The Miles Davis Sextet, NYC 1958, featuring John Coltrane, Jimmy Cobb, Paul Chambers, Bill Evans and Julian “Cannonball” Adderley
When photographer Robert W. Kelley shot a few rolls of film at an intimate jazz gig on May 14, 1958, evidently neither he nor his LIFE editors were jumping out of their skins with excitement. Kelley provided scant notes describing the evening: just the date, the city and the subject’s name, “Miles Davis,” scrawled on the small archival file of the resulting photos. Why the pictures - which capture the great, ground-breaking trumpeter, then just 31 years old, leading his band in an unnamed New York venue - never made it into print remains a mystery to this day.
Maybe Kelley’s 1958 photos never ran in LIFE because seeing and hearing jazz greats on any given night felt so commonplace in New York at the time - the music mecca Birdland, after all, was just around the corner from the Time-Life Building. Maybe pictures of a ground-breaking young master of the art weren’t something to get worked up about. But six decades later, when Miles Davis’ star shines brighter than ever and he’s acknowledged as one of the genuine titans of 20th century music, it’s hard not to get excited by the opportunity to see previously unpublished pictures of the man and the rest of his legendary sextet.
Produced by Teo Macero and Irving Townsend, and recorded in 2 sessions (2 March and 22 April 1959), with almost no rehearsals and little preparation (Davis provided each musician scales and melody lines he wanted them to improvise from), Davis and his quintet created what has been called not only “jazz’s greatest record,” but one of the greatest albums of all time.
1. So What 2. Freddie Freeloader 3. Blue in Green 1. All Blues 2. Flamenco Sketches
Miles Davis - trumpet Julian “Cannonball” Adderley - alto saxophone Paul Chambers - bass Jimmy Cobb - drums John Coltrane - tenor saxophone Bill Evans - piano Wynton Kelly - piano on “Freddie Freeloader”
• bill and gordie would be able to relate losing their brother. Both of them helping each other understand their problems because both of them feel the same way. Both guilty, both blame themselves for it, both loved their brother more than the world.
• bill and gordie also relating on being very good at telling stories and writing. gordie even helping bill start writing some little stories and them sharing their stories.
• bill and chris being able to bond together over their natural goodness and leadership and wanting to care and keep peace for people. Them being able to lead the group together and just be great friends too
• richie and teddy swapping glasses and exchanging Hawaiian shirts. Both of them backing each other up with cigarettes and both of them acting out little scenes. richie with his voices and teddy doing his “storming the beach of Normandy” in response and them just being nerds together, running around and play fighting all the time
• richie making up nicknames for vern and teasing the life out of him
• richie and teddy stealing verns come and putting it in stanleys hair just to see how long it would take for stan to realize it was there and also to see how long it took vern to notice his comb was gone.
• teddy and chris teaching the losers clubs different card games and little gambling games. bev picking it up really quickly and just kicking everyone’s asses and someone as unexpected as stan also being hella good at it
• teddy, richie and bev all having such a wholesome friendship with each other. They friebdly flirt with each other and make jokes at each other. them always going to the movies and watching horror movies together.
• teddy, vern, chris and gordie all facing pennywise in their own ways too.
• gordie going to chris after facing pennywise and seeing his brother and crying over it because it’s the first time he’s properly faced thinking about his brother.
THE TRAIN BRIDGE SCENE HOLY GOD
• bill backing up gordie that it could be a bad idea to go across it and hanging back with him
• ben hesitating but then going ahead anyways, just blabbering on about the beautiful architecture of the bridge and the scenery around it
• richie giving eddie a piggyback ride over the bridge because eddies too scared he’s going to trip and die and he won’t move other wise and then both of them a screaming mess at each other when the train comes
• bill and gordie both physically picking up vern and r u n n i n g with him in their arms and bolting it
• the bowers gang and ace’s gang merging. belch becoming the best at mailboxes baseball and being crowned the champion.
• henry introducing ace’s gang to blowtorching their farts in the junkyard. them all also having competition who could get the biggest fart flame
• ace also being controlled by pennywise in the same way henry was to kill the losers and others.
june and helen are dating each other as well as their boyfriends, they and quentin and anthony have a poly arrangement that they’re all really happy with
also, sally and anthony are really Not dating, but also they’re not exactly Not Dating, either. mostly, they’re best friends.
everyone at school is slightly bemused by the gang because so many of them are dating each other (in both assorted pairs AND poly chains) and those that aren’t are often so close that it’s hard to tell anyway
theatre kids: why the fuck is the science department queerer than we are
height order from shortest to tallest: esther, sally, jack, bridget, penny, quentin, helen, anthony, june
sally skipped a grade and is the same age as the juniors
esther and bridget are out to everyone in the science kid gang and esther’s sort of out at school
sally’s completely out to the gang and most of school by senior year. she’s ace as hell and definitely some kind of aromantic
sally had a really awkward coming out that probably involved terrible puns
june and quentin are both bi and out (june is out to everyone except her parents)
quentin is a demiguy and mostly goes by he/him but sometimes uses they and ze
jack is trans
helen is trans (and loosely bi, if she had to pick a label for that aspect of her identity)
penny is demiromantic and demisexual
helen and june are the mom and dad friends
bridget actually calls them mom and dad
the three of them go get sandwiches at the coffee shop where penny works
and the four of them have a “our dates are nerds and we’re suffering” bond
they call themselves “the girlfriend gang”
everyone agrees the following is true:
june: the devil
bridget: an angel
penny: a demigod
helen for student body president
anthony works part time at the post office. he gets very bored. sometimes the gang goes to bother him and he makes faces at them through the slots when they open the mailboxes
june works in retail, even though her parents are kind of rich. they wanted her to get the life experience. if you’ve ever worked retail you understand why she’s always angry
bridget volunteers at the library
she’s friends with all of the old lady librarians
they give her advice when she wants to plan cute dates with esther
and they all share book recommendations
and geek out while they shelve
sally works at the ice cream shop
always gets in trouble for trying to identify the flavor formulas
gives everyone discounts
most likely to get in trouble for her hair being uncontainable
On this day in music history: August 17, 1959 - “Kind Of Blue” by Miles Davis is released. Produced by Teo Macero and Irving Townsend, it is recorded at Columbia Records 30th Street Studios in New York City on March 2, 1959 and April 22, 1959. Recorded in two sessions six weeks apart, it features Davis backed by musicians John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderley, Jimmy Cobb, Paul Chambers, Bill Evans and Wynton Kelly. The songs are created by Miles giving the musicians chord changes based on musical modes rather than traditional chord progressions, then improvising on those changes. The original LP release of “Kind Of Blue” is a source of confusion among musicians and fans for years when the three tracks (“So What”, Freddie Freeloader", and “Blue In Green”) on the first side of the album are a quarter tone sharper than originally played. The problem turns out to have been caused by one of the two tape machines recording the session running slower than the other. The album is not reissued with the songs at the correct pitch until 1992. All reissues from that time on are mastered using the back up 3-track session tapes cut during the initial recording session. The album goes on to become one of the most popular and influential jazz recordings of all time. Having taken over thirty years for the album to sell over million copies, its sales explode during the peak of the CD boom, tripling in sales during the 90’s and 2000’s. For the album’s 50th anniversary, Sony Music releases a three disc edition featuring the original album along with alternate takes of “Flamenco Sketches” and “Freddie Freeloader” (w/ the false start), along with in studio dialog recorded during the sesssions. The second disc includes live recordings featuring the sextet, with the third disc being a DVD featuring a documentary about the development and recording of the landmark album along with the rarely seen television program “The Sound Of Miles Davis” originally aired on April 2, 1959. “Kind Of Blue” has been certified 4x Platinum in the US by the RIAA, and is inducted into the Grammy Hall Of Fame in 1992. In 2002, the album is added to the National Recording Registry by the Library Of Congress.
Several key Senate Republicans said they will set aside the narrowly passed House health-care bill and write their own version instead, a sign of how difficult it will be to deliver on seven years of promises to repeal Obamacare.
Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, who chairs the Senate health committee, and Roy Blunt of Missouri, a member of GOP leadership, both described the plan, even as the House was celebrating passing its repeal after weeks of back and forth. The decision will likely delay even further the prospect of any repeal bill reaching President Donald Trump’s desk.
Hospital stocks dipped on the House vote, but quickly bounced back on the news the Senate would start over with its own version, with the BI North America Hospitals Index up 0.9 percent at 2:39 p.m. Hospitals fear the winding-down of Obamacare’s Medicaid expansion will leave them with more customers who can’t afford to pay.
Trump celebrated the House vote with a news conference at the White House, standing alongside dozens of Republican lawmakers.
“This has really brought the Republican Party together,” he said.
But in the wake of the House’s razor-thin 217-213 vote, the Senate made clear it was going in a different direction. Alaska’s Lisa Murkowski, who has been very critical of the House bill, said Thursday she hopes they start with “a clean slate” in the Senate.
To get some kind of bill through his chamber, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell will need to unite moderate and conservative wings of the party that want to pull the measure in entirely different directions. The GOP controls the chamber 52-48, meaning he can lose no more than two Republicans and still pass it, given the united Democratic opposition.
The added sweeteners that helped win crucial GOP support to get the House bill through that chamber had made it even more difficult to get it through the Senate. One of the many obstacles with the House version is that it could run afoul of budget strictures governing the procedure under which the bill is being handled.
Senate Finance Chairman Orrin Hatch of Utah said Republicans’ goal will be to craft a measure that can get 51 votes.
“Coupled with the constraints imposed by the budget reconciliation process, we must manage expectations and remain focused on the art of the doable as we move forward,” he said in a statement after the House vote Thursday.
In short, without changes, the House bill arrives in the Senate well short of the 50 votes, plus a tie-breaking vote by Vice President Mike Pence, that will be needed to pass.
“We are not under any deadlines, so we are going to take our time,” No. 2 Senate Republican John Cornyn of Texas said. “When we have 51 senators we will vote but not until then.”
Coverage and Premiums
Several moderate Republicans have been demanding a more sweeping rewrite of the House bill to ensure more people get covered and premiums come down.
A number of moderates were unhappy with a Congressional Budget Office estimate showing an earlier version of the House measure would have resulted in 24 million more people without insurance within a decade.
That wing is led by Bill Cassidy of Louisiana, a doctor who worked for decades in a charity hospital, and Collins, who together crafted a more moderate plan that kept the Affordable Care Act’s taxes in place instead of repealing them.
Other senators who have expressed concerns about the House bill include Tom Cotton of Arkansas and Cory Gardner of Colorado, who both hail from states that have benefited from the Medicaid expansion.
Despite intense pressure from Trump to push through a repeal bill, several senators said in interviews in recent weeks that the Senate should take its time.
But several House Republicans have warned the Senate not to tinker too much with the measure they passed Thursday.
Representative Dave Brat of Virginia, a member of the arch-conservative Freedom Caucus who only came on board when states were allowed to bring back higher prices for pre-existing conditions, warned there can’t be any changes to the House bill in the Senate and keep conservatives on board.
“Not at all, none,” he said of any Senate adjustments. “It’s about time they got a dose of medicine. They better not change it one iota.”
One advantage McConnell has is Senate rules, which allow fast-track consideration and an end to debate after a potentially all-night voting session on amendments.
But procedure isn’t enough to trump math. Given all the differences and the GOP’s slim majority, there’s every possibility the bill simply bogs down and goes nowhere, or goes so far in a moderate direction that it loses conservatives in both chambers.
While Republicans have a favorable Senate map in the 2018 midterms, Democrats are targeting Dean Heller of Nevada, Jeff Flake of Arizona and, increasingly, Bob Corker of Tennessee for possible pickups.
Heller is by far the most vulnerable as the only incumbent running in a state Democrat Hillary Clinton won in last year’s presidential election.
These senators could feel vulnerable to political attacks for supporting a repeal bill, given the new popularity of the Affordable Care Act.
Complicated Senate Rules
To get through the Senate with only a 50-vote margin, any health bill needs to be scrubbed by the Senate parliamentarian for portions that could violate the “Byrd Rule” – a law that limits what can be passed in the Senate under the reconciliation mechanism.
While Pence – or the presiding officer – ultimately determines what complies with the rule, the long-standing Senate precedent is to defer to the parliamentarian’s rulings.
For example, Democrats believe the provision that critically won over the conservative House Freedom Caucus likely violates the Byrd rule. The amendment would let states apply for waivers to allow insurers to charge higher premiums to people with pre-existing conditions if they haven’t maintained continuous coverage, provided the state also has a high-risk pool.
That amendment also would let states ditch “essential health benefits” such as maternity and prescription drug coverage.
How the measure handles pre-existing conditions provisions will face scrutiny among Senate Republicans, even if they first clear the parliamentary hurdle.
Susan Collins of Maine, for one, said in a recent interview she wouldn’t support allowing people with pre-existing conditions to be charged much more money. “I can’t go for that,” she said.
She said that she would instead consider more support for so-called invisible high-risk pools that act as essentially a reinsurance plan to bring costs down for everyone. The House bill has some funding that could be used for such a pool.
Reversing Medicaid Expansion
The House bill’s $800 billion-plus cut to Medicaid goes too far for some Senate Republicans, particularly those from states that expanded Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act.
That includes Rob Portman of Ohio, Shelley Moore Capito of West Virginia and Murkowski. Each reiterated their objections to the House bill in interviews in the past week.
It’s unclear whether they will be satisfied by reallocating some of the spending in the bill, shrinking the tax cuts, or some combination, although senators have been meeting in small groups and discussing possible amendments.
Age Rating and Tax Credits
The House bill’s move to let insurers charge people age 50-64 five times what they charge young people – up from a 3-to-1 ratio now – would dramatically increase their premiums, even as poorer people would see skimpier tax credits under the new system.
The Congressional Budget Office predicted as much as a 759 percent increase in premiums for low-income seniors whose premiums are now capped as a percentage of their income.
Senator John Thune of South Dakota, a member of the GOP leadership, has been crafting a provision that would reduce the premium spike for these seniors – an issue particularly important to senators in high-cost states like Murkowski’s Alaska and in states with older populations like Capito’s West Virginia and Collins’s Maine.
On the party’s right flank, Senators Ted Cruz of Texas and Rand Paul of Kentucky will try to pull any measure closer to a full repeal of the Affordable Care Act while adding conservative planks.
It’s not clear how they can do so and still get enough votes to pass the final product.
Cruz said Wednesday he is talking with senators and the administration about ways to improve the bill and bring down premiums. One provision he hopes to add is an amendment allowing insurers to sell across state lines to boost competition. That’s something Trump promised on the campaign trail but could run into procedural objections, as well as political resistance.
Paul, meanwhile, may be the toughest vote to get on the right. The libertarian-minded senator has criticized the House bill for continuing some tax credit payments to insurance companies.
The Senate’s NOT going through with the #AHCA, and will instead craft its own version of an Obamacare replacement (aka #Trumpcare).