birth defects


Red fox (Vulpes vulpes). These are the three reds I currently own! The first one is pretty standard save for an ingrown incisor. The second is the skull from Citrine, a red fox from a fur farm who showcases the more ‘doggy’ structure from the domestication process. The final guy is well…wild. He’s absolutely massive with that weird indent in his skull that seems to be a birth defect rather than an injury. Not to mention the pitting in the bone, deformed jaw, and blood staining on the teeth, likely due to an infection.

Pro-Life? Pro-Choice?

So, I’m going to state my opinion on abortion.

I’m actually rather neutral.

I think that abortion should allowed, but in certain cases.

If the child will come out with a serious birth deformity, such as sirenomelia, fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, a severe case of osteogenisis imperfecta, or severe defects similar to any of those, should be aborted because all they will have is a life of suffering.

Minor birth defects can be fixed with little complication, so I don’t think children with such should be aborted.

I also think if someone was raped and they suffered such severe trauma from it, they can be aborted. But that depends on the person.

However, if a woman goes around having unprotected sex, the woman in question should not be allowed to have an abortion. She can put the child up for adoption or raise it herself. It’s her own fault she got pregnant and she be held responsible for her actions.

We have things like condoms, the pill, birth control implants, the morning after pill, etc. You have no excuse unless you were wearing a condom while the woman was on birth control. And even then, they should only have one, maybe two abortions before they have to deal with their consequences.


This adorable Australian Shepherd is Toby and while at first glance he may appear to look like any other Australian Shepherd but Toby is special - he has two noses! He was discovered wandering the streets of Fresno, California, and was picked up by a rescue group. However, the so-called rescue group considered him unadoptable and were ready to put him to sleep. That was until Todd Ray, a man who owns a number of animals with birth defects, adopted him and made him a member of his family. 


A 5 month old girl with alobar holoprosenceohaly. This condition was diagnosed prenatally in utero and understandably resulted in severe enlargement of the child’s head. The child was oriented to sound, able to move all extremities and responded to external stimuli, however the long term prognosis for this condition is poor as it is typically fatal in the neonatal period.

anonymous asked:

I hate that article, allegedly by a bio teacher, that says "XX =/= female and XY=/=male, humans are more complex, look at--" and then lists a bunch of rare and terrifying genetic disorders and syndromes, with "syndrome" in their name. Most people only hear about shit like that right before they terminate a pregnancy. It doesn't normalize transgenderism to pair it with syndromes and birth defects, or else we'd all be ok with kids with spina bifida.

It does, though. I mean, I’m sorry to be the bearer of uncomfortable news, but trans men are still biologically female and trans women are still biologically male. The world has to understand that medical issues sometimes present differently depending on biology. A trans woman isn’t going to end up with ovarian issues and trans men aren’t going to have to worry about prostate issues. That doesn’t stop trans people being men and women, it’s just an uncomfortable fact that biology is still important when it comes to health, and being trans doesn’t protect from that biology.

The majority of people are either XX and XY, including trans people. There are a large number of intersex people that are only found to be intersex during an autopsy, and so would have never known that they weren’t XX or XY. Other intersex people decide to live as men or women, depending on their personal circumstances. There will also be intersex people that have always been physically closer to one sex and brought up as one sex, but end up being trans because they experience gender dysphoria and need to be the other sex.

I think your final wording is clumsy there, though, to be honest. But you’re right in what you’re trying to say: normalising trans people is a completely separate issue from destigmatising birth defects. Birth defects range from things like spina bifida and intersex conditions, all the way to cleft palates and congenital astigmatism. If someone wants to argue that being trans is a birth defect along those lines – and birth defects are nothing but neutral medical conditions – then I’ll be happy to listen to their reasoning, but that doesn’t mean that it’s “bad.”

It’s just a supreme irony to me that these people, the ones that claim to be “anti-ableism” are so quick to be as ableist as possible when defending people appropriating being trans. It’s absurd.

anonymous asked:

Is autism a birth defect? That's what my child development teacher said, and I felt insulted. I'm not defective, my friend is not defective. Then the teacher went on to say that autistics could rarely function for themselves, not realizing that I am in fact an aspie. When I tried to say something after class, she told me that I couldn't be autistic because I was too smart. She told me that I was just quiet, not socially impaired. I feel like autism isn't a birth defect as she said, am I right?

Your teacher is ableist and wrong. Autism is not a birth defect (and honestly, that kind of language is ableist no matter what you’re talking about). Autism is classified as a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is genetic which may be what your teacher was thinking of, but it is not a birth defect.

Autistic people are not defective. We just have a different way of being. Further, plenty of autistic people “function” just fine on their own. While there are some autistic people who need a lot of help, others get by with minimal assistance. 

You teacher was completely wrong when she said that you couldn’t be autistic because you’re smart. That is an ableist stereotype. Many autistic people are very smart. 

I’m sorry you have to deal with such an ignorant, ableist, (and honestly cruel) teacher 



St. John’s wort is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth for up to 12 weeks. Some evidence suggests it can be used safely for over one year. It can cause some side effects such as trouble sleeping, vivid dreams, restlessness, anxiety, irritability, stomach upset, fatigue, dry mouth, dizziness, headache, skin rash, diarrhea, and tingling. Take St. John’s wort in the morning or lower the dose if it seems to be causing sleep problems.

St. John’s wort is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth in large doses. When taken by mouth in large doses, it might cause severe reactions to sun exposure. Wear sun block outside, especially if you are light-skinned.

St. John’s wort interacts with many drug. Let your healthcare provider know if you want to take St. John’s wort. Your healthcare provider will want to review your medications to see if there could be any problems.

There isn’t enough reliable information available to know if St. John’s wort is safe when it is applied to the skin. St. John’s wort might cause severe reactions to sun exposure.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

: St. John’s wort is


when taken by mouth during pregnancy. There is some evidence that it can cause birth defects in unborn rats. No one yet knows whether it has the same effect in unborn humans. Nursing infants of mothers who take St. John’s wort can experience colic, drowsiness, and listlessness. Until more is known, do not use St. John’s wort if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.


: St. John’s work is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth for up to 8 weeks in children 6-17 years-old.

Alzheimer’s disease

: There is concern that St. John’s wort might contribute to dementia in people with Alzheimer’s disease.


: Use of anesthesia in people who have used St. John’s wort for 6 months may lead to serious heart complications during surgery. Stop using St. John’s wort at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

: There is some concern that St. John’s wort might worsen symptoms of ADHD, especially in people taking the medication methylphenidate for ADHD. Until more is known, don’t use St. John’s wort if you are taking methylphenidate.

Bipolar disorder

: People with bipolar disorder cycle between depression and mania, a state marked by excessive physical activity and impulsive behavior. St. John’s wort can bring on mania in these individuals and can also speed up the cycling between depression and mania.


: In people with major depression, St. John’s wort might bring on mania, a state marked by excessive physical activity and impulsive behavior.


: There are some concerns that St. John’s wort might interfere with conceiving a child. If you are trying to conceive, don’t use St. John’s wort, especially if you have known fertility problems.


: St. John’s wort might bring on psychosis in some people with schizophrenia.


: St. John’s wort might affect serotonin levels in the brain and as a result interfere with surgical procedures. Stop using St. John’s wort at least two weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Beak Trims Are Not Normal

Parrot beaks are composed of bone covered in a layer of keratin, the same substance our hair and fingernails are made of. The keratin layer of the beak continues to grow throughout the life of the bird to replace parts that become worn down. Unlike fingernails, parrots should not ever need their beaks trimmed, this is not a normal grooming requirement.

A parrot with an overgrown or misshapen beak has a health problem or a lack of proper environmental enrichment. There are numerous causes of beak overgrowth including:

Liver Disease
Improper Diet
Lack of Proper Toys
Birth Defect
Low Vitamin A

Diets composed mainly of seeds are high in fat which can affect the liver and low in vitamins which directly impacts how the beak grows. Parrots on seed diets should be slowly switched over to pelleted diets supplemented with fresh vegetables.

Proper diets also help parrots because they must manipulate the food with their beaks which helps keep them worn down. This is also why having lots of toys and other environmental enrichment activities is important. Birds that simply reach into a dish to eat and don’t have to work for their food become bored and the beaks overgrow from lack of use.

Some parrots are on wonderful diets and have lots of toys and other activities and still have beak problems. Often these are due to bird defects like an over or underbite or trauma. X-rays are often needed to diagnose this and these birds do need frequent beak trims but this is not common.

Trimming a beak is not a simple task like trimming a nail. The entire beak has to be assessed and it must be correctly shaped. Simply trimming it short in one spot will change how pressure is applied to other portions of the beak which will cause even more malformation. An understanding of the physics of the beak and how even a small change will impact the entire organ is very important. Sometimes we have to make very small changes over several trims to slowly force the beak to grow correctly.
Because there are so many reasons the beak may be in need of a corrective trim it is very important to do a complete medical work up and find the cause. The concern is that if there is a medical problem not only should we address it and fix it, but the stress of a beak trim on top of an illness can actually be fatal in some birds.


Monty was born without a nose bone or nasal bridge, giving him a unique appearance. Due to this birth defect, he sneezes a lot but is nevertheless still as healthy and happy as any other cat! Monty certainly is a testament to the fact that even if you may look different, you’re still fantastic and loved.


I was told for the first time in my life that I would have to give more eyes and hands and all that kind of stuff. I have my reservations about all that. I mean think the Phantom is not about that, solely.

It’s a funny thing though, most of the bad side of his face or the deformed side of his face, which is a birth defect, is covered for most of the show.

And really I think that this is the side that’s deformed [pointing to the not deformed and not covered side]. This is supposed to be his good side, but in fact this is the evil side. The side behind the mask is really the good side, because that’s the true person.”

Colm Wilkinson

The differences between spina bifida occulta, spina bifida with meningocele, and spina bifida with myelomeningocele.

In the development of the embryo, the neural tube closes around 28 days post-fertilization.

Oftentimes, the woman does not even know she’s pregnant at that point. So much happens in early development, so much can go wrong…many times the egg is fertilized, but has such faulty genes that it terminates itself even before the menstrual cycle is delayed. And many times there are multiple eggs fertilized, and two eggs trying to develop in the uterus, but one of them is terminated by the body long before the “twins” would be visible on an ultrasound.