Arabidopsis thaliana is in the cabbage family Brassicaceae. This species is known as a model organism, meaning it is widely used by scientists as a model for genetic studies in plants. The genome of Arabidopsis is one of the smallest in flowering plants, and was one of the first to be fully sequenced. This species has a short generation time, allowing scientists to plant seeds, grow plants, and harvest new seeds within a couple of months. Arabidopsis is also amenable to genetic modification, giving scientists the ability to introduce genes of interest into the plant to observe their effects. Studies with Arabidopsis have vastly contributed to our understanding of plants and have laid the groundwork for improvement in a number of fields including agriculture and horticulture, molecular biology, and genetics. Follow for more plant facts and photos!
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