bougainville island


The Forgotten Paramarines of World War II,

When one thinks of World War II paratroopers, famous units such as the 101st and 82nd Airborne come to mind.  After all these units became famous for their daredevil combat airdrops all over Europe.  However during World War II in the Pacific, a little known force of “paramarines” was created.  

Called the 1st Marine Parachute Regiment, which consisted of 3,000 men, they were much like their Army counterparts in that they were an elite force who used special equipment and training to accomplish their unique missions.  They had higher standards of fitness, received higher pay, and because of the dangerous nature of their missions were required to be unmarried.  Another unique aspect of of the paramarines were that they were issued with some of the less common American weapons used during World War II, such as the Reising Submachine Gun, Johnson Semi-Automatic Rifle, and Johnson Light Machine (pictured below in order).

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Throughout the Pacific Theater the paramarines were known as some the toughest and hardest charging devil dogs in the corps.  Their list of combat tours include Guadalcanal, Bougainville, and the Soloman Islands Campaign.  Casualties were especially high at Guadalcanal where the unit suffered a 20% casualty rate, among the highest of all Marine units who participated in the battle.

Despite being highly trained and motivated parachutists, the paramarines never made a combat jump during the war.  The only exception was small group of paramarines who dropped into France to help the French Resistance.  Rather the paramarines conducted amphibious operations just like regular marines.  This was due to two factors.  The first was that the Marine Corps lacked aircraft from which to conduct paradrops.  Rather the paramarines were dependent on US Army Air Corps planes to conduct training and operations.  Finally, and more importantly, the Pacific Theater lacked the terrain needed for successful airborne operations.  Since most of the Pacific’s battles were fought in either dense jungle or small heavily fortified islands, there was little chance the paramarines would ever conduct a combat jump.

On December 30th, 1943 the 1st Marine Parachute Regiment was officially disbanded, and its marines transferred to other units.  Most would be transferred to the 5th Marine Division who landed at Iwo Jima on February 19th, 1945.   Former Paramarines, Cpl. Harlon H. Block and Pfc. Ira H. Hayes, assisted in the raising of the American flag on Mount Suribachi on 23 February 1945.  Of the 81 Marine Corps Medal of Honor recipients during World War II, five were former paramarines who fought at Iwo Jima.

2016. Sri Lanka…These are not Africans according to Whites. No, they are not Black.

Recently, i saw one of the stupid-est debates in the history of Facebook by one of these play-play Black dna experts, the made up “dr this and dr that” —you know, the kind barely finished elementary school science but ready to tell you the master code to the human genome. Ego and ignorance does not mix.

India and Sri Lanka and places like Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Haiti, Jamaica, Belize, Cuba, St.Lucia, Sudan, Brazil, America. The White or Arab invaders named these places as they either enslaved you when they got there or dragged you there from Africa and enslaved you there.

Thats how you got called Indians, and Australians, new Zealanders, Haitians, Jamaicans, Cubans, African Americans, etc. The enslavers called you that—Moors and Muslims and Christian’s and Jews and any other mess they came up with as names. Destroyers.

You’re still Black; you’re still of African origins, you’re still indigenous to Africa. And everyone of these rotten enslavers running around here kicking you up and down the street knows this but you.

Everyone knows how to mistreat Black folk who still think they are something other than African. 

Dr. Tdka Maat Kilimanjaro 

The final model.

The brief was to create an architecture model which is a statement of modernity for a country of your choosing. I chose Bougainville Island and was inspired by their amazing culture, hardships, shapes of the mountains and their mine. My idea was to create an architectural piece to be used as an art/historical museum to generate tourism and help Bougainville generate revenue.

My favourite teacher in high school, Mrs Havini, now lives in Bougainville Island. Wish I knew how to contact her!

U.S. Marine pose for a photo in the jungle of Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 1943. Most armed with M1 Garand rifles, although a few are carrying the 1903 Springfield and M1 Carbine, both popular with troops involved in jungle warfare.