brain repair

// Antoine Griezmann therapy II //


The sunlight spilled through the small gaps between his closed eyelid, and he immediately begun to wonder how long he had been asleep for. He shut his eyes tightly to try and adjust to the bright light outside. Antoine opened them again and remained like that on his bed, his brain slowly starting to repair the memories of the previous night. First he remembered he was Antoine, 25 and French. Then he remembered the time he confessed to you as a scrawny ass kid during prom, and you still agreed despite him looking like gremlin, and then finally came the realization that he was a footballer, playing in the Euro cup but they had lost last night after coming onto the finals.

He turned to the sleeping figure beside him, suddenly falling in love all over again, and he leant over to leave a small chaste kiss on the space behind your ears. That woke you up, causing you to groan a little from fatigue, but you stretched to wake up and welcome the day. Antoine looked at you, your eyes were still coloured with a faint pink from the previous night; it really hurt him that he was the cause of the tears. But he wanted to forget all the blues of the event, he just wanted to appreciate the simplest thing that Antoine realized he took for granted - you. He lifted his hand and gently brushed his calloused thumb over your eyelids out of endearment, feeling guilty and nuzzling himself onto your neck.

Antoine in the morning was very different to Antoine throughout the day, it was a strange pattern you noticed after moving in together. His affection level increased by a thousand, which you didn’t mind, in fact, you liked knowing he was so attached to you because you felt exactly the same way. There was a reason why he was like this. Morning’s were the time where a person is most woozy since their brain has been inactive for however many hours, this gave him a simple excuse to say the things he can could never dream or have the courage to say to you at times during the day when he’s fully functioning without being awkwardly questioned. Antoine usually took these moments to just release affection he would pent up inside for a few days.

He looked at your face, his heart suddenly fluttering at the wistful memories washing over him. Antoine liked your face. He loved the way he could shut his eyes and could still give a full blown description of it because the beautiful picture of it was embedded into his mind. His fingers traced the outline of your facial features, making you scrunch up your face and giggle at the tickling sensation.

“I love you,” he smiled. “I love you.” he repeated again.

You looked into his eyes. “I love you too,” You reached out for his dirty blonde hair, running the short, rough strands between your fingers, you sort of missed the buzzcut that you used to caress most nights til 00:00. “That’s the third time you’ve said it to me in the span of less than 24 hours.” Antoine’s regrets and disappointments were still as clear as a summer sky, the way he looked into your eyes with still that faint bit of melancholy he tried to hide crippled you a little.

“It’s because that’s the only thing that makes sense in my life and the only coherent thing that exists in my brain, even after I’ve been confused through hell.”

You thought about it and realized the reasons behind why Antoine said it to you last night, and this morning too. It also explained all those times he would be silently doing something, and all of a sudden his mouth would blurt out a: I love you. It reassured him that he was sane. Even if his mind was dazed, he felt relieved to know one thing for sure - he loved you.

Sometimes, even Antoine himself couldn’t believe his infatuation for you. He just loved every single goddamn thing about you, it was as if every existing, living cell that made up his entire body existed just to love you. Even if he had just lost five matches in a row, or just broke every single bone in his body, he would be itching to make only you, out of this world filled with seven billion human lives and other billions of organisms, happy. The Euro cup would not even start to compare to the content just the natural twinkle in your eyes could bring to him.

It was simple maths. If you were happy; he was happy. 

Brains biological clock stimulates thirst before sleep

The brain’s biological clock stimulates thirst in the hours before sleep, according to a study published in the journal Nature by researchers from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC).

The finding – along with the discovery of the molecular process behind it – provides the first insight into how the clock regulates a physiological function. And while the research was conducted in mice, “the findings could point the way toward drugs that target receptors implicated in problems that people experience from shift work or jet lag,” says the study’s senior author, Charles Bourque, a professor in McGill’s Department of Neurology and scientist at the Brain Repair and Integrative Neuroscience Program at the (RI-MUHC).

Scientists knew that rodents show a surge in water intake during the last two hours before sleep. The study by Bourque’s group revealed that this behavior is not motivated by any physiological reason, such as dehydration. So if they don’t need to drink water, why do they?

The team of researchers, which included lead author and Ph.D. student Claire Gizowski, found that restricting the access of mice to water during the surge period resulted in significant dehydration towards the end of the sleep cycle. So the increase in water intake before sleep is a preemptive strike that guards against dehydration and serves to keep the animal healthy and properly hydrated.

Then the researchers looked for the mechanism that sets this thirst response in motion. It’s well established that the brain harbors a hydration sensor with thirst neurons in that sensor organ. So they wondered if the SCN (suprachiasmatic nuclei), the brain region that regulates circadian cycles – a.k.a. the biological clock – could be communicating with the thirst neurons.

The team suspected that vasopressin, a neuropeptide produced by the SCN, might play a critical role. To confirm that, they used so-called “sniffer cells” designed to fluoresce in the presence of vasopressin. When they applied these cells to rodent brain tissue and then electrically stimulated the SCN, Bourque says, “We saw a big increase in the output of the sniffer cells, indicating that vasopressin is being released in that area as a result of stimulating the clock.”

To explore if vasopressin was stimulating thirst neurons, the researchers employed optogenetics, a cutting-edge technique that uses laser light to turn neurons on or off. Using genetically engineered mice whose vasopressin neurons contain a light activated molecule, the researchers were able to show that vasopressin does, indeed, turn on thirst neurons.

“Although this study was performed in rodents, it points toward an explanation as to why we often experience thirst and ingest liquids such as water or milk before bedtime,” Bourque says. “More importantly, this advance in our understanding of how the clock executes a circadian rhythm has applications in situations such as jet lag and shift work. All our organs follow a circadian rhythm, which helps optimize how they function. Shift work forces people out of their natural rhythms, which can have repercussions on health. Knowing how the clock works gives us more potential to actually do something about it.”

reginalovesemma  asked:

Supercat & “Love is illogical, it means nothing to me.” .... gimme all the angst ;)

They awoke Bizarro on a Monday.  Two years to the day after they had placed her in stasis to save her disintegrating body.  Alex had found a way to extract cells from Kara that acted as stem cells to regenerate the cellular breakdown and reverse the damage Lord’s shoddy genetics had caused.  A neurosurgeon and three delicate brain surgeries repaired her neural pathways and while she had no memory of her former life, the brainwashing was reversed and she would be able to learn, feel, remember and express herself as a normal human going forward.

She spent weeks with DEO physical and occupational therapists learning to move and care for herself again.  She worked with speech and language pathologists learning to speak again.  Kara herself taught her to read and they all took turns showing her the outside world, just a bit at a time.

Six months after Bizarro awoke, she moved in with Kara and slept on a cot next to Kara’s bed.  She was still getting used to having muted versions of Kryptonian powers due to the cells that saved her life and Kara felt she was best equipped to handle her occasional meltdowns because of sensory overload.

Keep reading

THIS is a gif of two master assassins, both wounded mentally, physically, emotionally. This is a moment between two people who have killed innocent people, bad people, who have been brain washed, injured beyond repair, emotionally traumatized. This is a gif of two master assassins penetrating each other’s emotionless walls. Walls that they’ve been trained to put up. This is a gif of two master assassins, consoling each other to fix themselves. 

Clint didn’t need Laura. He didn’t go to the comfort of his children or his wife. He didn’t go to a therapist, or even freaking Tony Stark to get him in a better mood. He went to his best friend.  

He got cured by Natasha, another broken, needy assassin. 

Marvel, Hawkeye didn’t need Laura. He didn’t need kids. 

All he ever needed was Natasha.

reboot series: sleep pattern

To help you reboot your sleep pattern this January our nutritionist Jess is here with some failsafe ways to rev your system. Here’s some tips to help you revitalise your sleep pattern so you’re rested and ready for 2017!

“There are three crucial things the body does while you’re in a slumber…

  1. Your brain recharges.
  2. Your cells repair themselves.
  3. And your body releases important hormones.

A good sleep really is a fundamental part of feeling refreshed and energized throughout the day and if you don’t get enough sleep, and quality sleep, it can leave you feeling groggy and under-performing.”

“Immerse yourself in a peaceful epsom salt bath with essential oils. Relaxing before bed is really critical as the stress hormone cortisol will keep you in fight or flight mode, making it much more difficult to fall asleep.

The magnesium in epsom salts encourages the production of the feel good chemical serotonin, helping you relax even further by lowering the levels of adrenaline in your body.  They are available online and in the supermarkets and won’t pinch the pennies either.”

“They’re not called the calming flowers for nothing; these herbs have been proven to help calm your nervous system from fight or flight to rest and digest. Chamomile and lavender teas are available everywhere. Sipping on the tea will give you a big hug from the inside.”

“Eating at least 2 hours before touch down can improve your sleep hygiene. Avoid heavy meals, snack foods and caffeine. These things can act as a stimulant and affect the quality of your sleep and for sensitive individuals; it can keep you awake, resulting in tiredness the following day.”

“Exercise stimulates the body to make cortisol, the body’s stress hormone, which if still circulating round your body at high levels, can keep you awake at night. If you’re used to exercising at night, try and switch it up and exercise earlier on in the day and see how you feel, it may give you a deeper, more refreshing sleep.”

Make your room a tech free zone, free of phones, iPads and televisions etc. Studies have proven technology in the bedroom makes it harder to fall asleep, and stay asleep for that matter. Spend the last 30-minutes of your night relaxing your mind and body and avoid stimulating television, bright lights and engaging in any work-related activities.”

Next: everything you need to win at January

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I listened to Find My Way Back by Eric Arjes and all my shipper feelings hit me like a train, honestly this song is perfection. Of course first my thought was Stydia, that’s their song so… but i started to listen carefully and fuck me, but that’s perfect Percabeth song, and maybe a little Caleo too.

“ Cause even underneath the waves
I’ll be holding on to you “

Originally posted by thetitancurse

“ And even if you slip away
I’ll be there to fall into the dark
To chase your heart “

Originally posted by persbeth

“ No distance could ever tear us apart”

Originally posted by naomi-queen

There’s nothing that I wouldn’t do
I’ll find my way back to you

Originally posted by thalia-freaking-grace

Sleep 'boosts brain cell numbers'

Scientists believe they have discovered a new reason why we need to sleep - it replenishes a type of brain cell.

 Myelin ensheaths nerves to protect them and speed up their signalling

Sleep ramps up the production of cells that go on to make an insulating material known as myelin which protects our brain’s circuitry.

The findings, so far in mice, could lead to insights about sleep’s role in brain repair and growth as well as the disease MS, says the Wisconsin team.

The work is in the Journal of Neuroscience.

Dr Chiara Cirelli and colleagues from the University of Wisconsin found that the production rate of the myelin making cells, immature oligodendrocytes, doubled as mice slept.

The increase was most marked during the type of sleep that is associated with dreaming - REM or rapid eye movement sleep - and was driven by genes.

In contrast, the genes involved in cell death and stress responses were turned on when the mice were forced to stay awake.

Precisely why we need to sleep has baffled scientists for centuries. It’s obvious that we need to sleep to feel rested and for our mind to function well - but the biological processes that go on as we slumber have only started to be uncovered relatively recently.

Growth and repair

Dr Cirelli said: “For a long time, sleep researchers focused on how the activity of nerve cells differs when animals are awake versus when they are asleep.

"Now it is clear that the way other supporting cells in the nervous system operate also changes significantly depending on whether the animal is asleep or awake.”

The researchers say their findings suggest that sleep loss might aggravate some symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), a disease that damages myelin.

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Scientists are only just unravelling the precise mysteries of why we sleep

In MS, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the myelin coating of nerves in the brain and spinal cord.

Future studies could look at whether or not sleep affects the symptoms of MS, says Dr Cirelli.

Her team is also interested in testing whether lack of sleep, especially during adolescence, may have long-term consequences for the brain.

Sleep appears necessary for our nervous systems to work properly, says the US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).

Deep sleep coincides with the release of growth hormone in children and young adults. Many of the body’s cells also show increased production and reduced breakdown of proteins during deep sleep.

Since proteins are the building blocks needed for cell growth and for repair of damage from factors like stress and ultraviolet rays, deep sleep may truly be “beauty sleep”, says NINDS.

Turmeric is hands down one of the, if not the, most versatile healing spice in the world with over 600 experimentally confirmed health benefits An exciting new study published in the journal Stem Cell Research & Therapy provides additional support for the concept that curcumin alone is not enough to explain the healing power of turmeric as a whole plant. The study found that a little known, fat-soluble component within turmeric – Ar-tumerone – may make “a promising candidate to support regeneration in neurologic disease.” Titled, “Aromatic-turmerone induces neural stem cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo,” German researchers evaluated the effects of this turmeric-derived compound on neural stem cells (NSCs) – the subgroup of brain cells capable of continuous self-renewal required for brain repair. The study found that when brain cells were exposed to ar-tumerone, neural stem cells increased in number through enhanced proliferation. Moreover, these newly formed neural stem cells also increased the number of fully differentiated neuronal cells, indicating a healing effect was taking place. This effect was also observed in a live animal model, showing that rats injected with ar-tumerone into their brains experienced increases in neural stem cell proliferation and the creation of newly formed healthy brain cells. This study did not go unnoticed by major medical news channels. Here are some good reviews if you wish to explore the implications in greater depth: Newsweek: Curry Power: Turmeric Compound Boosts Growth of Brain’s Stem Cells. .. _ Guardian Liberty Voice: Turmeric Cure Evidence Grows.. _ Monthly Prescribing Reference: Turmeric May Help Regenerate Brain Cells.. _ Times of Malta: Turmeric Link to Brain Cell Repair.. / Medical Daily: Turmeric Helps Your Brain Heal Itself: Spice Up Your Brain- _ Sources: … . _

A simple walk

Medications were the rhyme of the day. And the week. Healing factor Alastor had, but they still didn’t know the extent of it. That he’d survived a headshot was something nobody knew to expect, that he’d retained his memories was also a surprise. Records show that Howlett survived a headshot, but he also had the hardest head in history. He also had memory issues, so the two could be connected.
Lin was thus not taking any chances. Every day he came in, he sat for twenty minutes and received a chemical cocktail of medication, nutrients, and hormones all meant to help his brain repair any damage that might come about. The downside to this was it made him a bit lethargic (for him) and was excruciatingly painful. So he was also on enough painkillers to kill a horse, and make him just a bit loopy.
So he was off duty, unable to take jobs, and off the request list for the time being. He couldn’t drive, couldn’t fly, and had to argue with Lin to get permission to operate the tram system. And another round of arguing to make sure he didn’t have someone shadowing him the whole time. “I have an implant, you know where I am on the island at all times. You monitor my vitals. Just because I feel like I’m on six types of Vicodin means I need a chauffeur.”
She eventually relented, and let Alastor go about his business roaming the inner workings of Home, but that wasn’t really enough. He’d been antsy, and, without necessarily informing the good Doctor, had hopped on the tram out to the cottage that Oriole was still staying at. He shuffled across the grass, the dirt, the sand, past the trees and breathing in the sea breeze, which seemed to clear his mind a bit, before knocking on the librarian’s door.
“Oriole?” He spoke aloud, hoping she’d hear. “It’s Zingari.”

More And More We Are Learning How MINDFULNESS Can Help Develop Our Brains …

Source: Power of Positivity - Website

It was not long ago when most people, including scientists, thought that the human brain could not be developed beyond a certain point. The terms “hardwired”, “fixed”, and “unchangeable” were associated with the nerve development of the human brain once a certain age (usually early childhood to adolescence) was reached.

Neuroplasticity is now defined as: “The brain’s ability to reorganize itself by forming neural connections throughout life.”

No longer is the human brain thought to be a static, unchanging organ that is limited by our age. In fact, neuroscientists have produced accumulating evidence that demonstrates the brains ability to restructure and form neural connections to compensate for damage caused by injury, disease, and age. So not only can your brain repair and strengthen itself despite of age, it can do so even if it’s been damaged!

Further studies are continuing to demonstrate that mindfulness – the moment-by-moment awareness of thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations and environment – can greatly assist with the development of our brain; in essence, aiding the neuroplasticity process. This is nothing short ofamazing! The understanding that you can change your thought processes, feelings and emotions via neuroplasticity through the practice of mindfulness is incredible.

Here are three scientific studies that have shown how mindfulness can rewire your brain…

Study #1: Mindfulness meditation reduces depressive episodes

Millions of people every year are diagnosed with depression and prescribed medication. In the United States alone, depression will affect about 10% of the population in any given one-year period – about 19 million people. In the UK, the number of people taking antidepressant medication hasdoubled between 1998 and 2010.

Professor of psychiatry at the University of Toronto, Zindel Segal, utilized a grant given by the MacArthur Foundation to conduct a study on Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (or MBSR). With the assistance of two of his colleagues from the University of Oxford, Dr. Segal found the study to be a resounding success. This study was so promising that Dr. Segal initiated another study to demonstrate the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation on depressed patients, which led to the creation of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT).

In the study, all of the patients had been diagnosed with depression, with 80% experiencing three or more depressive episodes (“pervasive and persistent low mood accompanied by low self-esteem and loss of pleasure.”) 34-36% of MBCT participants who experienced three of more depressive episodes had not relapsed over a one year timeframe compared to those who adhered to prescribed care (antidepressants or other).

The results were encouraging, which led to subsequent research at both Cambridge and Oxford University in the UK, with both studies producing similar results. This research has proved immensely valuable in promoting mindfulness meditation as a viable, healthy alternative to drug-based therapies in the UK; leading to more physicians “prescribing” mindfulness meditation to their patients.

MBCT studies and mindfulness meditation continues to find a foothold within the scientific and medical communities within the US and other parts of the world. With results such as these it is easy to see why.

Study #2: Mindfulness meditation improves learning, memory, and other cognitive functions

“Although the practice of meditation is associated with a sense of peacefulness and physical relaxation, practitioners have long claimed that meditation also provides cognitive and psychological benefits that persist throughout the day.”

Harvard University Medical School professor Sara Lazar and other Harvard-affiliated researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital set out to demonstrate her claim through the development of an eight-week mindfulness meditation program.

The eight-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program consisted of weekly mindfulness meditation meetings and audio recordings for the 16 participants to practice alone. They were then instructed to keep track on how much time they practiced individually each day, which averaged out to approximately 27 minutes for all participants. The focal point of the mindfulness meditation for the study was on “nonjudgmental awareness of sensations, feelings, and state of mind.”

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to take brain structure images of the 16 participants, with a separate set of images taken for the control group – non-meditating individuals who did not participate in the program.

The results were astounding.

Not only did the participants state that they experienced exceptional cognitive benefits, which were demonstrable through mindfulness questionnaires, there were measurable physical differences in gray-matter density within the brain, measured by the MR images.

The images revealed the following:

– Increased gray-matter density within the hippocampus, the area of the brain responsible for learning and memory.

– Changes within the brain structure areas responsible for compassion, introspection, and self-awareness.

– Decreased gray-matter density within the amygdala, the brain structure responsible for anxiety and stress.

A distinguished professor at Giessen University in Germany perhaps best sums up this groundbreaking study:

“It is fascinating to see the brain’s plasticity and that, by practicing meditation, we can play an active role in changing the brain and can increase our well-being and quality of life.”

Study #3: Mindfulness meditation alleviates stress

Professor J. David Creswell and his team at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated that long-term mindfulness practice is not necessary to relieve the symptoms of stress. In fact, just 25 minutes of mindfulness meditation for just three days can accomplish just that.

Creswell and his research team conducted a study consisting of 66 individuals ranging in age from 18-30 years. One group of participants was assigned to the short meditation program, consisting of 25 minutes of mindfulness practice for three consecutive days. The meditation group was given exercises, designed to focus on the breath while turning attention inward to their present moment experiences. The other group utilized the same time period to analyze poetry readings to enhance problem-solving capabilities.

For evaluation purposes, all participants were given challenging speech and math tasks to complete in front of stern-looking evaluators. Each participant reported their stress levels in response to these tasks and gave saliva samples to be measured for cortisol, a common stress hormone.

The results:

– The meditation group reported less stress induction from the tasks given; demonstrating that mindfulness practice (even in short duration) can increase the resilience to stress.

– Interestingly, the meditation group showed greater levels of cortisol, which was the opposite of what Creswell and his team were expecting.

Creswell explains: “When you initially learn mindfulness meditation practices, you have to cognitively work at it — especially during a stressful task…these cognitive efforts may result in the task feeling less stressful, but they may also have physiological costs with greater cortisol production.”

The research team now focuses on automating the mindfulness practices, making it less cognitively taxing while decreasing the levels of cortisol. Even in its early stages, short-term mindfulness meditation is showing great promise in alleviating psychological stressors.

Shared With Love. Peace & Blessings, Our Journey to Balance