If possible, look at multiple references. I don’t like to rely on other people’s drawings so I looked at photographs as well as using basic hand proportions that I learned (and posted here) before. I found some sketches of the bones doing this gesture but I also touched my own hand to find out how the bones behave when I bend the thumb and middle fingers.
Oh mighty art god/goddess, how does one draw the great Papyrus because I'm kinda killing myself trying and I really like the way you draw him so
i will be honest, i despised drawing papyrus at first and still do a tiny bit (bones suck to draw in general but especially skulls). but i had to learn! i must love papyrus in every way.
he’s changed since i first tried drawing him but here are my warmups for that one comic with mettaton. my main thought was to make him look as different from sans as possible (without making him too angular) and going from there. almost every piece of papyrus’s face is the opposite of sans’s, which is cool
i dunno if this helps but i hope so! sans is easy enough for me to draw so thinking of papyrus as his foil design-wise made approaching him a little easier. as for parts of him that aren’t his face, i’d say study skeletons and think more about big shapes! both of which i gotta do more of…good thing magical cartoon skeleton monsters leave some room for artistic liberties
Here’s a helpful cosplay tip/tutorial for anyone planning on working with steel boning. I’m currently using white steel for my Farnese pannier and spiral steel for my Farnese corset and a friend suggested I use electrical heat shrink tubing to seal the cut ends of the boning. Websites that sell boning will offer boning tips or plasti-dip to seal the ends, but tips are a pain and plasti-dip can be messy and toxic. I found that heat shrink tubing works super quickly and is incredibly inexpensive.
Step 1) purchase tubing in a diameter that will fit your boning.
Step 2) cut a piece of tubing to cover the end of you boning and leave some extra for trimming.
Step 3) heat the tubing until it conforms to the shape of the boning. I used a heat gun and it went super fast, but I’ve also heard of people using candle flames and lighters.
Step 4) trim the excess tubing so that just a tiny amount extends past the boning.
Step 5) insert your boning into your boning channel and move on to your next piece of boning.
I make bone broth regularly from mostly-clean carcasses I get from the local butcher. You can make broth from pretty much any animal you eat the meat off of (though I do not personally like squirrel or Australian brushtail possum broth).
Take bones (with or without meat, cooked or raw) and crack them or saw them to expose the marrow. This is not required, but will substantially increase the nutritional value of the broth
Simmer for 2-8 hours on the stovetop or in a slow cooker
Strain out solids while broth is hot. Pull any meat off the bones and save for casseroles/enchiladas/tamales/pot pies/etc
Allow to cool at room temperature (if not hot) or in the refrigerator overnight. When cool, skim off the congealed fat
Freeze in meal-sized portions (2c is good for cooking for 2-4 people)
That’s it! The final result should be THICK and gelatinous when cold. This is good, it means you got protein out of the bones and tendons. Longer cooking times result in cloudy broth–this is fine and means that calcium and other minerals are being leached out of the bones (worth the ‘unsightliness’ in my book!)
The leftover bones can be buried or turned into your compost pile–they will slowly leach minerals into the soil, increasing the long-term fertility of your land.
A word of warning: under no circumstances should you make stock from the bones of an animal that lived in the inner city, industrial district, or in an area where there is a concentration of radioactive waste (looking at you Richmond, Washington). Cities have high baseline levels of lead in the soil, which gets into the plants, and then the animals that consume them. Both lead and radioactive potassium accumulate in bones, which can (obviously) be detrimental to your health if you eat them.
The leg bones are actually not that complicated. I guess the most important facts are the angles of the bones (upper leg: moving inwards and bending to front) as well as the behaviour of the knee when bending the leg.
It’s your first day of law school and you are assigned a case to read…its a daunting task, so where do you start? Here’s a quick and fast guide on reading cases. Please note this should only be used as a minimum for reading a case, it simply is a fast way to understand the facts and the bare minimum before a lecture or tutorial. Its always best to go back and flesh out a case after discussions in lectures and tutorials.
Bare Bones Approach to Reading a Case
1. Scan the Case: quickly scan the case trying to pull out key terms and principles. Write this down for future reference.
2. Read it again slowly: try and ascertain the general idea of what is going on in the case.
3. Write out the facts: Ascertain the facts of the case, who was the defendant, who was the plaintiff? What are the facts of the situation that caused them to end up in court of in some form of dispute resolution.
4. What are the issues?: What is the conflict between the parties, or what are the legal questions that the judge/s have to rule on and answer.
5. What is the outcome? (ratio decidendi): What legal rule did the court apply apply to reach their decision?