beton brut

Cotton Gardens estate, Kennington, Central London, 1968. (Photographed by Henry Grant)


‘The Wates firm constructed the Cotton Gardens estate, Kennington Lane, for Lambeth Borough Council. Three 22-storey towers, named Ebenezer, Fairford and Hurley Houses, were built to complicated designs using pre-fabricated construction methods. Henry Grant photographed various building projects, documenting the changes in architectural production during the 1960s.’


“We tend to associate such architecture with ghetto flats that we see on TV shows like The Wire, making a common and inaccurate assumption that only destitute people live in such places. However the mix of residents that occupy this particular Belgrade neighbourhood in “war-torn” Serbia come from all walks of life and classes.”

Source: Photographer Lola Paprocka gets lost in New Belgrade’s brutalist estates


Liceum św. Marii w Verpilliere, proj, Georges Adilon, 1976.

Although the bare, concrete buildings are classified as brutalist (béton brut), it is worth noting that this solution was often used in but sacral objects. From the monastery of La Tourette of Le Corbusier, through the bunker of St. Bernadette in Nevers of Claud Parent and Paul Virilio, to the church in Longarone of Giovanni Michelucci - raw concrete is a metaphor for honesty, restraint, stability…