black hawk

Tarantula Hawk Wasp

Not exclusive to the Mojave but very prevalent here and in the Sonoran Desert.

It’s a wasp that mainly eats nectar and fruit juice. They’re very docile with yet black bodies and bright orange wings. 

They spend the majority of their life eating sugary fluids and are pretty easy going. There aren’t too many animals that prey on them, their orange wings are though to serve as a warning to ward off birds from eating them like the Monarch Butterfly. 

However when it’s time to reproduce the male inseminates the female then the female finds a Tarantula and stabs them with her stinger. The venom of the Tarantula Hawk Wasp is the second most painful venom in the animal kingdom just under the Bullet Ant. The venom overloads the Tarantula’s nervous system and puts it in a permanent coma. She digs a burrow or finds a burrow, drags her newly comatose Tarantula into it. Injects them with her eggs and seals it up then flies off. Few weeks later the larva eat their way out  from the inside and the Tarantula is alive until the end. They then become wasps and fly off to repeat the cycle of eating then killing for reproduction.

They can get pretty large but generally are only half this size. This is one of the larger specimens collected. 

Coyote Peterson got stung by one and captured it on youtube.

I’ve also wanted to experience this for about a decade just to see how bad it is. The effect of the venom really only lasts about ten minutes at the most but it pretty much removes your capability to do anything except scream.
Black holes are a passage to another universe, says Stephen Hawking
Humans could escape from black holes, rather than getting stuck in them, according to a new theory proposed by Stephen Hawking.

Unfortunate space travellers won’t be able to return to their own universe, according to Hawking. But they will be able to escape somewhere else, he has proposed at a conference in Stockholm.

Black holes in fact aren’t as “black” as people thought and could be a way of getting through to an alternative universe.

“The existence of alternative histories with black holes suggests this might be possible,” Hawking said, according to a report from Stockholm University. “The hole would need to be large and if it was rotating it might have a passage to another universe. But you couldn’t come back to our universe. So although I’m keen on space flight, I’m not going to try that.

Hawking’s proposal is an attempt to answer a problem that has tormented physicists about what happens to things when they go beyond the event horizon, where even light can’t get back. The information about the object has to be preserved, scientists believe, even if the thing itself is swallowed up — and that paradox has puzzled scientists for decades.

Now Hawking has proposed that the information is stored on the boundary, at the event horizon. That means that it never makes its way into the black hole, and so never needs to make its way out again either.

That would also mean that humans might not disappear if they fall into one. They’d either stay as a “hologram” on the edge, or fall out somewhere else.

“If you feel you are in a black hole, don’t give up,” he told the audience at the end of his speech. “There’s a way out.”

Finally! Hawking finally said it! YES!

Simulating a black hole

40 years ago Stephen Hawking predicted that black holes emit a special kind of radiation. Consequently black holes are theoratically able to shrink and even vanish. This radiation arises when virtual particles (pairs of particles developing because of quantum fluctuations inside the vacuum; usually they nearly instantly destroy each other) are near the event horizon. Then the virtual particle pair gets divided: one disappears in the black hole (and its quantum mechanical information) and the other one becomes real. Thus the black hole radiates but unfortunately this radiation is so low that astronomical observations are nearly impossible.
Therefore scientists have to simulate black holes to get empirical evidence. The physicist Jeff Steinhauer of the Technion, the University of Technology of Haifa in Israel exactly did this. He realized an idea of physicist Bill Unruh with an acoustical event horizon. He uses a fog made of rubidium atoms which is only slightly above the absolute zero. Because they are trapped inside an electromagnetic field these atoms become a Bose-Einstein Condensate. Inside of this condensate the acoustic velocity is only a half millimeter per second. With the help of accelerating some above this speed an artificial event horizon is created. The low temperatures lead to quantum fluctuations: pairs of phonons develop. In the simulation these pairs also get divided: one gets caught by the supersonic event horizon; the other one becomes some kind of Hawking radiation.
It is still not sure if this experiment really simulates black holes. According to Ulf Leonhardt it does not proof for sure that the two phonons are entangled. Thus it is not sure if the pairs arised out of one fluctuation. Leonhardt even doubts that the fog of atoms is a real Bose-Einstein Condensate. Leonard Susskind thinks this experiment does not reveal the mysteries of black holes: for instance it does not explain the information paradox, because acoustic black holes do not destroy information.