Dympna, Dimpna, Dymphnart, Damna, Demon Slayer (a reference to when mental and neurological disorders were thought to be caused by demons)
Life: 7th century
Feast day: May 15
Patronage: people with mental disorders, people with neurological disorders, runaways, victims of incest
Life story: Dymphna was born in Ireland to an unnamed Christian mother and Damon, the pagan king of Oriel. At age 14, she became Christian and took a vow of chastity. Around this time her mother died, which left her father bereaved. After his councilors advised him to remarry, King Damon stated that he would only marry someone as beautiful as his wife. Unfortunately, Dymphna was the spitting image of her mother. Upon learning that her father planned to marry her, Dymphna, along with Father Gerebernus (the local priest) and a few other members of her father’s court, fled to what is now Geel, Belgium. Here, Dymphna used her wealth to help the poor and sick of the area. However, this is how her father managed to track her down. When he could not force her to return to Ireland and marry him, King Damon beheaded Dymphna and Father Gerebernus. She was 15.
Symbols: sword, lily, palm branch, crown, lamp, book, green or white clothing, dead or chained demon
Offerings: red, green, and white candles, donations to orginizations that help people under her patronage, anything used to help treat or cope with mental disorders or neurological disorders, self-care (if you fall under her patronage)
- St. Dymphna Church, in Geel, Belgium (built over the location of her tomb),
- US National Shrine to St. Dymphna in St. Mary’s Catholic Church, in Massillon, Ohio. (where some of her bones are)
Good Saint Dymphna, great wonder-worker in every affliction of mind and body, I humbly implore your powerful intercession with Jesus through Mary, the Health of the Sick, in my present need. (Mention it.) Saint Dymphna, martyr of purity, patroness of those who suffer with nervous and mental afflictions, beloved child of Jesus and Mary, pray to Them for me and obtain my request.
(Pray one Our Father, one Hail Mary and one Glory Be.)
Saint Dymphna, Virgin and Martyr, pray for us.
In Nervous or Emotional Distress
I turn to you, dear virgin and martyr, confident of your power with God and of your
willingness to take my cause into your hands. I praise and bless the Lord for giving
you to us as patron of the nervous and emotionally disturbed. I firmly hope that
through your kind intercession He will restore my lost serenity and peace of mind.
May He speak to my heart and reassure me: “My peace I give you. Let not your heart
be troubled nor let it be afraid.” Pray for me, dear St. Dymphna, that my nervous
and emotional turmoil may cease, and that I may again know serenity and personal
In Physical Illness
I appeal to you in my illness, dear St. Dymphna. I would be so grateful for a total and
happy recovery, for the blessed gift of health in every fiber of my being. May the
Lord Jesus, who mercifully healed the sick during His earthly days, have pity on me
and make me well again. Ask Him to command sickness to depart and grant me a full
measure of health, that I may rejoice in giving Him glory and praise.
For Relatives and Friends
I humbly request you, dear virgin and martyr Dymphna, to take under your
protection all who are bound to me by ties of blood or friendship. May all the lives
which touch mine experience the blessings God is pleased to grant through your
intercession. I now commend to your prayers all the intentions of all my relatives
and friends. Remember also those persons who have asked me to pray for them. Pray
especially for the lonely and forsaken who have no one to pray for them. Thank you,
dear St. Dymphna, for remembering us all before our God and Savior.
For Any Special Need
Glorious St. Dymphna, you are the patron of the nervous and emotionally disturbed. I
am certain, however, that your charity embraces everyone. I am certain that you
lend a listening ear to any prayer offered for any special need. You will, I am sure,
take my problem to heart and pray for me that it may be happily settled. (Here
mention your special problem or difficulty.) You will plead for me and obtain the
help I need. Already I offer you my sincere and grateful thanks, so great is my
confidence that God will hear and answer your prayers.
St. Dymphna, Virgin and Martyr, pray for us.
St. Dymphna, patron of nervous and emotional illnesses, pray for us.
St. Dymphna, crowned for the glory in heaven, pray for us.
St. Dymphna, faithful to your covenant with Christ, pray for us.
St. Dymphna, precious in the eyes of the Lord, pray for us.
St. Dymphna, our helper in every need, pray for us.
St. Dymphna, our friend at heave’s court, pray for us.
•Temperature and Humidity Gauge ($5-$10)
•Temperature gun ($20+)
-Cypress, aspen, paper towels are the most recommended.
•Hides ($10-$25 each)
-a good rule of thumb; a hide for every 10 gallons of tank
-cardboard boxes with holes cut into doorways are also okay, I personally prefer them
•Water dish ($10-$30)
-the snake shouldn’t be able to knock it over
•Under Tank Heater [UTH] ($20-$50+)
•Spray bottle or mister ($1-$50)
•Food, mice or rats ($8-$20+)
-Frozen/Thawed are recommended, as live prey can bite and infect your snake
•Hand sanitizer ($5 for a huge bottle)
•A tank or bin ($15-$120+)
-I personally use and prefer tanks
-10 gal. for hatchlings/neonates, 20-25 gal. for subadults, 30-40 gal. for adults
•Water purifier ($5)
•Cleaning solution ($5)
•Gram scale ($15-$25)
•Climbing branch ($10-$25)
•Heat lamp ($15-$20)
•Ceramic Heat Emitter [CHE] ($10-15) or infrared bulb ($5-$10)
•Decor (varied prices)
•Sphagnum moss ($10-$25)
-usually used for humid hides, a practical must
•Feeding tongs ($1-$15)
There should be a warm side and a cool side, and a thermometer for each. I like to have the thermometer/hydrometer pair at the top, middle of the tank, to measure ambients, and the other two on the sides at the bottom, where the snake is. Even with thermometers (which are known to be faulty) you should have an infrared temperature gun to measure exact temperatures in certain places. You should spend about 5-10 minutes a day evaluating temperature, humidity, and all technology is properly functioning.
The warm side is where the UTH and lamp should be. You won’t need a lamp if your house’s temperature never drops below 75°. DESIRED TEMPERATURE OF WARM SIDE: 88°-92°
The cool side shouldn’t have any heating elements. Most people keep their water dishes on the cool side, though the dish can be put on the warm side to boost humidity. DESIRED TEMPERATURE OF COOL SIDE: 85°-83°
In general, the humidity should be in the 40-50% range. You can put the water dish on the warm side to bump up humidity, mist the tank 1-3 times daily, add sphagnum moss and a humid hide, and if you have a mesh lidded tank put damp towels over the top. When the snake is in shed, humidity should increase to 50-60%.
Hides and decor-
There should be at least two hides in a tank, one on the warm side and one on the cool. A lot of handlers, however, use the 1:10 ratio; one hide to ten gallons. There’s no such thing as too many hides!
Hides come in various forms and prices. The most inexpensive hide is a cardboard box with a doorway cut in it. Cardboard is an insulator, which is why cats like to sit in boxes and snakes like them as hides. The most common hide is a small halved log called a Habba Hut, which is about $5 for a small hut. Many professionals use a basic, black plastic hide that’s about the same price. There’s also caves, skulls, and other hides that get a little more pricey for the natural look. Be careful with decorative hides- make sure there’s no place they can cram themselves into and not get out of, or anything that in an emergency you can’t remove them from. And if you want to get crafty, there’s a ton of DIY hides you can try.
Substrate is more of an aesthetics option. While woodchips (cypress and ReptiBark) are more natural and can boost humidity for a time, they’re the most expensive and hardest to maintain. Aspen is cheap, but can also be a pain to maintain humidity and cleanliness. The substrate should be about an inch thick.
The simplest and cheapest are paper towels. While not pleasing to look at or natural in any form, they’re functional. They don’t absorb the water spilled or misted on it, and are the easiest to clean and keep fresh.
Live plants tend to be a hassle and are easily crushed by the heavy bodied ball pythons. Aquarium fake plants work, along with fake plants from craft stores (required there’s no glitter, scents, etc.). The plants can be used to make hides or as decorations. The plants should be cleaned with the rest of the tank, and should be sanitized with the cleaner before being added to the tank.
Ball pythons are nocturnal, and enjoy dark, cramped spaces. Consider adding siding and backgrounds to your tanks to add security, as they can’t see out or get much light in.
TIP: By varying thickness of substrate (high to low, odd dips, etc) you can add a bit of enrichment to your snake’s tank when you clean it.
Tanks should be thoroughly cleaned every 30 days. Spot cleaning should be done daily. Water changes should be done every 2-4 days, and the water should be purified. All objects should be cleaned with a safe cleansing solution before being added to the tank.
Hatchlings get a mouse crawler every 5-7 days.
Hatchlings-150 grams get a rat pinky every 5-7 days.
150 g-400 g: rat pup every 5-7 days
400 g-600 g: weanling rat every 5-7 days
600 g-1200 g: small rat every week
1200 g-1800 g: medium rat weekly
Do not handle the snake within 12-24 hours of it eating, as this can cause regurgitation, which is very stressful.
Going off feed-
Ball pythons are renowned for their finicky eating habits. Going off feed/not eating can be caused by:
•different fur color
Evaluate your tank for any issues. Correct them if there is any. Reduce handling and add hides. Check your snake for symptoms of illness (wheezing, crackling or popping when breathing, stuck shed, weight loss, cloudy eyes, etc.).
Carefully watch your snake’s weight for a significant loss. As they don’t expel a lot of energy, they don’t need a lot from their food. If there is a significant loss, take it to a local exotics vet. If there isn’t, there isn’t much to worry about.
Only offer food once a week (or however long it takes you to periodically feed them), even if the snake doesn’t eat. Over-offering can stress out the snake, and cause them not to eat even longer.
Yes, most breeders have their snakes on live as its faster and easier for people with large amounts of snakes to feed at one time. Transitioning-ease varies on the snakes; some will take the first food they’re offered, some need to be offered prekilled a few weeks before taking F/T, and some will fight you until their dying day.
When thawing, put the prey in a Baggie into a container of cool water for 30-40 minutes to defrost. DO NOT THAW THEM IN HOT WATER- it causes bacterial growth in the prey and can cause illness in the snake. After it is completely defrosted, heat the prey in hot water for 10-20 minutes, or use a blow drier to heat them in the same room as the snake- the smell of the prey will get their senses going.
Oh and DON’T microwave the prey. It will explode.
Tempting Balls to Eat F/T-
•splitting the head open or braiding the prey (not for those with weak stomachs)
•scenting the prey with dirty mouse or rat bedding
•blow drying the prey to warm it in the same room as the snake (mentioned above)
•a zombie dance (wiggle it, make it scrounge around if you have to)
•leaving it in a hide overnight (be sure to check on it the morning after)
•annoying the snake with it (yes, quite literally, poke and prod at them with it. Get their attention.)
This way is risky and highly unrecommended, but on occasion, unavoidable. After every meal, check the snake for bites or missing scales. If the snake doesn’t strike it within an hour (UNDER SUPERVISION; NEVER LEAVE LIVE PREY UNATTENDED), remove it from the tank. Don’t leave prey in the tank.
DO NOT GET A BALL PYTHON IF YOU ARE NOT PREPARED TO FEED IT LIVE. While ideally every snake can be transitioned to the safer F/T, some are set in their ways. You shouldn’t starve your pet because you can’t handle to feed it live.
SNAKES DO NOT NEED TO BE HANDLED. While us mammals enjoy physical contact and being cuddled and held, snakes don’t. This can stress them out, and can easily be overdone. It’s important to make sure they aren’t impossible to wrangle or are the nastiest nibblers out there in case they need medical treatment, but it’s not necessary to take them out for a little play date everyday.
Getting them used to you-
DO NOT HOLD THEM FOR 5-7 DAYS AFTER BRINGING THEM HOME. They need to settle in. With the stress of moving and an unfamiliar space, handling can tip the scales. Give them their space. After that, do short, 15-20 minute sessions every 3-5 days, watch how they respond to it. If they’re responding well, you can handle them more frequently. If they’re not, give them more time.
Ball pythons are shy, and babies can be defensive. Don’t go in the tank afraid of them. Go in confidently. Pet their sides to let them know you’re there and you’re not a threat, then pick them up at their thickest. If you’re worried about being bit, pick them up by lifting the body behind their heads- they won’t turn around and nab you.
Don’t grab their heads or their necks. Like most snakes, ball pythons are head shy, and this can cause them to panic.
Snakes can’t bond like mammals; they can’t feel affection towards their handler in any traditional, mammalian sense of the word. While they think they’ve privileged you with not striking you when you hold them, to you, the relationship is lacking. They’re sort of like scaly cats.
While snakes can learn to trust their handler in a sense, they can’t really bond to them. They simply don’t have the mental capacity to. Though everyone who owns one believes they have a special connection to their noodle, truthfully, they don’t.
The closest thing snakes can establish to a bond is a sort of comfort with the familiar. They recognize your scent, your voice, your hands and their warmth, and your schedule. When you’ve handled a snake a lot, you’ll notice they’ve become used to you- they know their favorite spots to sit, that your finger isn’t a prey item, and your heat signature is yours alone. Humans vary slightly in temperature; not very much to us, but to snakes, a few degrees or points of degrees is a huge difference. Many snakes when handed to a stranger will seek out their familiar handler, simply because they’re used to that person and their set of quirks.
While this isn’t much of a bond to us, it means a lot to them. If you really want them to love you, leave them alone!
While not everyone owns hundreds of snakes or even more than three, records are very important. You need to keep track of feeding, shedding, and digestion. While this doesn’t need to be horribly extensive, you do need to carefully follow:
•feeding/going off feed
•weight (weigh in once a shed, at least)
FUN FACT- People who own multiple snakes commonly use a 1.1 sort of system to keep track of snakes. The first number (1.0) is how many male snakes are owned. The second (0.1) is females. This can continue into 3’s and 4’s for unsexed (0.0.1) or eggs (0.0.0.1).
Snakes will hide their issues, as its a great weakness in the wild. You will have to carefully watch your snake for any changes.
ALWAYS HAVE MONEY SET ASIDE FOR THE VET. You never know when something could go wrong. Before purchasing a snake, look up exotic vets in your area, and check their services.
RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS [RIs]- Commonly diagnosed by:
•crackling, popping, or wheezing
•bubbles in the mouth (can be checked by gently holding the snake’s head or neck and carefully pushing down the lower lip)
•frequent “yawning” (jaw readjustment should only be seen after feeding)
•antibiotics; aka Veterinary treatment.
If you suspect your snake has an RI, check the tank for anything that could be wrong. RIs can be caused by improper heat, humidity, or stress.
Commonly diagnosed by:
•patchy, incomplete sheds
•adding a humid hide
•adding sphagnum moss
•cleaning the water dish, adding a little extra fresh water
•pillow case method: put the snake in a damp pillow case and tie it, leaving the snake in there for 30 minutes.
•bathing- the water should only be as high as the thickest part of the snake’s body.
Stuck shed is a very easy problem to deal with.
Commonly diagnosed by:
•the snake frequently submerging themselves in the water dish
•small, black bugs on the snake or in the tank
•mite sprays and frequent cleanings. Make sure the snake has plenty of fresh water too!
GENERAL CARE/COMMON HUSBANDRY MISTAKES:
Be sure to bump up humidity in the tank. A humid hide is really great to give the snake a place to shed in peace.
You can tell a snake is going into shed when their belly scales begin to become more pinkish, their pattern darkens, and their eyes become cloudy. This is known as “going blue”. They’re in blue for about two days before clearing up, which is when they should take a day or two to completely shed their skin.
Snakes tend to be irritable at this time; my mother calls it a “snake period”. Some won’t eat while in shed. Younger snakes tend to shed more frequently, often 3 weeks to a month. Older snakes can go about 45-60 days until shed.
DO NOT, I REPEAT, DO NOT COHABIT BALL PYTHONS. This causes a huge amount of stress for both animals, and just because “they do it in the pet store” does not make it okay. If one becomes ill, you can’t figure out which one, or they could both become infected. Cannibalism exists even in well fed animals, so cohabitation isn’t worth risking.
And just to put it out there- I’m sick of having people say, “the breeder said they grew up together and can live together until they’re adults”. That’s a really unintelligent breeder. No one who had any idea what they were doing would tell you to cohabit these animals. I’ve already been over the fact snakes can’t bond; they don’t recognize siblings as nonthreatening. Snakes don’t have childhood friends. You put both your animals at risk doing this.
DO NOT, HOLY FRICK, DO NOT SMOKE AROUND YOUR SNAKE. Holding your snake while taking a few puffs isn’t cute. A snake on a bong isn’t cool. Ball pythons have a singular, primitive lung, and smoking around them or even in the same room as them is awful for them. Snakes can’t cough, as they don’t have diaphragms, which is why smoking and RI’s are such a huge problem. You can and will cause premature death if you have your snake on or around these objects. Even if you aren’t using the bong when you put your snake on it, it has remnants of smoke, and still is harmful.
While you don’t need to bathe your snake everyday, you certainly can do it on occasion. It’s great for helping shed. Make sure the water is only as deep as your snake is thick.
Well, I think that covers everything. Hopefully this is annoyingly thorough and you’ll get sick of seeing it on your newsfeed. If I missed anything or you have any questions, feel free to message me at tailsandkabuki.
AH! First, I have such a large respect for @gohliad. Like, she, as a person, means so much to me, and the only thing we’ve talked about is Fallout 4 and aliens. Either way, she
unknowingly helped me through a tough time.
Second, y’all be sleeping on her object meshes tbqh, so to bring some awareness to this magnificent piece of cc, I recolored her Organic Branch Lamp in @pixeldots‘s palette.
WOAH. That was long. Let’s get to the download, shall we? Download under the cut.
growing up in wisconsin, i was enamored with birchbark — the unique black-and-white pattern on the trunk and branches captivated me like they were magic. i’d love to decorate my apartment with some of these urbanplusforest birch-y accents.
Makeba, my sweet derpy son, was about 18 months old when we rescued him from a rescue. They didn’t have anyone there who was qualified to take proper care of reptiles, so mistakes were made.
He had a large, but super-dry enclosure (heat lamps, mesh lid, aspen), and they set up a basking area for him on a branch under the heat lamp. One day someone was cleaning and moved the branch a bit too close to the lamp. And Makeba got burnt.
Very unpleasant pictures below, so I’m putting the rest of the post under the cut. You’ve been warned.
So the basic ancient story is that the greeks were persecuting the Hebrew people and trying to prevent them from practicing their religion. The Maccabee (hammer) family formed an army to revolt against the oppressors and won against all odds, taking back the Second Temple and rededicating it.
In order to have a reason to celebrate other than a war victory, we also talk about this miracle story that when they were rededicating the temple, they only had enough oil to burn in the menorah (which is a candelabra thingy and is spelled מנורת i think) for ONE NIGHT but by a MIRACLE FROM GOD (omg) it burned for EIGHT NIGHTS
BONUS FACT: menorah (מנורת) is a 7-branched oil lamp (3 on each side, 1 in the middle). the hanukkah menorah, or hanukkiah (חֲנֻכִּיָּה , pronounced “ha-noo-KEY-yah”) is the 9-branched oil lamp/candelabra with 4 on each side and 1 in the middle. Everyone calls it a menorah, I used to mind it, now I don’t care.
2. Someone asked: “why are there so many different spellings of (C )han(n)uk(k)ah? (as in, why did we never agree upon a single spelling? did it come to the English language relatively recently?)”
For reference, here’s the word in Hebrew: חֲנֻכָּה
Because of the back-of-the-throat sound, some people write “ch” and some people write “h”. As for the double “k”, it’s because in classical Hebrew, the kaf “כ” is pronounced for longer than other consonants. As for the number of “n”s, I have no clue. Lately I’ve been writing “hanukkah.” It really is kind of annoying that there’s no consistency, especially when you’re trying to search for something online.
3. When is Hanukkah this year (2015)?
sundown Sunday, December 6 to sundown Monday, December 14
4. Someone asked: “are there any common Hanukkah traditions that you want to share other than the mainstream ones that everyone talks about (dreidel, gifts, latkes, lighting the menorah)?”
The reason we eat latkes (fried potato pancakes, לְבִיבוֹת in Hebrew which I’m reading as “l’vivot”, so I guess “latke” is a yiddish word, Jumblr correct me if I’m wrong) is because we eat food fried in oil to commemorate the oil in the lamp (and because whoever came up with that tradition knew nothing about cholesterol) so we eat other fried food like jelly doughnuts (סופגניות, spelled sufganiyot in English, pronounced “soof-gan-ee-YOT”). Apparently, in Israel, they eat jelly doughnuts way more often than latkes.
The other traditions you listed are pretty much all that I know about. We don’t go to synogague for services (but some go for community parties and stuff). There are special songs we sing (which I plan on posting as one of my “gifts” later in the week so stay posted lol)
5. Is it true that you get one present for each night?
Depends on the family. My parents usually do one small gift like cool socks each night except for one bigger gift on one night. The whole gift giving tradition kind of stemmed from Christmas and isn’t really historically relevant.
6. Is it true that Hanukkah isn’t an important holiday in Judaism?
Kinda. It came about very recently compared to most other Jewish holidays, only a little over 2,000 years ago, and so it’ isn’t in the Torah. Nowadays, it’s important, especially I think in America, because of the coinciding dates with Christmas. From that it’s become a bigger deal, which I like, because it’s fun to have winter holidays to see family on and get gifts and decorate and stuff.
7. How does the candle lighting work?
The candle in the middle is called a shamash (שַׁמָשׁ, pronounced “SHAHM-ash”) which means “servant” or “helper.” You light that with a match or lighter and then light the other candles with the shamash. You put the candles in the hanukkiah from right to left (I guess because Hebrew is read right to left) and then light them with the shamash from left to right- newest candle first. On the first night, you light the shamash + one candle, then let them burn all the way down. On the second night, shamash + two candles, etc. So in total you need 44.
There are two blessings you say as you light the candles, and on the first night, you say an extra one. I’m getting bored of this post and don’t feel like listing them but they’re easy to look up.
8. How do you play dreidel?
First of all, dreidel is a yiddish word, and the hebrew word is סְבִיבוֹן (pronounced “siv-VEE-vohn”). Dreidel is a totally fine word to use, I use it all the time, but I figured you all should know.
There are 4 sides to a dreidel, each with a hebrew letter on it. Outside of Israel, the letters are “נ” (nun), “ג” (gimel), “ה” (hay), and “שׁ” (shin). They stand for “נס גדול היה שם” (nes gadol haya shahm) or “A Great Miracle Happened There”. (In Israel, instead of a שׁ, it’s a פּ, which stands for “po” and means here, as opposed to there.)
The rules of the game: You can play with chocolate gelt, real money, or whatever. My family has a decades old bag of hazelnuts that we take out to play with. It’s up to you. You spin the top. If you land on נ, nothing happens. If you land on ג, you get the whole pot. If you land on ה, you get half the pot. If you land on שׁ, you put a token in (my family says two, it varies.)
One thing that I usually do when writing about Nocturne is not to focus on the Law –Neutral-Chaos mechanism in contrast to SMT, SMTII, Strange Journey and SMTIV.
Normally Law-Chaos is based on the god vs. devil/anti-god concept which already started with the Zoroastrian faith in which Ahura Mazda represented law and the order and Ahriman/Angra Mainyu represented sin and chaos. The Judeo-Christian faith kinda continued this concept.
The depiction of YHVH and Lucifer in SMT, SMTII, SMTIV and Strange Journey also shares similarities with Paradise Lost which portrays God as a tyrant and the devil as originally not having bad ideas however being consumed with pride.
Nocturne however is rather philosophical, slightly Nietzsche like.
In contrast to SMTII which takes place in a lawful world and with Aleph inserts you into Jesus’ role and his conflicts with strict law followers in a futuristic Jerusalem with the Tokyo Millennium, Nocturne takes place in a chaotic world inspired by the Revelation and uses small bits of Japanese mythology:.
(for example Kagutsuchi who killed Izanami and basically was the deity which kinda brought death to the world according to Japanese mythology since Izanami ended up in Yomi due to him.
The term Magatsuhi which derives from two deities created from the filth that had been washed away by Izanagi when he returned from Yomi which became two gods, Yasomagatsu Hinokami and Ohomagatsu Hinokami.
Izanami and Izanagi also appear in the game as spirits etc.)
There’s an old joke about how to summarize every Jewish holiday: They tried to kill us. We overcame. Let’s eat.
That’s not actually an accurate description of every holiday, but it’s pretty accurate for Hanukkah (And Passover/Pesach. And Purim.) We talk about fighting oppression, and winning by a bare thread. Then we eat some symbolic food.
The particulars of the Hanukkah story are along the lines of: The Greek empire was antisemitic and banned Judaism. They tried to make all the Jews assimilate. They destroyed the Temple (in ancient times, the Israelites had a centralized worship system centered around a Temple in Jerusalem; this is no longer the case and hasn’t been for centuries) and sacrificed pigs in it to desecrate it. Then the Maccabees revolted. They won and got the Temple back. They wanted to rededicate it, and they needed to light the Temple’s light. Unfortunately, there was only enough ritually pure oil to last one day (and it takes several days to make more). They lighted the lamp anyway, and the oil miraculously lasted eight days, long enough to make more pure oil.
Lighting the menorah for Hanukkah is considered a way of publicizing the miracle. Jews light one candle to symbolize each night, and another candle just to be a candle. Some people focus on the miracle as the oil lasting longer than it naturally should have. Others focus on the miracle as surviving and maintaining Jewish culture in the face of oppression.
(Digression about the word “menorah”: The original meaning of the word “menorah” was a seven-branched lamp in the Temple in Jerusalem. That’s the thing the Maccabees needed to light. In Modern Hebrew, “menorah” usually just means lamp, and it never refers to the nine-branch thing Jews light on Hanukkah. The Modern Hebrew word for that is hanukiah. In English, “menorah” means the Hanukkah thing (except when people are translating the Bible or something). Some people might try to tell you that menorah is an incorrect word. They’re right in Hebrew, but wrong in English. In English, “menorah” is a correct word.)
There is also a custom of eating fried foods because the miracle involved oil. Two particularly popular foods to use for this are latkes and donuts.
tl;dr Hanukkah is about celebrating Jewish physical and cultural survival in the face of oppression. It’s also about an ancient miracle involving oil. Two things people do to celebrate Hanukkah are light candles and eat fried foods such as latkes and donuts.