Body fat can send signals to brain, affecting stress response          

The brain’s effect on other parts of the body has been well established. Now, a group that includes two University of Florida Health researchers has found that it’s a two-way street: Body fat can send a signal that affects the way the brain deals with stress and metabolism.

While the exact nature of those signals remains a mystery, researchers say simply knowing such a pathway exists and learning more about it could help break a vicious cycle: Stress causes a desire to eat more, which can lead to obesity. And too much extra fat can impair the body’s ability to send a signal to the brain to shut off the stress response.

The findings are important and unique because they show that it’s not simply the brain that drives the way the body responds to stress, said James Herman, Ph.D., a co-author of the paper and a professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral neuroscience at the University of Cincinnati,.

“It moved our understanding of stress control to include other parts of the body. Before this, everyone thought that the regulation of stress was mainly due to the brain. It’s not just in the brain. This study suggests that stress regulation occurs on a much larger scale, including body systems controlling metabolism, such as fat,” Herman said.

The findings, which reveal a novel fat-to-brain feedback network, were published in the June edition of the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology.

Top 10 food to study

Certain food favour the perfomance of the brain when we do cognitive activities like studying. Here there are ten of these products that help students to improve their performance.But do not expect miracles without appropriate study hours you won’t improve.

  1. Blueberries. They are rich in vitamin C, antioxidants, which help to activate protective enzymes in the brain and improve memory in the long term.
  2. Walnuts. Their high phosphorus content, make them the most effective nut for activities such as study or any related to intellectual performance. Similarly, almonds improve memory too.
  3. Coffee and tea. Caffeinated coffee gives you a dose of early morning energy, and in small doses, it can help you concentrate and tea, contains caffeine too and  L-theanine, indicated to improve memory and concentration.
  4. Black chocolate. The health benefits of chocolate come from flavonoids, a type of phytochemical found in the cacao bean. Dark chocolate contains a higher percentage of cocoa than white or milk chocolate. And the more cocoa a chocolate product contains, the richer its health-promoting content.
  5. Bananas. They are high in potassium and vitamin C and they contains Vitamin B6 which helps in the natural production of neurotransmitters associated with concentration, such as serotonin and dopamine.
  6. Oats. This cereal, known to be beneficial for the skin, is also good for the nervous system by its high content of thiamine or vitamin B1. In addition, it is rich in protein and healthy fats. It is advisable to consume in times of stress and is beneficial for short-term memory.
  7. Carrots. Like oats, its intake also implies benefits for the skin and is indicated to improve memory. Long-term consumption can increase our retention capacity thanks to the antioxidant beta-carotene.
  8. Salmon. Many specialists recommend it because it is high in omega 3. This fish and tuna improve concentration, memory and learning.
  9. Dark green vegetables. Spinach, asparagus, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts all provide folate, which appears crucial to brain function.
  10. Hemp seed.  It provides brain-powering protein, omega-3s and -6s, and a variety of antioxidants and other nutrients which improve your memory.

Trauma Changes the Brain Even Without PTSD

Trauma may cause distinct and long-lasting effects even in people who do not develop PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), according to research by scientists working at the University of Oxford’s Department of Psychiatry. It is already known that stress affects brain function and may lead to PTSD. However, until now, the underlying brain networks have proven elusive.

Led by Prof. Morten Kringelbach, the Oxford team’s systematic meta-analysis of all brain research on PTSD is published in the journal Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews. The research is part of a larger program on PTSD in British war veterans run by the Scars of War Foundation based at The Queen’s College, University of Oxford. The foundation uses neuroscience to advance understanding of the effects of war and disaster.

Read more:

Study tip #3

Plan. Plan. And. Plan.
Taking time to plan is one of the most important skills a human can have. Don’t start the week with a vague goal of studying for the history exam—instead, break up the goal into simpler and smaller tasks. Pen it in down on your calendar like a regular class: For example, assign every day from 3 to 5 p.m. to revise a certain subject.

A high-resolution image of two adjacent neurons, one colored in green and one in blue. The numbered areas, in yellow, are synapses—gaps where the neurons communicate via chemicals called neurotransmitters. “Every neuron has thousands of places to synapse with another,” says Kasthuri. “Why does it keep choosing the same ones?” Photo courtesy of Kasthuri, et al. / Cell 2015

A New Way to Study the Brain
Innovative imaging could provide insight into brain growth and function

#learn #think #thinkrealhard #grow #knowl#explore #betterworld #onlyway #science #multiverseofawesomeness #brain #art

Knowledge(IMO), is the cure for everything. So let me start by giving you some. Although this has been known for a very long time, I’m sure some people are still not aware. We do not only use 10% of our brains. That is a myth. The brain is an amazing thing. Just a true marvel of evolution. (at Cerebellum Way)