anonymous asked:

I'm hoping the Obi Wan film turns into an Obi Wan + Baby Luke go on an adventure movie.

This is literally the opposite of anything I want.

It’s extremely important to me (not to mention heavily implied by ANH canon, but who even cares about that anymore) that Obi-Wan was not really a figure in Luke’s life prior to ANH. He was “that crazy old wizard” that Luke had heard a few stories about, and was vaguely aware of where he lived, but that was it.

Obi-Wan spent 20 years in the desert being depressed, growing mushrooms on his vaporators, practicing his dragon calls, and learning to brew his own moonshine (and then drinking it, in impressive quantities). Nothing Disney does will ever convince me otherwise.

DIY: Brews and Potions

Witches standing over an open fire while stirring up potions in a cauldron is one of the many romanticized views of witchcraft. Today, witches brew many things for love, luck, health, wealth, and etc. Potions are a widely regarded instrument for witches. Potions are simply liquid spells that can be taken internally or applied externally to the body. Teas, enchanted perfumes, tinctures, and washes are the many forms these spells can come in. Some are used for healing, others are used in ritual or magickal work. 


Kitchen Herbs and Common plants for Brews

Back in the day, homemade teas and salves were the only medicine available. Using these things today is still very popular and a holistic approach to health that treats the mind, body, and soul together. What you use does not have to be expensive, it can come from your back yard or your home. Many of what you already have you can use to make tinctures, teas, and decoctions. Also, syrups, tonics, waters, and vinegars. If you work with the herbs you have at home already on hand, you will be able to create your own remedy with a distinct local flavor. 


The Power Behind the Plants

It is believed that many spiritual forces animate the world; called animism. When working with a plant or crystal, or performing a spell or ritual at a specific place, witches work with the spirits behind those plants or crystals, and call upon the spirit of that location to help them in their work. There is a special partnership and alliance between the witch and spirit, manifesting in forms of animals (familiars) or in the form of other plants, crystals, and locations. Over time, working with these spirits on various projects will deepen the relationship and the witch will gain information on magical associations, properties, and lore. These things often come through dreams, inspirations, or visions. The spirit will gain energy, attention, and physical shelter as animals or plants or crystals carried as a talisman. 


Teas and Decoctions for Health

Using teas and decoctions (herb-and-water remedies in the form of conceited potions that your drink) is a very easy homeopathic way to get started. They are made with dried or fresh herbs, roots, or flowers infused in hot water. Cold infusions is used for tinctures, where the herbal properties are absorbed and released into liquids over time. 

Decoction Method

  • For plants woody and seedy such as root and bark, use this method
  • Once the plant parts are boiled, place on a low heat and set to simmer for 15-20 minutes
  • After simmered, cool them and strain them, pressing the herbs through a cheesecloth or strainer
  • Ready to drink

Tea Method

  • For flowers, leaves, fruits, and/or stems of plans, use this method
  • Start steeping the herbs in the water before it reaches full boil 
  • Once the water begins to steam or boil, remove it from heat
  • Steam for no more than 5-10 minutes
  • While hot, strain into a container
  • Drink right away or follow the cold tea method

Cold Tea Method

  • Following all the preparations of the tea method, after straining, pour into a container and place in the fridge for 30 minutes to 1 hour. 

Herbs for Teas and Decoctions

If using a tea ball, only use a pinch of each plant or spice. If using an infusion pot, or something similar, use approximately ¼ teaspoon of each ingredient. If you use root, seeds, or bark, use the decoction method. If you use flowers, leaves, fruits, or stems, use the tea method. If you use a combination of plant matter, use the decoction methods but then drink it iced following the cold tea method. 

  • Angelica Root: Soothes colds and flu, reduces phlegm and fever; expectorant (do NOT use if you are diabetic) 
  • Basil: Eases headaches, indigestion, muscle spasms, insomnia, earaches; reduces stress and tension, improves skin 
  • Blackberry (leaves or roots): Reduces diarrhea (note: blackberry roots are used as decoction, while blackberry leaves are used for tea)
  • Catnip: Soothes teething pain, colic, diarrhea, indigestion, anxiety, insomnia (may cause drowsiness, avoid if on lithium or sedatives) 
  • Calendula (marigold): Reduces fevers and diarrhea; soothes indigestion, gastrointestinal gramps, flu; antiseptic (may cause drowsiness, avoid if on sedatives) 
  • Cayenne Pepper: Soothes coughs, colds, arthritis, nerve pain, fever, flu; expectorant (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting and with theophylline) 
  • Camomile: Reduces insomnia, anxiety, stress, fever, arthritis, indigestion; aids with sleep and pain relief (may decrease effectiveness of birth-control pills and some cancer medications, and may increase the effects of warfarin; discuss usage with your doctor if you are taking medications for your liver) 
  • Cinnamon Bark: Soothes sore throats and coughs, anti-inflammatory (avoid taking with diabetes medications) 
  • Dandelion Root: Detoxifying, aids digestion, relieves constipation, laxative (avoid if on antibiotics, lithium, or water pills) 
  • Dandelion Leaf: Mild diuretic, potassium rich (discuss usage with your doctor if you are taking medications for your liver) 
  • Elderberry Berry: Wards off colds and flu
  • Elderberry Flower: Reduces fever (avoid taking with medications that decrease the immune system) 
  • Garlic (for syrups): Antiseptic, eases atherosclerosis, rheumatism, ear infections, urinary tract infections; supports healthy cholesterol; helps lower blood pressure; boosts immune system; expectorant; reduces risks of colon, rectal, and prostate cancers (do NOT take with isoniazid or medications used for HIV/AIDS, or with medications used to slow blood-clotting) 
  • Ginger: Eases morning sickness, nausea, colic, indigestion, diarrhea, fever, sore throats (avoid taking with medications that slow blood-clotting) 
  • Ginkgo: Relieves anxiety, vertigo, tinnitus; improves circulation, helps concentration; helps vision and premenstrual syndrome (avoid taking with ibuprofen or with medications that slow blood clotting; numerous medications have interactions with ginkgo; discuss usage with your health care practitioner before taking) 
  • Ginseng: Aphrodisiac, mild stimulant, boosts the immune system (do not take with medications that slow blood-clotting, and avoid taking with diabetes medications or with MAO inhibitors) 
  • Goldenrod: Relieves gout and cramps
  • Lavender: Relieves anxiety, headaches, tension, stress, indigestion, irritable bowl syndrome; antibacterial; antiseptic; disinfectant (may cause drowsiness, avoid if on sedatives) 
  • Lemon Balm: Relieves anxiety, cold sores, colic, insomnia restlessness, indigestion; boosts memory (may cause drowsiness, avoid taking with sedatives) 
  • Nettle: Relieves hay fever and arthritis; diuretic (avoid taking with diabetes medications, medications for high blood pressure, sedatives, medications that slow blood clotting, and lithium) 
  • Onion (for syrups): Helps lower systolic blood pressure, relieves colds, antiseptic (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting) 
  • Parsley: Helps with iron deficiency, anemia, fatigue; diuretic (do NOT take with medications that slow blood clotting or with diuretics) 
  • Peppermint: Relieves nausea, anxiety, indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome, colic, diarrhea, fever, coughs, colds; anesthetic (avoid if you have acid-reflux disease; avoid taking with cyclosporine; discuss usage with your doctor if you are taking any medications that are changed by the liver) 
  • Pine Needles: Expectorant; antiseptic; relieves coughs, colds, fever, congestion
  • Rosemary: Improves focus, memory, concentration, blood pressure, circulation; antiseptic, antidepressant; eases indigestion
  • Thyme: Antibacterial, antiseptic, eases coughs and colds, expectorant (do NOT take with medications that slow blood-clotting) 

Tea and Decoction Health Blends 

The amounts listed here are for dried herbs, flowers, and spices. Dried ingredients are preferred for teas. If you wish to use fresh ingredients for decoctions, and they are available, double the amount. 

  • Anxiety Relief
    • ¼ teaspoon chamomile
    • ¼ teaspoon lemon balm
  • Cold Relief
    • ¼ teaspoon elderberry flower
    • ¼ teaspoon thyme 
  • Mood Booster
    • ¼ teaspoon lavender 
    • ¼ teaspoon catnip
    • ¼ teaspoon rosemary
  • Gastrointestinal Cramp Relief
    • ¼ teaspoon basil
    • ¼ teaspoon calendula (marigold)
    • ¼ teaspoon goldenrod 
  • Arthritis/Joint Pain
    • ¼ teaspoon goldenrod
    • ¼ teaspoon ground cayenne pepper
    • (Note: after the tea cools, apply it by rubbing the liquid into the affected area)
  • Diarrhea Relief
    • ¼ teaspoon blackberry root
    • ¼ teaspoon catnip
  • Circulation
    • ¼ teaspoon ginkgo leaf
    • ¼ teaspoon ginger
    • ¼ teaspoon rosemary 
  • Energizing Tea
    • ¼ teaspoon ginseng
    • ¼ teaspoon peppermint 
  • Indigestion Relief
    • ½ teaspoon ginger
    • ¼ teaspoon lemon balm
    • ¼ teaspoon peppermint 
  • Expectorant
    • ¼ teaspoon pine needles
    • ¼ teaspoon nettle leaf
    • ¼ teaspoon angelica root
  • Sleepy Time
    • ½ teaspoon chamomile
    • ¼ teaspoon catnip
    • ¼ teaspoon lavender 
  • Fatigue Relief
    • ¼ teaspoon ginseng 
    • ¼ teaspoon lemon balm
  • Fever Break
    • 1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper 
    • ¼ teaspoon angelica root 
  • Flu Relief
    • ¼ teaspoon calendula (marigold)
    • ¼ teaspoon lemon balm
  • Headache Relief
    • ¼ teaspoon basil
    • ¼ teaspoon thyme
    • ¼ teaspoon lavender 
  • Immune-System Booster 
    • ½ teaspoon dried elderberries 
    • ¼ teaspoon nettle 
    • ¼ teaspoon calendula (marigold) 
  • Sore Throat Relief
    • 1/8 teaspoon cinnamon
    • 1/8 teaspoon ginger
    • (Note: add honey after steeped) 
  • Stress Relief
    • ¼ teaspoon basil
    • ¼ teaspoon chamomile
    • ¼  teaspoon lavender 
    • ¼ teaspoon peppermint 
  • Cleansing 
    • ¼ teaspoon dandelion leaf
    • 1/8 teaspoon goldenrod 
    • 1/8 teaspoon parsley 

Herbs for Magickal Teas

Follow these steps to empower your tea:

  1. As you steep the potion, envision yourself covered in either a blue or green light (whichever color represents healing to you)
  2. As you drink the potion, visualize a blue or green light coming from the liquid. 
  3. Once you drink , the light will start radiating from within throughout your whole body and then out into the world around you
  4. See it reach heaven (as above) and into the earth (so below), extending your will and desire into the universe
  5. if you are the kind of person who likes affirmations and chants, try saying: “Herbs grown naturally, health and wellness come to me” (Robbins & Bedell, 2017) 
  • Angelica Root: Angel work, protection, hex removal, exorcisms, health, meditation, divination (do NOT use if you are diabetic) 
  • Basil: Loves exorcisms, wealth, astral travel, rituals for the dead, house blessings, ancestral work, calling on and working with dragon spirits, calling draconic or dragon spirit–based energy into your spell, protection, attracting money
  • Blackberry: Healing, money, protection, exorcism
  • Catnip: Love, beauty, happiness, calling on the energy of cats, working with cat spirits, used as an offering for cat spirits, breaking spells, fertility, psychic powers (may cause drowsiness, avoid if on lithium or sedatives) 
  • Calendula (marigold): Money, prosperity, health, psychic development, protection, prophetic dreams, legal matters, psychic powers, healing (may cause drowsiness, avoid if on sedatives)
  • Cayenne Pepper: Fidelity, hex breaking, protection, removal of blocks and negative energy, overcoming obstacles, fire, strength, passion (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting an with theophylline) 
  • Camomile: Protection, luck, money, sleep, peace, purification (may decrease effectiveness of birth-control pills and some cancer medications, and may increase the effects of warfarin; discuss usage with your doctor if you are taking medications for your liver) 
  • Cinnamon: Sexuality, lust, wealth, money, consecration, purification, love (avoid taking with diabetes medications)
  • Dandelion (both root and leaf): Purification, manifestation of wishes, enrichment, money (avoid if on antibiotics, lithium, or water pills; discuss usage with your doctor if you are taking medications for your liver)
  • Elderberry: Exorcism, protection, healing, prosperity, sleep, protection against witchcraft (avoid taking with medications that decrease immune system) 
  • Ginger: Love, money, success, power, protection (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting)
  • Ginkgo: Healing, mental clarity, fertility; avoid taking with ibuprofen or with medications that slow blood clotting; numerous medications have interactions with ginkgo, discuss usage with your health care practitioner before taking)
  • Ginseng: Fertility, sexuality, lust, manifestation of wishes, healing, beauty, protection (do NOT take with medications that slow blood clotting; avoid taking with diabetes medications or with MAO inhibitors) 
  • Goldenrod: Money, divination (may cause drowsiness, avoid taking with sedatives)
  • Lavender: Love, protection, purification, happiness, peace, healing, meditation, psychic abilities (may cause drowsiness, avoid taking with sedatives)
  • Lemon Balm: Love, success, healing, cleansing (may cause drowsiness, avoid taking with sedatives)
  • Nettle Leaf: Protection, exorcism, healing, jinx-breaking, lust (avoid taking with sedatives, lithium, or medications for diabetes, for high blood pressure, or that slow blood clotting)
  • Parsley: Healing, fortune, success, lust, protection, purification, ancestor veneration, working with the dead, traveling to the land of the dead, calling upon the energy of death and decay (do NOT take with medications that slow blood clotting or with diuretics)
  • Peppermint: Purification, love, healing, psychic powers, (avoid if you have acid-reflux disease; avoid taking with cyclosporine; discuss usage with your doctor if you are taking any medications that are changed by the liver)
  • Pine Needles: Cleansing, drawing the aid of spirits, love, mental focus, protection, lust, exorcism, healing
  • Thyme: Health, healing, sleep, psychic powers, love, purification, courage, good luck (do NOT take with medications that slow blood clotting) 

Magickal Tea Recipes

  • Attract and Protect Money
    • ¼ tsp goldenrod
    • ¼ tsp chamomile
    • ¼ tsp basil
  • Exorcism
    • ¼ tsp angelica root
    • ¼ tsp nettle leaf
    • ¼ tsp elder flower
  • Spirit Aid
    • ¼ tsp parsley
    • ¼ tsp rosemary 
  • Love and Lust
    • 1/8 tsp cinnamon
    • ¼ tsp catnip
    • ¼ tsp ginseng 
  • Cleansing
    • ¼ tsp dandelion
    • ¼ tsp lemon balm
    • ¼ tsp thyme
  • Protection
    • ¼ tsp pine needles
    • ¼ tsp elderberries
    • ¼ tsp blackberry leaf
  • Divination
    • ¼ tsp goldenrod
    • ¼ tsp peppermint
  • Psychic Development
    • ¼ tsp calendula (marigold) 
    • ¼ tsp ginkgo leaf
    • ¼ tsp lavender 

Tinctures and Tonics for Health 

A tincture is a traditional herb infusion made with an alcohol base. A tonic usually uses either vegetable glycerin or apple cider vinegar as the base. The alcohol used in tinctures must be at least 100 proof, or 50%, alcohol, which is why most vodkas and gins are used. Tinctures can also be made with vegetable glycerin or apple cider vinegar for those with alcohol issues, although less potent and yet still effective. 

Crafting Tinctures and Tonics

Tools needed:

  1. Two mason jars
  2. Cheesecloth
  3. The herbs/plants/spices
  4. Measuring cups
  5. An herb grinder
  6. Alcohol/vegetable glycerin/apple cider vinegar 
  7. Tool to measure the dosage such as droppers for infant medication

Steps for recipe creation:

When preparing a tincture, the rule of thumb is you want a 1:4 ratio of herb to alcohol. If your herbs start to float, your ratio is good. Allow them to settle, and add a little more alcohol until the mixture is fully saturated. 

  1. Prepare the ingredients
  2. Fill the mason jar with the herbs/plants/spices
  3. Add the alcohol or alcohol substitute  (If using apple cider vinegar as your base, you will need to take the additional step of laying wax paper on top of the jar lid)
  4. Keep in a cool, dark place for a month (some may require refrigeration, and that will be noted) 
  5. Shake twice daily 
  6. After 1 month, strain the herbal matter from the liquid into the second jar using a cheesecloth (squeeze the cheesecloth to get out as much of the liquid as you can)
  7. After straining, fill the remainder of the jar with distilled water–this dilutes the alcohol, allowing you to ingest it directly
  8. Ready for use 

Herbs and Plants for Health Tinctures and Tonics 

Many of these will not taste good, but will work:

  • Alfalfa: Energy booster, laxative, cleanser (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting or suppress the immune system and with birth-control pills) 
  • Allspice: Stimulant; eases indigestion, colds, coughs; reduces hives and swelling (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting)
  • Aloe Vera Juice (liquid): Soothes the skin, antiseptic (external use only)
  • Angelica (fruit or seeds): Eases indigestion, gas, gout; balances nervous system (do NOT use if you are diabetic)
  • Bay Leaf: Eases indigestion, coughs, colds, fevers (do NOT take with any narcotics or sedatives) 
  • Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi): Antiseptic, eases symptoms of urinary tract infections (do NOT use if you are pregnant or breastfeeding or if you have stomach irritation or kidney disease; avoid taking with lithium) 
  • Bergamot: Soothes colds, fevers, coughs, nausea, indigestion, menstrual cramps (avoid taking with photosensitizing medications) 
  • Black-Eyed Susan: Soothes swelling, back pain, earaches; immune booster
  • Black Peppercorn: Anti-fungal, heals ulcers, relieves arthritis
  • Burdock Root: Detoxifying, soothes colds and skin issues (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting)
  • Cedar (freshly dried leafy twigs): Soothes gout, naturally antiviral, boosts immune system (may cause drowsiness, avoid if on sedatives)
  • Clover (red): Soothes coughs, colds, bronchitis (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting and with tamoxifen; may decrease effectiveness of birth control pulls and medications that are changed by the liver)
  • Cloves: Soothes nausea and indigestion; antiseptic, expectorant (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting)
  • Comfrey Leaf: Ease arthritis, rheumatism, coughs, colds, diarrhea, asthma; antibacterial (do NOT take with medications that can harm the liver)
  • Coriander Seeds: Aids in digestion; aphrodisiac; boosts immune system
  • Cramp Bark: Eases arthritis, rheumatism, menstrual cramps
  • Echinacea: Eases colds, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, boosts immune system (interacts with various medications, discuss usage with your health care practitioner before taking)
  • Garlic: Antiseptic; eases atherosclerosis, rheumatism, ear infections, symptoms of urinary tract infections; supports healthy cholesterol; helps lower blood pressure; boosts immune system; expectorant; reduces risks of colon, rectal, and prostate cancers (do NOT take with isoniazid, medication used for HIV/AIDS, or medications used to slow blood-clotting) 
  • Goldenseal (roots and leaves): Aids digestion; eases colds, hay fever, menstrual cramps (avoid taking with medications that are changed by the liver)
  • Horseradish: Antiseptic; antibacterial; expectorant; soothes flu, colds, coughs, symptoms of urinary tract infections; diuretic; appetite stimulant (avoid taking with thyroid medications)
  • Hyssop: Soothes colds, fevers, sore throats, asthma, rheumatism, indigestion; expectorant
  • Lemon: Boosts immune system, helps prevent kidney stones, eases indigestion and constipation, relieves toothaches
  • Lemongrass: Supports healthy cholesterol; antibacterial; detoxifies; relieves constipation, nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, coughs, colds, fevers, anxiety, stress, fatigue; boosts immune system
  • Mugwort: Eases menstrual cramps, stomach cramps, fevers, colds (do NOT take if pregnant) 
  • Mullein: Relieves asthma, coughs, colds, diarrhea, hemorrhoids; expectorant; diuretic
  • Nutmeg: Stimulates digestive system; relieves diarrhea, nausea, anxiety (avoid taking with medications that are changed by the liver) 
  • Orange: Lowers blood pressure, reduces cholesterol, relieves arthritis and anxiety, stabilizes mood, boosts immune system; laxative (do NOT take with celiprolol, ivermectin, or pravastatin) 
  • Onion: Helps lower systolic blood pressure, eases colds; antiseptic (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting)
  • Skullcap: Eases headaches, stress, menstrual tension, insomnia, anxiety, sedative
  • Turmeric: Anti-inflammatory, reduces cholesterol (avoid taking with medications that slow blood clotting)
  • Valerian Root: Eases insomnia (do NOT take with alcohol, sedatives, or anti anxiety medications) 
  • Witch Hazel Bark: Relieves pain, diarrhea, colds, fevers, ulcers, colitis; antiseptic
  • Wormwood: Eases indigestion and stomach disorders; aphrodisiac (avoid taking with anticonvulsant medications)
  • Yarrow: Antiseptic, relieves pain, hay fever, colds, fevers, menstrual cramps (do NOT take with medications that slow blood clotting, avoid taking with lithium or sedatives)
  • Yellow Dock: Laxative; reduces anemia, relieves fatigue, aids digestive system (do NOT take with digoxin, diuretic medications, or medications that slow blood clotting)

For tincture recipes, there are many books and sites that can be used for reference. 


Magickal Tinctures

When making a tincture for use magickally and spiritually, shake the tincture two times a day to direct your energy into the jar and activate the magick within the herbs. 

Tincture-Charging Spell

Materials: 

  1. 1 green candle (herb spirits) 
  2. 1 white candle (spirit and magick)
  3. 1 candle to charge the tincture (color depends on spell)
  4. 1 mixing bowl 
  5. Herbs and alcohol for the tincture (or alcohol substitute) 
  6. 2 Mason jars
  7. Cheese cloth 

Ritual:

  1. Place the three candles in a triangle on your altar or workspace. The white candle should be the top of the triangle (facing away from you to direct the energy out into the universe). The green and other candle form the base
  2. Place the bowl at the center of the altar, and place your containers of herbs and alcohol on the floor
  3. Light the white candle while stating: “For the power of spirit”
  4. Light the green candle while stating: “For the herbal spirits”
  5. Light the colored candle for your need, and state your need 
  6. Place an herb in the bowl, state a thank-you blessing to the herb, and explain why you are using that herb. Repeat for each herb, and as you add each herb, stir the mixture of herbs clockwise for increasing or bringing something to you and counterclockwise if you are trying to remove or decrease something in your life
  7. Once you have mixed all the herbs in the bowl, hold your hands over the mixture and state your intent
  8. Visualize a light coming out of your hands for that need (red for love and passion or power; green for money, success, growth and fertility; blue for healing; yellow for success; etc)
  9. Pour the mixture into one of the mason jars and add the alcohol (do this at a safe distance form the lit candles)
  10. Place the lid on the jar
  11. Remove the mixing bowl from the alter and put the mason jar with the tincture blend in its place, in the center of your candles. Keep the mason jar there until the candles have finished burning
  12. Shake the tincture, focusing your mental, emotional, and physical energy into the jar. As you shake, chant: “I can upon the powers green, Release the powers unseen. Herbs awakened on this day, Blessings in this tincture stay.” 
  13. Shake the jar twice daily for one month, each time visualizing the need behind the tincture
  14. Once the month has passed, strain the mixture into the second jar using the cheesecloth. 
  15. Now the tincture is ready to be used in magickal work

Herbs for Magickal Tinctures

For magickal uses, the following herbs, spices, and plants are only for external use in tincture blends:

  • Angelica Leaf: Angel work, protection, removing hexes, exorcism, health, meditation, divination 
  • Alfalfa: Money attraction (drawing money to you), prosperity, protection
  • Allspice: Money, luck, healing
  • Aloe Vera: Protection, peace in the afterlife, prosperity, success, love
  • Bay Leaf: Protection, purification, enhancing psychic powers, strength
  • Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi): Victory, protection, money, power, strength
  • Bergamot: Money, clarity
  • Black-Eyed Susan: Cleansing, releasing, grounding, integration, mediumship, connecting with the dead
  • Black Peppercorn: Protection, exorcism 
  • Burdock Root: Protection, uncrossing (removing hexes or curses)
  • Cedar: Healing, purification, money, protection
  • Clover: Protection, money, fidelity, love, exorcism, success
  • Cloves: Enhancing psychic powers, astral travel, protection, exorcism, love
  • Comfrey Leaf: Money, safe travel, protection
  • Coriander Seeds: Love, health, healing, lust, fidelity
  • Cramp Bark: Protection, luck
  • Echinacea: Strengthening spells, offerings to spirits
  • Garlic: Protection, exorcism, lust, antitheft
  • Goldenseal: Healing, money
  • Horseradish: Purification, exorcism
  • Hyssop: Purification, protection, cleansing
  • Lemon: Purification, love, friendship, justice
  • Lemongrass: Repelling snakes, lust, enhancing psychic powers
  • Mugwort: Strength, psychic powers, protection, prophetic dreams, astral projection
  • Mullein: Courage, protection, love, divination, exorcism
  • Nutmeg: Gambling luck, money, fidelity, prosperity, luck
  • Orange: Love, divination, luck, money
  • Saint John’s Wort: Health, protection, strength, love, divination, happiness
  • Skullcap: Love, fidelity, peace
  • Turmeric: Purification
  • Valerian Root: Purification, cleansing, peace, love, protection, breaking hexes and curses 
  • Wormwood: Summoning spirits, working with the dead, enhancing psychic power, protection, love, prophesizing, breaking hexes and curses
  • Witch Hazel: Protection, chasteness (less likely to give into temptation and sexual desire)
  • Yarrow: Psychic development, courage, love, exorcism, protection
  • Yellow Dock: Money attraction, customer attraction, love attraction 

Source

Robbins, Shawn, and Bedell, Charity. The Good Witch’s Guide. New York: Sterling Ethos, 2017. Print.

Coffee in Space: Keeping Crew Members Grounded in Flight

Happy National Coffee Day, coffee lovers! 

On Earth, a double shot mocha latte with soymilk, low-fat whip and a caramel drizzle is just about as complicated as a cup of coffee gets. Aboard the International Space Station, however, even just a simple cup of black coffee presents obstacles for crew members.

Understanding how fluids behave in microgravity is crucial to bringing the joys of the coffee bean to the orbiting laboratory. Astronaut Don Pettit crafted a DIY space cup using a folded piece of overhead transparency film. Surface tension keeps the scalding liquid inside the cup, and the shape wicks the liquid up the sides of the device into the drinker’s mouth.

The Capillary Beverage investigation explored the process of drinking from specially designed containers that use fluid dynamics to mimic the effect of gravity. While fun, this study could provide information useful to engineers who design fuel tanks for commercial satellites!

The capillary beverage cup allows astronauts to drink much like they would on Earth. Rather than drinking from a shiny bag and straw, the cup allows the crew member to enjoy the aroma of the beverage they’re consuming.

On Earth, liquid is held in the cup by gravity. In microgravity, surface tension keeps the liquid stable in the container.

The ISSpresso machine brought the comforts of freshly-brewed coffees and teas to the space station. European astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti enjoyed the first cup of espresso brewed using the ISSpresso machine during Expedition 43.

Now, during Expedition 53, European astronaut Paolo Nespoli enjoys the same comforts. 

Astronaut Kjell Lindgren celebrated National Coffee Day during Expedition 45 by brewing the first cup of hand brewed coffee in space.

We have a latte going on over on our Snapchat account, so give us a follow to stay up to date! Also be sure to follow @ISS_Research on Twitter for your daily dose of space station science.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.