperatures hot enough to melt lead.
How did Venus get its name? It is named for the ancient Roman goddess of love and beauty. It is believed that Venus was named for the most beautiful of the ancient gods because it shone the brightest of the five planets known to ancient astronomers.
Here are a few fun facts that you might not know:
One day on Venus lasts as long as 243 Earth days (aka the time it takes for Venus to rotate or spin once)
Venus is a rocky planet, also known as a terrestrial planet
Venus’ thick and toxic atmosphere is made up mostly of carbon dioxide and nitrogen, with clouds of sulfuric acid droplets
Venus has no moons or rings
More than 40 spacecraft have explored the planet
No evidence of life has been found on Venus. The planet’s extreme high temperatures of almost 480 degrees Celsius (900 degrees Fahrenheit) makes it seem an unlikely place for life as we know it
Venus spins backwards when compared to the other planets. This means that the sun rises in the west and sets in the east
Did you know that Venus is the brightest planet in Earth’s dark skies? Only the moon — which is not a planet — is brighter. Venus outshines the other planets because it is closer and its thick cloud cover is excellent at reflecting sunlight.
What she means:
If Zinyak was truly interested in collecting the best and brightest of the planet, why was Oleg not one of the first to be taken? He's not only physically strong, but has an intelligence to rival Kinzie's, and his experience with the KGB would make him a valid threat in terms of power and tactical knowledge. I can see why Johnny could be considered a threat, but by the standard that his abduction has set, would Oleg not be seen as equally dangerous, if not more? He was kidnapped by an international crime syndicate as a template for super powerful clones who lacked his brainpower, but were still able to flip cars and take down planes with sheer brute force, meaning he had a strength that could rival Zinyak's if the two ever fought in person. Is he just too big to be kept in a stasis pod? Why would Zinyak