boiling-points

ummmm???? do people forget that hitler’s rise to power didn’t START with the holocaust??? like it wasn’t like day one he became chancellor and said “okay from now on, all jews are going to be put into camps”. it started so much more subtle than that. he started with quietly and subtly removing jewish people from civil services, from government positions, then from the entertainment industry, then from being on radio, then from medicine and sciences, then from not letting them go to university, THEN the nuremberg laws that officially classified jewish people as outcasts. THEN Kristallnacht. THEN ghettos. and then THEN the rounding up into camps. this all happened over a span of YEARS.

dictatorship doesn’t arrive with a slimy red bow, dripping with venom. it comes promising to make your country better by putting the blame conveniently on the backs of people that are easy targets and slowly raises the temperature on them until it reaches a boiling point. make no mistake. these ARE the signs of fascism. don’t pretend that there’s an overreaction when there really REALLY isn’t.

The signs and anger
  • Aries, Leo, Pisces, Cancer, Aquarius: gets angry right away and regrets it later
  • Scorpio, Sagittarius, Virgo: either blows up right away or lets it sit until blowing up later
  • Libra, Taurus, Capricorn, Gemini: very forgiving, until you push them to their boiling point, then they'll hold a grudge or just stop talking to you all together
Tough as a Tardigrade

Without water, a human can only survive for about 100 hours. But there’s a creature so resilient that it can go without it for decades. This one millimeter animal can survive both the hottest and coldest environments on Earth, and can even withstand high levels of radiation. This is the tardigrade, and it’s one of the toughest creatures on Earth, even if it does look more like a chubby, eight-legged gummy bear. 

Most organisms need water to survive. Water allows metabolism to occur, which is the process that drives all the biochemical reactions that take place in cells. But creatures like the tardigrade, also known as the water bear, get around this restriction with a process called anhydrobiosis, from the Greek meaning life without water. And however extraordinary, tardigrades aren’t alone. Bacteria, single-celled organisms called archaea, plants, and even other animals can all survive drying up.

For many tardigrades, this requires that they go through something called a tun state. They curl up into a ball, pulling their head and eight legs inside their body and wait until water returns. It’s thought that as water becomes scarce and tardigrades enter their tun state, they start synthesize special molecules, which fill the tardigrade’s cells to replace lost water by forming a matrix. 

Components of the cells that are sensitive to dryness, like DNA, proteins, and membranes, get trapped in this matrix. It’s thought that this keeps these molecules locked in position to stop them from unfolding, breaking apart, or fusing together. Once the organism is rehydrated, the matrix dissolves, leaving behind undamaged, functional cells.

Beyond dryness, tardigrades can also tolerate other extreme stresses: being frozen, heated up past the boiling point of water, high levels of radiation, and even the vacuum of outer space. This has led to some erroneous speculation that tardigrades are extraterrestrial beings.

While that’s fun to think about, scientific evidence places their origin firmly on Earth where they’ve evolved over time. In fact, this earthly evolution has given rise to over 1100 known species of tardigrades and there are probably many others yet to be discovered. And because tardigrades are so hardy, they exist just about everywhere. They live on every continent, including Antarctica. And they’re in diverse biomes including deserts, ice sheets, the sea fresh water, rainforests, and the highest mountain peaks. But you can find tardigrades in the most ordinary places, too, like moss or lichen found in yards, parks, and forests. All you need to find them is a little patience and a microscope.

Scientists are now to trying to find out whether tardigrades use the tun state, their anti-drying technique, to survive other stresses. If we can understand how they, and other creatures, stabilize their sensitive biological molecules, perhaps we could apply this knowledge to help us stabilize vaccines, or to develop stress-tolerant crops that can cope with Earth’s changing climate. 

And by studying how tardigrades survive prolonged exposure to the vacuum of outer space, scientists can generate clues about the environmental limits of life and how to safeguard astronauts. In the process, tardigrades could even help us answer a critical question: could life survive on planets much less hospitable than our own?

From the TED-Ed Lesson Meet the tardigrade, the toughest animal on Earth - Thomas Boothby

Animation by Boniato Studio

Rhythm | Lee Joo Heon | One-Shot

jooheon (monstax) + you (reader)
word count: 7,233
warnings: i have no excuse for this flithy, graphic smut (that includes but is not limited to thigh riding, breath play, mild degradation, spanking, etc) and strong language (some slut shaming) and brief mentions of infidelity
a/n: i was inspired by the new mv and channeled that inspiration into a gang!au, bad boy jooheon sexy time fest and before you say anything yes i know he is a total squish in real life that’s why it’s called fiction :)

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blue’s voltron bayard ability being unlocked + consequences?

i think that allura is going to unlock blue’s bayard ability in voltron and that it’s going to be a sort of catalyst for lance’s insecurities that we’ve been watching build up.

first off, i’d like to say that allura is an excellent paladin, progressing much MUCH faster than any of the other paladins we’ve seen. even with the rough start, she really is turning out to be her father’s daughter– she unlocked blue’s freeze ray AND the sonic amplifier in ONE episode, when it’s taken everyone else the course of two seasons to unlock these lion specific abilities. technically, she’s learning so fast it’s almost scary. i mean, imagine if the rest of the paladins had picked up their lions abilities this quick?

allura is quite literally the most naturally talented paladin we’ve seen so far, with a great connection to blue, and it’s clearly noticeable. as a matter of fact, allura’s excellence + (clone?) shiro’s return is why we have this room scene with lance and keith, where lance even points out what a great job allura is doing.

furthermore, we see keith agree with lance here, going “that’s true.” i’m pretty sure that lance is directly foreshadowing future seasons in this scene here. we’ve seen keith unlock voltron’s sword, pidge unlock voltron’s shield, hunk unlock the shoulder canon, and shiro unlock voltron’s wings– but we have yet to see the physical manifestation of the blue lion in voltron. it’s almost like a secret? we didn’t even see blue’s ability in the flashback with the original paladins, when we saw the red lion’s sword, green lion’s shield, and the black lions wings being put to use. so why haven’t we, by the third season, seen what the blue lion can do?

because allura, our fastest progressing paladin, will be the one to unlock it! which is GREAT, i’m excited and already super proud of her, but i think that there WILL be consequences to this. namely, lance’s reaction to not being the one to unlock blue’s ability. as pointed out in this great post, lance and keith’s conversation here was a good attempt at communication, but overall, a failure. lance didn’t leave that interaction with any of his insecurities/concerns actually assuaged– he still thinks that he’s the least capable “soldier” out of the paladins and i think that when allura unlocks the blue lion’s next ability this scene here is seriously gonna come back to bite us. we’ve been receiving hints of lance’s personal doubts and insecurities for awhile and i think that this is where we’re gonna see lance finally hit his boiling point and decide that he’s not fit to be a paladin.

seeing as how the clone shiro theories are turning out pretty solid, and that we saw pidge by herself (going after matt?) in the japanese s3/4 trailer, i think that lance’s insecurities peaking and him deciding to take some sort of drastic action is going to be one of many events that’s gonna lead to team voltron falling apart in future seasons…. hopefully, only briefly.

2

The novel The Last Train From Hiroshima by Charles Pellegrino had a few passage that describe the untimely demise of one Mrs. Aoyama, who had the unfortunate distinction of being directly below the bomb as it detonated over the city of Hiroshima.

“After only one-hundred-millionth of a second, the core (of the bomb) began to expand and the fission reaction began to run down. During this nanosecond interval, the first burst of light emerged with such intensity that even the green and yellow portions of the spectrum could be seen shining through the bomb’s steel casing as if it were a bag of transparent cellophane. Directly below, Mrs. Aoyama was still alive and completely untouched by the flash. After one ten-thousandth of a second, the air began absorbing the burst and responding to it. Under the hypocenter (of the expanding neutron field created by the bomb’s detonation), the blood in Mrs. Aoyama’s brain was already beginning to vibrate, on the verge of flashing to vapor. What she experienced was one of the fastest deaths in all human history. Before a single nerve could begin to sense pain, she and her nerves ceased to be.

   "Unlike the man leading a horse across the nearby "T” Bridge, Mrs. Aoyama could not possibly leave a permanent shadow on the ground. From the moment the rays began to pass through her bones, her marrow would begin vibrating at more than five times the boiling point of water. The bones themselves would become instantly incandescent, with all of her flesh trying simultaneously to explode away from her skeleton while being forced straight down into the ground as a compressed gas. Within the first three-tenths of a second following the bomb’s detonation, most of the iron was going to be separated from Mrs. Aoyama’s blood, as if by an atomic refinery.“

{PART 18} I Won’t Stop You // Jeon Jungkook, Vampire!AU

Originally posted by jengkook

Pairing: Jungkook x Reader

Genre: Vampire!AU, Fantasy, Angst, Smut

Summary; The crowning moment arises when you and Jungkook arrive at the fundraising ball; but the storm clouds gather as you come face to face with your greatest fear.

I update this series every Tuesday evening, 9pm-10pm (UK Time) 

{Part 1} // {Part 17} {Part 18} {Part 19}

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  • Them: Why do you want Lance to turn evil so much?
  • Me internally: The reason why I want Lance to become an antagonist in season 3 so bad is because I really don’t want to see his inferiority complex regarding Keith (which has been established since season 1) get resolved simply by getting patted on the head and called the team sharpshooter, and get reduced to being the placated sidekick, afterwards. There is no way that Lance is going to accept Keith as the new leader of Voltron sitting down, and considering how it looks like we’re all going to have to stomach a Kallura romance, there’s no way he isn’t going to be annoyed that the woman he’s been trying to impress for the past two seasons is in love with his rival. There is also the question of his homesickness, which is not something that can be resolved as easily. It seems to be affecting him the most, and I’m curious as to whether his desire to see his family again will prompt him to act against the team’s interest. Considering how his love for his family serves as a foil to the orphan Keith's own ideals of sacrificing familial bonds for the greater good, I'm curious as to whether his insensitivity regarding the subject will be another cause of resentment for Lance, who may feel irritated Keith doesn't understand what he's going through, especially when you think about how he's faced with the opportunity to reconnect with his galra half in space. Becoming an antagonist (even a temporary one) might be a good way to explore this inner conflict as it reaches it’s boiling point, and develop his character, without reducing him to a comic-relief cockblock.
  • Me: I bet he’d look sexy in a Galra uniform
8

get to know me meme ★ 2/10 current celebrities crushes ❥ margot robbie

Certainly there’s a huge appeal to the ‘60s, because it was such a big turning point to everyone. It was the era of change, the boiling point. People rebelled against things - the hippies, the feminists, the protesters. All these things just built up and boiled over. I think people can relate to that today.

The thing that’s so ridiculous about fans infantilizing Mob is I feel like they’re losing sight of one of the most important elements of the series. Mob’s explosions are not him being taken over by someone else, he isn’t being possessed, these are the result of him being pushed too far with his emotions. Granted we still don’t know what ???% is (I honestly thought it was his subconscious but who knows), but his explosions are actually part of him. This isn’t like when Naruto would slip and get taken over by the Kyuubi. This is him hitting a boiling point. What Mob needs is self control and help with restraining himself in a healthier way as repression does not work. That’s literally why he went to Reigen and what his entire character arc is based around. And people come across like they’re missing this when they’re all “pwecious smol babu who needs to be hidden from harsh reality”.

Child/teen Lance is one of my favorite tropes, so I was really happy to get a prompt like this. In fact, there was so much that I’m going to have to split this into two or three parts. Enjoy! (Also, I’m going to try to have most Spanish dialogue described, not spoken, so I don’t mess up as much. Please correct me on any mistakes!)

(Part 1- You’re here!) (Part 2)

The mission had begun without a hitch. Lance and Keith were to fly down and inspect the seemingly empty planet; the radar had shown that there were rare alloys used for repair found in the caves beneath the surface. They had flown in cautiously and gone exploring among the jungle-esque environment.

“There’s probably not even anything here,” Lance complained as the duo forced their way through the thick foliage. “We should have just gotten the metal or whatever and booked it. I must have gotten at least three types of bug bites since we landed, and I-” 

“Shut up,” Keith snapped. “We still don’t know if it’s empty, so I’d really appreciate some peace and quiet until we’re in the clear.” 

“That’s my point, mullet, I’m absolutely certain that there’s-”

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2

A Potion to Commune with an Animal Familiar

Working with spirit familiars is a common practice in many magical traditions. They act as guides, escorting Witches through the astral realms and aiding us in our magical workings. According to legend, familiar spirits can manifest themselves in animal form. When this apparition occurs, the Witch should take steps to strengthen the newly-formed bond. As the relationship between Witch and familiar develops, so too will the gifts they bestow.

@phat-lava requested a potion to commune with an animal familiar through dreams. To achieve this, I have written the following. As always, use caution when taking potions internally. Keep the #potionrequests coming!

Equipment Required

-          Boiling Crucible

-          Mortar and Pestle

-          Glass Vial

-          Measuring spoon

-          Wooden Spoon

-          Sieve

Ingredients Needed:

-          475ml Pomegranate Juice (2 cups)

-          44ml Absinthe (1 shot; available from any well-stocked liquor store)*

-          The skin of 1 red apple

-          1 fresh fig

-          1 tablespoon valerian root

-          ½ teaspoon poppy seed

-          13 rose hips

-          1 tablespoon of chamomile flowers, dried

-          1 teaspoon of honey

-          Essence of the animal spirit, optional (feather, fur, etc)

INSTRUCTIONS

1.        Heat the pomegranate juice over a high heat and bring to a boil.

2.       Lower the heat and bring the juice to a simmer then add the absinthe.

3.       Contribute the apple skin.

4.       Take the fresh fig and grind it into a fine paste using the mortar and pestle.           Contribute this to the brew.

5.       Raise heat and bring to a boil while stirring and concentrating on your                    intent. Allow it to boil for five minutes.

6.       Set the heat to its lowest setting and let the potion return to a simmer.

7.        Add the valerian root and continue simmering for five minutes.  

Make certain the potion is not allowed to return to boil after this point lest the properties of the valerian root are destroyed.

8.       Stir in the poppy seeds.

9.       Contribute the rose hips, one at a time, while concentrating on your intent.

10.     Add the chamomile flowers and simmer for five minutes.

11.      Contribute the honey, stirring vigorously to ensure it is well-blended into                the potion.

12.     If you have the animal essence, ensure it is clean then simply touch it to               the surface of the potion.

13.     Remove the potion from the heat and allow it to cool. Once cool, strain it             through a fine sieve.

14.    Pour off the potion into a small glass vial.

15.     Ingest the potion right before bed while concentrating on that which is                   sought: communion with your animal spirit. In @phat-lava’s case, this                   would be the raven.

*Nota Bene: for a non-alcoholic version, you can substitute one ounce of dried wormwood. 

ANALYSIS: Pomegranate and Absinthe (a wormwood derivative) have long been associated with the other world. Apples and figs also have spirit associations. Chamomile, valerian, rose hips, and poppy seeds all bring sleep. The animal essence can be used to heighten the strength of this working, but if your mind is strong enough, the animal essence isn’t required.

Imagine:

You and Tom dated for awhile, broke up because both you started becoming two ships in the night due to both acting careers, but try again 2 years later. This time aiming towards marriage and children, but you want remain celibate until marriage, and Tom wholeheartedly agrees to it.

{ By: @randeerenae

I’ve been on this seesaw for weeks


But it’s not normal


I have so many different ends to tip into


One minute I’m laughing so hard


Next I’m screaming my head off


It’s like a build up of emotions


There’s so many I’ve reached my boiling point


But for some reason I can’t take off the lid


And all I can do is let the steam boil up


As I hope for the best


I really don’t know which emotion will come out next

anonymous asked:

Can you plz do #16 :)

List of prompts

Send me a number

16 ~ Don’t fucking touch me!

“Hey everyone! Hey, we have some news…”

He’s engaged. He’s getting married. He’s getting married to someone else. She feels sick, like all the feelings she’d repressed up to this point were at boiling point and were ready to spill over. She needs to get out, she needs to go home, so she does. She leaves a fleeting kiss on his cheek and a quick congratulations to the oh so happy couple and then she’s gone.


“What was that?”

Her front door is flung open and she knows it’s him. Not only because he’s yelling but because he’s the only other one who has a key.

“Harry…”

“No! What was that? You find out I’m engaged and all I get is a ‘I’m so happy for you’ and then you run out of the restaurant? Maybe we should go back and check, I think the you shaped cloud of smoke might still be there.”

“Well why wouldn’t you tell me? I’m your best friend and you don’t even tell me when you’re planning on fucking proposing? A little heads up would’ve been nice H.”

“That’s why you left? Because I wanted to surprised you? I’m so sorry okay? I mean damn is it too much to ask that you don’t think of yourself for once and maybe just be happy for me?”

She doesn’t answer straight away. Settles for staring at him with a look he hasn’t seen from her before. She’s hurt and she’s angry. She’s so angry. How dare he think she wasn’t happy for him? How dare he think she has ever put her self first when it comes to him?

“Get out.”

“Excuse me”

“Get out Harry! I don’t want you here! You really think I’m not happy for you? You think I’m mad because you didn’t tell me? Are you that oblivious?”

She’s never been this angry before, never at him, and it scares him because he has no idea what she’s talking about. All he knows is that his best friend is mad at him, like really mad, and he doesn’t know how to fix it.

“Hey- hey! Calm down okay? I’m not going anywhere. Talk to me, what’s got you like this? Never seen you so mad before.” His voice is soft now and it’s going straight to her head and all she can think is ‘I bet her talks to his fiance like this too’. He’s reaching his hand out to rub her arm as a comfort but as soon as she feels it she’s flinching away from his touch.

Don’t fucking touch me! Okay just don’t touch me right now” She’s yelling now and his hands go up in surrender.

“Okay, okay I’m not touching you. Can you tell me what’s wrong? I can’t fix anything if I don’t know what’s happened?”

“You can’t fix this Harry! You can’t, I don’t want you to. You’re so happy with her and I can’t ruin that for you.”

“What? Is this about my relationship? You’re this angry because I’m engaged? Do you not like her? If you didn’t like her you could’ve just told me-”

“This isn’t about me not liking her H. She’s perfect, she’s beautiful and kind and funny and I’ve seen how you look are her. How could I not like someone who makes you look at them like that?”

“Well then what is this about? How are you going to ruin this for me?”

“I love you, you idiot! I am so damn in love with you and it hurts. I love you and it hurts because you love her and I’m watching you love her and I just-” She’s cut off by a sob that’s been stuck in her throat since he walked into the restaurant with his fiance on his arm and it’s breaking his heart to see her fall apart because of him. “I just can’t watch you love her anymore.”

His eyes soften as her words do. Her voice now broken with a bittersweet softness to it. He’s reaching out for her again, cupping her face in his hands and brushing away mascara tinted tears off of flushed cheeks. She doesn’t push him away this time. She should, she knows she should, but his hands are warm and they feel an awful lot like home and she’s just too exhausted.

“Oh sweetheart, why didn’t you tell me sooner?”

“You’ve been so happy with her H. You called me after your first date with her and told me that this was the girl you were going to marry. And now you are. I couldn’t take that away from you.” He’s pulling her into his chest, she’s gripping his shirt in fists and he’s sighing. What does he say to that? What can he say to that? She’s been so hopelessly in love with him and she hasn’t said anything because she cares more about his happiness than her own? How do you respond to that?

He can hear her shaky breaths and he can feel shirt getting damper and it makes his own eyes well with tears. This is his fault. He did this. He was so preoccupied with trying to get rid of his own feeling that he didn’t stop to notice that she was doing the exact same thing. And now she’s broken. He broke her.

“I think you should to go.” Her voice is almost a whisper and they hadn’t been so close he would’ve missed it, he heard though and he’s pulling away from her in disbelief.

“What?”

“I really think you should go home now. You have a fiance and she’s probably missing you and you need to-”

She’s interrupted by him pressing his mouth to hers and her head goes quiet for the first time all night. She would give anything to stay in this moment but she can’t because she’s so aware that he isn’t hers.

“Har- Harry we can’t. You’re getting married we can’t do this.” She’s pushing him away. She’s played this scenario over in her head countless times and not once did she push him away. Her unsteady fingertips are on her lips because she can still taste him like he was still there and god how she wishes he was still there and he’s watching her, silently, his heart is racing a million miles a minute and all he can focus on is how kissing his soon to be wife never made him feel as complete as kissing his best friend just did.

“I can’t marry her…” Her head shot up, surely she hadn’t heard him right.

“What? Harry no, you love her! I’m sorry, I never should have said anything, I’m so sorry.”

“No… No I don’t, I can’t. I can’t marry her. Hell, I can’t even kiss her again after that. Don’t be sorry, please don’t be sorry. This isn’t your fault. I can’t-” He sighs, runs his hand over his face and lets his eyes settle on her shocked frame that’s clinging to his every word.

“I can’t marry her when I’m in love with you.”

2

On a surface much hotter than their boiling point, droplets can surf on a layer of their own vapor due to the Leidenfrost effect. Recent research has shown that textured surfaces like ratchets can create corrals, traps, and mazes for such droplets. Here, researchers manipulate the propulsion of Leidenfrost drops using non-parallel grooves instead. When placed between two non-parallel plates, the droplet is squeezed by side forces perpendicular to the walls, with the resultant force in the direction where the gap widens. In most states, friction forms an opposition to this squeeze, but for Leidenfrost droplets that frictional force is negligible. Instead, the squeezing from the plates launches droplets toward the wider end of the groove, allowing researchers to design repellers (top) and traps (bottom) for the fast-moving drops. (Image credits: C. Luo et al., source)