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#BlackHistoryMonth 2014

CultureSOUL: *The Graduates* Post- Reconstruction Era - The African Americans

1. Fisk University Graduates including W.E.B. Dubois (right), 1888

2. Class from Roger Williams University in Nashville - 1899

3. Howard Univ. graduating class c. 1900

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#BlackHistoryMonth 2014

CultureHISTORY: The Civil Rights Movement

They were everyday people who became warriors for justice. They did it to give themselves and their families a better life and they did it for us. Those future generations seemingly so far off in the distance. For us they endured the lynchings, the beatings, the rapes, the murders, the attacks, the daily humiliations. For us.

Today, it is on their shoulders we stand. #NeverForget

1. The American South

2. KKK flyer (Citizens Council) - New Orleans chapter

3.  New York City - Miles Davis, 32, was arrested after fighting with a patrolman who had ordered him to move from a crowded sidewalk. Davis was hit on the head with a blackjack for which an ambulance had to be called. (1959)

4. 1951 - Southeast Maids with their employers children. Photo by John Vachon, LOOK magazine series “The South”

5. Segregated bus in Texas c. 1950s

6. March on Washington, 1963

7. Civil rights protest, New York, 1964

8. Memphis, TN Sanitation Strike, 1968

9. A young activist teaching a woman to read and write so that she could vote, Virginia 1960. Photo by Eve Arnold

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CultureSOUL: Summer SOUL TRAIN!

The famous line dancing to EWF’s “September.” Late 70s with disco moves and good times.

“It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity. One ever feels his two-ness — an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.”

- The Souls Of Black Folk, W.E.B. Du Bois (1903) 

CultureSOUL *The Ancestors* C.B. McRay, Jasper, TX (photo)

Robert Glenn - North Carolina Plantation (text):

“I was a slave before and during the Civil War. I am 87 years old. I was born Sept. 16, 1850… I was eight years old and I was put on the block and sold in Nelson Hall’s yard by the son of Bob Hall. I saw my brother and sister sold on this same plantation. They sold me away from my father and mother and I was carried to the state of Kentucky. I was not allowed to tell my mother and father goodbye. I was bought and sold three times in one day.” – WPA Slave Narratives

Robert Glenn, September 1936, Raleigh, North Carolina