break siege


Aujourd'hui c'est la cérémonie pour une de nos martyrs tombées ces dernières semaines face à Daech. Vous trouverez un résumé de l engagement révolutionnaire de notre camarade.

“The Girl With The Red Scarf” is immortal!

Ayşe Deniz Karacagil was only a student when she became a hero of the rebellion that began in Gezi Park against the ruling religious-fascist regime in Turkey. When was sentenced to a ridiculous 103 years prison as reactionary judges argued the red scarf she wore to protests marked her out as a “socialist terrorist” her case was known across the country. She became hailed as “The Girl With The Red Scarf”. When she was released briefly in February 2014 before retrial she escaped to the mountains, following the path she had learned from revolutionaries she had met in prison.

Soon after she wrote a letter announcing she had joined the armed units of the MLKP to break the siege of Kobane. After the victory over ISIS there she stated how beautiful it was to live in a time of revolution. In 2017 she joined other young communists from across the world in the International Freedom Battalion to liberate Raqqa. She fell a martyr during a clash with ISIS in the morning of May 29th.

By dying in the service of socialism she has become immortal!

Ayşe Karacagil is immortal!

Take up her red scarf and fight on!


“Roboute Guilliman gathered his new armada. Along with elements of the Adeptus Custodes, a small contingent of the Silent Sisterhood, and a vast war host of Primaris Space Marines from many newly founded Chapters, the Primarch set a winding course. Strike forces from over a dozen pre-existing Chapters of Space Marines, led by the Imperial Fists, joined the fleet. Thus began many new legends as Guilliman travelled to aid beleaguered planets, breaking sieges and sweeping away invaders to bring hope back to the desperate defenders. It was not long before word began to spread, as all those planets that could receive astropathic messages hailed the return of a hero out of myth. Once more, one of the demigods of the past fought for the Imperium of Mankind.”


You are not alone, my son. We are always with you here. Here, in your heart… The place we will make our stand against this evil.

But I was not there for you.

Nonsense. Aku’s victories are not your failures. The struggle against Aku is arduous and none have fought more bravely than you, my son. You have won many victories, rekindling hope in the hearts of those you have protected. Each sends their blessing. Each blessing, a stone to fortify this land. Your castle is strong, my son. Your allies are many. Wield what lies within and reclaim what is yours. Break the siege of darkness.

Caesar and Vercingetorix (Gallic Wars: part 5)

Vercingetorix throws down his arms at the feet of Julius Caesar. Painting by Lionel Royer.

In 53 BC, when Caesar had left for Italy after the summer campaign season, the Gallic tribes rebelled under the leadership of Vercingetorix, who raised an army against the Roman legions still wintering in Gaul. Hearing of the rebellion, Caesar crossed the mountains in the south, digging through snow drifts six feet deep, to rejoin his troops. “The very vigour and speed of his march in such wintry conditions,” says Plutarch, “was a sufficient advertisement to the natives that an unconquered and unconquerable army was bearing down upon them” (XXVI.3). To deprive the Romans of food and supplies, Vercingetorix had ordered a scorched-earth policy, and all the neighboring villages and farms were burned, “until fires were visible in all directions.” But one tribe, already having torched twenty towns in a single day, refused to destroy its capital at Avaricum (Bourges), “almost the finest in Gaul, the chief defense and pride of their state.”

Vergingetorix relented and set about to help defend the fortified town, which held a large supply of grain so desperately needed by the Romans. Caesar began a siege that lasted twenty-seven days. It now was early spring 52 BC, and, in spite of incessant rain, two wheeled towers, eighty-feet high, and ramps 330 feet long, over which they could be rolled into place, as well as a high siege terrace, were constructed in less than a month. The Gauls did all they could to counter or destroy the siege works. As the towers increased in height, so the defenders raised their own. They attacked the soldiers at work and tunneled under the terrace to undermine it. As the terrace approached the height of the wall, the defenders became desperate. Caesar writes that “They felt that the fate of Gaul depended entirely on what happened at that moment, and performed before our eyes an exploit so memorable that I felt I must not leave it unrecorded.” It was almost midnight when they again had dug under the terrace and set it on fire. Opposite one of the towers, a Gaul was throwing pitch and tallow onto the fire when he was killed by an arrow from a catapult. Another man stepped forward to take his place and he, too, was killed. Another came forward and also was killed. This continued throughout the night until the fire finally was extinguished.

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qwertyuiop678  asked:

more obitine p l e a s e i want them to be happy (or at least not dead i'll take not dead)

Summary: This was supposed to be written a month ago, as a continuation of the Satine Lives AU that I wrote for a three-sentence fic prompt, but since I’ve been terribly busy, here we go. Set right after the end of ROTS (just corrected a typo there, I’d accidentally written ROTJ before), with everything the same except Satine’s continued existence.

(Also because, you know, anything in connection to Luke Kryze will always be awesome)

Characters: Obi-Wan Kenobi, Satine Kryze, Luke Skywalker, Ahsoka Tano (mentioned), Captain Rex (Mentioned)

Chapters: 1/1

I’ve cross posted this to!

The Question, Twenty Years Late

The war is over.

Satine stands alone on the palace balcony, and watches the afternoon sunlight glance off the glass towers of Sundari.

The people of Mandalore go about their ways in peace; Ahsoka, Rex, and their men have seen to that. Their last act as general and captain was to break the Siege of Mandalore, and return the system to Satine’s governance.

And then, in the midst of their post-battle laughter, came the order.

Satine remembers the minutes after the first declaration of order sixty-six with mind-numbing clarity.

There was confusion as the troopers not under Ahsoka’s direct command turned blasters towards her, and Ahsoka’s men reflexively raised theirs in return; there was blasterfire, and agonised screaming, one voice but from the mouths many men, brother, brother, why are you doing this-

Satine had wondered, later on, when Ahsoka and Rex and their surviving men have been rushed onto her fastest ship and sent blasting off into unknown space - whether her dream of two krayt dragons, brothers, tearing each other to pieces on black sand was truly simply a dream.

It had seemed too real.

Below Satine’s trembling feet, the palace walls are decorated with frescoes of dying Jedi, crushed under Mandalorian soldiers’ boots in millenia of war. And beyond this biodome, beyond Sundari, Mandalore is covered with dust ground from a billion soldiers’ bones.

The war is over, but at what cost?

Soon, Satine knows, the newly-self-declared emperor will send fresh troops to Mandalore, and ask for her sworn fealty.

It will fill her lips with gall to swear it; but she will have to. To do otherwise would be to condemn her people to extinction.

Her hands clench white and bloodless around the durasteel railing, and she fights the urge to lose her very insubstantial lunch over the balcony side.

Obi-Wan was on Utapau when it happened.

The holonet had been very vocal about his death.

She had not felt anything when she saw. She knew, in a way, that ten thousand Jedi had perished. That statistic, she could comprehend.

She could not, and cannot, comprehend Obi-Wan’s death.

The balcony doors slide open behind her, with hiss of compressed air. It sounds like the gasping breaths of a dying planet.

Satine closes her eyes against the afternoon sunlight, treacherous moisture prickling at her eyelashes, and waits for her attendant to announce the arrival of an Imperial Senate messenger, who will rip Mandalore from her like a child from her side.

But then, suddenly:

“Hello, there.”

Shock. Disbelief.

Satine turns in place.


Utter, complete, rage-filled urge to slap the red-gold beard off that smirking face.

She stalks towards him, hands still clenched into fists, moisture that had welled in her eyes for another reason entirely suddenly breaking free into a torrent of furious tears. She might be snarling. She doesn’t care.

“Obi-Wan, you-”

He lifts calm, tired eyes to meet her tear-streaked gaze and says, with a little catch of humorous grief in his voice, “Shh, my dear, you’ll wake the baby.”


Satine slides sharply to a stop, and stares at the little bundle in the crook of Obi-Wan’s arm.

“This is Luke,” Obi-Wan says, with that same strange lilt in his words. “My- my nephew.”

That raises many questions, but she does not voice them. Satine raises a finger, and brushes it along a pink cheek soft in slumber.

“Satine.” There is something new in Obi-Wan’s voice, now.

She looks at him, and reaches out gently to lower his hood. There is ash in his hair, and black sand speckled in his beard. His tunics, she notices for the first time, are scorched and worn. Her hands skitter over his cheekbones, his chin.

Obi-Wan smiles at her, a shadow of the cocksure grin that had stolen her heart across a campfire, almost two decades ago now, in the year of Mandalore’s civil war. “I’m not sure how to do this, and I’m probably doing it wrong,” he begins. “I know I’m supposed to have a ring, at least. I don’t. I’ve come to your doorstep with nothing but a scarred lightsaber and a baby.” His lips twitch, sardonically, as if realising the ridiculousness of that statement. “But if you’ll have me?”

That last sentence washes over Satine’s ears without entering them for a moment.

“You’re asking,” she says. It isn’t really a question.

“Yes,” Obi-Wan replies, gaze steady. “I’d kneel, but I’m holding Luke, so it would be somewhat awkward.”

“I…” Satine’s hands are frozen on Obi-Wan’s face.

“I once said I would have left the Order, had you said the word,” Obi-Wan murmurs, slipping a hand out from under Luke’s weight to clasp her hand where it rests on his cheekbone. “I know now why you did not - and I am asking a burden of you, to do this. I am asking you to raise a child not your own, and to marry a man who is a death sentence walking, for all the Empire’s intent. Forgive me for asking, but I think I have to.”

He falls silent with the air of a man awaiting either his pardon or his exile.

“What of attachment?” Satine says, softly.

“We were fools. Attachment, in the end, is simply valuing something above our service to the Force; it was something I did not teach, nor understood well enough, until now. And in the end, it brought about this horror.” There is shame there, in those whispered words; sorrow, and grief.

Satine traces Obi-Wan’s face with a perceptive gaze; there are lines there she had not noticed before, like the faint lines that edge her face in the mirror each morning, now.

But there is also a smooth, unmarked face, sleeping quietly between them.

Satine leans forward, and presses her lips to his cheek.

“Yes,” she says.

He makes a sound, something between a hiccup and a sob. Joy, and grief. The next moment, he has pulled her into an awkward embrace, one arm around her and the other holding the child, their child now, between them. She reaches out instinctively to support Luke’s head.

“Satine,” Obi-Wan says. It is all he needs to say.

The Empire will be sending visitors, Satine knows; today, tomorrow, in a week, in years and decades to come - but for the present moment, this is their joy, and it is complete.


@qwertyuiop678 here you are. <3 Reblog as you like, everyone!

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You know, I’ve done a fair bit of arguing in my time in the Star Wars fandom, but I’ve never really said my most controversial opinion. Well, I have a little time and this fandom’s been gracious so far, so let’s go: I like Thrawn in Rebels more than Thrawn in Legends, and firmly believe that he is the more intelligent interpretation.

To set this up, I’ll borrow a Discworld quote. “ Samuel Vimes dreamed about Clues. He had a jaundiced view of Clues. He instinctively distrusted them. They got in the way.” Thrawn takes cues from from Sherlock in that he is a mystical super smart person whose deductions are always right, regardless of the level of evidence, seemingly without any bias that might lead him down the wrong path. It comes across as plausible to us because we already know the answer, so any journey from point A to point B is going to seem like additional details rather than the point of the matter. Science, investigation, every search for truth is based on circumventing bias, on accepting that your inferences can be wrong, searching for evidence, and accepting when the evidence is contrary. Fictional super-sleuths aren’t so much intelligent as they have a gift for always having their first guess be right regardless of how far they had to reach. And deducing the tactics of an army based on artwork is a reach so far that you’d likely just fall into the abyss.

Thrawn in Rebels isn’t mystical. Every deduction he makes, he does on actual evidence. When he suspects that Kallus is a traitor, he doesn’t just do what a protagonist like him would do and just accept it as fact, he gets evidence of it in the form of Ezra’s helmet. He recognizes Hera from the Kalikori and her family portrait. He finds Atollon by feeding the mole and cross-referencing. There’s no “I saw their artwork so now I know how the culture works so I know how their army works” because, as said before, that’s ridiculous. He studies art to gather evidence. He analyzes art to test that evidence. Thrawn might be arrogant, but knows he’s not a superpowered individual. Truly cunning people aren’t successful because they are magically immune to mistakes and bias, but because they know how to deal with it.

There’s only one moment in the season which struck me as especially book-Thrawn like, but unlike the books, he paid for it. Despite the strategic advantage they had in space, he chooses to lead a ground assault on Atollon.  As we’ve learned from countless accounts in history, from the famous typhoons that sunk Mongolian invasions of Japan to the more recent Vietnam War, fighting on unfamiliar ground is huge tactical risk because you simply do not know what is waiting for you. It’s a decision based on bias, on Thrawn assuming this planet is familiar enough to the ones he knows for such a problem to be negligible, on Tarkin saying that surely a man as clever and high-caliber as Thrawn would be able to take prisoners, and likely on previous times when he fought in unfamiliar territory and won. He is just that smart, just that good, he circumvents the disadvantage and breaks the siege….and then the unexpected stabs him in the back and costs him his prisoners. Sapient thunderstorm aside, the error here is realistic: he went into unfamiliar territory, assumed he knew everything pertinent to the mission, and got blindsided by something he had no experience with. It doesn’t matter how “smart” a person is. Anyone can fall victim to bias, and thinking you’re above that  will lead to failure. 

It’s fun to watch super-sleuths figure out the clues. It’s fun to watch them get out of impossible odds based on evidence cleverly planted earlier in the story. And it’s really, really frustrating when you feel something has been “dumbed down” for kids. But frankly (and due my own bias as a scientist) I have a much greater respect for characters who aren’t superhuman, who rely on facts, who get things wrong when they reach. It’s not “dumbing him down”. It’s making him real.

anonymous asked:

Conspiracy Theory: Perturabo didn't break the Siege of the Overdog by coming up with some brilliant feat of Technical Mastery, he simply shattered the Ork lines in a storm of screaming rage after having to sit through another "Let's quote CONAN THE BARBARIAN!" session with Russ and The Khan (then destroyed every single record of the campaign purely so he didn't have to be reminded of what was Best in Life, courting obscurity for the sake of his Sanity).

Reportedly, the moment before the Ironblood commenced the barrage that signaled that call for Imperial forces to start their bombardment, a static-laded fleetwide transmission blasted the Astartes forces with the instruction, “SHUT THE FUCK UP YOU MEME-SPAMMING FUCKHEADS

This was never verified.


The History of Middle-earth \ Kings of Rohan Part II

For two generations, during the coincidental conflict many thousands of Orcs tried to claim a refuge in the White Mountains and troubled the Rohirrim; Brytta fought them off, and when he died it was believed Rohan was free of Orcs; they were not entirely driven from the White Mountains until T.A. 2864 by Folca.

Around 2960 Saruman started to harass Rohan and in 3014, he began using his influence to weaken the King, Théoden, as part of a campaign to invade or take over the kingdom. In 3019, he launched a full-scale invasion of Rohan, with victories; (Théoden’s son, Théodred was killed during the First Battle of the Fords of Isen) and defeat at the Battle of the Hornburg, where the Huorns came to the aid of the Rohirrim. On the heels of this victory, Théoden rode with an army to Minas Tirith and helped break its siege in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, where he was slain. Éomer, the nephew of King Théoden, then succeeded to the throne, beginning the third line.”

Among Crusaders, the Knightly Order of the Iridium Truth stand out in their complete refusal to allow even the most simplest of skeletal augmentations that even the Lazarenes utilize to interface with their armor. Shockingly crude but incredibly durable, Iridians and their heavy exoskeletons can be seen most readily at the forefront of siege-breaking actions.
Blind Guardian - Nightfall in Middle-earth [full album]
Nightfall in Middle-Earth is a concept album by Blind Guardian, released in 1998. It is Blind Guardian's sixth studio album. The album is based upon J. R. R....

The album retells the events in The Silmarillion, beginning with an episode at the end:

  1. In “War of Wrath”, Sauron advises his master Morgoth to flee the triumphant Valar in the War of Wrath. Morgoth sends him away and reflects on the events leading up to his defeat.
  2. In “Into the Storm”, Morgoth and Ungoliant, fleeing from Valinor after having destroyed the Two Trees, struggle for the possession of the Silmarils.
  3. “Lammoth” is the scream of Morgoth with which he fights off Ungoliant.
  4. In “Nightfall”, Fëanor and his seven sons mourn the destruction wrought by Morgoth, including the slaying of Finwë, Fëanor’s father, and swear to get revenge on him, in spite of the Valar’s disapproval.
  5. “The Minstrel” is most likely about Maglor, son of Fëanor, who composed the song “The Fall of the Noldor” based on the Kinslaying.
  6. In “The Curse of Fëanor”, Fëanor expresses his wrath and anger and relates the misdeeds he commits, especially the Kinslaying, in pursuit of Morgoth.
  7. In “Captured”, Morgoth addresses the captive Maedhros, Fëanor’s son, and chains him to the Thangorodrim mountains.
  8. In “Blood Tears”, Maedhros relates the horrors of his captivity and his deliverance by Fingon.
  9. “Mirror Mirror” recounts how Turgon, in view of inevitable defeat, builds the city of Gondolin, aided by Ulmo (“The Lord of Water”).
  10. In “Face the Truth”, Fingolfin reflects about the destiny of the Noldor.
  11. In “Noldor (Dead Winter Reigns)”, Fingolfin recounts his Noldor army’s passage from the icy waste of Helcaraxë and the prophecy by Mandos about the Noldor’s fate; he reflects on his own and his people’s guilt and foreshadows their ultimate defeat.
  12. “The Battle of Sudden Flame” refers to the battle in which Morgoth breaks the Siege of Angband using his Balrogs and dragons. The lyrics tell of how Barahir of the House of Bëor, with great loss to his own company, saved the life of the Elven king Finrod Felagund, and in return Finrod swore an oath of friendship to Barahir and all of his kin.
  13. “Time Stands Still (At the Iron Hill)” is about Fingolfin riding to the gates of Angband to challenge Morgoth to a duel. Fingolfin wounds Morgoth seven times but is eventually killed.
  14. “The Dark Elf” refers to Eöl who seduced Turgon’s sister and fathered Maeglin, who would eventually betray Gondolin.
  15. In “Thorn”, Maeglin reflects on his situation and decides to betray Gondolin to Morgoth.
  16. “The Eldar” is Elven king Finrod Felagund’s farewell to his people, dying from wounds sustained by saving his human friend Beren from a werewolf, thereby fulfilling his oath to the House of Bëor.
  17. In “Nom the Wise”, Beren mourns his friend Finrod. Nóm means “wise” and was the name given to Finrod by Beren’s forefather Bëor.
  18. In “When Sorrow Sang”, Beren sings about his love to the Elven princess Lúthien and his death at the teeth of Morgoth’s wolf Carcharoth. Last part is about Mandos listening to Luthien song about their grief experienced by being different in kin.
  19. “Out on the Water” refers to the last dwelling-place of Beren and Lúthien.
  20. In “The Steadfast”, Morgoth curses his captive Húrin who steadfastly refused to reveal the secret of Gondolin.
  21. In “A Dark Passage”, Morgoth ponders his triumph in the fifth battle. The song also relates the origins of the kindred of men and Morgoth’s curse on Húrin to be witness to his children’s tragic fate.
  22. “Final Chapter (Thus ends …)” concludes the album, speaking of Morgoth’s victory by the “treachery of man” but also of the hope for a new day.
  23. “Harvest of Sorrow” is the bonustrack on the remastered version of the album. Túrin mourns the loss of his sister Niënor.

The cover art for the album features Lúthien dancing before Morgoth, from “The Tale of Beren and Lúthien”.

Nakano Takeko (1847-1868) was a Japanese Onna-bugeisha who fought in the Boshin War

Nakano was the daughter of an official from Aizu, but was raised in Edo (Tokyo) where she was trained in literary and martial arts, specialising in a form of Ittō-ryū one-sword fighting. She also became a skilled instructor in the use of the naginata, a bladed polearm. She spent five years as the adopted daughter of her martials arts teacher, Akaoka Daisuke, but left him after he attempted to arrange a marriage for her. She relocated with her native famiily to Aizu in 1868. 

During this time the Boshin War began between the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and supporters of the Imperial Court. Although the Shogun surrendered in May 1868, some of his forces continued to fight on, retreating to Aizu. Nakano joined the army in repelling the Imperial forces and fought at the Battle of Aizu, which was in effect a month-long siege.

While Aizu retainers did not allow women to fight, Nakano formed an unofficial unit of twenty women armed with naginata, including her mother and sister. The group took part in a counter-attack designed to break the siege, during which Nakano killed five enemy opponents before taking a fatal bullet to the chest. Afraid that the enemy would take her head as a trophy, she asked her sister to instead decapitate her and bury the head.

The shogunate forces eventually lost the siege to the better-armed Imperial forces. As requested, Nakano’s sister buried her head under a pine tree at the Hōkai-ji Temple and a monument was erected there in her honour. During the annual Aizu Autumn Festival, a group of young girls take part in the procession to commemorate the actions of Nakano and her band of women warriors.

Thank you David Benioff and D.B. Weiss for:

  • Cutting all of the Ironborn out of this season, including Asha Greyjoy when she is already in the North from being chased off by a few dogs this season and therefore a pre-Kingsmoot Deepwood Motte could make sense, but declining that opportunity.
  • Cutting Arianne Martell and replacing her with Ellaria Sand and the Sand Snakes which are universally despised by show watchers, as well as mischaracterising Ellaria Sand, one of the most vehemently anti-revenge characters, as one of the most vengeful characters of the series.
  • Consequentially causing Trystane Martell to be the heir to Dorne as Quentyn Martell is also cut, (which possibly removes the “sun setting in the east” part of Daenerys’ prophecy) effectively placing a male character in a female character’s place, as well as having him take another female character’s role by taking Nymeria Sand’s place on the small council.
  • Consequentially causing Dorne to be the most despised place amongst viewers and characterising it as the “funny foreign country” which appears to have no future purpose and exists only so Jaime and Bronn can meet the funny hyper-sexual foreigners and have an awfully choreographed fight scene. 
  • Cutting Jon Connington and Young Griff from the series completely, when Young Griff is such an important plot point that ADWD literally ends with Varys asserting Young Griff’s claim on the throne.
  • Cutting Wyman Manderly as well as literally every other Northern lord and removing any political tension in the North.
  • Cutting Lady Stoneheart and placing all of her “revenge” on Sansa Stark.
  • Having Sansa Stark fulfil Jeyne Poole’s role and making her arc and characterisation suffering instead of resistance, and stripping her of her defining compassion and empathy.
  • Keeping the rapes and tortures of Theon Greyjoy and the wife of Ramsay Bolton as the only aspect of the Winterfell storyline that remains the same between the novels and the television adaptation.
  • Effectively making Ramsay Bolton the main character of the show and sacrificing the characterisations and core themes of many POV characters’ storylines in expense of his.
  • Destroying the emotional resonance that Brienne of Tarth experiences when she kills for the first time by characterising her as a murderous and apathetic “tough female warrior”, despite her actually having a less active role by simply camping outside of Winterfell instead of actively searching the Riverlands for Sansa Stark.
  • Having the Riverlands and Iron Islands seemingly not exist for the entirety of the season and removing any conflict there, instead sending the Lord Commander of the Kingsguard on a solo rescue mission to Sunspear.
  • Again having Jaime Lannister’s character becoming completely inconsistent, leading the viewers and show to define his character solely by his incestuous relationship.
  • Cutting half of Cersei Lannister’s prophecy for no real reason, and presenting her as a character that the audience should empathise with despite her character being completely changed and inconsistent.
  • Making Cersei’s love for her children more of a strong attribute rather than having her see her children as more of a symbol of revenge, as well as defining motherhood as a weakness and strong parental feelings only being experienced by mothers, as shown by the depictions of Karsi and Selyse Florent.
  • Having Loras Tyrell being a walking gay stereotype instead of going to break the siege of Dragonstone.
  • Having Margaery Tyrell being arrested because of false testimony when the only evidence present for the situation was Loras’ squire seeing a birthmark on his behind.
  • Having religion being presented as wholly evil and vilifying the Faith Militant using modern day issues instead of being presented as one of the only organisations that cares about the smallfolk, as well as the vilifications of Melisandre and Stannis Baratheon.
  • Having Stannis Baratheon consent to sacrificing his only heir in order to take one castle because he had low supplies, completely vilifying him to the audience and effectively making him the worst parent in the series after Craster.
  • Having Davos Seaworth not go to Skagos because Rickon Stark has completely forgotten about.
  • Cutting Bran Stark from the entire season.
  • Sacrificing Jon Snow’s prowess in leadership skills in order to create a battle scene.
  • Not having Samwell Tarly go to Oldtown and effectively contributing nothing to the storyline except saving Gilly from a non-canonical attempted rape.
  • Olly.
  • Having Arya Stark’s storyline being devoid of any real themes or characterisation.
  • Removing any questionable motives or actions from Tyrion Lannister’s storyline and making him simply sullen instead of having a burning hatred.
  • Having Tyrion meeting Daenerys early as it “creatively made sense as [you] wanted it to happen”.
  • Killing off Barristan Selmy.
  • Having Daenerys Targaryen do nothing but spout meaningless rhetoric and appear stoic in order to make her seem “badass” to the auidence, draining her of any real character.
  • Ultimately, creating an “adaptation” devoid of any themes, motives, or characterisations present in the source work!
Six Flying Dragons - Ep. 29~30

The historical background to help understand Ep. 29~30

■ Cheok Sa-Gwang (척사광)

Yoon-Rang (윤랑) a.k.a. Cheok Sa-Gwang (척사광) is a fictional character, because the last king of Goryeo didn’t have any second wife. I guess the SFD writers wanted to create a beautiful tragic love story between the king and his female bodyguard. The king’s fate was so sad and miserable.

I also think Cheok Sa-Gwang will be involved with Moo-Hyul because her Goksan swordsmanship (곡산검법 谷山劍法) is supposed to be the original form of Moo-Hyul’s “Eastern Twin Dragon” swordmanship (동방쌍룡 東方雙龍). His master Hong Dae-Hong created his own skill based on the Goksan swordmanship by adding the best parts of many other sword skills. I guess Moo-Hyul’s 6th dragon credit will be given when he surpasses the original’s successor, Cheok Sa-Gwang. 

■ Cheok Joon-Gyeong (척준경 拓俊京, ?∼1144)

Although Cheok Sa-Gwang is a fictional character, her great-great-grandfather Cheok Joon-Gyeong (척준경 拓俊京, ?∼1144) is a legendary historical figure. He is “physically” the strongest warrior in the Korean history.

In February 1104, during Jurchens’ invasion, Goryeo army was hopeless in total defeat. A mere soldier named Cheok Joon-Gyeon asked supreme commander Yim Gan to give him a horse and a weapon. When his request was granted, he rode his horse at the enemy single-handedly, and killed the enemy general and recaptured 2 prisoners. When he was coming back, hundreds of mounted troops chased after him. But he shot arrows and killed 2 more enemy generals, and then safely returned to the castle.

In another battle against Jurchens, renowned general Yoon Gwan (윤관 尹瓘, 1040~1111) asked him how to take the enemy’s castle. The Jurchens were taking stand in it and strenuously resisted. Cheok Joon-Gyeong volunteerly climbed up the wall of the castle, and killed several enemy soldiers single-handedly just with a sword and a shield. His move created high morale among Goryeo army and led to a huge victory.

In January 1108, when 20,000 Jurchens sieged Yoon Gwan’s army in Youngju castle, Cheok Joon-Gyeong said “The number of enemy soldiers are increasing. The provisions are running out. No reinforcements in near future. It is impossible for us to held out in this castle.”  So, he volunteerly led a group of soldiers to go outside and triumphantly came back after defeating the Jurchens.

Next month, when tens of thousands of Jurchens sieged Woongju castle, Commander Choi Hong-Jeong ordered Cheok to break through the siege and come back with reinforcements. Ceok Joon-Gyeong really made it. After he wore worn clothes like a common soldier, he climbed down the castle single-handedly and succeeded to break through the siege. He defeated Jurchens with the reinforcements.  

It is neither an exaggerated folk tale nor an unreliable legend. It is the official historical records written by Joseon-era historians who hate to praise the Goryeo’s traitor.

Right, unfortunately the valiant warrior ended up as a traitor. At that time, the Goryeo court was in the hand of Yi Ja-Gyeom (이자겸 李資謙, ?~1126), the king’s most powerful maternal relative. King Injong planned to regain his royal authority by assassinating the treacherous subject. However, of all persons, Cheok Joon-Gyeong’s son and younger brother were accidently killed by the king’s assassins during the revolt. Cheok Joon-Gyeong was so infuriated that he broke into the palace, set fire to it, killed all of the assassins, and saved Yi Ja-Gyeom in the corner. The king’s revolt ended in failure due to Cheok Joon-Gyeong’s anger.

Later, the king used clever schemes to get Yi Ja-Gyeom and Cheok Joon-Gyeong to turn on each other. He also successfully persuaded Cheok to turn into his ally. Finally, Yi Ja-Gyeom was ousted, and the king honored Cheok by appointing him to prime minister. However, a few months later, Cheok was also impeached and exiled as a traitor who had set fire to the palace. For that reason, he went down in history as a traitor. A few years later, he died of illness.

For his unbelievable inhuman military achievement, Korean netizens, especially those who love online fighting games, have jokingly called him “the best swordmaster in history” or “Cheokminator (Cheok +Terminator). The SFD writers seem to use it for fun. Of course, Cheok Sa-Gwang’s Goksan swordsmanship is a fictional device created by the SFD writers.

■ Some unfamiliar Hanja (Chinese originated) words

* Pye-Ga-Ip-Jin 폐가입진 廢假立眞

  • meaning "Depose the fake and enthrone the authentic”
  • It is historically true that the 9 ministers gathering at Heungguksa temple suggested this reason to justify the dethronement of King Chang and King U.
  • From then on, the 2 deposed kings had been “officially” regarded as Traitor Shin Don’s descendents.
  • Nobody knows the truth about their birth. Many historians believe that it was their fabrication to justify the dethronement.

* Gyu-Mok-Hwa-Sa 규목화사 圭木花死

  • Gyu (圭 corner) / Mok (木 tree) / Hwa (花 flower) /  Sa (死 death)
  • As Bang-Won decoded it, Gyu (圭) + Mok (木) = Gye (桂).
  • meaning “The flower called "Gye” will die.“
  • It is a secret code name for the assassination of Yi Seong-Gye.
  • Even though Kim Jeo‘s assassination attempt is historically true, Mr. Cheok from Goksan and the code name are fictional devices created by the SFD writers.
  • If you want more detail about the real historical event, read my Ep. 28 post again. → Kim Jeo‘s rebellion (November, 1389)

* Maeng-Do-Chil-Yak 맹도칠약 猛圖漆撂

  • Maeng (猛 fierce) / Do (圖 picture, drawing) / Chil 漆 (sap of the lacquer tree) /  Yak or Ryak (撂 throw)
  • A meaningless phrase randomly created by Bang-Won.
  • It’s also a fiction.

■ Their dreams at the banquet

  • Yi Ji-Ran really became a poet after he retired from politics.
  • Jo Young-Gyu really left his name in the Korean history, sadly as the murderer of Jung Mong-Joo who has been respected as one of the greatest scholar for over 600 years. Jo Young-Gyu died of illness 3 years after the assassination.
  • Jung Do-Jeon said he wanted to leave records rather than his name. So was it. His new country, his political system, his law, his writing, all of his great achievements remained as he had designed, but the great revolutionist’s name had been a taboo for over 500 years. It was the exact opposite to his friend and rival Jung Mong-Joo.
  • Yi Bang-Woo didn’t join the banquet. Despite being Yi Seong-Gye’s eldest son, he had objected to his father’s revolution till the end. He had begun drinking himself to death since Joseon was founded.
  • I think the banquet will be remembered as the most heart-wrenching scene to us in retrospect.

■ Classic of Changes / Book of Changes

In other names,
주역 周易 : Joo-Yeok (in Korean) / Zhou yi (in modern Chinese)
역경 易經 : Yeok-Gyeong (in Korean)  / I Ching (in modern Chinese)

→ Wikipedia

Joo-Yeok (주역 周易) a.k.a. Books of Changes is a 2500 year old ancient divination text originated from ancient China. In the past, it was mandatary for a Confucian scholar to learn it.

There are 64 hexagrams to express its cosmological order, and Six Flying Dragons (2015~2016, SBS) and Tree with Deep Roots (2011, SBS) have shown 3 of them so far.

Ji-Cheon-Tae 지천태 地天泰
- Cho-Young’s code name in the "Nameless”. (SFD)

Poong-Ji-Gwan 풍지관 風地觀
- Jeok-Ryong’s code name in the “Nameless”. (SFD)

San-Hwa-Bi 산화비 山火賁
- Milbon’s secret code (TWDR)

It is interesting that the two respective secret organizations in SFD and TWDR shared those secret codes originated from the 64 hexagrams of the Book of Changes. Is it a coincidence? Or, do they have the same origin? It remains to be seen.

■ They are all connected.

Episode 29~30 revealed several interesting connections with Tree with Deep Roots (2011 SBS). As you know, Six Flying Dragons is the prequel to TWDR.

When searching for Mr. Cheok from Goksan who just attempted to assassinate Yi Seong-Gye, Yi Bang-Ji told Moo-Hyul about Chool-sang-sool (출상술 出上術). It is an upward jumping technique that Kang Chae-Yoon and Yoon Pyeong learned from Yi Bang-Ji in TWDR.

Bang-Ji also mentioned its reverse technique called Chool-ha-sool (출하술 出下術), the safe landing technique from on high.

Actually, these jumping techniques are known to have existed in Korea until early 20th century.

At the end of episode 30, there was one more TWDR reference in Jung Do-Jeon’s talk with Jung Mong-Joo.

“If a king is a flower, its root is a minister.
Even if its flower is not healthy, the tree is not going to die.
But if the root is not healthy, the tree will die.
The unhealthy flower can be just broken off.
The king only decides the minister, and it is the position where he discusses things with the minister. It is just the luxurious symbolic figure of Joseon.
The root of Joseon is the minister.
Sadaebu of Joseon, become the root!
Be the scholars sustaining Joseon, train the great officials, and select the wise and able minister!
As a result, the tree of Joseon can last for thousands of years.
Be the root of the roots!
This is why I, Jung Do-Jeon, made the root of the roots, the hidden root, Milbon (밀본 密本).
You, Sadeabu, be the roots of this Joseon!
Become the Milbon!
Protect Joseon!

Milbon’s first Bonwon (본원 本源), Jung Do-Jeon
(from Tree with Deep Roots Episode 3)

In short, Jung Do-Jeon dreamed of Constitutional monarchy ruled by Sadaebu ministers. This is clearly the beginning of Milbon, the secret organization of TWDR.