bombing of nagasaki

“’Fat Man’ was dropped from the B-29 bomber Bockscar, detonating at 11:02 AM, at an altitude of about 1,650 feet (500 m) above Nagasaki. An estimated 39,000 people were killed outright by the bombing a further 25,000 were injured.”


Letter received from General Thomas Handy to General Carl Spaatz authorizing the dropping of the first atomic bomb, 7/25/1945

Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations, 1900 - 2003

Less than 2 weeks before this authorization, the first Atomic bomb had been successfully tested at the White Sands Proving Grounds in New Mexico on July 16, 1945.
Could the Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Be Considered Terrorism?
Answer by Jon Davis, military and cultural historian, veteran of U.S. military: Hiroshima and Nagasaki effectively ended a period of warfare that began with the advent of modern artillery and aerial bombing and ended with the downfall of one of the most aggressive empires in history. They weren't, despite many people's...

On this day in History August 9, 1945: In a two pronged assault on Japan, at 11:02am Japanese time, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese home islands for the second time in three days. Where Hiroshima was bombed on August 6th, Nagasaki was the second city targeted by the bomb code-named “Fat Man”.

The article Hiroshima devastation remembered from the Herald Sun website dated August 5, 2014 highlights Australian army Sergeant Frank Savage. Upon the Japanese surrender in September, Sgt. Savage headed a team of communications specialists that was sent to occupied Japan to help set up radio communications. This is what he saw in Hiroshima on January 1946:

“Everything was completely burnt, The only things standing were buildings made of stone or concrete. All the glass was melted.”

The article describes comments made to Sgt. Savage by an English teacher he came across while in Hiroshima who survived the bombing. This is the sobering account of what it meant to be a person living in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945:

“(He) told me that it was a mild, sunny morning and kids were going to school, businesses opening and trams running and people going to work when he noticed a lone aircraft flying towards the city,” Mr Savage writes in his record of the encounter.

“Suddenly he saw a parachute open, carrying a drum-like container underneath.

"There was a blinding flash of light, followed by a tremendous heatwave.”

Tens of thousands of people died instantly in Hiroshima. The people of Nagasaki didn’t fare any better.

Approximately sixty thousand people died instantly the moment “Fat Man” exploded over Nagasaki. Some figures place the death total at seventy four thousand with a similar number of those injured by the bomb. In total it is believed that about 30% of Nagasaki, including the majority of the industrial district was destroyed by the bomb. 

The Soviets crossed the border into Japanese-held Manchuria on August 9, 1945. The book review by Capt Gilles Van Nederveen, USAF, Retired for The Soviet Strategic Offensive in Manchuria, 1945: “August Storm” and Soviet Operational and Tactical Combat in Manchuria, 1945: “August Storm” both by US LTC David M. Glantz (you can download both books in PDF version by clicking on the titles of the books above) from the Fall 2004 edition of the Air and Space Power Journal describes the Russian advance into Manchuria:

On 9 August 1945, the main attack took place on the western Manchurian border where the Red Army bypassed fortified border regions, moving though the desert and Grand Khingan Mountains with minimal problems. Reaching goals ahead of schedule, the army outran its logistics supply lines, so fuel had to be airlifted in using lend-lease DC-3s. The 1st Far Eastern Front formed the second pincer of the double envelopment. Its mission called for penetrating the border area and linking up with forces of the Trans-Baikal Front deep in central Manchuria. It commenced attack in darkness under cover of thunderstorms, catching the Japanese completely off guard. Another army came across the Amur and Ussuri rivers, directly attacking Manchuria.

The Red Air Force was able to establish air superiority because the Japanese had withdrawn most air assets as the American island-hopping campaigns got closer to the Japanese main islands. The Red Air Force flew reconnaissance and resupply missions for the most part, providing close air support during the breakthrough of the so-called concrete belt in northern Manchuria. The Soviets also began operations against the Kurile Islands, attacked the southern half of Sakhalin Island, and conducted amphibious assaults in modern-day North Korea to interdict Japanese sea lines of communication across the Sea of Japan. Their establishment of air superiority allowed the Soviets to take greater risks, dropping battalion-size formations to capture major cities in southern Manchuria and seizing communications centers.

The assault by the Russians in Manchuria would last until August 17, 1945. The Japanese signed the official Instrument of Surrender on September 2, 1945 formally ending World War II. 

For Further Reading:

White Light/Black Rain and Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee are both available on HBO onDemand right now. If you have it, watch both of them.

Just be forewarned:

White Light/Black Rain is a documentary about the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and is extremely graphic.

Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee is a film adaptation of the book of the same name, which deals with the actual events of the Battle of Little Big Horn and the Wounded Knee massacre, as well as residential schools and the relocation of Natives onto reservations. It is very heavy, very emotional, and there is no happy ending.

But I still think you owe yourselves to learn about both if you have an opportunity to.

From Los Alamos To Nagasaki ... Fat Man's Journey ... Unseen Video Of The The Nuclear Attack

Unedited Footage Of The Bombing Of Nagasaki (Silent)




Published on Feb 6, 2014

” This silent film shows the final preparation and loading of the “Fat Man” bomb into “Bockscar,”…

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“Only days after the bombing of Hiroshima, the second operational nuclear weapon was readied by the U.S. Called "Fat Man”, the unit is seen being placed on a trailer cradle in August of 1945. When the Japanese still refused to surrender after Hiroshima, U.S. President Truman issued a statement saying in part ‘If they do not now accept our terms, they may expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth.’“

(National Archives)

reactionarytraditionalism asked:

Come back from Hentai to Bushido my friend. Unite with us once more; we fought as brothers in the second great war.

スキンヘッドをオフに性交。Japan’s alliance with Germany costed millions of Japanese lives and the rancid and malicious ideals of fascism killed millions of natives because the Emperor’s Diet decided that all others were inferior. I honestly don’t know where people like you get off on the ideals that treats other races like swine at the chopping block, especially after Germany’s grueling defeat. To relive such horrors of humanity makes me wonder how little thought you’re actually capable of. Or have you forgotten history entirely? Here’s a reminder.

since sub-human slime like you probably doesn’t care about the non-fascists getting killed by the millions perhaps you can see what the arrogance and evil intent of my ancestors costed not only the armies but civilians. 

And FYI, any self-respecting Japanese would spit in your face for daring to claim that the empire was positive or that we have lost our honor. See you in hell fascist pig

something that would have derailed that post if i put it on there but is important to note anyway: the bombs dropped on hiroshima and nagasaki were not thermonuclear hydrogen bombs (H-bombs), as they were not yet developed. (the first hydrogen bomb was tested in 1951.)

thermonuclear weapons utilize a two-phase design, an initial fission bomb which ignites a higher-yield fusion bomb. hence the usage of hydrogen as a fuel.

(this used to confuse me a lot, how fusion yielded energy from some elements and fission from others. iron-56 is the lowest energy state for a nucleus. making a nucleus closer to iron-56, by fusing lighter atoms or splitting heavier atoms, thus yields energy. hence hydrogen as a fusion fuel and uranium as a fission fuel.)

the bombs dropped on hiroshima and nagasaki were simply atomic bombs. hiroshima’s was a gun-type uranium bomb, which basically shoots one piece of sub-critical mass uranium onto another so that their sum mass is critical, creating a runaway fission reaction. nagasaki’s was an implosion-type plutonium bomb, which compressed a plutonium sphere until it reached a critical density, creating a runaway fission reaction.

there are two reasons this is important to note.

  1. it gives an important context to the US government’s decision to drop the bombs. nuclear weapons were still very much in development at this point in history, and it is very likely that the desires of military scientists to test the devices in “uncontrolled environments” contributed to the decision to use not just one bomb, but two bombs of different types. (this reason, of course, is inextricably tied with the fundamental underlying racism that permitted even the consideration of such an abhorrent disregard for human life.)
  2. it serves as a powerful reminder that hiroshima and nagasaki were targetted by some of the smallest nuclear weapons ever produced. all that devastation was caused by weapons which are significantly smaller than other nuclear weapons, and dwarfed by thermonuclear weapons. 

so when people nowadays talk about the specter of nuclear weapons spread around the globe in the hands of imperial states like the US, Britain, France, Russia, and Israel, remember that the caliber of all those weapons sitting around still wired up and ready to go is of a class even greater than the horror unleashed on japan in 1945.

Nuclear Age Began 70 Years Ago

Nuclear Age Began 70 Years Ago

  Seventy years ago today, on July 16, 1945, the first atomic bomb was detonated at the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range in New Mexico–known from that day in 1945 as the “Trinity Site.” Trinity was the code name for the first detonation, chosen by J. Robert Oppenheimer, the technical director of the Manhattan Project that developed the bomb. Oppenheimer took the name from a poem by John…

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Literati roundup: "Map of literary road trips

Literati roundup: “Map of literary road trips

Map of literary road trips

 FlowingData » Visualization by Nathan Yau

Ever wanted to follow in the footsteps of a famous writer or literary character in their journey across the country? Well now you can. Richard Kreitner for Atlas Obscura hand-cataloged the road trips — more than 1,500 entries — from twelve works of literature and Steven Melendez mapped the paths.

Winners of the 2014…

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A German Muslim scholar (Abu Hamza Pierre Vogel) was asked about terrorism and Islam …

His response was …

Who started the First World War? Muslims??

Who started the Second World War? Muslims??

Who killed about 20 millions of Aborigines in Australia? Muslims??

Who sent the nuclear bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Muslims??

Who killed more than 100 millions of Indians in North America? Muslims??

Who killed more than 50 millions of Indians in south America? Muslims??

Who took about 180 millions of African people as slaves and 88% of them died and were thrown in Atlantic ocean? Muslims??

No , They weren’t Muslims!!! First of all, You have to define terrorism properly… If a non-Muslim do something bad… it is crime. But if a Muslim commits same… he is terrorist… So first remove this double standard… then COME TO THE POINT!!!

anonymous asked:

Why are you getting so worked up over a joke?? Calm the fuck down

Are you fuuuuuuuuuuuuuuucking kidding me?

It’s a joke about the death of thousands of innocent people, 160,000 to be exact, and what I fucking hate the most about this message is that it is so fucking characteristic of the way Tumblr gays handle shit. I mean, y’all have a field day anytime you have a female to drag through the nine circles of hell and don’t give it a second thought, but when its a guy, and one with abs no less, all of a sudden everyone becomes so much more forgiving and understanding. It’s bullshit.

Plus, I’m sure this also has a racial component considering how Asian history and culture has always been degraded and turned in to a joke, at least in the United States, to the point we forget that we put Asian-Americans in concentration camps and killed almost 250,000 unarmed civilians in the bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima during WW2.

So yeah, I am worked up right now, and if you aren’t then that’s something you need to look into. 

Yup. That’s my high school’s football helmet. I grew up in Richland, Washington and went to Richland High School. Yes, we were/are the “Bombers.” Yes, that’s a mushroom cloud. 

You see, the atomic bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki was constructed at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation outside my hometown. After WWII ended, both a civilian nuclear power production plant and a facility dedicated to fabricating plutonium for the U.S, nuclear arsenal were constructed at Hanford. 

When I grew up there in the 1980s at the tail end of the Cold War, adults would brag about how important we were. “We’re a Soviet first-strike target!” They’d say that, beaming with pride. I grew up having nightmares about World War III.  

Of course, I find our mascot and logo ghoulish. But most people back home disagree. Al Jazzera America just did a story about it… 

70 years ago these bombers ushered our world into the modern age. These are the only two planes  to drop a nuclear weapon in times of war. The Enola Gay dropped Little Boy on Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945. The Bockscar was the plane that essentially ended the war when it dropped Fat Man on Nagasaki on Aug. 9, 1945. 

On those days almost 70 years ago for better or for worse , a genie out was let out of a bottle and it can’t be stuffed back in. 

Why do I post this? Because 70 years on many of those who witnessed the destruction first hand, have passed on. From then until now, world leaders have had enough sense to not unleash another nuclear bomb on the world. The memory is still fresh and they know if just one bomb was dropped it would start a chain reaction of retaliation not stoping until the whole world was gone. 

So it is important to remember those desperate days in 1945, where the world changed for ever, leaving us with all with a new horrible fear. We need to keep the memory of that pain and devastation fresh in the minds of children, the future. If they for even a second under estimate the power of nuclear weapons, the world will be left in ruins.  

1989 Tournament of Films - Match #7: Black Rain v. How to Get Ahead in Advertising

by Michelle Arf

Especially in contemporary times, sickness is a product of external conditions, of cultural context, of socio-political actions you don’t have a great deal of control over. It’s the external threat manifested internally, breaking down the barriers of your personhood and slithering inside you; viruses, germs, radiation, the stress that causes nervous breakdowns and PTSD, these are all the world coming inside of you and stopping your body from working properly. The two movies I watched for this entry are, on the surface, very different (a recurring feature in this series): How to Get Ahead in Advertising is a biting black comedy about marketing, and Black Rain is a realist drama about the aftermath of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. But what they share is an obsession with disease, both of the physical and mental kinds, as created by Western culture.

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This day in history: July 16, 1945 - First Atomic Bomb is successfully tested in the U.S.

 Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon, conducted by the United States Army on July 16, 1945, as part of the Manhattan Project. 

The White Sands Proving Ground, where the test was conducted, was in the Jornada del Muerto desert about 35 miles (56 km) southeast of Socorro, New Mexico, on the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range. The only structures originally in the vicinity were the McDonald Ranch House and its ancillary buildings, which scientists used as a laboratory for testing bomb components. A base camp was constructed, and there were 425 people present on the weekend of the test. 

 This essential testing would ultimately lead to the further development on US atomic weaponry, and of course, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.