brazilian presidents


June 22nd is the National World Day of Beetle here in Brazil or “Dia Nacional Internacional do Fusca”. If you have the chance to come for a visit you will notice there a planty of them around. Maybe because the production went for a long period of time. First stint was from  1959 til’ 1986. Than, in 1993, the former brazilian president Itamar Franco asked VW to re-build the Fusca, but it only lasted three years. 

São Paulo, Brazil

A man walks past a mural of a child in front of the Brazilian flag. After suffering through the deepest recession in its modern history, the largest corruption scandal in Latin America and a year under an unpopular president, many Brazilians are deeply frustrated

Photograph: Andre Penner/AP


Brazil’s Temer deploys army as protesters battle police

Protesters demanding the resignation of Brazilian President Michel Temer staged running battles with police and set fire to a ministry building in Brasilia on Wednesday, prompting the scandal-hit leader to order the army onto the streets.

Police unleashed volleys of tear gas, stun grenades and rubber bullets to halt tens of thousands of protesters as they marched towards Congress to call for Temer’s ouster and an end to his austerity program.

Thousands protest against Brazilian president Michel Temer, reforms in Brasília

Several thousand anti-government protesters clashed violently with police in the Brazilian capital on Wednesday, smashed windows of several ministry buildings and set tires on fire near Congress, sending black billowing smoke into the air.

The march was called by leftist parties, unions and other groups demanding the resignation of scandal-hit President Michel Temer and that his austerity measures before lawmakers, which would weaken labor laws and tighten pensions, be shelved.

Temer last week refused to resign in the face of new corruption allegations against him and his closest aides, putting his government and its reform agenda on the brink of collapse.

Unions and leftist parties opposed to Temer’s labor and pension reforms called the Occupy Brasilia protests to press for his removal.

The large crowd gathered peacefully near Brasilia’s national soccer stadium around midday.

As they marched toward Congress, police unleashed tear gas and stun grenades, and television images showed them clubbing some demonstrators with truncheons. Ambulances arrived on the scene to treat an unknown number of injured.

Some protesters responded by smashing the windows of ministries and lighting a fire on the ground floor of the Agriculture Ministry building. Masked demonstrators spray-painted several of the buildings with anti-Temer graffiti.

Riot police set up cordons around the modernistic Congress building where lawmakers met to discuss a post-Temer transition should the president resign or be ousted by one of Brazil’s top courts. If that happens, Congress would have 30 days to pick a successor to lead Brazil until elections late next year.

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An Open Letter to 2016

Here it goes, to you 2016, a year we will all remember.  You started the year off with a bang putting El Chapo back in jail, only to have the WHO announce an epidemic of the Zika virus, trading one thing that kills for another.  You then saw how North Korea launched a rocket into space and no one did much about it. Heading to a more peaceful route, the Havana Declaration was signed.  However, you then reminded us that the world isn’t as peaceful as we would hope when the ICC convicted Jean-Pierre Bemba with crimes of sexual violence.  The ugliness continued with the bombings in Brussels and ISIS reminded us of its presence while we continued with our everyday lives. Only a few days later, another blast went off in Lahore killing 75 people but not covered by the media as much. Why 2016? Why did you bring so many horrible things but why do only certain things get talked about?  You then gave us the Four Day War, but still many people don’t know what that is.  After two decades, the world’s longest and deepest railway tunnel was finally opened, an exciting accomplishment for us.  But then you reminded us of how ignorant we are when the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union.  We didn’t expect it but boy were we wrong.  You did things that shocked us this year 2016.  However, we didn’t concentrate long on the Brexit because ISIS attacked again a few days later.  “45 killed at an airport in Istanbul” announced the broadcasters.  We then moved on though, quite quickly because that’s something easy for us to do as humans.  You kept demanding our attention though and gave us some positive news, the June spacecraft entered orbit around Jupiter and Solar Impulse 2 circumnavigated the Earth, becoming the first solar-powered aircraft to do so.  After that, we entered the Olympics in Brazil, weighed down with lots of controversy.  Held in a country with a lot of political tension, the Brazilian President was impeached a few days after the Olympics.  You reminded us how if we don’t take care of the place we live in we could be reaching the end of us so we saw two countries ratify the Paris Agreement. North Korea continued to conduct its nuclear tests and we continued to sit back while you probably laughed at us 2016. The world then began to look closely at the United States to see who they would elect.  If they would either elect their first woman and be as progressive as they claim to be or if they would elect the man who reminded people of previous dictators.  You probably smiled at us because you knew.  You knew that we are entering a different age, not one of enlightment, and this was a taste of what was to come.  A then came the death of the dictator, a death many celebrated but also some mourned.  By the end of the year, we saw the murder of a Russian ambassador, leaving us with a bitter and familiar taste of a death that began another war.  Wrapping the year up you saw us finally finding the first proven vaccine against the Ebola virus.  You allowed a cease fire in Syria, something many people had been praying for after seeing, hearing, or experiencing the bombings we saw through the last few months.  However, you couldn’t leave us on a happy note.  You had to remind us just how against each other we are with a move that had us questioning if the Cold War had ever ended.  So, what gives 2016? Why did you do this to us?  You took away people that made us smile and sing. David Bowie. Laugh and believe.   Alan Rickman.  People that inspired us with their words and stories.  Harper Lee, Elie Wiesel.  People that made us happy when we saw them.  Patty Duke, Prince, Anton Yelchin.  People that changed us.  Muhammad Ali, Gene Wilder.  People whose voice touched other’s lives.  Juan Gabriel, Leonard Cohen, George Michael.  And people who reminded us to reach for the stars and beyond. Carrie Fisher, Debbie Reynolds. You certainly left us in quite a state 2016 and you just watch and laugh.  Why do this to us 2016?  I think it’s because you didn’t do this to us, is it? We did this to ourselves.  We were the ones who fucked ourselves over but I guess we need to blame you.  Because I mean we’ve never actually taken responsibility for our actions, why would we start now?

A US made Curtiss SB2C-5 ‘Helldiver’ dive-bomber in Portuguese markings flying over the Tejo (Tagus) river estuary, Lisbon, Portugal. Photo taken during the state visit of the Brazilian President, 1955.

The pilot of this particular aircraft was Commander Cyrne de Castro, Portuguese Navy Officer.

In 1950 the Portuguese Naval Aviation received 24 of these aircraft. They formed the first anti-submarine squadron of the Portuguese Navy, being given the codes AS-1 to 24.

JBS chairman taped Brazil president discussing hush money: O Globo

Thomson Reuters

SAO PAULO (Reuters) - The chairman of meatpacking giant JBS SA secretly recorded his discussion with Brazilian President Michel Temer about payments to jailed former House Speaker Eduardo Cunha in return for his silence, newspaper O Globo reported on Wednesday.

The paper reported, without saying how it obtained the information, that JBS Chairman Joesley Batista and his brother, Chief Executive Wesley Batista, presented the recording to prosecutors as part of plea bargain negotiations.

JBS also hired a law firm to discuss a leniency deal with the U.S. Department of Justice, O Globo reported. JBS declined to comment immediately. Temer’s representatives could not immediately be reached for comment.

(Reporting by Brad Haynes; Additional reporting by Alberto Alerigi Jr and Lisandra Paraguassu; Editing by Christian Plumb and Dan Flynn)

See Also:

10 of Queen Eizabeth II’s Best Tiaras


Originally made for King George IV, it has 1333 diamonds and two rows of pearls with patriotic emblems of England, Scotland, and Ireland set in stone. tAlso called simply the Diamond Diadem, it is a heavily symbolic piece which is worn by the Queen Elizabeth II to her coronation and has continued to do so at every State Opening of Parliament since she became Queen in 1952. 


Queen Mary received this tiara as a wedding gift in 1893 from a committee representing the girls of Great Britain and Ireland. It featured pearls on top and a detachable base; Mary removed the pearls. She gave it to Princess Elizabeth, as a wedding present in 1947. Said to be light and easy to wear, this tiara seems to be the Queen’s favorite - she’s said to call it “Granny’s tiara”, and it is her most frequently worn diadem.


The President and people of Brazil gave the Queen a necklace and earrings of aquamarines and diamonds for her coronation in 1953. In 1958, they added to the set by giving her a bracelet and large brooch to match. The Queen has also added to the set, commissioning a tiara from Garrard in 1957 which was substantially changed in 1971.  


Made in 1890 for Grand Duchess Vladimir, aunt of the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II, the Vladimir tiara was smuggled out of Russia during the Revolution by a British diplomat. In 1921 it was sold by the Grand Duchess’s daughter, Princess Nicholas of Greece, to Queen Mary who adapted the tiara to take fifteen of the celebrated Cambridge emeralds as an alternative to the original pearls. Queen Elizabeth II inherited the tiara from Queen Mary in 1953, and has worn it with both the pearls and the emeralds.


Often confused with the George III Fringe Tiara, this tiara was made in 1919 from part of a necklace that Queen Victoria gave to her daughter-in-law Mary as a wedding present. Mary eventually gave it to Queen Elizabeth in 1936, and it was later worn by Elizabeth II as “something borrowed” on her wedding day in 1947.  


This Russian style tiara, including 488 brilliants, was a present from the Ladies of Society to mark the silver wedding anniversary of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra (then Prince and Princess of Wales) in 1888. It was made to Alexandra’s request, and passed after her to Queen Mary and then to the present Queen, who counts it among her favorite tiaras.


Commissioned by the Queen from Garrard in 1973, this tiara includes two of the Queen’s wedding presents: rubies from Burma, and diamonds taken from the Nizam of Hyderabad Tiara. It was the only ruby tiara the Queen used until the Oriental Circlet came into her possession following the Queen Mother’s death.


Designed by Prince Albert and made by Garrard for Queen Victoria in 1853, this tiara was originally set with opals. They were switched to rubies by Queen Alexandra as the tiara began to pass from queen to queen. It was frequently worn by the Queen Mother, and passed to the Queen on her death in 2002. The Queen has only worn it once to date.


Not originally a royal tiara, it was first owned by a friend of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, who left it to them upon her death. The Queen Mum later added diamonds to the top of the piece and left it to her daughter when she died in 2002. Queen Elizabeth II has loaned the tiara to the Duchess of Cornwall when she married Prince Charles in 2005, and the Duchess wears it often.  


Made for Queen Mary to use at the Delhi Durbar and crafted from other dismantled jewels in her collection, primarily her Boucheron Loop Tiara. Queen Mary loaned it to her daughter-in-law Queen Elizabeth for a tour of South Africa in 1947 and it remained with The Queen Mother until she passed away in 2002. The Duchess of Cornwall gave the tiara its first appearance since 1947 when Queen Elizabeth II loaned it to her to wear for a banquet for the visiting Norwegian royal family in 2005.

  • Brazilian Justice System: nO wAy thIs papER with "Crruption Mon3y" found at the Senator's house proves AnYtHiNg that cOUld mEan ANyThInG
  • Brazilian Justice System: The presiDent coUld be SayIng ANYTHING on that tape where he's discussing money to keep soMeone QuiET IN JaIL We doNT KnOw what he M E a n T
  • Brazilian Justice System: no that apartment wasn't in the VeRy LiKeLY NexT PresiDenT'S NaMe bUt PeoPLE S A I D iT woUld bE HiS aND WE JuSt K n o W IT CORRupt!!! Jail

October 5th 1988: Constitution of Brazil promulgated

On this day in 1988, the current Brazilian Constitution was promulgated. Emerging from twenty years of military dictatorship, the South American country sought to enshrine citizens’ rights and establish democracy. Brazil’s woes began with a military coup in 1964 which ousted the sitting president. The new military leadership swiftly established a repressive state, issuing a series of military decrees suspending habeas corpus and disbanding congress. Groups opposing the government, notably the Communist Party, were forced undergroud and formed armed resistance movements. Dissent was harshly repressed, and a 2007 report found that 475 people ‘disappeared’ during the twenty-year dictatorship, with thousands imprisoned, tortured, and murdered. Brazil’s military and police officers were trained in torture techniques by American operatives from the CIA, intent on eradicating communist influence in the region. The dictatorship in Brazil was followed by similarly repressive governments in Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina. These Latin American dictatorships violently suppressed opposition to their governments in the US-sponsored Operation Condor. In the 1970s, with the dictatorship at its peak, Brazil’s economy boomed, reaching annual GDP growth rathes of 12 percent. In 1974, the more moderate Ernesto Geisel came to the presidency, and began relaxing the autoritarian aspects of the regime. It was under his leadership that exiles were allowed to return, and habeas corpus was restored. However, the era of military dictatorship did not come to an end until a declining economy and frustration with the lack of democracy caused public protest to reach a fever pitch. In 1985, the electoral college elected a new leader, and the process of dismantling the military dictatorship began. A year later, a Constitutional Congress began drafting a new constitution to end dictatorship and establish democracy. The constitution, which was promulgated two years later, restricted the state’s ability to curtail civil liberties and suppress the democratic process. In 1989, a democratic presidential election was held, and Fernando Collor de Mello became Brazil’s president. The painful memories of the repressive dictatorship continue to haunt many Brazilians, including current president Dilma Rousseff, who was among the 30,000 people tortured by the government.

During the recent BRICS conference I snuck a quick peek at Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff while she gave a speech. I mean, she is okay to look at and all, but what really excites me about her is the way she drops the hammer on protesters with militarized police and tear gas and stuff. So hot.

Getúlio Vargas, populist dictator

The Vargas era began in 1930 when members of the newly formed Liberal Alliance party decided to fight back after the defeat of their candidate, Getúlio Vargas, in the presidential elections. The revolution kicked off on October 3 in Rio Grande do Sul and spread rapidly through other states. Twenty-one days later President Júlio Prestes was deposed and on November 3 Vargas became Brazil’s new ‘provisional’ president.

The formation of the Estado Novo (New State) in November 1937 made Vargas the first Brazilian president to wield absolute power. Inspired by the fascist governments of Salazar in Portugal and Mussolini in Italy, Vargas banned political parties, imprisoned political opponents and censored artists and the press.

Despite this, many liked Vargas. The ‘father’ of Brazil’s workers, he created Brazil’s minimum wage in 1938. Each year he introduced new labor laws to coincide with Workers’ Day on May 1, to sweeten the teeth of Brazil’s factory workers.

Like any fascist worth his salt, Vargas began WWII siding with Hitler’s Third Reich. Mysteriously, an offer of US investment to the sum of US$20 million in 1942 led Vargas to switch allegiances. The National War Memorial in Flamengo – a huge concrete monument and museum, which represents a pair of hands begging the skies for peace – today pays testament to the 5000 Brazilians who served in Europe.

Vargas, of course, wasn’t exactly practising what he preached. The glaring contradiction of someone fighting for democracy in Europe and maintaining a quasi-fascist state back home soon became impossible. After WWII, the military forced him to step down.

Yet he remained popular and in 1951 was elected president – this time democratically. But Vargas’ new administration was plagued by the hallmark of Brazilian politics – corruption. For this, a young journalist called Carlos Lacerda attacked him incessantly. In 1954 Vargas’ security chief sent two gunmen to assassinate Lacerda at his home in Copacabana. The troublesome scribe was only slightly wounded but an air force major was killed, precipitating a huge scandal. Amid calls from the military for his resignation, Vargas responded dramatically. He penned a note saying ‘I leave this life to enter into history, ’ and on the following morning, August 24, 1954, fired a single bullet through his own heart.

Marina Silva

Hello All,

It has come to my attention that the Brazilian Candidate for President, Marina Silva, may be against gay marriage. That would put me in direct conflict with her. As you know I have fought for marriage equality in my country and see it as a reflection of the quality of a candidate. I did not know this was her stand on this issue when I made the video supporting her.  I only saw her debate where she said she supported gay marriage and have come to find out after the fact that her party has pulled her support of this issue. I can not, in good conscience, support a candidate who takes a hard right approach to issues such as Gay Marriage and Reproductive rights even if that candidate is willing to do the right thing on environmental issues.

I am not an expert on Brazilian politics but I can say that Women’s Rights, Gay Rights and Environmental Rights are all part in parcel to a kind of world view that I ascribe to. To have a world view that does not include all three of those positions makes it impossible for me to endorse a particular candidate.

I have to apologize for not doing a better job of vetting this decision. I apologize if I have let anyone down or made them feel somehow I had done an about face on those issues that I clearly have made an effort to confront and fight.

At this time it would be good to know definitively where Candidate Silva stands on these issues and in no uncertain terms. It is a little bit murky and unclear presently. Until that time, based on what I have been able to glean from the few posts here, and what is available on the internet, I am withdrawing my endorsement. I would ask that her campaign would not use my video endorsement until they either state their support for gay marriage and the reproductive rights of women or make it clear where they stand on these important issues. Short of that my support is null and void.

I apologize to the Silva campaign for not having a better handle on their policies and creating this inconvenience. I was disappointed to see her support for gay marriage be dropped by her party the day after she gave it in a speech. I ask that you honor my wishes in good faith.


Mark Ruffalo

BRAZIL, Sao Paulo :- Demonstrators rally for Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff’s impeachment along Paulista Avenue in Sao Paulo on March 16, 2016.Outraged Brazilians protested in Brasilia and Sao Paulo following the release of a taped phone call between President Dilma Rousseff and her predecessor Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. On Sunday, an estimated three million Brazilians flooded the streets in nationwide protests calling for Rousseff’s departure. / AFP / Miguel Schincariol