Why Rest Following Concussion is Critical

Georgetown University Medical Center neuroscientists say rest — for more than a day — is critical for allowing the brain to reset neural networks and repair any short-term injury. The new study in mice also shows that repeated mild concussions with only a day to recover between injuries leads to mounting damage and brain inflammation that remains evident a year after injury.

“It is good news that the brain can recover from a hit if given enough time to rest and recover. But on the flip side, we find that the brain does not undertake this rebalancing when impacts come too close together,” says the study’s lead researcher, Mark P. Burns, PhD, assistant professor of neuroscience at GUMC and director of the Laboratory for Brain Injury and Dementia.

This first-of-its-kind study, published in the March 2016 issue of American Journal of Pathology, modeled repeated mild head trauma as a means to investigate brain damage that occurs after a sports, military or domestic abuse injury.

“Dendritic Spine Loss and Chronic White Matter Inflammation in a Mouse Model of Highly Repetitive Head Trauma” by Charisse N. Winston, Anastasia Noël, Aidan Neustadtl, Maia Parsadanian, David J. Barton, Deepa Chellappa, Tiffany E. Wilkins, Andrew D. Alikhani, David N. Zapple, Sonia Villapol, Emmanuel Planel, and Mark P. Burns  in American Journal of Pathology. Published online February 4 2016 doi:10.1016/j.ajpath.2015.11.006

An MRI of a patient’s brain 19 hours after a fall shows bleeding and damage to the meninges, the lining between the skull and the brain. Photo by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

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Dazzling Images of the Brain Created by Neuroscientist-Artist

 The brain has been called the most complex structure in the universe, but it may also be the most beautiful.

Greg Dunn earned a PhD in neuroscience before deciding to become a professional artist. His work captures both the aesthetics and sophistication of this most enigmatic organ. Here are a few of his dazzling creations:1-Cortical Columns, 2-Basket and Pyramidals, 3-Gold Cortex II, 4-Cortical Circuitboard, 5-Brainbow Hippocampus in Blues, 6-Brainbow Hippocampus variations, 7-Glia and Blood Vessels, 8-Glial Flare,  9-Spinal Cord

“There’s no distinction between painting a landscape of a forest and a landscape of the brain.”

The patterns of branching neurons he saw through the microscope reminded him of the aesthetic principles in Asian art, which he had always admired.

While much of Dunn’s work focuses on neurons, his subjects also include other tissue types, such as glia, non-neuronal brain cells that provide support and protection for neurons.(image 7-8)

One of Dunn’s most arresting pieces isn’t of the brain at all, but of a slice of the spinal cord.(image 9)

Through his art, Dunn hopes to give voice to scientists whose work usually isn’t appreciated by the general public, he said. “Art has the power to capture people’s emotions and inspire in a way that a lot of charts and graphs don’t have.”

Chemistry and love

So I read this article and it explained how love works with the brain. It said that the feeling of love is supplied by the most powerful circuits in the brain and that is why it is such a strong emotion. It also has been shown that love at first sight can happen due to dopamine levels reaching the same peak from meeting someone for the first time as a couple who has been in love for a year. To tell apart love and lust, you simply sleep with each other and if after you still want to connect with that person after intercourse then it is love. You can not stop the feeling because it is human natures form of pushing reproduction but you can try to ignore it and lie to yourself which will only lead to increased feelings of depression. Makes sense looking at it this way.

Meanwhile in Japan, I wish i could stop overthinking everything. #art #instaart #instaartist #ink #copic #markers #fineliner #sketch #sketching #draw #drawing #doodle #illustration #dessin #humor #funny #lol #humour #comic #bandedessinee #brain #feelings #silence #overthinking #shutup

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Most animals have smooth brains. The brains of humans (and a handful of animals we consider pretty intelligent – dolphins, chimps, elephants, pigs) start out smooth in the early days of gestation and get more and more wrinkled through infancy.

A wrinkled brain makes sense - folding means you can have a really big cortex but the different parts of the brain won’t be as far apart. But how do brains become wrinkled? Is it programmed somehow - does some genetic code determine the pattern of folds?

A new study from Harvard says no - its just simple physics. They created a 3D model of a smooth fetal brain and coated it with an elastomer gel “cortex.” When they immersed this brain in a special solution, the gel swelled, mimicking brain growth.

Lo and behold, the brain began to buckle, creating folds similar to size, shape and location of a real brain.

Image credit: Mahadevan Lab/Harvard SEAS

Since I get asked a lot about where to learn more about the human brain and behaviour, I’ve made a masterpost of books, websites, videos and online courses to introduce yourself to that piece of matter that sits between your ears.

Books

  • The Brain Book  by Rita Carter
  • The Pyschology Book (a good starter book)  by DK
  • Thinking, Fast and Slow  by Daniel Kahneman
  • Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking  by Susan Cain
  • The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat  by Oliver Sacks
  • The Brain: The Story of You  by David Eagleman
  • The Brain That Changes Itself: Stories of Personal Triumph from the Frontiers of Brain Science  by Norman Doidge
  • This Is Your Brain on Music  by Daniel Levitin
  • The Autistic Brain by Richard Panek and Temple Grandin (highly reccomended)
  • Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind  by Yuval Noah Harari (not really brain-related, but it is single handedly the best book I have ever read)

Websites

Videos & Youtube Channels

Online Courses

7 ways music affects the body according to science

Music can actually make you smarter.

Originally posted by unconventionallyme

Sad music doesn’t necessarily make us sad.

Originally posted by julianblakthorn

Music is thought to have positive medicinal effects.

Originally posted by the-live-world

Mood music is a thing.

Originally posted by arizur115

Music can help you go the distance.

Originally posted by whenimwithyouidontfeelsoalone

Music can help you adjust that attitude.

Originally posted by karinabowtf

And there’s some great news about singing in the shower.

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