Just about the greatest myth peddled about Winston Churchill is that he led a great anti-fascist crusade against the Axis power during World War II - his finest hour. What utter baloney. The man welcomed the coming to power of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler - viewing them as valuable bulwarks against communism. Churchill only became ‘anti-fascist’ when he felt that the British empire was threatened by the expanding ambitions of these rivals. Defending British imperial interests, not fighting a democratic crusade against fascism, was his aim during World War II.
Previously, Churchill had praised Mussolini to the skies - the man could do no wrong. Il Duce had “rendered a service to the whole world” by showing the “way to combat subversive forces”. In fact, Churchill thought, Mussolini was the “Roman genius” - the “greatest lawgiver among men”. Speaking in Rome in 1927, he told Italy’s Fascist Party: “If I had been an Italian, I would have been entirely with you from the beginning to the end of your victorious struggle against the bestial appetites and passions of Leninism.”
He heaped similar praise upon Hitler too. After the Nazis came to power, Churchill proclaimed in a 1935 article that if Britain was defeated like Germany had been in 1918, he hoped “we should find a champion as indomitable to restore our courage and lead us back to our place among the nations”. While all manner of “formidable transformations” were occurring in Europe, Churchill continued, corporal Hitler was “fighting his long, wearing battle for the German heart” - the story of that struggle “cannot be read without admiration for the courage, the perseverance and the vital force which enabled him to challenge, defy, conciliate or overcome all the authorities or resistances which barred his path”. If only things had been different, Britain could have done a deal with fascist Italy and Germany against the common enemy - ie, ‘international Bolshevism’.
This is intro comic to a series of mini comics I wanted to do about Soviet Union’s famine of 1921 and America’s relief efforts.
So Hoover is mainly known for the depression but in the early 1920’s Hoover was seen as a very capable hard head humanitarian. He was the head of the ARA and was known as the master of emergencies because he he knew how to move men and food to helped feed millions starving in war torn countries. One of his greatest challenges was Soviet Union
One reason was that Soviet Union
was weary about America’s intentions. They didn’t understand why America was suddenly giving them aid. Sure most of it was because ARA wanted to help those who where in need but Hoover also saw Bolshevism as wicked and evil and did hope to use the food as a political weapon. So they where right to be suspicious.
15-year-old Léon Merdjian poses for a photograph with his unit of the Axis collaborationist Legion of French Volunteers Against Bolshevism (French: Légion des volontaires français contre le bolchévisme, or, LVF). It was officially known to the Germans as Infantry Regiment (Infanterieregiment) 638. The LVF was founded on 8 July 1941 and was mainly made up of right-wing Frenchmen and French POWs who preferred fighting to forced labor in Germany and volunteered to fight against the Soviets on the Eastern Front. Léon Merdjian was a Georgian émigré who arrived in France from Tblisi with his family prior to the outbreak of war. Near Golovbovo, Pskov Oblast, Russia, Soviet Union. December 1941.
Dvaja francúzski legionári z LVF (Légion des volontaires français - Wehrmacht) a ich nový kamarát. / Two French legionnaires from LVF (Légion des Volontaires français - Wehrmacht) and their new friend.
Takzvaný “Fakliarsky rozkaz” (Fackelmännerbefehl) je nariadenie číslo 0428, vydané 17. novembra 1941 Stalinom. Vyhlasuje, že ruskí partizáni v nemeckých uniformách, hlavne tí v uniformách Waffen SS, mali zničiť všetky budovy v okolí zhruba 40-60 km hlboko od hlavných bojových línii a nemilosrdne pozabíjať civilné obyvateľstvo. S týmito taktikami bolo dôležité, aby bolo ponechaných pár preživších, ktorí by oznámili údajné nemecké útoky teroru. Táto metóda vedenia vojny bola tiež potvrdená nemeckými vojakmi, ktorí zajali mnoho ruských partizánov, nosiacih nemecké uniformy.
Úryvok z rozkazu najvyššieho veliteľa (Stalin) č. 0428 (17.11.1941) (Solonin M.: Vymývání mozků, Naše vojsko, Praha, 2011): “Prikazujem: Zbúrať, celkom spáliť všetky budovy v tyle nemeckých vojsk do hĺbky 40 až 60 km od frontovej línie a do šírky 20 až 30 km od každej cestnej a železničnej komunikácie. K zničeniu budov v určených pásmach, je treba okamžite nasadiť letectvo, delostreleckú a mínometnú paľbu, zvláštne prieskumné jednotky, lyžiarske a odbojové diverzné skupiny, ktoré musia byť vybavené zápalnými prostriedkami, granátmi a výbušninami…"
Birçoğumuz Nadejda Krupskaya’yı yalnızca Vladimir Lenin’in eşi olarak biliriz. Ama Nadejda, aynı zamanda Bolşevik bir devrimciydi ve kendisi de bir politikacıydı. Çarlık Rusyası’nın eğitim anlayışına karşı çikarak başladığı politik hayatında 1929’dan 1939’daki vefatına dek Sovyetler Birliği’nde Eğitim Bakanlığı Yardımcılığı dâhil çeşitli siyasi faaliyetlerde yoğun biçimde yer alırken aynı zamanda eğitim alanında da bazı görevler üstlendi. Devrimden önce, kıta genelindeki çoğu şifreli yapılan ve kod çözme işi gerektiren yazışmaları yürüten, Bolşevik Partinin yayın organı olan İskra grubunda sekreter olarak çalıştı. Görünmeyen mürekkeple şifreli mektuplar yazmak konusunda uzmandi. Devrimden sonra sosyalist eğitim sistemini geliştirdi; hayatını işçi ve köylülere yönelik, herkesin erişebileceği kütüphanelerin açılması gibi çabalarıyla, eğitim imkânlarının ıslahına adadı.
i don’t at all understand the idea that if not for the soviet union everyone would have a good and nuanced™ perspective of communism, like the first red scare just wasn’t a thing that happened now i guess