bosnian language

HOW TO IDENTIFY A SLAVIC LANGUAGE AT A GLANCE?

■ Broadly speaking, Slavic languages can be divided into those using the Cyrillic alphabet and those using the Latin alphabet, but in truth each language has developed its own modified alphabet. These language-specific letters and diacritic signs can serve as surefire clues, but unfortunately the task is much harder with speech, since accents and dialects tend to confuse even the most skilled listeners.

So how do you tell Slavic languages apart?

The Cyrillic alphabet:

BELARUSIAN – ў

■ Belarusian is the only language which uses the letter ў. It sounds similar to an English ‘w’, and the Latin transcription is ‘ŭ’. It is most often encountered in word endings equivalent to the Russian -ov or –ev suffixes, e.g., last names like Быкаў (Bykaŭ) or Някляеў (Nyaklyayeŭ).

UKRAINIAN – ї and є

■ ıf you see an ï amidst Cyrillic letters, you’re most likely reading Ukrainian. This letter is pronounced /ji/, and should not be confused with ‘i’ (/i/), or with ‘й’ (/j/) and ‘и’ (/ɪ/), which all look and sound slightly different.

Ukrainian is also the only language with the letter є ‒ in Russian the corresponding ‘э’ character faces the other way…

BULGARIAN – ъ

■ Ъ is a solid hint that you’re looking at Bulgarian ‒ it even pops up in the name of the country: България.  Though this letter (called ‘yer golyam’/‘ер голям’) also appears in Russian and other Slavic languages, it is not used frequently, whereas it appears regularly in Bulgarian. This is perhaps because it is silent in other Slavic languages, but in Bulgarian it symbolises a schwa sound (like the ‘u’ in ‘turn’). Make sure you don’t confuse it with the soft sign, ‘ь’.

Additional hint: ата is a frequent grammatical ending in Bulgarian.

SERBIAN – ђ and ћ

■ The similar ђ (dzhe) and ћ (tshe) are evidence you’re dealing with Serbian. Serbian Cyrillic doesn’t have many of the letters used in Russian Cyrillic; forget about ‘ё’, ‘й’, ‘щ’, ‘ъ’, ‘ы’, ‘ь’, ‘э’, ‘ю’, and ‘я’. If you want to tell Serbian apart from Russian, you can also look for љ (ly’) њ (ny’) and џ (dʒ), but these are also present in Macedonian.  

MACEDONIAN – Ѓ and Ќ  

■ Macedonian is the only language with the letters Ѓ and Ќ. The little accents over these Cyrillic letters are a surefire way to tell Macedonian apart from Serbian. The letters stand for sounds similar to the English [dʒ] and [t͡ʃ] – the latter sounding really Chinese.

Additionally, Macedonian features the letter ‘s’ [d͡z], which otherwise does not occur in the Cyrillic alphabet.

RUSSIAN

■ Famous for its inverted letters, Russian is probably the most recognizable Slavic language out there. On the other hand it is quite easy to confuse it with Ukrainian, Bulgarian or Serbian, so if you have a full sentence on your hands, it’s best to proceed by elimination using all the tips mentioned above.

The Latin alphabet:

POLISH – ł

■ If you see the letter ł with the characteristic slash through it, you’re looking at Polish. Ą and ę (which are nasal consonants) are also giveaways but be careful, both letters are also in the Lithuanian alphabet (which is not a Slavic language). Digraphs like ‘sz’, ‘cz’, and ‘dz’, sometimes combined into consonant clusters like ‘prz’, ‘trz’, and ‘szcz’, are clues, but watch out for Hungarian, which has similar consonant clusters.

SLOVAK – ä

■ Slovak is the only Slavic language to use ä, or ‘a s dvoma bodkami’ as the Slovaks call it. It comes up in words like ‘mäso’, ‘sôvä’, ‘rýbä’ (meat, owl, fish) and is pronounced like the English ‘a’ sound in ‘bad’. The same goes for ŕ, which is not used in any other Slavic language.

CZECH – ů

■ The Czech and Slovak alphabets are really similar. To tell them apart, look for the tiny difference in the diacritic sign over the letter r – where Slovak uses ‘ŕ’, the Czech letter has a tiny hook: ř. Also, if you see the letter ů, it’s Czech.

CROATIAN – đ

■ Written Croatian can appear hardly discernible from Slovenian, Czech or Slovak, with which it shares the letters as ‘č’, ‘š’, and ‘ž’, it has an easy distinctive feature ‒ the so-called crossed đ. [dʑ]

BOSNIAN

■ The Bosnian alphabet is indistinguishable from Croatian. To identify the language you would have to dig much deeper and look for differences in vocabulary since Bosnian has some unique words, mostly of Persian and Arabic origin.

SLOVENIAN

■ Slovenian, which is the westernmost Slavic language, is also the most discrete in terms of alphabet. In fact, it has only three special characters, ‘č’, ‘š’, and ‘ž’, which also appear in Czech, Slovak and Croatian. Again, your best bet is to proceed by elimination. (culture.pl)

Language App Availability Master Post

This is a list of all the languages available in the 3 major multi-platform language learning apps.

Duolingo (1 course is the most)
Memrise (Courses vary from Community made courses to Memrise made courses. Memrise-made courses have 7 courses at the most, community courses are infinite.)
Mango Languages (4 Units is the most)

·See end of post for pros and cons of each app·

✔= Yes
❌ = No

[AS OF AUGUST 10TH] [THIS DOES NOT INCLUDE DUOLINGO INCUBATOR LANGUAGES]


·AFRIKAANS·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·ALBANIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·ARABIC·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: Includes dialects ⭕Egyptian (1 Unit)
⭕ Iraqi (4 Units)
⭕ Levantine (2 Units)
⭕ MSA (4 Units and 2 special chapters)

·ARMENIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·ASL·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·AZERBAIJANI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·BASQUE·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·BELARUSIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·BENGALI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·BOSNIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·BULGARIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·BURMESE·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·CANTONESE·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Includes Cantonese Jyutping, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·CATALAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·CHEROKEE·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·CHINESE·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Includes dialects-
⭕ Mandarin (3 Memrise courses)
⭕ Traditional (Community Courses)
⭕ Spoken Mandarin Only (Community Courses)
✔ Mango Languages: Mandarin- 2 Units and 2 Special Chapters

·CROATIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·CZECH·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·DANISH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 courses made by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·DARI·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·DUTCH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 courses made by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·DZONGKHA·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·ESPERANTO·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·ESTONIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·FAROESE·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·FARSI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses ✔ Mango Languages: 2 Units

·FINNISH·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·FLEMISH·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·FRENCH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: Dialects-
⭕ France: 2 Units and 2 Special Chapters
⭕ Canada: 4 Units

·FRENCH SIGN LANGUAGE (LSF)·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·GEORGIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·GERMAN·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 2 Units and 1 special chapter

·GREEK·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Dialects-
⭕ Ancient (Community Courses)
⭕ Greece (Community Courses)
✔ Mango Languages: Dialects-
⭕ Greece (2 Units)
⭕ Ancient (1 Unit)
⭕ Koine (1 Unit)

·GREENLANDIC·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·HAITIAN CREOLE·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·HAKKA·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·HAWAIIAN·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·HEBREW·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: Dialects-
⭕ Hebrew: 1 Unit
⭕ Biblical Hebrew: 1 Unit

·HINDI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·HUNGARIAN·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·ICELANDIC·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·IGBO·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Units

·INDONESIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·IRISH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit and 1 Special Chapter

·ITALIAN·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 2 Units and 3 Special Chapters

·JAPANESE·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Variants-
⭕ 3 Courses by Memrise
⭕ Community Courses
⭕ 3 No Script courses by Memrise
⭕ Kanji (Community Course)
✔ Mango Languages: 2 Units and 2 Special Chapters

·JAVANESE·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·KAZAKH·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·KHMER·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·KOREAN·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 Courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·KURDISH·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·KYRGYZ·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·LADIN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·LATIN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·LATVIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·LITHUANIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·LUXEMBOURGISH·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·MACEDONIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·MALAY·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·MALAYALAM·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·MALTESE·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·MAORI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·MARATHI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·MONGOLIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·NEPALI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·NORWEGIAN·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·OCCITAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·PASHTO·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·PIRATE DIALECT·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Units

·POLISH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 Courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Units

·PORTUGUESE·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Dialects-
⭕ Portugal (7 Courses by Memrise, Community Courses)
⭕ Brazil (7 Courses by Memrise, Community Courses)
✔ Mango Languages: 2 Units and 3 Special Chapters

·PUNJABI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·ROMANIAN·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·RUSSIAN·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 Courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 2 Units and 2 Special Chapters

·SANSKRIT·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·SCOTTISH GAELIC·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·SERBIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·SHAKESPEARE ENGLISH·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·SHANGHAINESE·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·SLOVAK·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·SLOVENIAN·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·SOMALI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·SPANISH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Dialects-
⭕ Mexico (7 Courses by Memrise, Community Courses)
⭕ Spain (7 Courses by Memrise)
✔ Mango Languages: Dialects-
⭕ Latin America (2 Units and 5 special chapters)
⭕ Spain (4 Units and 2 special chapters)

·SWAHILI·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·SWEDISH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 Courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·TAGALOG·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·TAMIL·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·TELUGU·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·THAI·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·TURKISH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: 7 Courses by Memrise, Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·TUVAN·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·UKRAINIAN·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·URDU·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Course
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·UZBEK·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·VIETNAMESE·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
✔ Mango Languages: 1 Unit

·WELSH·
✔ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Courses
❌ Mango Languages

·YIDDISH·
❌ Duolingo
❌ Memrise
✔ Mango Languages: 4 Units

·ZULU·
❌ Duolingo
✔ Memrise: Community Course
❌ Mango Languages


If you’re new to language learning, you’ve never heard of one or more of the above apps, or you want to know which app would be best for you, consult the guide below.


DUOLINGO: Quality above Quantity

Pros:
⭕ Clean Interface
⭕ Totally free
⭕ You feel fine when you see an Ad because of how free everything is
⭕ Premium is available and takes away Ads and makes offline courses available for a price
⭕ Speech in some courses
⭕ You can join a club of people, or make your own with your friends
⭕ Streak Saver for if you are too busy to practice but still want to keep a streak
⭕ Good for learning the basics of a language for school
⭕ Good for learning the basics of a language for work
⭕ Very Good as a starting point
⭕ Tips & Notes (Helps with grammar) can be really helpful
⭕ You can contribute to making a course as long as you speak both languages involved
⭕ Forums
⭕ Reminder Notifications
⭕ I hear TinyCards and Chatbots are good (BUT I WOULDN’T KNOW BECAUSE IT’S NOT ON ANDROID DANGET)

Cons:

🔴 Tips & Notes is only on the Website
🔴 Takes a long while for courses because they’re made by contributors
🔴 When a course is quicker than usual it’s usually because Duolingo pushed the contributors to make it and it ends up slightly half-assed
🔴 Duolingo accepts languages based on their demand, so lesser-known languages aren’t accepted
🔴 Can’t delete courses through the mobile site
🔴 Tinycards (A flashcard app made by Duolingo) and Chatbots (An AI that talks to you in your target language made by Duolingo) is only available on iOS
🔴 Even though TinyCards has a Website, it’s still not available on Android
🔴 If they release a date for something to be out, it’s usually released a lot later than that (TinyCards was due on Android a month or so after it was released on iOS, it still isn’t out and its been almost a year)

All in all, if you’re a student, new to languages, or need to learn a language for work; this is the app for you.

If you’re wanting to expand your vocabulary (outside of casual phrases), you’re intermediate in your target language, or you want to learn grammar; this app isn’t for you.


MEMRISE: Quantity over Quality

Pros:
⭕ Memrise-made courses
⭕ A lot of courses available
⭕ Not just for Languages
⭕ Usually at least 200 words in each Memrise-made course
⭕ A lot of languages available if you don’t care about the quality
⭕ The most words I’ve seen in a course is 2750
⭕ Good for expanding your vocabulary
⭕ Good for starting out
⭕ Many lesser-known languages
⭕ Reminder Notifications (Report for training, Dojo!)
⭕ Space themed
⭕ Some community made courses are really good.
⭕ Sound in the Memrise-made courses, sometimes sound in the community made courses
⭕ Anyone can make a course about pretty much anything
⭕ Mems (Pictures to help you remember the word)
⭕ No Ads
⭕ Premium is available and adds courses like Difficult Words (Helps with words you’ve had the most difficulty with), Listening Skills (Helps with listening skills) and Meet the Natives (Videos of native speakers), Chat with AIs in your target language (Only available on some courses), Offline courses, and Grammar bot that helps with grammar (Only available on some courses) for a price
⭕ Okay without Premium
⭕ Good for students and workers
⭕ As long as you know your target languages grammar, you’re set on a Standard account
⭕ Teaches the alphabet along with vocabulary
⭕ Forums

Cons:

🔴 Prices are expensive for people who are broke or can’t pay the $129.99 lifetime fee.
🔴 Not a very clean interface (imo)
🔴 Some people think it’s on the way out
🔴 Some community Courses aren’t that good
🔴 the ratio of Memrise Courses to Community Courses is probably 1:300
🔴 No grammar unless you get premium
🔴 (imo) They try too hard to beat out Duolingo. Instead of adding Grammar, Tips, or Comments (On mobile, idk about website) they add interface updates and change things about the home screen.

All in all, if you’re starting out, want to learn more vocabulary, or you have to learn for school or work; this app is for you.

If you want to learn grammar, need help from others often, or you don’t want a very technical app; this app isn’t for you.

Pretty much if Duolingo and Memrise were computers, Memrise would be PC and Duolingo would be Mac.


Mango Languages: Need to learn grammar? I gotchu fam

I don’t know much about Mango Languages because I only got it recently.
From what I’ve seen by answering 2 whole questions on the Android app, this is what I concur.

Pros:
⭕ It highlights each word so you know which is which
⭕ Good for practicing speech
⭕ Teaches Grammar (!!!!!!)
⭕ No Ads
⭕ Many languages
⭕ I think they all have sound
⭕ Special Chapters teach special things depending on the language (i.e. Zodiac chapter for Chinese course etc.)
⭕ Teaches phrases (I wouldn’t like this if it wasn’t for the fact they teach grammar)
⭕ Clean interface
⭕ Seems to be mainly for conversational language.
⭕ Lady narrates everything so you can follow along easily

Cons:
🔴 Your local library pays for a subscription to Mango Languages, which will unlock the website/app for you. This is really bad, because if you live in a small town, or even live in a big town that doesn’t have subscriptions; you have to pay to unlock the site.
🔴 Doesn’t teach alphabets
🔴 Not a ‘press this button if you think the answer is this’ kind of app. You just go through slides and speak into the app and it tells you if you’re right or not.

All in all, if you want to learn grammar, the skeleton of the language, have another source for learning alphabets, and you have a good library; this app is for you.

If you want to widen your vocabulary, you have a sucky library, no money, and you’re only going to be using this app by itself; this app isn’t for you.


IMO, it’s best to get all 3.
With Duolingo helping you with basics, Memrise helping your vocabulary and Mango helping with grammar, you’re set.

If you take the Czech phrase “I love you” - “miluji tě” and put it in Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian, but slightly change it to “milujem te”, and translate it to English you will get “I caress you”. 

And if you take the Slovene phrase “I love you” - ”ljubim te” and put it in Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian and translate it to English you will get “I kiss you”.

listen y'all. i’m lazy. like “eats yogurt with a fork because i didn’t feel like washing a spoon” lazy. so, although no one asked, i made this post about how i lazily study languages! obviously this might not work for everyone, so experiment and find what works best for you (also i’m not a photographer so my pics kinda suck, sorry).

Keep reading

I’m interested in the “’chai’ means tea” and “’chai’ is a type of tea, ‘tea’ means tea” divide in languages.

Team Chai:

  • Hindi - चाय (chaay)
  • Urdu - چائے (chai)
  • Arabic - شاي (shay)
  • Turkish - çay
  • Amharic - ሻይ (shayi)
  • Somali - shaah
  • Swahili - chai
  • Bosnian - čaj
  • Russian - чай (chai)
  • Greek - τσάι (tsai)
  • Chinese - 茶 (cha)
  • Thai - ชา (cha)
  • Portuguese - chá

Team Tea:

  • English - tea
  • German - tee
  • Danish - te
  • Dutch - thee
  • Africaans - tee
  • Yoruba - tii
  • Sudanese - téh
  • Hungarian - tea
  • French - thé
  • Italian - tè
  • Spanish - té

Team Neither:

  • Finnish - iltapäiväateria (also uses loanword ‘tee’)
  • Lithuanian - arbata
  • Japanese - お茶 (ocha)
  • Korean appears to use both 차 (cha) and 티 (ti)

My (completely unsupported, unresearched) theory is that Germanic and Romance languages tend toward the “tea” root, and other major language families tend toward “chai” especially languages spoken in largely Islamic areas (Arabic, Turkish, Amharic, Urdu) but there are many examples that break that pattern.

(Native speakers, please correct me! I do not speak these languages, can’t comment on everyday usage, and can only read Roman characters and Cyrillic. Google Translate was used for a large chunk of info.)

Spring in Slavic languages

East Slavic
Russian: весна / vesna
Ukrainian: весна / vesna
Belarusian: вясна / viasna

West Slavic
Polish: wiosna
Czech: jaro
Slovak: jar

South Slavic
Bulgarian: пролет / prolet
Macedonian: пролет / prolet
Serbian: пролећe / proleće
Bosnian: proljeće
Croatian: proljeće
Slovene: pomlad

SLAVIC TIME: YELLOW
  • Belarusian: жоўты (žoŭty)
  • Bosnian: žut
  • Bulgarian: жълт (zhŭlt)
  • Croatian: žut
  • Czech: žlutý
  • Macedonian: жолт (žolt)
  • Polish: żółty
  • Russian: желтый (zheltyy)
  • Serbian: жут (žut)
  • Slovak: žltý
  • Ukrainian: жовтий (zhovtyy)
  • Slovenian: ... ehehehehe o u o.
  • Rest of the family: ... no, Slovenian. /STOP/.
  • Slovenian: ... wait for it.
  • Slovenian: ... almost...
  • Slovenian: rumena!
  • Polish: I AM NOT A BLACK SHEEP THIS TIME!
Slavic time!

Days of the week series - Wednesday

Origin of the word - The word Wednesday comes from proto-slavic word serdà meaning middle, therefore Wednesday in all slavic languages has a meaning of “middle of the week”.

Russian -  Среда (sreda)
Ukrainian -  Cереда (sereda)
Belarusian -  Cерада (serada)

Bulgarian -   Cряда (sryada)
Macedonian -  Среда (sreda)
Serbian - Среда (sreda)
Slovene - Sreda
Bosnian - Srijeda
Croatian - Srijeda

Polish -  Środa
Slovak - Streda
Czech -  Středa

+  Lower Sorbian - Srjoda
Upper Sorbian -  Srjeda
Kashubian - Strzoda

anonymous asked:

favourite slavic language tumblrs?

These are mostly langblrs but I also included some of my favourite Slavic blogs in general, enjoy!

@balkanheartIs a lovely Slavic soul, one of her native languages is Bosnian, and she’s learning Russian, which she’s really good at too. Posts a lot of Slavic aesthetics. 

@languagehell a really cool (mostly) Slavic langblr from Serbia

@colors-n-languages this one is a must, a Ukrainian girl that makes great language posts, from Slavic languages she’s learning Bosnian and Polish

@malteseboy great langblr, posts about a lot of languages, among them about Polish too

@matriiyoshka a must, she’s learning Russian but also one of my favourite Slavic tumblrs over here

@an-angry-slav url says it all

@slav-reject a great Slavic langblr

@polish-poets great if you’re interested in Polish literature, url speaks for itself

@viktor-risjak a Russian linguist

@sauerskaut Eastern Europe aesthetics and much more

@soviet-language-insanity a Brazilian girl learning Russian, posts mostly about that but also memes

@stavroginova probably my favourite Slavic blog, definitely check it out

@slawischermarsch definitely one of the most entertaining Eastern Europe aesthetic blogs

@kindofapolyglot a langblr, his native language is Bulgarian, learning Russian and more  

@wonderful-language-sounds you’d be crazy not to follow her, posts great vocabulary lists and resources for Russian and Ukrainian among others

@langdogelanguage this Indian girl has dabbled into every Slavic language there is, also a must-follow

@uchimsyavmeste a really helpful blog for Russian learners

@polskieserce a cool langblr very useful if you’re learning Polish

@only-in-ru also a very useful blog for Russian learners

@netdymabezognya a guy really good at Russian and Croatian

@rokirovka an American learning Russian, posts a lot about Soviet history too

@rukopisi-ne-goryat wonderful (mostly) Slavic content

@polishorror a great Polish langblr

@davna-minulost A czech history student, posts a lot of great content, one of must-follows

@mediocrelanguagelearner a great langblr, native Czech speaker

@prvni-slova quite helpful for Czech beginners

@sametove-jaro A girl really really good at Czech, posts really interesting stuff about Czechoslovakia most of the time, but also much more

@pycckuu one of my personal favourites, langblr about Russian, plus really nice (also mostly Russian) aesthetics

@mindowe a really cool Polish girl with great drawing skills and love for Lithuania

shit i’ve been told/asked by americans:

  • do you have mcdonalds there?
  • oh so you’re russian?
  • you’re slavic? so you’re a communist right
  • um,do you like,you know.. go to school there?
  • omg!! i love communism omg!!!! can you tell me about it!!!!
  • Croatia..? dont u mean Serbia..?
  • How is it in yugoslavia? :0
  • didnt like yugoslavia become just serbia in 1988..
  • bosnian and croatian arent languages..thats just fancy serbian

Summer in Slavic languages

East Slavic
Russian: лето (lyeta)
Ukrainian: літо (lito)
Belarusian: летa (lieta)

West Slavic
Polish: lato
Czech: léto
Slovak: leto

South Slavic
Bulgarian: лято (lyato)
Macedonian: лето (leto)
Serbian: лето (leto)
Bosnian: ljeto
Croatian: ljeto
Slovene: poletje