black pan african

It’s Flag Day! On this week’s podcast, we explore the ways that communities of color in the United States relate to the Stars and Stripes.

And we thought it worth a few moments to celebrate a flag created nearly a century ago for black Americans.

The Pan-African flag, (also called the Marcus Garvey, UNIA, Afro-American or Black Liberation flag,) was designed to represent people of the African Diaspora, and, as one scholar put it, to symbolize “black freedom, simple.”

The banner, with its horizontal red, black and green stripes, was adopted by the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) at a conference in New York City in 1920. For several years leading up to that point, Marcus Garvey, the UNIA’s leader, talked about the need for a black liberation flag. Robert Hill, a historian and Marcus Garvey scholar, says that Garvey thought of a flag as necessary symbol of political maturity.

“The fact that the black race did not have a flag was considered by Garvey, and he said this, it was a mark of the political impotence of the black race,” Hill explains. “And so acquiring a flag would be proof that the black race had politically come of age.”

On Flag Day, Remembering The Red, Black And Green

Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images
Caption: Demonstrators hold up a Pan-African flag to protest the killing of teenager Michael Brown on Aug. 12, 2014 in Ferguson, Mo.

Dear Hoteps

The majority of Africans currently born in the Americas are from WEST and CENTRAL Africa. There is nothing wrong with celebrating the greatness of Black Egypt (as they are your distant ancestors) but you are not Egyptian. 

If you cant name off at least 20 African countries, 5 different African cultures, 5 historical kingdoms, events, and/or leaders, and 5 different resources from around the African continent; one from each African region (North, South, East, West, and Central), all off the top for your head; you don’t know shit about your people. 

If you take the time to research the rest of the continent you will also find that some of your restricting ideologies of black women and black LGBT are of European descent and not pro black.


Gender roles were diverse in precolonial Africa.  Many African cultures ran on a matriarchy as well as a patriarchy. Black women had their own organizations, government systems, and even ran economies. In some cultures, women were fighters, warriors, and frontliners. They weren’t bound to stand behind men. Many African cultures saw women as the closest thing to “god” and certain spiritual practices, such as libations, were poured only by women.This was a mindset destroyed by European conquest. In the fight to reclaim our cultural identity, African women have the right to choose the state of being that caters to both their blackness and womanhood. If a woman decides to respectfully stand in front, beside, or behind a man, that is her ancestor approved right. If you preach against this, you are not pro black. You are pro black man….barely. Real men of substance are not so easily threatened. 


LGBT is not foreign to Africa, it was there before colonialism. Africans are not new to sex, something established by NATURE, not by man. Africans, ***INCLUDING THE EGYPTIANS****  explored sex within and outside their gender. Africans were able to identify with genders outside their own, and their community would honor that. Polygamy and Polyandry existed before European presence. As did cross-dressing. European conquest promoted LGBT-phobia through CHRISTIANITY. Who is going to Africa RIGHT NOW preaching hate, and VIOLENCE towards the LGBT community? The church. You give Europeans too much power. You honestly think they created something as basic as sexual orientation? In the fight to reclaim our cultural identity, black people have their ancestor approved right to be ALL of who they are. If you preach against this, you are not pro black. You are pro black heterosexual…..barely, a heterosexual person of substance is not so easily threatened. 


You still hide behind European ideologies, because it puts you on top. Community and family structure are important but we knew how to respect an individual for who they were. You are not pro black, you are not pro hotep, you are simply a disgrace to your ancestors because you are still pro colonialism.

These are just a few things wrong with your “hotep” notion. However, I wont undermine an attempt at restoring our cultural roots, so a word of advice: bring that crazy back a bit, live and let live (ONE OF THE MOST SUPREME AFRICAN PRINCIPLES), and start digging deeper. You are only brushing the surface. 


Igbo, Tuareg, Masai, Akan, Mbundu,  Bene, Bulu, Fang, Jaunde, Mokuk, Mwele, Ntum and Pangwe, Nilotico Lango, Bahima, Azande, Kiisi, Banyoro, Langi, Nuer, Kuria, Benin, Cape Bantu, Kikuyu, Egba, Dahomey, Yoruba, etc, etc, etc, etc, ETC, ET CETERA.

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Happy Blackout!!! The top photo is in honor of the  50th anniversary of the founding of the Black Panther Party of Self Defense. The last picture was taken at the opening of the African American of History and Culture’s opening where Public Enemy, Living Colour, and The Roots performed. (Jacket by Reformed School). (Photo creds in order : @jamesjuly@36chambersof-oldirtybae, Paul Holston) (also I wear the jacket more for historical relevance than for gender)

Amy Jacques Garvey was much more than just the great Marcus Garvey’s 2nd Wife, but because she was she doesn’t get the credit she deserves as an anchor and leader in the Pan-African Movement alongside her Husband. She was born in Jamaica and traveled to New York in 1917 and immediate started to write for and publish the “Negro World” Newspaper in Harlem. Amy was an extremely talented journalist who helped Marcus edit his famous compilation of writings and speeches. Marcus Garvey was imprisoned on Mail fraud charges shortly after they were married and Amy Garvey stepped to the forefront as a Leader in the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). She began to run the UNIA and teach the Garvey philosophies as she traveled the country in honor of her husband. 

Amy also took a heavy stance against sexism. Amy promoted the same “By any Means Necessary” later used by Malcolm X. She was such a great public speaker  that after her Marcus was freed people would chant and request for her to speak at some of his conferences and appearances, and she would proceed to do so unscheduled.  Marcus Garvey was very Proud and was quoted as being very grateful that Amy was his wife and not a rival. Amy Jacques Garvey was a True Queen and was a great Leader that American History tries to hide from us Along with her Husband’s legacy. SanCopha Salute Mrs. Garvey!
Written By: @Champion_Us
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The Original Black Feminist
This video is dedicated to a long forgotten Movement called the New Negro Woman Movement which lasted from the late 1890's until the early 1920's.

This Movement was not just in America because it was an International campaign that pushed for Black Women to be seen as dignified ladies with the utmost respect in a time when many still looked at the Black Woman like she was the same rag tag mistress that many were during chattel slavery. 

The New Negro Women may have been influenced heavily by Wealthy class European standards but it was indeed the Predecessor to both the Black Nationalist, and Pan-African Movements that would take the World by storm during the 1920’s.

David Hammons (b. 1943) is an African-American artist from New York City. Among his works, which are often inspired by the civil rights and Black Power movements, one of the best known is the “African American Flag”, which he designed in 1990 by recoloring the U.S. national flag in the Garvey colors (red, black, and green of the Pan-African flag). The flag is a part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and a copy is hoisted at the entrance to the Studio Museum in Harlem, a New York museum devoted to the art of African-Americans.

Stokely Carmichael on “POWER”

“lets examine power and how it protects the individual. When a white boy comes into our community, we are not afraid of that white boy as an individual; we are afraid of him because of the power he represents. And he is respected wherever he goes. When we see an African anywhere in the world he is not respected because there is no power behind him. That is precisely why the European can go all over the world and people bow down to him…Because of the power he represents.”


“We are divided fighting ourselves merely because we don’t know where we’re going or what we want. Some say all we want is freedom, we just want freedom. Some say we want peace, everybody wants peace. I don’t want peace I want power. The African has no power anywhere!

The same question that the honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey asked in 1922 is still relevant today: Where is the black man’s government? Where is the government that is going to speak for our protection? If Mother Africa was unified, my brothers and sisters, as quiet as it’s kept, it would be the most powerful continent in the world. More powerful than this monster (America), more powerful than China, more powerful than Russia. It would be the most powerful continent in the world. It could give protection to all its descendants, wherever they may be.

We’re dealing with the relationship of power, and I say we must make Africa our priority. We must deal clearly now with Africa and begin to support the movements for liberation on the continent. If you have children, you give your children everything, because they represent the future. Your mothers and fathers worked hard for you to come to college because you represent the future. If we are honest with ourselves, we know that there is no future in Babylon U.S.A.”

- Stokely Carmichael, “STOKELY SPEAKS”

anonymous asked:

When people talk about the 'privilege' AfAm have over Black Africans, I assume they're talking about the Global North-South situation. While AfAm are disenfranchised and oppressed in the USA, in the context of the rest of the world you ARE 'American'. And that MEANS something, whether you want to acknowledge it or not. It's why Black Pan-African solidarity needs to be a nuanced POLITICAL conversation and process rather than an assumption that we all GET IT bc we're Black.

I have never thought about that and I still don’t know if that’s accurate like our Blackness might outweigh our American status but I am totally here to research it and learn more.



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May 25: African Liberation Day

African Liberation Day was founded in 1958 when Kwame Nkrumah convened the First Conference of Independent States held in Accra, Ghana and attended by eight independent African states. April 15 was declared African Freedom Day. Between 1958 and 1963, seventeen countries in Africa won their independence. On May 25, 1963, thirty-one African Heads of state convened a summit meeting to found the Organization of African Unity (OAU). They renamed African Freedom Day to “African Liberation Day” and changed its date to May 25th. 

(Image: Poster for African Liberation Day 1979 by the African Liberation Support Committee & the African Liberation Day Coalition, Oakland, California. Poster headline reads: Fight imperialism and national oppression from USA - Union of South Africa to USA - United States of America)

Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)