blunted effect

Let’s be very blunt about what the effects of the AHCA would be: it would kill thousands of people so as to give more money to the wealthy. That’s it. It’s a tax cut to the wealthy funded by cuts to healthcare, attached to the elimination of protections for the most vulnerable. If it passes every single congressman who voted for it will have blood on their hands.

Normal Horoscope:

Aries: Untwist your mind and something is bound to flow freely. Do not be afraid. It is okay to be afraid.

Taurus: Suspicion is an ugly thing but it keeps your head on straight.

Gemini: Nature is important. All she wants is your company.

Cancer: A big change is just around the corner! You can survive in sulfur based environments right?

Leo: The fabric of the world is fine and soft. Rest your head. Admire the work nobody has done.

Virgo: Nothing left to lose means nothing holding you back. Take revenge! Or a nap! The choice is yours!

Libra: Watch the fire dance between your fingers. You only have so long.

Scorpio: Intended use is just a legal term. Humans are clever fuckers and you wont stop us.

Ophiuchus: Your desire to help is well placed. Keep ample supplies up.

Sagittarius: You are resistant to the arcane. Its effects are blunted on you. This is neither a blessing nor a curse.

Capricorn: You’re missing out on all the fun! We are all missing out on the fun! Fun is a shapeless ineffable thing that physically cannot be described or located.

Aquarius: Sometimes the world makes you do shit but eventually everything will be grass so who cares.

Pisces: Anything is a legal chess move if you have a gun.

bela-lugosis-corpse  asked:

I've been thinking about this for a while, but how effective is full plate armour? Was it actually a good way to defend yourself?

Short Answer: Yes. 

Here’s a general rule: People in the past were ignorant about a lot of things, but they weren’t stupid. If they used something, chances are they had a good reason. There are exceptions, but plate armor is not one of them. 

Long Answer: 

For a type of armor, no matter what it is, to be considered effective, it has to meet three criteria. 

The three criteria are: Economic Efficiency, Protectiveness, and Mobility.

1. Is it Economically Efficient? 

Because of the nature of society in the Middle Ages, what with equipment being largely bring-it-yourself when it came to anybody besides arrowfodder infantry who’d been given one week of training, economic efficiency was a problem for the first couple of decades after plate armor was introduced in France in the 1360s. It wasn’t easy to make, and there wasn’t really a ‘science’ to it yet, so only the wealthiest of French soldiers, meaning knights and above, had it; unless of course somebody stole it off a dead French noble. The Hundred Years War was in full swing at the time, and the French were losing badly to the English and their powerful longbows, so there were plenty of dead French nobles and knights to go around. That plate armor was not very economically efficient for you unless you were a rich man, though, it also was not exactly what we would call “full” plate armor. 

Above: Early plate armor, like that used by knights and above during the later 1300s and early 1400s. 

Above: Two examples of what most people mean when they say “full” plate armor, which would have been seen in the mid to late 1400s and early 1500s.

Disclaimer: These are just examples. No two suits of armor were the same because they weren’t mass-produced, and there was not really a year when everybody decided to all switch to the next evolution of plate armor. In fact it would not be improbably to see all three of these suits on the same battlefield, as expensive armor was often passed down from father to son and used for many decades. 

Just like any new technology, however, as production methods improved, the product got cheaper. 

Above: The Battle of Barnet, 1471, in which everybody had plate armor because it’s affordable by then. 

So if we’re talking about the mid to late 1400s, which is when our modern image of the “knight in shining armor” sort of comes from, then yes, “full” plate armor is economically efficient. It still wasn’t cheap, but neither are modern day cars, and yet they’re everywhere. Also similar to cars, plate armor is durable enough to be passed down in families for generations, and after the Hundred Years War ended in 1453, there was a lot of used military equipment on sale for cheap. 

2. Is it Protective? 

This is a hard question to answer, particularly because no armor is perfect, and as soon as a new, seemingly ‘perfect’ type of armor appears, weapons and techniques adapt to kill the wearer anyway, and the other way around. Early plate armor was invented as a response to the extreme armor-piercing ability of the English longbow, the armor-piercing ability of a new kind of crossbow, and advancements in arrowhead technology. 

Above: The old kind of arrowhead, ineffective against most armor. 

Above: The new kind of arrowhead, very effective at piercing chainmaille and able to pierce plate armor if launched with enough power. 

Above: An arrow shot from a “short” bow with the armor-piercing tip(I think it’s called a bodkin tip) piercing a shirt of chainmaille. However, the target likely would have survived since soldiers wore protective layers of padding underneath their armor, so if the arrow penetrated skin at all, it wasn’t deep. That’s Terry Jones in the background. 

Above: A crossbow bolt with the armor piercing tip penetrating deep through the same shirt of chainmaille. The target would likely not survive. 

Above: A crossbow bolt from the same crossbow glancing off a breastplate, demonstrating that it was in fact an improvement over wearing just chainmaille. 

Unfortunately it didn’t help at all against the powerful English longbows at close range, but credit to the French for trying. It did at least help against weaker bows. 

Now for melee weapons. 

It didn’t take long for weapons to evolve to fight this new armor, but rarely was it by way of piercing through it. It was really more so that the same weapons were now being used in new ways to get around the armor. 

Above: It’s a popular myth that Medieval swords were dull, but they still couldn’t cut through plate armor, nor could they thrust through it. Your weapon would break before the armor would. Most straight swords could, however, thrust through chainmaille and anything weaker. 

There were three general answers to this problem: 

1. Be more precise, and thrust through the weak points. 

Above: The weak points of a suit of armor. Most of these points would have been covered by chainmaille, leather, thick cloth, or all three, but a sword can thrust through all three so it doesn’t matter. 

To achieve the kind of thrusting accuracy needed to penetrate these small gaps, knights would often grip the blade of their sword with one hand and keep the other hand on the grip. This technique was called “half-swording”, and you could lose a finger if you don’t do it right, so don’t try it at home unless you have a thick leather glove to protect you, as most knights did, but it can also be done bare-handed. 

Above: Examples of half-swording. 

2. Just hit the armor so fucking hard that the force carries through and potentially breaks bones underneath. 

Specialty weapons were made for this, but we’ll get to them in a minute. For now I’m still focusing on swords because I like how versatile the European longsword is. 

Above: A longsword. They’re made for two-handed use, but they’re light enough to be used effectively in one hand if you’d like to have a shield or your other arm has been injured. Longswords are typically about 75% of the height of their wielders.

Assuming you’re holding the sword pointing towards the sky, the part just above the grip is called the crossguard, and the part just below the grip is called the pommel. If you hold the sword upside-down by the blade, using the same careful gripping techniques as with half-swording, you can strike with either the crossguard or the pommel, effectively turning the sword into a warhammer. This technique was called the Murder Stroke, and direct hits could easily dent plate armor, and leave the man inside bruised, concussed, or with a broken bone. 

Above: The Murder Stroke as seen in a Medieval swordfighting manual.

Regular maces, hammers, and other blunt weapons were equally effective if you could get a hard enough hit in without leaving yourself open, but they all suffered from part of the plate armor’s intelligent design. Nearly every part of it was smooth and/or rounded, meaning that it’s very easy for blows to ‘slide’ off, which wastes a lot of their power. This makes it very hard to get a ‘direct’ hit. 

Here come the specialized weapons to save the day. 

Above: A lucerne, or claw hammer. It’s just one of the specialized weapons, but it encompasses all their shared traits so I’m going to only list it. 

These could be one-handed, two-handed, or long polearms, but the general idea was the same. Either crack bones beneath armor with the left part, or penetrate plate armor with the right part. The left part has four ‘prongs’ so that it can ‘grip’ smooth plate armor and keep its force when it hits without glancing off. On the right side it as a super sturdy ‘pick’, which is about the only thing that can penetrate the plate armor itself. On top it has a sharp tip that’s useful for fighting more lightly armored opponents. 

3. Force them to the ground and stab them through the visor with a dagger. 

This one is pretty self-explanatory. Many conflicts between two armored knights would turn into a wrestling match. Whoever could get the other on the ground had a huge advantage, and could finish his opponent, or force him to surrender, with a dagger. 

By now you might be thinking “Dang, full plate armor has a lot of weaknesses, so how can it be called good armor?” 

The answer is because, like all armor is supposed to do, it minimizes your target area. If armor is such that your enemy either needs to risk cutting their fingers to target extremely small weak points, bring a specialized weapons designed specifically for your armor, or wrestle you to the ground to defeat you, that’s some damn good armor. So yes, it will protect you pretty well.

Above: The red areas represent the weak points of a man not wearing armor.

Also, before I move on to Mobility, I’m going to talk briefly about a pet-peeve of mine: Boob-plates. 

If you’re writing a fantasy book, movie, or video game, and you want it to be realistically themed, don’t give the women boob-shaped armor. It wasn’t done historically even in the few cases when women wore plate armor, and that’s because it isn’t as protective as a smooth, rounded breastplate like you see men wearing. A hit with any weapon between the two ‘boobs’ will hit with its full force rather than glancing off, and that’ll hurt. If you’re not going for a realistic feel, then do whatever you want. Just my advice. 

Above: Joan of Arc, wearing properly protective armor. 

An exception to this is in ancient times. Female gladiators sometimes wore boob-shaped armor because that was for entertainment and nobody cared if they lived or died. Same with male gladiators. There was also armor shaped like male chests in ancient times, but because men are more flat-chested than women, this caused less of a problem. Smooth, rounded breastplates are still superior, though. 

3. Does it allow the wearer to keep his or her freedom of movement? 

Okay, I’ve been writing this for like four hours, so thankfully this is the simplest question to answer. There’s a modern myth that plate armor weighed like 700 lbs, and that knights could barely move in it at all, but that isn’t true. On a suit of plate armor from the mid to late 1400s or early 1500s, all the joints are hinged in such a way that they don’t impede your movement very much at all. 

The whole suit, including every individual plate, the chainmaille underneath the plates, the thick cloth or leather underneath the chainmaille, and your clothes and underwear all together usually weighed about 45-55 lbs, and because the weight was distributed evenly across your whole body, you’d hardly feel the weight at all. Much heavier suits of armor that did effectively ‘lock’ the wearer in place did exist, but they never saw battlefield use. Instead, they were for showing off at parades and for jousting. Jousting armor was always heavier, thicker, and more stiffly jointed than battlefield armor because the knight only needed to move certain parts of his body, plus being thrown off a horse by a lance–even a wooden one that’s not meant to kill–has a very, very high risk of injury.

Here’s a bunch of .gifs of a guy demonstrating that you can move pretty freely in plate armor. 

Above: Can you move in it? Yes.


Here are links to the videos that I made these .gifs from: 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vi757-7XD94

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NhWFQtzM4r0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hlIUrd7d1Q

Imagine Your Otp #60

Person A is the most stoic, blunt and effective security guard at the company.

 Everyone is either awed or afraid of them thinking they’re gonna die if they get too close. 

 The holidays come around and the boss throws a party to celebrate.

No one Expects it when this bright bubbly ball of sunshine comes bouncing in and starts dragging a smiling (wtf) Person A around, demanding they introduce them to everyone.

The Surgery of "His Last Vow": Agra’s killing shot

Summary

In Magnussen’s office, Agra intended to kill Sherlock.

“The bullet is foolish, the bayonet is wise”.

It seems that Alexander Suvorov was good in “surgery”.

In this paper, I discuss mostly medical aspects of Sherlock’s wound and give some information in forensic medicine and ballistics. In the final part, I consider a possible motivation for the assassination.

Anatomy of heart and liver

A human heart is located in the middle of a chest, diagonally from right to left.

The liver is under the heart on the right. The heart is covered slightly by the lungs (pink).

Male nipples are at the level of the fifth rib, sometimes, slightly above or slightly below it. If we draw a line between the nipples, we cross the heart at its widest part.

When we breath, the diaphragm moves up (exhalation) and down (inhalation), and the position of the heart changes slightly.

A heart is covered by a special sac called pericardium. The pericardial sac has two layers. It encloses the pericardial cavity, which contains about 25 mL of pericardial fluid.

Similarly, lungs are placed in a double-walled sac called pleura.

Vena cava inferior lies behind the liver.

Anatomy of Sherlock’s wound

Wellingtongoose (http://wellingtongoose.tumblr.com) considered this picture:

(http://wellingtongoose.tumblr.com/post/74878096422/why-mary-did-not-intend-to-kill-sherlock-and-why)

This picture was imagined by Sherlock in his Mind Palace.

It is not a reality.

Wellingtongoose concluded that the bullet had hit the liver and vena cava inferior. However, to reconstruct what had happened, one should consider not only the picture, but also anatomy of the wound, physiology, clinical symptoms, and actions of the doctors.

I have found an X-ray of a young male. What can we see on this X-ray? The white areas are the heart, liver, and bones. The dark areas are lungs.

Let us put this X-ray on Benedict’s chest.

Fits rather well.

Now, let us put it onto the body in the mortuary.

The bullet hit between the heart and the liver. The wound is very serious, taking into account concussion and necrosis of the tissues. In this case, the bullet could pass through the liver and injury the vena cava inferior.

Such is indeed the case in Sherlock’s Mind Palace.

What has really happened?

In the movie, we can see two real situations. First, in the ambulance:

Second, in the intensive care unit (ICU):

Let us superimpose the ambulance photo onto the ICU picture.

We can see that the wounds coincide very well! There is the same wound in the ambulance and ICU!

Let us put the photo in the ambulance onto the picture in the mortuary:

We see that the

real wound is located higher than the imagined one.

Look at the X-ray, superimposed onto the ICU photo. This is the key point of my investigation!

The wound entry hole is in the area of the HEART!

Agra shot in the heart. Do we need any other evidence of her false “surgery”?

However, Sherlock did not die. This fact can be explained as follows. The bullet hit the edge of the sternum and slightly deflected to the right, brushing the edge of the heart (see the picture).


In this case, the right lung was injured, but the liver and vena cava inferior were intact.

Therefore, the diagnosis is as follows:

The penetrating gunshot wound of the thorax, injury of the pericardium and the right lung, bleeding in the pleural sac (hemothorax) and pericardial sac (hemopericardium).

It is a very impressive “surgical safety”, isn’t it?

What has happened to Sherlock?

Therefore, Sherlock lost consciousness after a minute or two, and after 15–20 minutes, there occured a cardiac arrest.

In case of injury of vena cava inferior, Sherlock is assumed to die because of an acute massive blood loss (500–1000 mL).

It means that:

1) The heart had stopped, because it had nothing to pump. The law of physiology says: a “dry” heart cannot work. An electrocardiograph would register asystole.

2) It is necessary to refill the blood vessels by massive infusion into 3–4 large veins (central and/or peripheral).

Look at the picture in the intensive care unit:

We can see only two infusion systems in the cubital veins. Perhaps, the doctors did not see the massive blood loss?

3. The hole in vena cava inferior makes impossible the reanimation without surgical operation and sewing up the wound.

That’s why vena cava inferior is beyond the scope.

See the final ECG:

It’s not asystole. There are four variants of cardiac arrest, namely, pulseless ventricular tachycardia, electromechanical dissociation, fibrillation, and asystole. Asystole is a straight or wavy line at the ECG.

Sherlock had no asystole; he had small-wave atonic fibrillation. His heart was not really dead, but it could not beat. A defibrillator, by the way, is not effective in this situation.

What reason can be for cardiac arrest?

I think,

because of blood in the pericardial sac (hemopericardium).

Between two layers of pericardium, there is 25 mL of fluid. Let’s suppose that the bullet had partially plugged the hole, and blood from damaged vessels of the pericardium began to flow inside the sac. When the blood volume achieved 150 mL, the cardiac tamponade occurred. The heart became trapped in the swollen sac and stopped.

So, the cause of death is cardiac tamponade.

In case of cardiac tamponade, cardiopulmonary resuscitation is ineffective without removing blood from the pericardial sac.

Is it possible for Sherlock to come to life by himself? Perhaps, when the doctors “pumped” the chest, the bullet shifted and opened the hole in the pericardium. Blood started to flow out, at some point, the living heart (it was not dead) could beat.

Other versions may be concerned with heart trauma.

The right lung was wounded, no doubt, hence, Sherlock had hemothorax (blood in the pleural space).

Treatment of hemothorax suggests the surgical operation via minimally traumatic access — right anterolateral thoracotomy:

If there was a gunshot

abdominal wound (liver and vena cava inferior), the doctors had to cut off the abdomen in order to treat the damaged tissues without no exceptions! In this case, we could see laparotomic cut.

Sherlock in the intensive care unit:

there are no laparothomic stiches.

However, we can see the bandage under the right rib.

Quod erat demonstrandum.

There is the thoracic wound

treated via right anterolateral thoracotomy.

A patient should suffer from strong pain (morphine is needed), but after the adequate surgical treatment, our Sherlock could stand and walk with strong painkillers.

Dead or not dead?

Sherlock had cardiac arrest; it was not a clinical death, taking into account that CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) was provided at once.

Nevertheless…

CPR performed by skilled doctors provides the brain blood flow at about 35% of norm, the coronary blood flow at 25% of norm.

It is generally believed that successful CPR “starts" the heart within the first 5 - 10 minutes, after that period the possibility of irreversible brain damage increases sharply. However, there were cases, when after 30 minutes of resuscitation, the patient recovered without apparent consequences for the brain.

Since modern technologies allow to maintain the circulation almost without end, doctors in ICU have the specific set of rules, concerning the ascertaining of death. There are two cases, in which resuscitation should be stopped and a person is considered to be dead:

1) Brain death;

2) When CPR is ineffective within 30 minutes.

“Sherlock” presents the second variant, because Sherlock’s brain is not injured. Therefore, the doctors performed CPR for at least 30 minutes + the time in the ambulance.

Michael Jackson was resuscitated for an hour, before they ascertained the death.

In “Sherlock”, all the doctors took an official decision that the patient was dead.

Agra is a skilled assassin

From the interview with Amanda, we know that she had James Bond’s Walther PPK, 7.65.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walther_PP

This is a special police pistol for effective fire at short distances.

A cartridge for this pistol: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.32_ACP

Blunt bullets are very effective to “get stuck” inside the target, transferring all the huge kinetic energy and damaging seriously the tissues. Sherlock was thrown back, and the bullet remained in his body.

Agra had the gun with a silencer. However, the silencer does not reduce completely the sound of the shot. In order to shoot silently, Agra was to reduce the amount of gunpowder. This explains the fact that a) the bullet ricocheted off the sternum, and b) Sherlock was not pushed to the wall, and he just fell on his back.

She was taking aim with a straight arm. Unlike Sherlock, who was aiming, bending the elbow and holding it by the other hand. Such a pose says that he was ready to stand a while and talk.

The pose of Agra suggests that she had no time to talk. This is a very threatening gesture that Sherlock had to recognize.

A bullet from her pistol punched a hole in the coin.

Therefore, Agra is a skilled shooter with a dangerous gun, she knows how to shoot and kill.

Targets for training of policemen and military men are made schematically, to avoid the feeling that you’re shooting at a human being.

Here is an example of a training target:

The shot in heart (red “apple”) gets “five plus”, exactly in the center of the target. By the way, the zone around the red “apple” gets also "five”, that shows the seriousness of the wounds of chest and abdomen.

So, Agra was taught to shoot at the center of the chest.

Where is the real surgery?

In the “empty house”, Sherlock offered the idea of “surgery” to protect himself and John. John, who saw the medical documents in the hospital, did not believe, but accepted “the game”. An interesting fact: during the scene in the “empty house”, the music track “Lie in Leinster Gardens” is playing.

At 221b, Sherlock did not suffer from bleeding. Morphine has ended, and Sherlock lost consciousness from the pain with a dramatic performance. Not fatal, he would come to himself immediately after intravenous morphine. I think, John guessed about it, so did not rush to help in the first few seconds.

Where is the actual surgery?

Just before the shot, Sherlock started to make a step to the left. He began to get up and move to the left. The “target”, therefore, shifted slightly to the right and down. At the distance of 1,5 – 2 meters, the shift could be up to 1,5-2 cm. See above — only 0,5-1,0 cm separated him from the death.

Here was the actual surgery!

In the movie, we can see that the bullet from the silencer went down a bit, it is a real thing.

Remember that Sherlock is a very skilled professional. In "Belgravia”, Sherlock is a master of the technique of knocking the gun from the killer. When Agra raised her hand, I think, Sherlock had no doubt about her intentions. He tried to persuade her, but without success. Agra came to Magnussen to kill Sherlock. Sherlock saved himself by this little movement.

 Assassination or not assassination?

The shot in the heart, thoracic wound, heart injury, lung injury, cardiac arrest. The conclusion of the forensic examination is formulated as “severe bodily injury”. I think, Agra should be arrested for attempted homicide.

Possible motivation for the assassination

Agra was the missing sniper from Estonia or Dyachenko. She was hired by Moriarty to keep Sherlock at gunpoint on the roof and kill him if Sherlock would not jump. Sherlock staged the performance not for John, but for his personal sniper. The jump of Sherlock saved him from Agra’s shot.

After Sherlock’s “death”, Agra stayed close to his friend. All these years, Sherlock did not hide from John, but from a spy near him (from Agra).

At the beginning of the “His Last Vow”, the “employer” (Moriarty? Moran?) demanded to fulfill the order. Sherlock took the case of Lady Smallwood. Agra found out about it from Janine and used it as a trap for Sherlock. She came to Magnussen, pretending that she was going to take her documents from the blackmailer. She knocked Janine and the security guard to delay John. She used the perfume to lure Sherlock upstairs. She dressed like shinobi, who were skilled assassins. She shot in Sherlock’s heart and left. However, Sherlock succeeded to survive, though severely injured.

In “empty house”, Agra went to complete the assassination, because Sherlock had become her enemy, and the order remained unfulfilled. In order to protect himself, Sherlock came up with the idea of “surgery"and took John with him.

John, being a very good military doctor, did not believe in “surgery”, but agreed.

Perhaps, the information on the flash drive, which was to break John, was this: the contract with the employer about the assassination of Sherlock.

Why didn’t she shoot in the head? She could be ordered to "burn the heart out”, or the employer may want Sherlock’s head or his skull (Sherlock Holmes had Billy skull, and Sherlock’s name is Billy, Moriarty would want to have such a “friend”).

Interesting, when Sherlock and Moriarty were talking on the roof, there was a

heptagonal glare on Sherlock’s head (like the heptagonal coin). This is discovery of my friend, Vega-216:

All other glares elsewhere are octagonal.

Conclusion

The case of Agra has completed. As a doctor, I has offered the diagnosis. As a spectator, I have no doubts that Agra had committed a crime. Was she really forgiven by Sherlock and John? Maybe, we’ll see it in the fourth season.

Thanks to everyone who has read it to the end!

  • my brain: *develops disorders that greatly affect my mood and personality as a result of childhood trauma*
  • my brain: i got this
  • my brain: *develops dissociative and reality distancing tendencies to cope with the strong emotions from the other disorders*
  • my brain: almost there fam one more round
  • my brain: *develops disorders with flat effect and blunted empathy to cope with the fact i feel too much and have been used for so long*
  • my brain: you're welcome bud come back anytime
13 Days of Outlander - Day 5 Untimely Resurrection

As we transition into the final movements of the Paris half of the season with Untimely Resurrection, I have a hard time picking favorites; there aren’t a lot of screaming, obvious favorites but rather lots of little things that become impossible to choose between––but I’m gonna try.

Favorite Costume: Claire’s robe, Mary’s shawl, Jamie’s jacket. This is one where I wasn’t blown away by any one costume or ensemble but rather really loved individual pieces. I love the blue robe that Claire wears as she waits for Jamie to return from the Bastille; it’s a gorgeous shade of blue (my ultimate weakness) and is less stiff when it comes to showing off Claire’s form (specifically the baby bump). The delicacy of the knit-work (or maybe crochet) on Mary’s shawl is also stunning and I could stare at that pattern for hours trying to figure it out (like Claire’s shawl from the end of Lallybroch <3 ). And lastly Jamie’s jacket when they go to the stables at Versailles. The decoration on it is so incredibly subtle but elegant and effective. I’m not even sure what it is or how it’s done but wow. 

Favorite Book to Screen Adaptation, Honorable Mention for Favorite Performance: Murtagh makes his pledge to get vengeance, Duncan Lacroix as Murtagh Fraser. Setting aside the glaring omission of Claire from the scene, the emotion from Murtagh in this scene is breathtaking. The guilt, the sorrow for Mary, the fear of what might have happened, and then the determination that if there’s a way to make it all right, he will find it and execute it. And Jamie transitioning from trying to simply reassure Murtagh that it wasn’t his fault to recognizing just how deeply his godfather feels that something must be done and taking the matter with the same level of seriousness as a result. 

Favorite Scene, Favorite “That’s not in the book” Part, Favorite Music Moment, Favorite Jamie and Claire Moment: the Apostle spoons. I love the intimacy we see between Jamie and Claire and that for a change they talk about themselves rather than their plotting and what they hope to achieve in Paris (I mean, the start the scene talking about that but then we are brought gently but effectively into why they’re really trying to change history; for their future as a family). There’s a look Jamie has right before he goes to get the spoons where he glances to where they are across the room that is exactly the same look of anticipation and minor excitement he gets back in The Wedding before he gets out of bed to fetch the pearls. And I’m apparently a sucker for when the music brings an atmosphere of Scotland into their lives in France. As soon as Claire opens the box to find the spoons the Scottish lilt is there, a fact that becomes more apparent at the end of the scene as the music and scene shifts abruptly to the very different and elaborate Versailles theme. 

Favorite Location: the Gardens at Versailles. I’m a sucker for gardens (as anyone who pays attention to my Friday photos has guessed by now) and I would love to get lost in the gardens at Versailles with nothing but my digital camera and a fully charged battery (both the gardens of Versailles in real life and the ones at Drummond Castle which were used for the show; they’re officially on my travel bucket list). 

Favorite Line: the Duke’s assessment of the Bonnie Prince. The Duke can be a bit over-the-top in his presentation and dialogue but when it comes down to it, he can be incredibly––and effectively––blunt. The whole exchange between him and Jamie as they examine the horses is gold but my favorite line and delivery has to be: “My considered opinion? He’s an utter ass.” 

Favorite Minor Character: King Louis. He’s not a character I ever liked in the book (where we thankfully get to see very little of him) and the show’s decision to have the character make his debut on a certain royal throne didn’t exactly inspire much hope for him but seeing him put Black Jack Randall in his place is incredibly layered and really not something I was expecting. 

Favorite Performance: Sam Heughan as Jamie Fraser. I try really hard not to choose the same actor too often and especially not for two episodes in a row but there’s just no getting around Sam Heughan’s performance back-to-back in La Dame Blanche and then here in Untimely Resurrection. He deserves Favorite Performance for the range of facial expressions alone; from the incredulity of the Bonnie Prince’s scheme to facing down the Comte to his barely concealed glee as Louis makes Black Jack Randall kneel, he’s firing on all cylinders again this episode but nothing quite tops the emotional upheaval of the final scene and his fight with Claire. There just aren’t enough words for how he manages that scene (though “Emmy Nomination” and “robbed” come to mind). 

anonymous asked:

James Norrington is dead.

prove eliza has a heart by trying to break it || accepting

               “ I – what?

       She reached out to her side, to find the doorframe, trying
       to make up for the fact that it felt like the floor had fallen
       out beneath her. She’d been woken up with the message
       that there was urgent news regarding her husband. He
       would write when his mission would take a week or two
       longer than planned, or just to write to her if he’d been gone
       a while, but neither was ever urgent, and he’d only been
       gone for a short time… Naturally, she knew it was most likely
       something bad, but nothing like …this.

                        “ He’s… dead? No, that can’t 
                           be. I – I saw him last week.
                           He can’t be gone, not like this!

anonymous asked:

If tianeptine consistently gets such high ratings in the nootropic surveys (regarding both mood elevation and anxiolytic effects), why isn't it more frequently prescribed for depression and anxiety? Could it be a safe first choice for people who'd like to avoid emotional blunting/sexual side effects given by SSRIs? The same applies to the CBD oil for anxiety.

It’s not FDA-approved in the US. I think this is because of some stupid patent dispute or something.

I think it’s prescribed pretty often in countries where it’s legal. The main concern is addiction, which you will definitely get if you take 10x the recommended dose, and probably not otherwise. The problem here is the small subset of people who hear “You mean I can get high by taking 10x the recommended dose? Sounds awesome!” They are why we can’t have nice things.

MBTI As Martial Arts

ENTP: Muay Thai

Uses any part of the body in any way, thus earning the name “The Art Of Eight Limbs.” Both aggressive and flexible, it matches the ENTP personality.

INTP: Pentjak Silat

Not only is the training meant to make a fighter better physically, but psychologically as well. The well-rounded and eclectic focus makes it appealing to INTPs.

ENTJ: Judo

The main focus in judo is the creation of a competitive edge. Like ENTJs, it is head on and relentless.

INTJ: Tae Kwon Do

Tae Kwon Do was created for maximum efficiency in combat. Both INTJs and this martial art look for attractive qualities over a span of fields and bring together the best from each.

ENFP: Hapkido

ENFPs rarely have one focus. Hapkido appeals to this trait, as it includes long-range, short-range, striking, grappling, joint locks, and weaponry. 

INFP: Karate

The “kara” in karate was once said to mean, "to purge oneself of selfish and evil thoughts … for only with a clear mind and conscience can the practitioner understand the knowledge which he receives.” INFPs and karate share a deep sense of moral responsibility. 

ENFJ: Kuk Sool Won

Kuk sool won is unpredictable. It incorporates both destruction via exploitation of intimate knowledge… as well as aesthetic.

INFJ: Dim Mak

Also known as “The Death Touch,” dim mak is underestimated by many, and exploits that ignorance to destroy enemies. 

ESTP: American Kickboxing

It isn’t extravagant or overly-complicated, but it sure is effective. The blunt and eager techniques mimic the ESTP personality.

ISTP: Arnis

Arnis is the national sport of the Philippines, and uses a multitude of methods to get the job done. Although weapons are sometimes used, many schools decide to strip the art down to purely hand-to-hand combat.

ESTJ: Sambo

Sambo was created for use by the Red Army, and it incorporates the deadliest aspects of other Russian martial arts. Minimalist and capable of devastation, the ESTJ is sure to appreciate it. 

ISTJ: Jiujitsu

Jiujutsu was designed to over-compensate for not having a weapon. Like the ISTJ, it is traditional, effective, and redirects the power of their opponent back at the enemy. 

ESFP: Jeet Kune Do

Described as “non-classical” and “eclectic,” jeet kune do is a modern approach on kung-fu. Both ESFPs and jeet kune do embody refreshing change, popular culture, and exciting elements. 

ISFP: Capoiera

Capoiera combines music, dance, and aerobatics to create a beautiful and terrifying martial art. Its expressive nature and underlying dark side mirror ISFPs.

ESFJ: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

The main focus of Brazilian jiu-jitsu is using leverage to take down an opponent. Being that it relies on reading the opponent and identifying strengths and weaknesses, ESFJs can easily catch on.

ISFJ: Aikido

The focus is more on redirecting your opponent than hurting them. Like ISFJs, it is effective yet humane.