TAXONOMY: description and naming of organisms, which leads to
CLASSIFICATION: recognizing groups of related organisms and naming the groups, which leads to…
PHYLOGENY: the evolutionary history of an organism.
Ultimately, we hope that our classifications reflect phylogeny.
Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) formalized use of the “binomial”, where each individual organism is known by a Genus and species name.
Order of classification
There are often intermediate taxa such as subclass, subgenus etc.
The 6 kingdoms