borders of language

Barcelona holds a demonstration in support of the refugees

The Catalan organization “Casa nostra, casa vostra” (Our home, your home) has organized a demonstration in Barcelona with the slogan “Volem acollir” (We want to take in). Last week, there was a concert with many artists. All the money will be given to NGOs who are helping the refugees. Protesters want the EU and Spanish politicians to actually do something.

Pictures of today’s demo:

(Pictures taken from Twitter)

The demonstration ends at the beach, a metaphor to denounce how many people have died in the Mediterranean sea.



More pictures and videos under the hashtag #volemacollir


Why though? Why does this language have multiple ways to say and spell the same things??

I love Duo and all it’s quirks, but this is an area I need it to work on. Sometimes definitions aren’t enough. I need an explanation!

First part of the guide is here!! And this will be all about styles. But first, what exactly are styles? According to the MS Word description.

“A style is a set of formatting characteristics, such as font name, size, colour, paragraph alignment and spacing. Some styles even include borders and shading.”

In plain English, they are a bunch of programmed formats for text. So, instead of going paragraph by paragraph, an setting, font, size, alignment, spacing, and so on; you just click and the text is done.

Besides the convenience of using them, and the benefits of a great look, they give your document consistence and that makes it easier an more pleasant to read. Also, they help you navigate your document, which comes handy when you have a lot of pages.

With that said, the guide is on!! But below the cut, because I am conscious of people’s dashboards and my own.

Note: I’ve just hit my first 100 followers! And I wanted to thank everyone, for helping me reach this first milestone. I hope to be able to keep contributing to this lovely community. Thanks!

Love, Andrea

Keep reading

Beni Amer Boy

Growing up as kid, it seemed like every Eritrean household in the diaspora had this boy’s image on their wall. His inviting smile; his big pearly whites; his mud-stiffened ringlets hairdo known as the tiffa and tribal scars on his cheeks made him a memorable face. Although no one knows his name for certain, he does have a few aliases Eritreans commonly refer to him by, including Beni-Amer boy and smiling boy.

So who is he?

Despite being one of the most recognized images among Eritreans, we still don’t know much about him. All we know is this iconic picture was taken in 1965 by James P. Blair, a retired National Geographic photographer. We also know the picture was shot in Tesseney, Eritrea, a mid-size town near the Sudanese border. Aside from these few facts, there isn’t much information to go on.

Judging by the boy’s face, he seems to be between 14-16 years of age when Mr. Blair took his picture. Since the image was taken 48 years ago, this would make him around 62-64 years old today, assuming he’s still alive, of course. While this information is nice to know, it still doesn’t give inklings about his personal life. Unfortunately, we are still left with rumors to fill this void.


Lack of information about people usually results in rumors. Among the most entertaining ones about him is he was allegedly given a modeling job by Crest, a toothpaste company based in America. Another one of my favorites is a French model tourist visiting Tesseney was struck by his good looks and married him and took him to Paris with her. Perhaps the most plausible rumor is he allegedly joined the Eritrean Revolution and was martyred in the late 1960s.


Since Ethiopia annexed Eritrea in 1962, National Geographic presented him to the world as an Ethiopian boy. Additionally, the Ethiopian tourist agencies during the Haile Selassie and Mengistu Haile Mariam administrations used his image extensively to promote Ethiopian tourism. As a result, he became well known among Ethiopians, too. Even today, his image can be seen in many Ethiopian restaurants and households.


The Beni-Amers, who are generally classified as the largest subgroup within the Tigre ethnic group, are named after Amer Ibn Kunnu, a 15th century CE founder of the clan. In fact, their name literally means “sons of Amer”. They live mostly in south west Eritrea and around the Eritrean-Sudanese border. Although their original language was Bedawi (Beja/Hidareb), today they speak Tigre as their first language.

I love how Skam makes you empathise with characters. Like, I’m not a teenage boy who wears snapbacks and suddenly has to cope with feelings he’s never acknowledged before. And yet, in a way, I am. I’m not a Muslim girl in a mostly secular country feeling ike nobody’s there for her. But when I’m watching Skam, I am.

I honestly think that’s the whole point of television, of fiction, even. To make you empathise with something outside of your everyday sphere of experience. Not simply watch it, not even necessarily understand it, feel it.

And maybe that quality is why Skam can transcend borders the way it does. Geographical borders (suck it, geoblock), language barriers, cultural differences… we’re all experiencing the same life at the same time, together.

  • person: Why would you need so many languages in your life?
  • me: For thousands of years, people have used and changed languages, adjusting them to their own needs. Hundreds of languages have been developed throughout history, providing us with a unique impression of breaking barriers and discovering whole new worlds while learning them. The feeling of connection caused by interaction with native speakers of the language you're studying and disclosure of new ways to express your thoughts are just some of many pleasures of discovering the world behind the walls built by language difference. I want to find the way to go to the other side because understanding of human culture can't be put inside the borders of just one country, language and religion.
  • person: ...
  • person: A simple ''because I like them'' would've been enough.

melancholicmai  asked:

Hey! I saw what you reblogged about that poem regarding Punjabi. It's interesting, i was talking to a couple of my Pakistani Punjabi friends and they were telling me how the language "is kinda crude but funny". But I definitepy understand ur concerns

Thank you so much for bringing this up!! That’s the thing. On both sides of the border the language is shamed and treated as a joke, and in place the nationalist rhetorics put the idea into people’s heads that the national language is somehow superior to their mother tongue. In East Punjab that’s done with Hindi, and in West Punjab with Urdu. 

In East Punjab the likes of Gandhi complained about the fact that the Sikh scripture is in Gurmukhi (a script of Punjab), and explained how Gurmukhi is inferior to Devnagari (mainstream Hindi script). In Bollywood Punjabi is the language of choice to tell jokes, as it is seen as crude and illiterate. Moreover, many schools in East Punjab have basically stopped teaching Punjabi, and instead focus on Hindi and English.

Cross the border and the situation isn’t any different in West Punjab. Even though Punjab is the biggest state of the state of Pakistan, its indigenous language is not recognized officially by the government, and Punjabi students in school are not taught Punjabi in favour of Urdu. This has created several waves of action, such as the PLM (Punjabi Language Movement), that do demonstrations to pressure the government to give Punjabi recognition. Here is a demonstration that took place this year during International Mother Language Day in Islamabad:

Speaking of International Mother Language Day (the observance of which originated to honour the struggles of people in Bangladesh to preserve their Bengali language), I am honestly jealous of how Bangladeshis preserved their culture. To this day, they speak the same language as their Western counterparts in India, and have preserved many of the cultural traditions, such as the observance of Pohela Boishakh (basically the Bengali version of Vaisakhi). If we look at the observance of that exact same holiday in pre-partition Punjab, it was celebrated by Muslim, Hindu, and Sikh Punjabis alike as the harvest festival and the beginning of the agricultural new year. Fast forward to today, and the holiday is celebrated with pomp and fervour in East Punjab, but its observance in West Punjab has become limited to the pockets of Sikhs that remain on that side of the border. Weddings in West Punjab have lost the many of the traditional folk songs and cultural traditions that their native legends like Heer and Ranjha had gone through. 

Basically Punjabi culture is on a decline now more than ever, as West and East Punjab are moving towards Urdu/Hindi respectively, and Punjabis in the West are slowly forgetting their mother language. Moreover the stigma of Punjabi being crude is acting as a catalyst. 

Here in the West, English poetry is lauded as beautiful and unique. However, the language as we know it today is fairly modern. Chaucer, whose Canterbury Tales are barely understandable today, was alive in the 14th century. Hindi and Urdu are shown as refined language in comparison to Punjabi, but Hindi only came about in 17th century and Urdu 18th century. 

Punjabi can be traced back to Shauraseni, which was used in from the 3rd to the 10th centuries in northern South Asia as the chief language of the poetic and theatrical arts. Punjabi was the language in which Sheikh Fareed Ji (also known as Fareed Shakarganj- a Sufi Muslim saint from the Chisti order) recorded his works, which Sikhs view as Ilaahi Bani (Words from God). Punjabi is the language spoken by the royalty of Punjab. Punjabi has been immortalized in the poetry of Birahu Da Sultan, Shivkumar Batalvi. Punjabi has been sung by the sweet voices of Muhammad Sidiq and Surinder Kaur. Punjabi is a language of resistance, fostering revolutionaries like Shaheed-E-Azam Udham Singh and Bhagat Singh. Punjabi is a language of resilience, providing comfort to pioneers venturing outside the comfort of the motherland. Punjabi is a language that flows like rivers in Shahmukhi, and lauds the glories of the Guru in Gurmukhi. Punjabi is a queen. It is beautiful, and most of all, Punjabi is my mother. It WILL get the respect it deserves.

ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਸਾਡੀ ਮਾਂ ਬੋਲੀ ਹੇ پنجابی ساڈی ما بولی ہے

Make naked
My body
Cleanse my mind
Strip me down
And find
My bones
Thrown over
Parts of me
No one has ever known
Touch my skin
It is akin
To the iceberg tip
Off the sunken ship
Is it warm?
Is it worn?
Is it soft?
Is it adorn
In vibrant cloth?
Stand back
And allow me
To dig my nails deep
Let’s swap veins
And membranes
Let’s switch tongues
And speak of lungs
Climb up my ribcage ladder rungs
And nestle inside
My bloody chamber ride
Uptake my chemistry
And chew on my dentistry
Break down
The world around
Fire up my neural network
Crack open my skull
To this organic artwork
I am the heart that bleeds
I am the stomach that feeds
I am the ribs that hold
I am the brain that folds
I am the bones that stand
I am the grain of sand
More than this mind-body
I am Me

nikkis-girl-deactivated20150208  asked:

*sobs violently* the AP Human Geo test is in 8 days and I don't know what to study. Tbh I sucked all year (teacher seriously wasn't the best) and now im freaking out because I want to get a 3 or higher. what do you suggest studying the most?

There are certain points in every section that are almost always tested more than the rest, so I’ll try to go through according to each section (because each topic is pretty much weighed the same.) 

The introductory stuff of geography for the most part revolves around knowing how to read maps. If you know that, congratulations, that’s a lot of what they test on. 

When it comes to population and migration, know what push and pull factors are. They’re covered frequently. Know examples for each and those are some easy points, as often times there’s FRQ’s on them and a couple of multiple choice questions. Also, know what diasporas are and examples of that.

Cultural geography mostly revolves around knowing what types of religions there are, and how cultures merge into other landscapes. If they ask you about things such as ethnic neighbourhoods, be sure to know some examples like Chinatown in New York City or Little Havana in Miami. You MUST know the differences between pop culture and folk culture. Understand the dumb buzzword “environmental determinism”. The biggest portion by far though is the language portion, and if you really need to dedicate study time, study the things surrounding language. 

Political geography is really easy surprisingly. Study your border shapes and how borders are formed. Understand the Heartland/Rimland theories. ALSO GERRYMANDERING. THERE’S QUESTIONS ON IT ALL THE TIME. 

Rural/agricultural stuff is really dumb, the questions they ask on it are often ridiculously hard if they don’t revolve around the Von Thunen Model. Ignore it aside from the Von Thunen Model. Trying to remember land distribution/parceling systems is just ridiculously hard (I’m a bit biased though as it was the only question I didn’t know when I took my exam)

Study up a lot on urban geography, such as urban sprawl and such. STUDY ALL THE MODELS. They’re so, so, so important and the FRQ almost always seems to have them nowadays. 

Aside from those things, study your Demographic Transition Model and any other models that you can think of. They’re honestly such a big part of the test. Know your world map. Focus on Asia, South America, or Africa. Ignore Europe or America as they’re not likely to ask you about those places. 

tldr; Study your models. Gerrymandering. Demographic Transition Model. Borders. Language. 

Note that there’s no guarantees that this stuff will be on the test, but after having taken the exam and like 20 practice exams, these all seem to be the most common and most important components of each section and I apologise greatly if for some reason the fuckers at the College Board give you a map of Central Europe. 

anonymous asked:

I'm not gonna lie, some of the criticism of the dress does border on some sexist language, I've seen very disrespectful stuff being said especially about Jen as a person. I'm not a big fan of the dress but I do think there is a double standard because no one would talk about men this way in general, you cannot ignore how culturally where so quick to criticize women over men and imo that's not right either because it's not like hook's tux is all that good?.

False equivalency my name is anon.  

Jen made the dress about her and her interpretation of her character therefore her views on femininity and feminism are fair game for discussing the failure that is the dress.  You don’t get to post a paragraph of incoherent, historically inaccurate word salad about how this dress is a perfect representation of your characters evolution and not open that interpretation up for debate.

Jen is not a fragile flower.  It’s not sexist to eviscerate the nonsense she spouted which erased the hard work of a woman she can’t be bothered to name and fetishizes a woman who if Jen had done half the research she claims to would know was lonely and sad. 

Jen’s ideas are not more important than Helen Rose’s work or Grace Kelly’s very real not fairy tale life.

🐺Serj Tankian - Imperfect Harmonies - Starters

  • “I can feel you far away, your hesitation matching mine,”
  • “Just the same, you survived in vain,”
  • “Time is the father of existence,”
  • “I felt so alone ‘til you came into my life and stopped the pain,”
  • “God’s name is different in every language,”
  • “Borders are the gallows of our collective national egos,”
  • “Fear is the cause of separation,”
  • “The king is dead now, we’re dancing in the streets,”
  • “Your gods are dead now,“
  • “I don’t deserve you, why don’t you see I will desert you?”
  • “You put your faith in love all the time,”
  • “Take me with you, I will make sure no one hurts you,”
  • “When you touch me, I feel you,”
  • “You’ve become my addiction, my mental preoccupied obsession,”
  • “Teach us how to eat from your broken hands,”
  • “No one seems to understand that we are falling to our knees,”
  • “I forgot to pray, you forgot to say please,”
  • “Blindness serves not god, not man,”
  • “We follow the ever-rising sun, with feelings of all becoming one,”
  • “Tell me what it is that we believe in,”
  • “The pain that you give, gives me a home,”
  • “Do you want me to turn and hide?”
  • “Do you think that you don’t need me?”
  • “I can’t live this disappointment down,”
  • “I want to die for your terror,”
  • “Where are we to go? How can we survive?”
  • “Peace will first be revenged,”
  • “Now we have no fear and in turn will disappear,”
  • “We lost the key of sight, now blind we fear in flight,”
  • “Silence is golden, please observe,”
  • “Go, perfect your fall,”
  • “No matter what, smile for them all,”
  • “For today, we see never.”
  • “Don’t confess to the crime ‘til you lavish in your concubine,”
  • “When you think you got clever, they’ll wheel you in and pull the lever,”
  • “When you think that it’s all over, they’ll clip your wings and make you roll over,”
  • “I have 38 rifles, and a bunch of handguns and ammunition,”
  • “I am the Goddamn trigger,”
  • “God made guns, so go figure,”
  • “The amount of firearms in any country is directly proportional to death and violence,”
A (Fantasy) Cliche/World Building Rant

Because I love fantasy, but I’m not loving cliched/bland/unrealistic worlds. Under the cut you will find:

  1. I Love Your Bracelet. Where Did You Get It?
  2. This Generic Medieval Anglo-Saxon World is Bland
  3. No Change
  4. The Seven Kingdoms
  5. I Know Everyone Has Had Cheese Pizza, but This One Has Green Peppers
  6. Fables, Fairy Tales, Folklore, and Superstitions Are Never Wrong
  7. Evil Uncles
  8. Warriors Don’t Die Quiet Deaths
  9. The Common Tongue

Keep reading


Edward Burtynsky

“Mass consumerism and the resulting degradation of our environment intrinsic to the process of making things to keep us happy and fulfilled frightens me. I no longer see my world as delineated by countries, with borders, or language, but as 7 billion humans living off a single, finite planet.” - Edward Burtynsky

Philosophers and philologists should be concerned in the first place with poetic metaphysics; that is, the science that looks for proof not in the external world, but in the very modifications of the mind that mediates on it. Since the world of nations is made by men, it is inside their minds that its principles should be sought.
—  Giambattista Vico, Principles of a New Science, 1759
While it is mostly Tumblr that generates this language, let’s remember that there are only virtual borders on the Internet. Users of one social media platform are likely to be users of several and they take the language with them across Internet borders. So language generated on Tumblr is is now becoming Facebook and Twitter language and influencing language everywhere from Buzzfeed to Autostraddle.

Your Ability to Can Even: A Defense of Internet Linguistics | The Toast

Hat tip: kenyatta

Emphasis added.