bialystok pogrom

The Homeless (After the Pogrom), painted by Maurycy Minkowski, Poland, 1906. 

Born in Warsaw, Maurycy Minkowski suffered a childhood accident that caused the loss of his hearing and speech. His early paintings concentrated on landscapes and portraits. After witnessing the pogrom in Bialystok in 1906, the artist abandoned his earlier themes and focused on depicting the persecution of Eastern European Jews and their subsequent mass migration.