brahmaeidae

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Brahmin moth, Brahmaea wallichii

The Brahmin moth, Brahmaea wallichii (Brahmaeidae) is a stunning moth up to 160 mm wingspan, with wavy lines and alternating light and dark colors that provide considerable camouflage on tree bark.

Brahmaea wallichii is found in the north of India, Myanmar, China, Taiwan and Japan.

As shown in the bottom photo, the caterpillar of this moth is equally breathtaking. This one is in the 5th instar; from the egg to this stage it only needed 3 ½ weeks, and it grew in this time from only 5 mm to a length of 9 cm. 

In wild the larvae feed on Fraxinus excelsior, Ligustrum and Common Lilac. They are able to neutralize plant toxins produced by Ligustrum. The species is named after the botanist Nathaniel Wallich.

[Source]

Photo credit: ©Yvonne Späne |  [Top] - [Bottom]

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Brahmeid Moth - Brahmaea wallichii insulata 

The striking patterns on the upper wings of a male Brahmeid Moth, Brahmaea wallichii insulata (Brahmaeidae), a subspecies endemic to Taiwan.

Photo credit: ©Bettaman | Locality: Biluyi, the Central Mountain Range, Taiwan (2009) | [Top] - [Bottom]

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Giant Moth | ©Giovanni Mari  (South Eastern Gabon’s Rainforest) 

Known as Drury’s Owl moth,Dactyloceras lucina is a species of African moth in the family Brahmaeidae, distributed in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia [1].

The adults are nocturnal, and probably rest during the daytime on tree trunks where their markings would provide them with excellent camouflage [2].