Happy (?) St. Andrew’s Day and manuscript Monday from Scotland! This depiction of St. Andrew, unfortunately, doesn’t look too happy… Most illuminated images I’ve seen of him feature him standing next to his X-shaped cross, but the illuminator of this 14th century breviary opted for the full crucifixion. Perhaps space was an issue!
(MS 27 from the University of Edinburgh library special collections )
MS 39 in the University of Edinburgh Library. Book of hours, use of Sarum, written and illuminated in England c. 1430. Otherwise known as the Breviary of St. Catherine.
Got to play with this lovely lady in class today! I say “lady” because the book opens with the Hymn of St. Catherine and also includes a prayer at the end of the Psalms of the Passion, in which the words have feminine endings- this indicates that this book was executed for a female owner. It is a GORGEOUS example of mid-15th century English illumination; I initially thought it was French due to the skill in which it was executed! It is very well preserved, with bright colors and lots of very shiny burnished gold leaf.
Side note: This book was rebound in the 1950s in a medieval style. This is really cool to me, as I’m currently writing my dissertation on issues in rebinding of illuminated manuscripts!