Today lets remember some unsung heroes or rather heroines who slogged hard all their life in laboratories and in the end faded into the oblivion, they even had to bear the frustration of seeing their male counterparts win Nobel Prize for the work which they actually did!
Here is my tribute to some of these great pioneers, I request you all to add to this list because we all know, there are many more such women innovators whose sweat and blood went unrecognized.
Esther was a microbiologist, conducted groundbreaking research in the field of genetics. She developed basic techniques that have gone a long way towards helping scientists understand how genes work.
Her work helped her husband, Joshua, win a Nobel prize in 1958, but she was not cited in the award.
This British biophysicist was a pioneering X-ray crystallographer.
image of the DNA molecule was critical to deciphering its structure -
one of the biggest and most important scientific breakthroughs of the
20th Century - but it was James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice
Wilkins who received the 1962 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for their work.
She found two new elements, rhenium and masurium, that
Dmitri Mendeleev had predicted would form part of the periodic table.
She gets credit in the science books for the discovery of rhenium.
But masurium is now known as technetium, the discovery of which is attributed to Carlo Perrier and Emilio Segre.
Tacke’s evidence was ignored until Perrier and Segre artificially created the element in a laboratory.
Tacke is also credited with being the first person to open up the idea of nuclear fission.
Her work in nuclear physics led to the discovery of nuclear fission - where atomic nuclei split in two.
This laid the groundwork for the atomic bomb.
After moving to Berlin in 1907, Meitner collaborated with chemist Otto Hahn over many decades.
But Hahn published their findings without including Meitner as a co-author.
And Hahn went on to win the 1944 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his contributions to splitting the atom.
She was one of the most important physicists of the 20th Century.
She participated in the development of the atom bomb, as part of the Manhattan Project. Yet few know her name today.
the 1950s, two theoretical physicists, Tsung-Dao Lee and Chen Ning
Yang, asked Wu to help disprove what is known in physics as the law of
parity. Wu’s experiments turned this law on its head.
This landmark moment in physics led to a 1957 Nobel Prize for Yang and Lee, but not for Wu, who was left out despite the key role she played.
She was an astronomer who potted a pattern between the brightness of a star and its distance from the Earth. This led her to uncover what is known as the period-luminosity relationship, allowing scientists to calculate how far away a star was from Earth based on its brightness.