birth states

Question pertaining to Trans sexuality(maybe trigger? dunno)

I would like to preface this by saying that I am a happily married straight white man, and thus cannot comprehend on a fundamental level the difficulties the LGBT or any other minority community encounters, thus I beg you for your patience as I stumble through unknown territory.  I would also like to state that I try to live my life in such a way that so long as people are not messing with me or my wife and are not radically intollerant or willfuly ignorant I don’t give a flying fuck how they want to live their life.

My question relates to the dating/sexual preferences of trans individuals.  Before transitioning are they attracted to more “stardard” sexual orientations?  Does HRT change any sexual leanings?  Is it considred homosexual to be attracted to the same gender as your birth, regardless of the state of transitioning?

Again, I beg your patience if I have inadvertantly insulted anyone, but I am a transplant to a redneck hick area that is about as progressive as free-floating algae, so trying to reach out to any potential nearby trans people to ask is a no go, and I am extremely unfamiliar with acceptable vernacular to use in the community.  Please forgive my ignorance, as I am trying to learn to be less so.

Answer: I’m going to leave this open for anyone who can answer for him! He wants several responses so please comment. Thanks!

- Nicole

So I work for my local Child Protective Services...

And everyone’s response is the same when they hear this: sympathy, they could never do my job, ouch, etc. Very appropriate responses, but all of these are typically in regards to the families I work with.

I will be honest: many of the parents I encounter should never have been parents. Ever. Many should not even be trusted with a cactus, nonetheless another living being. However, most of my families AREN’T like this, and the ones which are like this I tend to give some slack, even as I’m working like hell to keep their kids safe. Many of them have severe mental health issues, and many have been told, despite not having a parenting bone in their body, that they SHOULD be parents and they needed to grow up and BE parents, without ever acknowledging that parenting is completely beyond their abilities.

Which brings me to the frustrating portion of the job: people who SHOULD know better and yet don’t. 

These are the supposedly mentally healthy, educated, intelligent beings who return to the children to the parents against all evidence pointing out how terribly this will end. These are the people who struggle to provide evidence against the parents in court because they want to be liked and they don’t want to bad talk the parents. These are the people who close their eyes against warning sign after warning sign because despite multiple HORRIFIC failures, they want to give these parents a chance, because they’re sure that these parents love their children and want the best for them…deep down. Really deep down.

There is a view on what parenting is supposed to be and what the relationship between parents and their children are supposed to be and don’t get me started on the myths regarding maternal instincts. It’s easy to get wrapped up in ideals and ignore the blatant evidence right in front of them, and the result is too many children being endangered…and in some cases, depending on the children, people AROUND the children being endangered.

I had one adoptive parent, who was related to the father, be so upset because the father couldn’t “man up” and take responsibility because he was signing away his rights to the child. I had to convince her that he WAS fulfilling his responsibility: by recognizing that he could not possibly parent the child and was allowing the child to grow up in a good home.

I’m childfree, and I’ve heard multiple times that I should have kids and I would be such a good mother and blahblahblah. Being childfree has given me a perspective a lot of people around me don’t have. These people believe that everyone should have children and everyone has the instinct to love, protect, and nurture those children. This can lead to actively dangerous situations for the children, and even when the parent states that they can’t do it, that they hate the child, that they want someone else to have the child, I still hear judges and counselors and service providers insisting that if the parent just had a LITTLE MORE HELP…

So, no. It’s typically not the parents which make my job so hard. It’s the people who should know better and get confused when everything goes to hell.

Character Development Checklist

How well do you know your character? 

Basics are a given. You know their eye color, hair color, and maybe even their height and clothing preference. You know she isn’t a morning person. You know he has a preference for dogs over cats. But how well do you really know them?

Obviously, every character is not going to need all this information, and some will not be applicable for every character. Use your better judgement. I know you have it.

Basics:

  • Character’s Name
  • Character’s Nickname(s)
  • Age
  • Ethnicity
  • Sex/Gender
  • Hair color
  • Eye color
  • Height
  • Weight
  • Scars
  • Tattoos
  • Birthmarks
  • Piercings
  • Dress/clothing preferences
  • Right/left handed/ambidextrous
  • Glasses/contacts

Family and Relationships:

  • Parents
  • Siblings
  • Grandparents
  • Marital Status
  • Significant Other
  • Children
  • Pets
  • Other family members
  • Friends
  • Enemies

Religion:

  • The religion they follow (if any)
  • Beliefs
  • Superstitions

Location:

  • Country of Birth
  • Place of Birth (State, city, etc)
  • First Language
  • Accents

Schooling:

  • Highest Education
  • Degrees

Work:

  • Occupation
  • Salary
  • Employment history
  • Work space
  • Mode of Transportation

Home:

  • Rent or Own
  • House, apartment, etc
  • Mode of transportation
  • Living space
  • Address

Inner Workings Of Your Character:

  • Secrets
  • Fears
  • Worries
  • Eating Habits
  • Food preferences
  • Sleep preferences
  • Work preferences
  • Book preferences
  • Music preferences
  • Introverted/extroverted
  • Optimist/pessimist
  • Hobbies
  • Pet peeves
  • Prejudices
  • Proud of
  • Biggest vulnerability
  • Embarrassed by
  • Worst memory
  • Best memory
  • Skilled at
  • Unskilled at
  • Attitude
  • Obsessions
  • Stresses
  • Addictions
  • Handicaps (physical)
  • Handicaps (emotional/psychological)
  • Allergies
  • Medical history

Habits:

  • Verbal quirks
  • Physical quirks
  • Gestures
  • Work habits
  • Sleeping habits
  • Annoying habits
  • Irrational habits
  • Eating habits
  • Healthy habits
  • Unhealthy habits
  • Mannerisms
  • Drinking habits

Objects Kept In - And Why:

  • Their closet
  • Their bedroom
  • Their purse/bag
  • Their fridge
  • Their car
  • Their desk
  • Their pockets
  • Their junk drawer
  • Their glove compartment
  • Their backpack
  • Their locker

Other:

  • Talents
  • Political preference
  • Strengths
  • Flaws
  • Prized possessions
  • Special/favorite memories
  • Time and date of birth
  • What they love
  • What they hate
  • Favorite season
  • Social class
  • Sports/clubs

warmth & light to you all 

2

Palestinian refugee Rajab al-Toom, 127-year-old, holds the key of his house from which he fled during the 1948 war known by Palestinians at the “Nakba” which means in Arabic “catastrophe” in reference to the birth of the state of Israel 67-years-ago in British-mandate Palestine, which drove Palestinians out of their homes. When Rajab Mohamed al-Toom was forced to leave his home in Beer Sheva city in 1948 at the age of 60, he thought he would return in just days or weeks. Today, 67 years later, al-Toom, now 127, is still stuck in Jabalya, a refugee camp in northern Gaza. By Wissam Nassar .

Note: Rajab Al-Tom died this year at the age of 128. Allah yerhamo

okay i just read this article about ProDoula (tw for ableist slur {the r one} at the link) and i just really need to vent about what a CAPITALISTIC HELLHOLE it is

so for those of you who don’t know, a doula provides nonclinical support to people labor. some also provide support throughout the pregnancy and after birth. having a doula present during labor has been found to have a lot of medical and social benefits, including: lower incidences of preterm birth, caesarian section, and instrumental vaginal birth; higher 5 minute apgar scores in infants; shorter labor duration; less anxiety and pain during labor and more positive labor experiences; parents who are awake more post-delivery and smile at and talk to their infants more; increased initiation/duration of breastfeeding; and more positive interactions between parent & infant at 2 months.

doulas also have the potential to save insurers $500+ per birth in the united states, which is a big fucking deal considering that !! a completely uncomplicated vaginal delivery in the united states !! can cost upward of $9,000!!! but almost no insurers cover doula care because back in the 1800s when physicians were becoming professionalized they basically threw midwives & labor support out the fucking window. because obviously white college educated men who didn’t even clean their instruments in between births knew more about having babies than anyone else. the result being: right now, it’s very difficult for low income people, particularly poc, to afford doula care. which is TERRIBLE because there are HUGE disparities in birth outcomes between white women and woc, and also because colonialiization and racism played a huge part in why we decided labor support was unnecessary in the first place.

now there are a lot of people out there who volunteer with community based doula care programs to provide free or low cost doula care to people who otherwise wouldn’t be able to afford it. and a lot of these community based programs also help people who live in the communities they serve become doulas in order to make sure the care is as accessible and culturally appropriate as possible. which is just!! a great model for community healthcare!! who the fuck is gonna complain about that??

PRODOULA, APPARENTLY.

the ladies over at prodoula are mad because doula care is exactly the kind of emotional labor by women that is extremely undervalued in our society. and they’re right!! who can blame them for being angry, amirite??? oh wait i can!!! because instead of placing that blame squarely on the backs of insurers and the medical industry, they’re blaming, you guessed it…community based doula programs and volunteer doulas!!! their entire fucking platform is that doula care should be considered a luxury service, and that by providing doula to low income people and poc, the volunteer doulas are over-saturating the market and making it impossible for them to charge what their services are worth.

okay, you might say. i can definitely see where the devaluation of women’s labor is a problem, even if i don’t agree with prodoula blaming the whole thing on volunteer doulas. isn’t there a middle ground? perhaps, lobbying for insurance companies and medicaid to cover doula care so low income women are able to continue to access doula care (and its many medical benefits), while the doulas that provide their services are able to make a living? that sounds pretty reasonable to me.

but NOT TO PRODOULA, APPARENTLY. they are OPPOSED to ANY insurance coverage for doula care because that would prevent them from charging THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS of dollars for their services and ensuring that only upper middle class women who subsist on quinoa can afford to have doula care (and making sure that their execs can keep pulling in their six figure salaries). i am fucking disgusted by this company, y’all.

so in conclusion: stay away from prodoula and probably most doulas that they’ve licensed. support your local community based doula programs. and support medicaid coverage of doula care in your state!!! it’s such a great, commonsense service that has the potential to really help people AND save money!!! what else could you want in a policy i ask you!!!

Character Development Checklist 2.0

Several months ago I posted the original Character Development Checklist, because why wouldn’t you need dozens of random questions about your character?

In my humble opinion, there’s no such thing as too many questions. How can we ever know too much about our characters? The reader might not see it, but everything the author knows will mold the characters and the story. How can that be a bad thing?

Which is exactly why I added dozens of questions to the original character sheet. Check out a link to the first one above, and scroll below for an updated version

Basics:

  • Character’s Name (first, middle, last)
  • Character’s Nickname(s)
  • Name pronunciation
  • Origin of name
  • Age
  • Ethnicity
  • Sex/Gender
  • Sexual orientation
  • Hair color
  • Eye color
  • Height
  • Weight
  • Scars
  • Tattoos
  • Birthmarks
  • Piercings
  • Right/left handed/ambidextrous
  • Glasses/contacts

Apparel:

  • Clothing preferences
  • Accessories
  • Style
  • Trinkets
  • Favorite possession
  • Equipment
  • Grooming habits

Family and Relationships:

  • Parents
  • Siblings
  • Grandparents
  • Marital Status
  • Significant Other
  • Children
  • Pets
  • Friends
  • Enemies
  • Close relatives
  • Non-close relatives
  • Ancestors

Religion:

  • The religion they follow (if any)
  • Beliefs
  • Superstitions
  • Virtues

Location:

  • Country of Birth
  • Place of Birth (State, city, etc)
  • First Language
  • Cultures
  • Traditions

Schooling:

  • Highest Education
  • Degrees
  • Home-schooled/public school/private school
  • Favorite subject
  • Favorite teacher
  • Least favorite subject
  • Least favorite teacher
  • Average grade
  • Study habits
  • Special education
  • Graduating year

Work:

  • Occupation
  • Salary
  • Employment history
  • Work space
  • Mode of Transportation
  • Total income
  • Boss
  • Hours
  • Experience
  • Co-worker relationships
  • Rank
  • Work ethic

Home:

  • Rent or Own
  • House, apartment, etc
  • Mode of transportation
  • Living space
  • Address
  • Hometown

Inner Workings Of Your Character:

  • Secrets
  • Fears
  • Worries
  • Eating Habits
  • Food preferences
  • Sleep preferences
  • Work preferences
  • Book preferences
  • Music preferences
  • Introverted/extroverted
  • Optimist/pessimist
  • Hobbies
  • Pet peeves
  • Prejudices
  • Proud of
  • Biggest vulnerability
  • Embarrassed by
  • Worst memory
  • Best memory
  • Earliest memory
  • Fondest memory
  • Skilled at
  • Unskilled at
  • Attitude
  • Obsessions
  • Stresses
  • Addictions
  • Handicaps (physical)
  • Handicaps (emotional/psychological)
  • Allergies
  • Medical history
  • IQ
  • Temperament
  • Attitude
  • Perception and outlook on life
  • Desires
  • Regrets
  • Soft spots

Habits:

  • Verbal quirks
  • Physical quirks
  • Gestures
  • Work habits
  • Sleeping habits
  • Annoying habits
  • Irrational habits
  • Eating habits
  • Healthy habits
  • Unhealthy habits
  • Mannerisms
  • Drinking habits
  • Vices

Objects Kept In - And Why:

  • Their closet
  • Their bedroom
  • Their purse/bag
  • Their fridge
  • Their car
  • Their desk
  • Their pockets
  • Their junk drawer
  • Their glove compartment
  • Their backpack
  • Their locker
  • Their car trunk
  • Their wallet
  • Their suitcase

Favorites:

  • Favorite book
  • Favorite movie
  • Favorite hobby
  • Favorite animal
  • Favorite color
  • Favorite season
  • Favorite food
  • Favorite drink
  • Favorite time of day
  • Favorite song
  • Favorite music genre
  • Favorite memory
  • Favorite band
  • Favorite words
  • Favorite subject
  • Favorite number
  • Favorite TV-show
  • Favorite place

Least Favorite:

  • Least favorite book
  • Least favorite movie
  • Least favorite hobby
  • Least favorite animal
  • Least favorite color
  • Least favorite season
  • Least favorite food
  • Least favorite drink
  • Least favorite time of day
  • Least favorite song
  • Least favorite music genre
  • Least favorite memory
  • Least favorite band
  • Least favorite words
  • Least favorite subject
  • Least favorite number
  • Least favorite TV-show
  • Least favorite place

Other:

  • Talents
  • Political preference
  • Strengths
  • Flaws
  • Prized possessions
  • Special/favorite memories
  • Time and date of birth
  • What they love
  • What they hate
  • Social class
  • Sports/clubs
  • Blood type
  • Posture
  • Speech impediments
  • Spending habits
Ala Mhigo Chronology of the 6th Astral Era

(Cuz why not?)

Original post here


Year 10:   Survivors of the Sixth Umbral Calamity form small communities in Gyr Abania, descending into conflict over the area’s limited resources. Many flee Abalathia entirely as the floodwaters recede.

Year 1135:   Anshelm Cotter unifies the military might of Gyr Abania’s warring clans and builds a citadel on the shores of an eastern lake, marking the birth of the city-state of Ala Mhigo.

Year 1150:   A system of tolls is enacted, to be collected from merchants travelling through Ala Mhigo and Gyr Abania in return for safe passage between Eorzea and the Near East.

Year 1154:   Ala Mhigan pikemen drive out the invading Hyuran nomads from northern Othard, and tales of their courage and martial prowess resound across Eorzea.

Year 1179:   Ul'dah enlists the services of Ala Mhigan mercenaries, and the soldiers of fortune swell their ranks as the kingdom besieges Sil'dih.

Year 1190:   With the expansion of maritime trade, the number of Ul'dahn merchants taking the land-based eastern trade routes begins to decline, and Ala Mhigo struggles to sustain itself on the meager tolls.

Year 1313:   Sharlayan enlists the service of Ala Mhigan mercenaries to subdue the beasts that roam the hinterlands and ensure the safety of their outpost.

Year 1353:   Ala Mhigan mercenaries are contracted by Ul'dah in the sultanate’s effort to purge the city of the undead droves.

Year 1466:   King Manfred abruptly asserts his sovereign right to the East Shroud, dispatching General Gylbarde and his men across the Velodyna River to seize Gridanian territory. This incursion marks the outbreak of the Autumn War.

General Gylbarde ambushes the Gridanian troops en route to Finesand, surrounding and spilling the blood of the Gridanian column with six thousand men

General Gylbarde thrice deflects the desperate advances of Commander Osbern. In addition to capturing Osbern and scores of his officers, Gylbarde’s army also seizes possession of Claustrum, the Seedseers’ legendary staff. The First Battle of Tinolqa concludes with a decisive Ala Mhigan victory.

Year 1539:   The Darklight Raiders, a mercenary group under the command of Gerbald the Red, eradicate an enormous poisonous snake in the Aurum Vale, earning themselves fame and fortune.

Year 1544:   The Darklight Raiders fail in an attempt to purge Cutter’s Cry of the chimera that lurks in its depths. The mercenary group is effectively disbanded as most of its members are slain.

Year 1546:   Theodoric the First ascends the throne as king of Ala Mhigo.

The conflict between King Theodoric and the Fist of Rhalgr intensifies. In the name of quelling the insurrection, the king leads a vast army to the site of the monkhood’s main temple, razing it to the ground and massacring its disciples.

At nineteen, Raubahn Aldynn is ordered to suppress an angry mob as an officer of the Ala Mhigan army. He earns wide renown when he succeeds in the task without spilling a drop of blood.

Year 1554:   Raubahn is assigned to the border forces as the XIVth Legion closes in. He and his comrades undertake a series of diversionary maneuvers which succeed in keeping the imperial forces at bay.

Raubahn makes short work of an imperial magitek contingent in a border skirmish, toying with the enemy, and is promoted to a position of high command for his deeds. His impressive accomplishments on the field of battle earn him further trust and acclaim among his men.

Year 1556:   Raubahn is struck by an imperial sniper, suffering grievous wounds. Withdrawing from the frontlines, he returns to his home village in the mountains of Gyr Abania to convalesce.

Year 1557:  The people of Ala Mhigo revolt against the tyrannical King Theodoric. The kingsguard is complicit in the uprising, ignoring their liege’s orders and opening the gates of the palace to the revolutionaries.

Seizing the opportunity amidst confusion and political upheaval, the XIVth Legion subjugates and annexes Ala Mhigo with little resistance.

Still nursing his wounds, Raubahn leaves Gyr Abania at twenty and four to wander the realm.

Year 1559:   Raubahn, now twenty and seven, arrives in the Sultanate only to be mistaken for an imperial spy. He is imprisoned by the Brass Blades and forced to fight in the gladiator pits.

Year 1571:   The Archons of the Circle of Knowing infiltrate occupied Gyr Abania in an attempt to assist those Ala Mhigans who seek asylum abroad, but many lives are lost when the Garleans catch wind of the defection

Year 1572:   The city states of Limsa Lominsa, Ul'dah and Gridania form their Grand Companies. Subsequent events leading up to and in the aftermath of the Seventh Umbral Calamity are detailed in Memories of the Calamity.

  • Conservative: Trump isn't racist.
  • Me: Here's several times in which he stated very racist things and supported racism.
  • Conservative: Trump isn't against gay rights.
  • Me: If he isn't, why did he select Mike Pence as his running mate, who has advocated for conversion therapy as well as passed anti-LGBT legislation in Indiana?
  • Conservative: Trump doesn't hate women, he loves them. He just doesn't believe in abortion.
  • Me: If he loves women, why doesn't he respect them? Why does he say things like "grab them by the pussy"? Why doesn't he respect his daughter? Why does he only pay heed when a woman is attractive, and even then it's about seeing us as property, or as an object?
  • Conservative: The government isn't infringing on women's rights. You'll still have birth control.
  • Me: What about the bill that recently passed which no longer requires insurance companies to pay their copay on birth control, and also states that pre existing conditions will no longer be covered?
  • Conservative: this is all in your head. You're just upset that there's no more Obama.
  • Me: Here are several reliable news sources which back up the things I'm worried about.
  • Conservative: that's biased news.
  • Me:
  • Me:
  • Me: Are we in different dimensions or something?

anonymous asked:

Everyday it's a struggle to understand why the fuck I get to live in the state that birthed the fucking train wreck named Mike Pence.

he wasn’t birthed he was Summoned 

3

History Aesthetics → The Birth of The United States of America (July 4, 1776) and The War For Independence (1775 -1783)

↳ L E T  F R E E D O M   R I N G!  

The 56 men who signed their names to Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence that warm summers day back in August of 1776, quietly acknowledged that they were also signing their own death warrants. The moment their pen touched parchment, they were traitors to the crown and would be hanged if the British ever got ahold of them. John Hancock notoriously signed his name as large as he possibly could due to George III’s reported near-sightedness and declared, “There! John Bull can read my name without spectacles and may now double his reward of £500 for my head. That is my defiance.” All of the men had targets placed on their heads from the get-go and had to be ready to flee their homes at any moment. Of the 56 signers , 9 died from both wounds and considerable hardships during the War, 5 were captured, imprisoned and likely beaten by the British, 17 lost everything they owned and several lost their wives and children as result of their role in gaining America’s Independence. John Hart’s may be the most heartbreaking story of all. After signing the Declaration, he fled from his New Jersey home only to return a few days later to visit his dying wife. While there Hessians broke into his home and attempted to kill him but he fled into the woods. When he returned, his wife had been buried and his children were missing. He died in 1779 without ever knowing what had truly happened to his family. Others like the Declaration’s author, Thomas Jefferson who was only 33 at the time would forever be linked in infamy to the document and would go onto to become one of the new nations finest and most powerful political figures in history. Despite it all, none of the signers ever regretted their decision despite the repercussions it garnered them, for they believed that given time our country could be one of the most powerful and greatest nations in the world and were determined to see it through even if that meant death.

anonymous asked:

Sophmores, unless held back, are usually in the age range of 15-16. Depending on month of birth, obviously. Some states have cut off dates so it's actually possible for twins to be in separate grades because one was born a few minutes to midnight and the other a few minutes after. So in theory, the core four could all be 16 and in the same grade as Cheryl who would be 17, and Jason having been a year ahead. Personal experience here of being the oldest kid in my grade (not held back).

maybe, but i don’t think it’s that complex. we know cheryl and jason are twins and we know he’s seventeen so she is too. it’s also been stated the core four are all sophomores so they are all either 15 or 16, since so far we have no indication any of them has been held back a year.

The State

The state is, fundamentally, an organisation of force.

It exists because there are unequal social classes. It is used by the capitalist class to suppress workers, through protecting the means of production as the private property of capitalists.

The means of production are factories, plants, facilities, machines, and so on.

The state is used by working people to take ownership of the economy, so that the economy belongs to the people who operate it.

It does not mean persecuting workers who are self-employed.

Social ownership of production means that everyone in society has equal relations to property. This eliminates economic inequality and abolishes social class.

Without social class, there is no group to oppress, and so the state, without a function, does not function at all. The conditions that gave birth to the state would have been ended.

A stateless and classless society is referred to as ‘socialism’ or ‘communism’.

Many people are never quite born; they live in the flesh but a part of them is still in what Lamaistic philosophy would call the Bardo, in the life between death and birth, and that prenatal state is filled with extraordinary visions. That explains why children have really cosmic dreams, astronomical dreams, for instance, like approaching the [globe of the earth] which they see in the distance… It is as if the whole process of becoming conscious were repeated, so it is expressed as a second birth.
—  C.G. Jung, Visions Seminars, V.1 pages 424-425
Essay #4: Kingdom Hearts The Enemies of Kingdom Hearts: The New Freudian Psychology?

Due warning: SPOILERS ahead. If you don’t want them, don’t read on.

Throughout the Kingdom Hearts series, we have come across four different kinds of enemies, in timeline chronological order: the Unversed, the Heartless, the Nobodies, and the Dream Eaters. Each embodies a fragment of a real person, and the essay here today discusses the enemies as representations of the psyche, as envisioned by the Kingdom Hearts universe. It should be noted that since psychology is a complex thing, the representations discussed here are innately highly simplified.

The Unversed: Emotion

As Vanitas states in Birth by Sleep, the Unversed are “fledgling emotions”, born from his negativity. Vanitas was born from Ventus’ heart being split. Since Vanitas is but fragment of Ventus, the Unversed themselves are also parts of Ventus. Therefore, it can said that the Unversed may be born from all beings with whole hearts. Each Unversed has a different pair of eyes, smiling, angry, or crying, further establishing the Unversed are emotion personified. Since they are “Unversed”, those “not well-versed in their own existence”, it follows that emotion as an individual component is useless. Vanitas commands the Unversed, being an intelligent being, which implies that emotion has no inherent direction. Simply put, to feel is not enough, action or direction is required to fully realize it.

The Heartless: Intent or the “Id”

Unlike the Unversed, the Heartless are the darkness, rather than the raw emotion of a person who has been physically compromised. As noted throughout the series, the darkness is not inherently evil or malicious, which seems to be the case in the first Kingdom Hearts. But as the story continues, it is made apparent that the Heartless are mindless, much as the Unversed are. The Heartless on a desire to have a heart. This domination of being by desire is similar to the concept of the “id” in Freudian psychology. The “id” is the part of the personality that directs basic needs and wants. The basic component of a full person in the Kingdom Hearts universe is a heart, which explains the Heartless’ narrow-minded search for hearts. However, without the ego and superego to regulate the id, the Heartless cannot fully grasp having a heart. It is the darkness that shows people what they really want or need, but it is the ego and superego that keeps it in check. It is implied in the Ansem Reports of the first Kingdom Hearts that the Heartless have always existed, since people have always had darkness in their hearts. However, we know that the Emblem Heartless were initially manufactured in experiments, and that the Purebloods such as the Shadow and Neoshadow are byproducts of a natural process. Therefore, it can be said that the Emblem Heartless are twisted or modified versions of actual desire. The Purebloods, such as the Neoshadows, are relatively few, as Xehanort does not release them in Birth By Sleep, except to use them to test Ventus. The comparative rarity and lack of danger of Purebloods indicates the desire is rarely ever malicious or deadly. The Emblem Heartless, which are plentiful, with their armor, weapons, and improved powers over the Purebloods further show that they are desire acted upon in a most twisted or misguided manner.

The Nobodies: Logic or the “Ego”

If the Heartless are the id, then it follows that the Nobodies are the ego, which directs the id, to consider logical consequences of actions (whether physical, mental, or social), and the idea that other people have ids as well. Unlike any of the other enemies in the Kingdom Hearts universe, the Nobodies are intelligent and are driven by their will and ability to plan. There is further evidence that the Nobodies are the psyche’s logic and mental capacity. Nobodies can, with sufficient willpower, become a higher form of a Nobody, namely those that make up Organization XIII. These Nobodies are very intelligent, retaining their memories as people, and desiring a heart to complete them. They can even affect emotion in order to feign having a complete personality. However, their lack of “intent”, or rather an “id”, prevents them from realizing that their goal of completion implies more than restoring their hearts, as explained by Yen Sid. Both the Heartless and the Nobody of a person must be destroyed in order to restore a person to their original form. The higher Nobodies are arrogant and presume to be a higher existence than the Heartless, when their very existence is paradoxical in itself. Given that the Nobodies are the ego, and that the Heartless are the id, the heart is the super ego. This is because just as the Heartless do not have the ego or the superego to regulate them, the Nobodies do not have the id to realize what they need, nor the superego to show them morality. Nobodies are ruthless, particularly those in Organization XIII, not considering whether their actions are right or wrong. This is further supported by the fact that Axel and Roxas were some of the first members to show the “unquestionable signs of a burgeoning replacement [a new heart]”, as noted by Xemnas. Axel’s being was fully restored, whereas Roxas, despite having a new growing heart, had no id “darkness” to show him what he needed was to return to Sora, where his shared id and original superego (Sora’s heart) lay.

The Dream Eaters: Dreams, fears, and aspirations

The Dream Eaters are a more complicated matter. In Dream Drop Distance, Yen Sid explains that they are entities that wander the world of sleep, and they are in constant flux. The Dream Eaters, unlike the other enemies, have two forms: Nightmare and Spirit. Nightmares create problems and harm the world of sleep by creating more nightmares, which keeps the worlds they roam in sleep. The Spirits keep them at bay, and Sora and Riku help them to fully awaken the worlds of sleep. These Dream Eaters take myriad forms, from bats, to horses, to dinosaurs. Similarly, the dreams of people are also varied. Nightmares and dreams are continuous and can occur simultaneously. It could be said that, along with the Unversed, the Dream Eaters are a part of the superego: the conscience. The Unversed are the emotions of people, which are produced in response to various stimuli, and the Dream Eaters are people’s fears and dreams. People dream and have various emotions as a result. People hope and aspire, and that, too, evokes emotion. The heart, or the superego, incorporates emotion and dream in order to sort through one’s conscience, what is right and wrong, and to form one’s own morals.