For Refinery29’s celebration of Black History Month we put together a list of Black men and women you ought to know. Their legacy in civil rights, feminism, and LGBTQ equality lives on today.

  1. Bayard Rustin — A leading Black figure in the civil rights movement and advisor to Martin Luther King, he was the architect of the 1963 March on Washington and was heavily involved in the first Freedom Rides. He was also gay and a registered communist who went to jail for his sexual orientation. Although widely heralded, he was attacked even by fellow activists for his faith in nonviolence, unapologetic queerness, and attention to income equality. President Obama honored Rustin posthumously with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2013.
  2. Combaheee River Collective — A seminal Black lesbian feminist group active from 1974-1980. Although officially short lived, its influence has been major. The group is best known for writing the Combaheee River Collective Statement, an important document in promoting the idea that social change must be intersectional — and that Black women’s needs were not being met by mainstream white feminism and therefore must strike out on their own. Members of the collective included Audre Lorde and…Chirlane McCray, now First Lady of New York City and author of the landmark essay “I Am a Lesbian,” published in Essence in 1979.
  3. John Carlos, Tommie Smith, and Peter Norman — The winners of the 1968 Mexico City Olympics 200 Meter Sprint. In one of the proudest and most political moments of sports history, John Carlos and Tommie Smith raised their leather-gloved fists in the Black Power salute. They wore black socks without shoes to represent black poverty and a scarf and necklace to symbolize “those individuals that were lynched, or killed and that no-one said a prayer for, that were hung and tarred. It was for those thrown off the side of the boats in the middle passage.”

    We also include in our list Peter Norman, the white Australian silver medalist from that ceremony, to commemorate his solidarity with the two Black athletes. White people are more than indebted to black history, and Norman is an excellent example of a white ally. Although he didn’t perform the black power salute, he publicly supported the duo without regard to personal safety or retribution. Norman was penalized for his alliance with Carlos and Smith and was never again allowed to compete in any Olympics despite repeatedly qualifying. Largely forgotten and barred from major sporting events, he became a gym teacher and worked at a butcher shop. At his funeral in 2006, John Carlos and Tommie Smith were his pallbearers.
  4. The Friendship Nine — This group of nine Black students from Friendship Junior College willingly went to jail without bail in 1961 after staging a sit-in at McCrory’s lunch counter in Rock Hill, South Carolina. They pioneered the civil rights strategy “Jail, No Bail,” which placed the financial burden for racist incarceration back on the state. They’re appreciated today for their bravery and strategic ingenuity. In 2015 their conviction was finally overturned and prosecutor Kevin Brackett personally apologized to the eight living members of the group.
  5. Barbara Jordan — A lawyer and politician, Barbara Jordan was the first Black woman elected to the Texas Senate after Reconstruction, the first southern Black woman to be elected as a US Senator, and the first Black woman to deliver a keynote speech at the Democratic National Convention. Her keynote address is widely considered the greatest of all time, aided by her charismatic and eloquent public speaking skills. She is also remembered as one of the leaders of the impeachment of Richard Nixon. We chose the above quote to illustrate her unique punchy sense of humor.
  6. Pauli Murray — This civil rights activist, feminist, and poet was a hugely successful lawyer who is also recognized as the first Black female Episcopal priest. Like many figures on this list, Murray was acutely aware of the complex relationship between race and gender, and referred to sexism as “Jane Crow,” comparing midcentury treatment of women to that of African Americans in the South. Although she graduated from Howard University first in her class, she was barred from enrolling as a postgraduate at Harvard because she was a woman. Instead, in 1965 she became the first African American to receive a JSD from Yale Law. Once armed with a law degree she became a formidable force in advancing feminist and civil rights. She is a cofounder of the National Organization for Women (NOW). She also identified as having an “inverted sex instinct,” which she used instead of “homosexual” to describe her complicated gender identity and lifelong attraction to women.
Mulugeta Seraw & Where We Are 29 Years Later.

   Imagine a 28 year old man. He is a grad student at PSU, and works two jobs to support himself through college and provide for his young son. His father gave up his own livelihood, so his son may become a well educated young man who may one day cause great changes in his community. He smiles and laughs with his friends, as they go out on the town to unwind. He is a human being, full of laughs, hopes, ideas and dreams. This person could be any one of us. But this person: Mulugeta Seraw does not get to laugh, hope or dream anymore.

Mr. Seraw, wikipedia

   On November 13, 1988 he lay in a puddle of his own blood on the sidewalk dying after being the victim of a semi-random neonazi attack. A group of thugs, from the “East Side White Pride” gang jumped him as he ended an evening out with his friends. With the swing of a baseball bat, they uncaringly extinguished the light of a human being.

   On November 13, 2017 “Patriot” Prayer decided to hold an “It’s OK To Be White” white pride rally. They showed up with signs bearing the slogan “It’s Okay To Be White” as if people actually were saying that it was not OK to be white (In fact, historically society has said it’s pretty OK to be white. ).  I would also like to point out that this “protest” against some invisible boogeyman attacking “whiteness” took place midday Monday. So on the anniversary of a horrific hate crime committed by white supremacists , a group associated with white supremacists and their ilk decided to hold a white pride rally on an overpass near Portland. Of the 364 other days in the year, they specifically picked this one.

   “Patriot” Prayer rolled up, dressed as the ‘patriots’ they are…

@itsmikebivens, twitter
With their American-Confederate flag mashups  (not a Flag Code expert or anything, but this has to violate some part of the Flag Code)….

More demonstrations of “proper” flag code? One man wearing it as a scarf, and a femme-appearing person has it folded like a bedsheet. From anonymous

@itsmikebivens, twitter
And they brought their swastika-emblazoned knifes to their “peaceful” protest!

   Now I am trying to find an answer for, why is a “Patriot Group” brazenly displaying flags and weapons associated with enemies of the United States? The South seceded (meaning to withdraw from, or leave) from the United States and rebelled against the same county these “Patriots” claim loyalty to. The swastika was co-opted by the Nazis, and now stands as a symbol of Nazi Germany (a U.S. Enemy in WWII) and other far-right groups. Why did they feel the need to brandish these items at their white pride rally, that they organized on the anniversary of one of the worst hate crimes in PNW history?

These people claim to be “inclusive” or “in favor of freedom of speech” and “patriots”. They will say it until they are blue in the face. But actions speak louder than words. So let’s talk a little bit about the actions taken by people with real American values today..

Anti-Fascist demonstrator holds up a black power salute, next to a banner the reads “Mulugeta Seraw We Fight In Your Memory”. Photo by author

Another banner displayed on the overpass, prior to “meeting” with “Patriot” Prayer. This banner reads “Fight Racism”

Anti-fascist demonstrators working together to hold up and display the Mulugeta Seraw memorial banner.

In all, people’s true colors were shown today. Hoping for a better Vancouver tomorrow.

USA. California. San Francisco. 1969. The Panthers also ran a number of social service programs in cities across the country, including free breakfasts for students, health clinics and schools. Here, students give the black power salute at a “liberation school".

Photograph: Bettmann/Corbis

Olympic Black Power Salute

Originally posted by odinsblog

#Onthisday in 1968, sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos clenched their fists in protest during the Mexico City Olympics. Their gesture attracted the attention of international audiences and gained support from around the world, however, Smith and Carlos were ostracized at home. Peter Norman, the Australian silver medalist, also joined the protest in solidarity by wearing an Olympic Project for Human Rights (OPHR) badge on his uniform.

During the medal ceremony for the 200-meter sprint, Smith and Carlos dressed in black socks and no shoes as a symbol for African American Poverty, a black glove symbolizing unity and strength, and a scarf and beads in honor of lynching victims. They bowed their heads and raised their fists as the United States National Anthem played. Following the protest, the U.S. Olympic Committee suspended the two athletes. #APeoplesJourney #ANationsStory


Saw this on Twitter and kinda wanted to cry about it. :’)

PSA: Peter Norman was an Australian, and when Tommie Smith and John Carlos decided they were going to protest on the podium, he flat out told them “I’ll stand with you” and asked one of the other Americans to borrow his Olympic Project for Human Rights badge. When Smith and Carlos realized they only had one pair of black gloves, it was Norman who advised them to each only wear one. And keep in mind that racism in Australia in the ‘60s was ATROCIOUS, so when he returned home he was completely vilified, ridiculed, treated as a pariah. The Australian Olympic Committee essentially ended his running career by keeping him off the '72 Olympic team despite times more than good enough to qualify, left him out of all celebrations for the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, and didn’t even formally apologize to him until 2012 (a cool six years after he died). He basically destroyed his life for a fight that wasn’t his to fight.

Thankfully, though, Carlos and Smith remained close friends with him for his entire life, and both eulogized him and acted as pallbearers at his funeral. USA Track and Field declared the date of his funeral to be Peter Norman Day, and back in 2000 invited him to meet with the U.S. Olympic team and treated him like the hero his own country refused to acknowledge that he was.

There’s no-one in the nation of Australia that should be honoured, recognised, appreciated more than Peter Norman for his humanitarian concerns, his character, his strength and his willingness to be a sacrificial lamb for justice. -John Carlos

All three of these men are heroes.


RIP Boy’s Hopes of having a “mataas na ilong”


Mano or Pagmamano is an “honoring-gesture” used in Filipino culture performed as a sign of respect to elders and as a way of accepting a blessing from the elder. Similar to hand-kissing, the person giving the greeting bows towards the offered hand of the elder and presses his or her forehead on the elder’s hand. Usually performed with the right hand, the person showing respect may ask Mano po to the elder in order to ask permission to initiate the gesture. Typically someone may mano to his or her older relatives upon entry into their home or upon seeing them.

RED SALUTE (Raised Clenched Fist)

Different movements sometimes use different terms to describe the raised fist salute: amongst communists and socialists, it is sometimes called the red salute, whereas amongst some African-American activists, especially in the United States it has been called the Black Power salute. During the Spanish Civil War, it was sometimes known as the anti-fascist salute. The traditional version of the salute, originally a symbol of the broader workers’ movement, became associated with the parties of the Comintern during the 1920s and 1930s. Since the Trotskyists were forced out of the Comintern, some Trotskyists have made a point of strictly raising the left fist in the tradition of the Left Opposition. Some anarchists also prefer the left fist to denote their libertarian socialist opposition to Marxism.

PHILS: “Alpredo, hindi raised yung clenched fist ko, at hindi naman totally clenched, hay naku, kung maka-react , todong-todo. Nasaan na ba yung advertisement ng Jollibee, isama mo tong OA na to o… “

(( XDD ))

Sources: ;

BTW: big kids and smol kids, DON’T do this to other peeps pls, you might injure them via breaking their noses or restricting their breathing. hala kayo. wag ha? bad yan, bad. wag mong susundin tong alpredong to. tsk tsk