bid'a

Where did we go wrong? Part 2

In the name of Allah:

There they were, under the scorching heat on the plains of Mount Arafat, more than 124’000 companions all assembling around him. All listening and giving an attentive ear, as this was the last time they would. That same day, that same time, our religion was completed and nothing more or nothing less was required.

“…This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (5:3)

When this verse was revealed, it was the last time that our beloved Messenger (may peace be upon him) would perform Hajj with his companions. He delivered a sermon that triggered the hearts of the believers. So much so, upon hearing the verse above, Umar Ibn Khaatab (may Allah be pleased with him) cried and when he was asked “what makes you cry?” his answer was, “Nothing succeeds perfection but imperfection.” (al-Raheeq al-Makhtum, P.236).  

“Follow, [O mankind], what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow other than Him any allies…” (7:3)

So the religion was complete. Nothing more was needed. Just like a full glass of water, adding anymore would do it no benefit. Rather it would cause the complete opposite. Our religion is exactly like that. Perfect in every sense. Neither intellect nor intervention would do it any good.

“Beware of the newly-invented matters, for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and EVERY innovation is misguidance and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.” (Ahmed, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, declared authentic by al-Albaani)

One of the biggest diseases to have hit this Ummah (nation) of Muhammad is the evil and wicked newly-invented matters, which have been introduced into Islam. Bid’a, which is also known as innovation, is something that the Prophet foresaw and warned us about.  As the Hadith above states, Bid’a is nothing more than a misguidance. It misguides people away from the straight path of Islam and the straight path of the Prophet’s prophetic Sunnah. Ibn Masood narrates that the Messenger of Allah once drew a line for them and then said,

“This is Allah’s Straight Path.’ Then he drew lines to its right and left, then he said, ‘These are paths, upon every one of them there is a devil calling towards it.” (Ahmad)

He then recited the following verse,          

“And this is my path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow [other] ways, for you will be separated from His way. This He has instructed you that you may become righteous.” (6:153)

For us to get a real understanding of the reality of Bid’a, we must understand the term itself. Bid’a is taken from the root verb, (bada’a) and like all religious words, it can have a Luqha’ (linguistic) meaning and a Sharia (Islamic) meaning.

The scholars of the Arabic language state that the Luqha’ meaning is, “to originate something”, “to innovate something” or “to invent something” without a previous example to proceed it. (Hans Wehr, p.57).

“Say, ‘I am not something original among the messengers…” (46:9)

This verse above shows the term Bid’a being used by Allah informing the Messenger to tell the people, that he was not new with regards to the message. Many previous Messengers were sent before him all calling to Tawhid (oneness of Allah). So he did not start something new thus demonstrating the linguistic meaning.

As for the Sharia meaning, Sheik Uthaymeen states,

“It is something that has been added into the religion, which opposes that which the Messenger or his companions came with, whether in belief or in action.” (Lum’atul I’tiqaad, P.15)

And the evidence he gives in his book can be found in both the Qur’an and Sunnah. Allah (may he be glorified and exalted) says,

“And whoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has become clear to him and follows other than the way of the believers - We will give him what he has taken and drive him into Hell, and evil it is as a destination.” (4:115)

Likewise the Messenger of Allah says,

“And beware of newly-introduced matters for every newly introduced matter is a Bid’a (innovation) and every innovation is misguidance” (Muslim)

This Hadith above clearly shows the great danger of innovations. It also refutes those people who say, ‘there is a Bid’a hasana’ (a good innovation). How can somebody possibly say this when Abdullah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) once said,

"Every innovation is misguidance, even if the people regard it as good.” (Ad-Darimi) 

Those that say, ‘there is a Bid’a hasana’ often quote and use Umar Ibn Khaatab as an evidence when he said regarding the Taraweeh (voluntary prayers in the month of Ramadan), “what a good Bid’a this is. ”  The scholars of Islam totally refute this speech of theirs by stating that the Taraweeh was not something that was introduced and new! Rather it was something, which was practised by our beloved Messenger thus resulting that Umar’s speech was merely meant linguistically and not Islamically. 

In another powerful narration, Aaisha (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that the Messenger of Allah said,

Whoever does an action in our affair (Islam) which is not part of our religion, will have it rejected.” (Muslim)

Sheikh Fawzaan emphasises on this point further by commenting on the above narration,

"This Hadith proves that every type of Bid’a in the religion is rejected. It also refutes the one who says, ‘There is a Bid’a hasana’. Because the Messenger of Allah said in another narration, “every newly introduced matter is a Bid’a and every innovation is misguidance”. So when people say, ‘there is a Bid’a hasana’, this opposes the saying of the Messenger of Allah. Thus there cannot be a Bid’a that is good, rather every Bid’a is a sin and it is rejected as it says in the textual statement. But those people go around justifying Bid’a and try to beautify it by saying ‘there is a Bid’a hasana’ like for example, the Bid’a of Mawlid (celebrating the Prophet’s birthday). They say it is a ‘Bid’a hasana’ because it proves the love of the Messenger of Allah. So, then if that is the case, Abu-Bakr, Umar, Othman, Ali and the Sahaba do not love the Messenger because they never established Mawlid, they never acted-out Mawlid. Likewise, the golden-generation do not love the Messenger of Allah because they never acted-out Mawlid. Therefore, Bid’a cannot be an evidence for the love of the Messenger of Allah rather Bid’a is an evidence for the hatred of the Messenger of Allah! Because the one who loves the Messenger, he is the one who follows his path and doesn’t oppose it nor does an action of Bid’a.” (Taken from his explanation of Arba’een an-Nawawi)

With the evidences above and many more, we can easily decipher the actual ruling concerning all types of Bid’a in Islam. Bid’a is not allowed in Islam, it is Haram! Bid’a is the second deadliest weapon Iblees (Satan) uses against mankind. In fact, Iblees treasures Bid’a more than sins! Imam Sufyaan al-Thawri once said,

“Innovation is more beloved to Iblees than sin, since a sin may be repented from but innovation is not repented from.” (Reported by al-Laalikaa’ee no.238) 

Why? You may ask. Well, we all know the danger and consequences of sins thus we repent from them. But as for innovation, those that indulge in them perceive it to be a good thing, assuming that they will get some sort of reward from Allah and get closer to him. However, in actual fact they are sinning more greatly so.  

Abdullah Ibn Masood said once said,

“Follow the Sunnah of Muhammad and do not innovate, for what you have been commanded is enough for you.” (Ad-Darimi)

From the teaching of our beloved Messenger and the understanding of his righteous companions, we know that Islam is complete and already perfect. Nothing needs to be added. Imam Malik once said,

“Whoever introduces an innovation into Islam thinking that it is good is implying that Muhammad betrayed his mission because Allah says, ‘This day I have perfected for you your religion…’ (5:3) So whatsoever was not part of the religion on that day, cannot be part of the religion today” (ash-Shaatibi, al-I’tisaam)

So whenever we do an act pertaining to Islam, we should know why we are doing that act. We should know the proofs from the Qur’an and the Sunnah to save ourselves and to better educate people. Never do an act of worship that has not been prescribed by Allah or his Messenger. Everything has been made clear for us from the religion; all praise is due to Allah!

“…So he who follows my Sunnah has been guided, and he who follows the innovation has been destroyed.” [Ahmad]

I ask Allah to keep us firm upon the Sunnah and protect us from anything that opposes it. And Allah knows best. 

Tut Ki ; Zevk-u Sefa Ettin
Tut Ki ; Emre Muhalif Harekat Eyledin
Heveskarane
Heva perestane
Riya kerane
Şöhret-Perverane
Bid'a Kerane
Rabbini Terkeyledin
Alem-i İslama Maskara Oldun..!
Teveccuhu Nas İse Kabir Kapısına Kadarsa
Ötede Beş Para Etmezse

De Hele Ne Kazandın ..

Oysa ;
Bil Melâl ..!!!!
Rıza-i İlahi
Ve İltifat-ı Rahmani
Ve Kabul-u Rabbani

Öyle Bir Makamdır Ki ;
İnsanların Teveccühü Ve İstihsanı, Ona Nisbeten Bir Zerre Hükmündedir. Eğer Teveccüh-ü Rahmet Varsa, Yeter.

***

ISLAM 101: Basic Islamic Terms

Assalaamu Ayakum wa Rahmetullah,

This is a long post as a reference. Every way of life has its own vocabulary. This enables people to communicate about detailed topics using only a few key words. It is important that Muslims learn the vocabulary of Islam so that we all know what we’re talking about. This unites us as Muslims and brings us closer to a sense of belonging to the same community.


Abdul:This means “Servant of.” Many Muslims like to change their names from non-Muslim names to Muslim names. A favorite choice is Abdul. But who is the person a servant of? You must always have something after “Abdul.” The place to look is in the 99 Names of Allah. Allah has many names, such as Wadud (the Loving), Malik (the King), Rahman (The Merciful), Hakim (the Wise.) Just add one of those after Abdul and you become “The Servant of _______”. (For example: Abdul Khaliq: The Servant of the Creator.) etc…

Adab: Manners and ettiquette.

Adhan: (Athzan) The call to prayer.

Ahl al Kitab: This means the “People of the Book.” Allah uses this term in the Qur'an to refer to the Jews, Christians and any other people who received revelation from an authentic Prophet in the past. Because the Ahl al Kitab lost their revelations and twisted the teachings they had, Allah sent one last Messenger to the world, the Prophet Muhammad. He brought the Qur'an from Allah. The Ahl al Kitab are called to believe in Allah’s last message. To repeat: their own message has been lost or changed so much that there is very little of Allah’s truth left in it. The Bible is not the word of Allah. It is a book made up of people’s writings that was put together by Europeans in the year 325 at Nicea. That’s 300 years after the time of Prophet Jesus (‘Esa).

Akhee: My brother.

Akhirah: The next life or the life after death.

Akhlaq: Your character and behavior or the way you conduct yourself.

Alhumdu lillah: All Praise is for Allah.

‘Alim: A scholar or a learned man. The plural is ‘Ulema.

Allah: The name for God in the Arabic language. (Literally: THE GOD). Muslims prefer to say “Allah” no matter what language they speak because in Arabic it is a stand-alone word. In other words, you can’t make it masculine or feminine, plural or whatever. In English you can change “God” to Gods, Goddesses, Demi-God, etc… There is no way to do that in Arabic to the name, Allah.

Islam teaches that Allah is not a male or a female, nor is He black or white. He is not even a human like us. We cannot percieve what god is because our brains are only limited to percieve matter and time and anything beyond this is not percievable at all.
We only use the term “He” when we refer to Him because their is no “it” in Arabic and it seems disrespectful to call Allah an “it” in English. Allah sometimes refers to Himself as “We” or “Us” but don’t be mislead because the reason he says this is because he is the most high and worthy of the highest respect. In many languages, (including English) a single being can call himself a “We” if he wants to so that it emphasizes his power. Allah is everywhere and nowhere. He is never tired and He never needs a “rest.” He is Loving and the upholder of justice and He is the Source of Creation.

Allahu Akbar: “Allah is the Greatest.” This is the universal catch-all phrase of Muslims. When a Muslim shouts, “Takbeer” (Who’s the Greatest!) everyone replies with “Allah Akbar!”

Amir: This means a leader. The Prophet said every group of Muslims must make a leader among them, even if they were only three in number. An Amir is not a dictator and can’t just order people around, however. He must also be elected by the consent of the majority. Because Allah said believers consult each other in their affairs (shura), the Amir must listen to the opinions of the Muslim group and take them seriously. If an Amir begins to clearly go against Islamic teachings, then the Muslims must elect a new one.

Angels: In Arabic they are called the Mala-ika. They are created from light energy. Their only purpose is to serve Allah. They are behind the forces of nature. Some Angels are given the job of watching humans and noting their good and bad deeds for the day of judgment where we will be judged according to what we did in this life and our good and bad deeds will be weighed and whichever is heavier will mean either heaven or hell. Angels can take on physical form, sort of like a hologram, and can appear as humans or whatever.Again we can’t percieve what they look like because our brains cannot think beyond what is on this earth and which is visible to the human eye.Angels are all good and never disobey Allah. They are not male or female. Christianity teaches that some angels went bad and that’s where Satan and the devils came from. Islam teaches that this is not true. Angels are also not people running around in white robes with halos over their head.

Ansar: The helpers. The basic reference is to the new Muslims of Medina who helped the Prophet and the Meccan Muslims after they fled Mecca.

Arabic: A language which originated in the Middle East, specifically in the Arabian peninsula. It is the language Allah chose to reveal His last revelation to the world in.

Arkan al Islami: This means the Pillars of Islam. There are five main practices or “pillars” in the life of a Muslim.

Assalamu 'alaykum: “Peace be upon you.” This is the universal Muslim greeting. The Prophet said that Muslims must use this greeting when they meet. There are also verses in the Qur'an about it. If a person approaches a group, the person should say it first. A younger person should greet an older person first. The reply is “Wa alaykum assalam.” “And upon you be peace.”

Ayah: A verse of the Qur'an. The word literally means a “sign.” The plural is Ayat.

Barzakh: The time in between our death and the day we are raised up for judgment. Our souls will be in “storage"or Barzakh. The word literally means, “Partition” or “Dividing Line.” The stage after our death leading on till the day of judgement.

Bid'a: This means “Innovation” or “Unauthorized Changes.” The Prophet forbade people from making any changes to the teachings or practices of Islam. He said such things and people would go to the Hell fire.So it is essential that we all keep away from deviant sects and the innovators of Islam who mask themselves as being on the straight path but are certainly not.Always stick the the Qur'an and Strong Hadith from the opinion of the majority of scholars.

Da'wah: This means calling or inviting people (to Islam). If you’re talking to someone about Islam you’re doing Da'wah. A Da'i is the person who does Da'wah.

Deen: Way of Life. Islam is not a religion, it’s a complete way of life.

Dhikr (Thzikr): This means to remember Allah. When you repeat words or sentences over and over so you can meditate on Allah and his greatness in the vast universe he has creaated and this earth which he has made just for us as a test ground but we will all return to him.Meditate about all these things whilest praising the lord and cleanse your mind, you are doing or making dhikr. Common dhikr phrases are: “La ilaha illa Allah” (There is no god but Allah.) “Subahanullah wa Bihumdeehee”(Glory to Allah and His is the Praise.) “Alhamdolillah” (all praise be to allah). “Allahu akbar” (allah is the greatest). Saying that last one 100 times gets all your sins forgiven according to the Blessed Prophet. There are many more. Many Muslims like to get those prayer beads to help them keep count but the Prophet said you get more reward if you do it on your fingers alone.

Du'a: This means to call on Allah. Its supplication when one supplicates to the lord. Whenever you ask Allah for something, whether out loud or inside, you are calling on Him. You can make du'a in any words, in any language and Allah has promised to respond, although in a way we might not expect. Many Muslims like to learn some of the du'as that the Prophet said, but you can use your own words to talk to your Maker.

Dunya: This world. “Hayatud Dunya”: “The life of this world.”

'Eid: (Or: 'Id.) The Muslim holiday. There are two Eid’s. One at the end of fasting in Ramadan is called Eid ul Fitr. The other after the Hajj is over is called Eid ul Adh ha.

Fard: Something you must do in Islam.An act which is obligatory on us to complete or fulfill. Something that is required by Allah for us to do.

Fatwa: A scholar’s opinion or judgment on an issue related to Islam. It is not binding on a Muslim if there is doubt about it or it can be shown to be faulty. Only a recognized scholar, or 'Alim can issue Fatwas and other scholars must investigate the veracity of their basis.

Fiqh: The science of understanding the Shari'ah. In the past small groups of people with similar opinions about the Shari'ah joined together and formed intellectual clubs called a Math-hab. Today there are five big groupings of these Madh-habs. Shaf’, Hanbali, Maliki, Jafari and Hanafi. Not all Muslims accept the Jafari school as valid due to technical reasons. A Muslim can follow the ideas of any one of them or none of them at all. After all, we have the Qur'an, the sayings of the Prophet, the sayings of his companions and our brains. Don’t be afraid to use them.

Ghusl: A full shower. A Ghusl is required after any sexual discharge or activity before prayers can be offered again. A Ghusl is highly recommended on Fridays before going to Jum'ah prayers.

Hadith: A saying or report by or about the Blessed Prophet. The most reliable collections of Hadith are named after the scholars who collected them in the early days of Islam and checked on them for accuracy. They are: Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, An Nisa'i, Ibn Majah. There are some good books that take Hadiths from the main six and group them by topic. Those good resource books are as follows: “Riyadh as Saliheen”“Mishkat ul Masabih” and “Al Muwatta.”

Hafiz: (Hafithz) A memorizer or guardian of the entire Qur'an.A person who’s memorised the whole Qur'an by heart.

Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca that one is required to do once in a life time if one can afford it.

Halal: Allowed for a Muslim.

Haram: Forbidden for a Muslim.

Hijab: The scarf a woman wears over her head. Some Muslims who like to compromise their beliefs say it’s not required in Islam and they are very wrong and have no knowledge of their Islam. It is obligatory on women to cover as is said to us by our lord for a women to protect her chastity and keep her respect because a women who shows off her beauty and bodily definitions is certainly not respected in the eyes of a man rather looked at in a sexual way. So Islam has the utmost honour and respect for women and given them such a high position in society compared with the west which is quite the opposite. The face-veil (niqab) is entirely upto the individual and it depends on the level of faith of the sister whether she wants to wear it or not although a lot of scholars do say it should be worn because Allah also told the women in the Prophet’s family in the Qur'an to wear the veil and if he told them to wear it then it should also be worn by all Muslim women but other scholars say it is preferrable but not compulsory.

Hijra: To migrate. This term refers firstly to the great migration of the Muslims in the year 622 from the hostile city of Mecca, which was controlled by idol-worshippers, to the safer city of Madinah (then called Yathrib) where Islam could exist freely. The Islamic calendar begins with the Hijra as the first year.

'Ibadah: This term is often translated as “worship” but it is not a correct translation. The word worship in English just means praying and bowing, like worshipping in a church. But the term 'Ibadah literally means “service” and it comes from the root word, “to serve.” When we say that Islam considers all life to be 'Ibadah, we mean that our whole life should be lived in the service of Allah. We are here to serve Allah. In Islam, any good deed, action or thought, even just holding a steady job or smiling at someone is considered doing 'Ibadah for Allah.

Iftar: The meal you eat after sunset in Ramadan. Suhoor is the light breakfast before first light in the morning during Ramadan.

Imam: Literally: leader. Although most Muslims take this term in the sense of a leader of the prayers, it does apply to the group leader outside of prayer as well. An Imam must be elected by the Muslims or at least accepted by them if he is appointed from outside. If the community rejects him, then he cannot be the Imam.

Eman: (Eemaan) Belief or faith. The root word of Eman is Amuna. It implies three meanings: 1) to believe, 2) to confirm that belief in your heart, and 3) to feel safe. Eman is what makes a person a Muslim. Often spelled “Iman”.

Ihsaan: Usually translated as “goodness”. The Prophet (p) defined it as knowing that Allah is watching you even though you don’t see Him.

Injeel: The Gospel of Prophet 'Esa (Jesus). The New Testament of the Bible is not the Gospel of Jesus. The New Testament was written by a lot of different authors well after Jesus went up to the heavens, and it contains stories about Prophet 'Esa, but it is not 'Esa’s message. The present New Testament was assembled three hundred years after the time of Prophet 'Esa by a group of white men on a Greek Island who voted on what their “holy” book should contain. Most of the votes were hotly debated! The Roman emperor who ordered them to do it then told all Christians to accept this new compilation of writings. All other Christian writings were ordered to be destroyed. The New Testament contains four books called Gospels: (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John). Hundreds more “Gospels” from other authors were burned. A few such as the Gospel of Barnabas and Thomas have survived. The Gospel of Jesus was never written down and is lost.

Insha'llah: If Allah wills something to happen only then will it happen.

Iqamah: The second call to prayer just before the actual prayer begins.

Islam: To surrender to Allah and find peace.To submit oneself TOTALLY to the lord.

Jahannam: Hell.

Jam'a: Together, in a group.

Jannah: Paradise, Heaven. It literally means “the Garden.”

Jibra'il: The angel that brought Allah’s revelation to the Prophet. Allah is so powerful and majestic that it is beneath him to reveal Himself to humans. We are like an ant next to a star in comparison to Allah. He sends the angels to do these small jobs, though He doesn’t need them. In English his name is Gabriel.

Jinn: These are another type of creature Allah created. They are invisible to us but they can see us. They were made from fire elements and thus are pure energy. They are not like ghosts or weird monsters. They can influence your thoughts, encourage you to do wrong, and whisper fears into your mind. They can be good or bad. The good jinn leave us alone. The bad ones, who are also called Shayateen, or Devils, want to destroy you. Astrologers and fortune tellers get their “predictions” and “readings"from them. Jinn spy on the Angels and learn secrets about the future, then they whisper it into the minds of the fortune tellers. Jinn live, die and have families like us but they exist on another plane altogether. The Prophets could control the Jinn but none of us ordinary people can. Although we believe Jinn can possess a human body, Islam teaches that it’s not very common. Don’t believe every “Jinn story” Muslim immigrants will tell you about their aunt or second cousin’s brother. Most of it will be superstitious stories that are culturally based.

Jumu'ah: The Friday Prayer in which all Muslims gather to hear a sermon called a Khutba. It’s time is in place of the Zuhr Salah, usually somewhere between 12 pm and 2 pm. It is mandatory on all men to attend. It is optional for women. The Prophet said if you miss three Jumu'ahs in a row then hypocrisy will start to enter your heart.

Kafir: This means a person who covers up the truth. Usually we say the easier English word “unbeliever.” The plural is Kuffar. (Unbelievers.) The noun (unbelief) is Kufr.

Khalifah: This word means Steward, Manager or Care-taker. Allah made humans to be the Khalifah of the earth. In other words, we were given the earth as a trust to take care of. We shouldn’t ruin it or pollute it. The head of the Muslim Ummah is also called a Khalifah because he is to take care of the Muslim community. Muslims are supposed to elect a Khalifah, but there hasn’t been a world-wide Khalifah for a long time.

Khatib: The person who gives the Khutbah, or Friday sermon. The preacher during Friday services.

Kitabullah: The Book of Allah. (The Qur'an.) The word Kitab means book.

Mahr: The money (or whatever else) that the man has to give to a woman in order to marry her. It is called the marriage-gift and a woman can ask for whatever she wants. If it is money, it can be deferred and paid gradually over time. The husband can never take it away for any reason.

Malik ul Mawt: The Angel of Death.

Masjid: Literally means, “the place of bowing.” This is the name for a Muslim prayer hall or commonly known as Mosque.

Madh-hab: This means, “School of Thought.” In Islam we have the Qur'an, the example of the Prophet and the sayings and guidance of the Prophet’s companions. Through the centuries, various Muslim scholars have tried to make those teachings easier for Muslims to live by through organizing them, talking about them and trying to use those tools to find answers to questions where those first three sources are quiet.

Of course different opinions developed between different scholars and some people chose to follow one scholar or the other. Those differences in ideas about how to follow Islamic rules are called “Schools of Thought.” There are 4 main schools today. Some people say you have to “follow” one of those schools to be a Muslim, but this is not true. You have to follow Islamic teachings but you don’t have to put some label on yourself. Each of the four schools is named after the scholar who founded or inspired it.

The four are: Maliki, Hanafi, Hanbali, Shaf'i. The books and writings of the schools are a good source of information about the particulars of Islam, but our real label is, “I am a Muslim, and only a Muslim.” The Hanafi and Shaf'i schools are considered the easiest school and the Hanbali is considered the hardest in terms of social and personal rules.But they are all right in their own way and it is recommended to follow one in order to safe guard ones self from following ones own desires although it is not obligitory it is recommeneded.

Mecca: (Also spelled Makkah). A city in Arabia founded thousands of years ago by Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham). At that time it was called “Becca.” Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, was born there in the year 570.

Medina: (Also spelled Madinah). A city about 200 miles north of Mecca. The Prophet established the Islamic community there. He passed away there and is buried there.

Mu'adhan: The person who does the call for prayer.

Mujahid: A person who does Jihad or holy war.

Mu'min: A person with Iman(faith). A true believer.

Mus-haf: The Arabic text of the Qur'an. “Brother, hand me a Mus-haf.” (Qur'an with the Arabic in it).

Mushrik: A person who commits Shirk (making partners with Allah). Usually an idol-worshipper. A Hindu would be considered a Mushrik because they bow down to many idols and statues.

Muslim: A person who surrendered to Allah and is working at finding peace.

Nabi: This term means Prophet.

Nafs: This is often translated as “soul” but it really means “the self,” i.e. “You and only you.”

Naar: The fire (of Hell).

Nikkah: The Islamic wedding ceremony.

Qadr: This term is often translated as “Destiny” or “Pre-destination.” This is not entirely accurate. It means literally “to measure.” The religious idea behind it is that Allah measured everything in the universe. The length of your life is “measured,” as is your fortune and your life’s circumstances. Because of the knowledge of Allah, He knows if you will be a believer or a kafir but He doesn’t make you be either one of those.

Qadiani: Another name for the sectarian deviant Ahmadiyya movement and they are not Muslims but call themselves Muslims.

Qiblah: The direction of Prayer. All Muslims make their prayers, or salat, facing Mecca. Allah commanded us to do this in the Qur'an as a show of unity and to remember Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who built the first shrine there in that place so many thousands of years ago. Prophet Adam is said to have built an even older shrine many thousands of years before that in that very place.

Qur'an: This is the name of the Book Allah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad from the years 610-632. Allah revealed it in stages, one section at a time, as the Muslims were ready to follow it. It has 114 chapters called surahs. It was revealed in the Arabic language and has never been lost, changed or edited, like the Bible or Buddhist books have.

We have lots of translations of the Qur'an into English, but a translation can never be as good as the original words and their full meaning. All Muslims try to learn Arabic so they can read the Qur'an. Be advised, there are two different types of Arabic. The first is the language of the Qur'an, in other words, whatever vocabulary words are used in the Qur'an. The second type of Arabic is everyday Arabic, in other words, things that would help you talk about a sports game, a vacation or a day at the office. Many Muslims get bogged down by studying the second type of Arabic. You should work towards the first type if your main goal is to understand the Qur'an.

Ramadan: The ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims are required to fast from before sunrise to sunset every day of this month. There are many details concerning this so consult the section on beliefs and practices.

Rasul: This term means Messenger.

Ruh: Your spirit or soul. Allah gave it to you on loan and thus you had better not sin and dirty it up.

Sadaqah: Charity.

Sahaba: A companion of the Prophet.

Sahabiyat: The female companions of the Prophet.

Sajda: Bowing on the floor in prayer; prostration.

Salafi: This is the name of a group of Muslims who took stance of Abdul Wahaab who was a reformer. Their name is derived from the Salaf, (ancestors) which is a reference to the Sahaba and the generation immediately after them. They tend not to follow a madhab.

Salat: (or Salah) This means prayer, the prayer in which you stand, bow and prostrate. The literal meaning of the word is: to make a connection with.

Shahadah: The Declaration of Faith. By believing in and declaring the following phrase, a person becomes a Muslim: “Ash hadu an la ilaha illallah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadar rasulullah.” “I declare that there is no god but Allah, and I declare that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” There are other ways to say this formula but this is the most common one. When a person accepts Islam, all his or her past sins are forgiven and his or her record is wiped clean and they start again from that moment as if they were just born.

Shaykh: Literally: Chief or Boss. It is the title that Muslims sometimes give to their scholars. It is not required in Islam but many people like to use this term.

Shari'ah: It is usually translated as Islamic Law. It means the path of Islam.

Shirk: This is the greatest and most terrible sin. It is the one sin that can keep your soul out of Paradise and doom you to Hellfire. It means making partners with Allah. If a person says that there are many gods, or says that Allah is divided up into different people (such as the Trinity teaching of Christianity) then they are committing Shirk. Allah said it is the one sin He won’t forgive if you die while doing it. The Blessed Prophet Muhammad once mentioned also that a person who likes to feel greatness in their heart was also committing a kind of Shirk. This is because all greatness is for Allah and we should always try to be humble. The Prophet also said, “La Yad khulu al Jannah min kana fee qal beehee mith qalu habbatin min kibr.” “They won’t enter Paradise, the one who has even a little bit of the love of greatness in their heart.”

Shaytan: (or Shaytan) It means Satan. (The literal meaning is to separate from.) Islam teaches that a Jinn named Iblis didn’t want to bow when Allah commanded a bunch of angels to bow down to Adam in respect of his knowledge. Iblis thought he was better than both humans and angels. Allah banished him to earth and let him have extended life until the Day of Judgment. That is because Iblis challenged Allah and said if he had time he would corrupt all human beings. Iblis’s name literally means “Frustrated.” He is also known as the Shaytan, or Satan.

Siyam (or Saum) Fasting.

Subhanullah: “Glory to Allah.” This phrase is said whenever we’re happy or when we see something wonderful or hear about something wonderful.We as Muslims should say it as often as we can becasue of its GREAT rewards.

Sufi: This is the name for a group of another sect of Muslims who want to be super-spiritually oriented. Sufis tend to try and be as close to the Sunnah as possible and they like to do group dhikr and chanting. While most Sufis are okay Islamically, there are a few groups that go way out and are close to being outside of Islam. Most Sufis you will encounter are of the okay kind. They are distinguished by their traditional Islamic dress and turbans. The word Sufi comes from the term for wool cloth, which was a material early Sufis liked to wear to emphasize how they didn’t want to be captured by the love of fineries in this world.

Sufis organize themselves into “orders” or groups, called Tariqas. These groups are headed by a leader called a Shaykh who is considered the most spiritual man with the most Taqwa among them. Some famous Sufi Tariqas that operate all over the world are the Naqshabandis and Qadiriyya. The most famous Sufi Muslim scholars that ever lived are Jalaluddin Rumi, Muhammad al Ghazali and Abdul Qadir Jilani.

Suhoof: “Scrolls.” This is the name of the revelation given to Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) about 4,000 years ago. It was lost.

Sunnah: The example or “way” of the Prophet. How he lived his life and what his practices were.

Sunni: This is the name of the largest sect or group of Muslims. This group amounts to about 85-90% of all Muslims world-wide. Sunni’s believe in the mission of the Prophet as he taught it and try very hard to adhere to the Prophet’s example with no changes. This doesn’t mean that Sunni’s are somehow the only 'true’ Muslims, however, because the Prophet never taught that we should even label ourselves Sunni’s or Shi'as.

Sunni Islam is just closer to real Islam because it is the way of the Prophet and his companions aswell as the righteous predecessors. The best thing for a Muslim to do is to drop all the labels and just say, “I’m a Muslim."But there are many Muslims in the world who get emotional about wanting to call themselves some kind of label besides the basic, "I’m a Muslim.” Have patience with them and do what is right. The term Sunni comes from the title, “Ahl as-Sunnah wal Jam'a” which means, “People of the Example (of the Prophet) and the Main Group (of First Muslims).”

Surah: It is a chapter of the Qur'an. The word literally means “a step up in progression” or a “fence.”

Tafseer: Commentary or explanation of the Qur'an. Many Qur'an translations will have footnotes on the bottom of the page to help you understand the meaning of an ayah. That would be called Tafseer.

Taqwa: This term means many things at once. The first meaning is that you are always aware that Allah is watching you. This brings you to the second meaning and that is that you will try to be good always. Do you see how the two things wrapped together can be so beautiful? When a Muslim has Taqwa, we say they are “Aware of Allah” “Conscious of Allah” and striving to be righteous.The main meaning is the fear of allah, because if we fear him then we will not go astray.Allah loves those most who fear him the most.

Tauhid: Sometimes it’s spelled Tawhid. It means the Oneness of Allah. Allah has no partners, He is not divided up into parts and He is not in need of anyone to help Him in anything whatsoever.

Taurah: The revelation given to Prophet Musa (Moses). The first five books of the old testament in the Bible are said to be the “Torah” of Moses, but no serious Bible scholar, whether Jewish or Christian believes that anymore. Musa’s message was lost long ago. Just take a look, everything about Prophet Moses in the Bible is written in third person: “And Moses said this,” and “Moses went there,” Someone else wrote those things, certainly not Moses!

Ukhtee: Means “My sister.”

Wahy: This word means revelation or inspiration. When Allah was revealing His messages to the Prophet, we would say the Prophet was receiving “Wahy.” The Blessed Prophet once said that after him, all Wahy from Allah was finished except for one thing: dreams that can come true.

Wudu: Washing for prayer.

Yowm ul Qiyamah: The Day of Judgment. (Literally: Day of rising.)Because that is the day all creation from the begining till the end will rise on the plains of arafat and be judged on their life and actions.

Zabur: The revelation given to Prophet Dawud (David). The Psalms in the Bible are not the pure Zabur. Christian scholars admit that at least half of the verses in Psalms were written by temple priests, government workers, etc, in ancient Israel. And no one knows which half are from Prophet Dawud and how many have been lost or altered.

Zakah: This is often translated as “Charity” or “Poor-due” but the literal meaning of the word is actually, “Purifying."Zakah is the third pillar of Islam. It involves giving 2.5% of your yearly wealth, after expenses, for the benefit of the poor and the needy. The "purifying” part comes in by learning not to be greedy. If you give some of your money for the sake of Allah to the poor, you make your heart less prone to greed.

Also check this out please:

http://reverthelp.tumblr.com/post/112704810626/islam-101-basic-islamic-phrases

anonymous asked:

why dont shia pray taraweeh prayers?

For starters, because Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did not pray them and forbade them in congregation. 

Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit “Allah’s Apostle made a small room (with a palm leaf mat). Allah’s Apostle came out (of his house) and prayed in it. Some men came and joined him in his prayer. Then again the next night they came for the prayer, but Allah’s Apostle delayed and did not come out to them. So they raised their voices and knocked the door with small stones (to draw his attention). He came out to them in a state of anger, saying, “You are still insisting (on your deed, i.e. Tarawih prayer in the mosque) that I thought that this prayer (Tarawih) might become obligatory on you. So you people, offer this prayer at your homes, for the best prayer of a person is the one which he offers at home, except the compulsory (congregational) prayer” (Sahih Al Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 134). 

Additionally, the true question that should be asked is why do Sunnis pray Taraweeh when Umar himself claimed them as “excellent bid’ah?”

Narrated by Abu Huraira “Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever prayed at night the whole month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.” Ibn Shihab (a sub-narrator) said, “Allah’s Apostle died and the people continued observing that (i.e. Nawafil offered individually, not in congregation), and it remained as it was during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and in the early days of ‘Umar’s Caliphate.” ‘Abdur Rahman bin 'Abdul Qari said, “I went out in the company of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man praying with a little group behind him. So, 'Umar said, 'In my opinion I would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in congregation!)’. So, he made up his mind to congregate them behind Ubai bin Ka'b. Then on another night I went again in his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, 'Umar remarked, 'What an excellent Bid'a (i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they are offering.’ He meant the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those days) people used to pray in the early part of the night” (Sahih Al Bukhari Volume 3, Book 32, Number 227).